|Publication number||US1671438 A|
|Publication date||May 29, 1928|
|Filing date||Aug 4, 1927|
|Priority date||Aug 4, 1927|
|Publication number||US 1671438 A, US 1671438A, US-A-1671438, US1671438 A, US1671438A|
|Inventors||Thorey I Moen|
|Original Assignee||Thorey I Moen|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Patented Mayl 29, 1928.
UNITI-:o STATE.' PATE-NT oFFlcE.
THOREY I. MOEN,I-OF.BEL0IT, WISCONSIN.
application ma August 4, 1927. serial no. 210,6
The invention aims to provide a novel and advantageousform of attachment for automobile headllghts, of such nature as to prevent the lights from blinding pedestrians or t-he drivers of approaching vehicles,-while giving ample roadway illumination for the driver of the machine equipped with the invention. l
With the foregoing in view, the invention resides iny the novel subject matter 'hereinafter described and claimed, the description being supplemented by the accompanying drawing. Fig. 1 is a'yertical sectional view showing the invention' applied to a headlight.v
Fi' line 5 2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a front elevation, the lenscarry in headlight door being removed.
Figs. 4 and 5 are detail sectional views on lines 4 4 and 5 5 of Fig. 1.
In the drawings above briefly described, the numerals 6 denote two vertical walls which are preferably parallel and are adapted for disposition at opposite sides of the usual headlight bulb 7, the rear edges 8 of said walls being curved to correspond with the curvature of the headlight reflector 9. At their llower front corners. these walls are rigidly connected with a plate 10 which projects downwardly therefrom to be clamped between the usual reflector flange 11 and the lens-carr ing door 12 of the headlight.
Between t e upper ends of the walls 6, is a. visor 13 which embodies a rear, horizontal reflector 14 to extend over the bulb 7, and
4a front reflector -15 which declines forwardly from said reflector 14 and extends in front of the bulb.V This visor not only prevents direct forward and upward escape of rays from the bulb, but. its reflectors 14 and 15,
A:serve to downwardly reflect rays from said bulb, as will be clearl from Fig. 1. Some of these rays strike the reflector ,9 andare forwardly and downwardly directed by the latter and some of them strike a second forwardly declined reflector 16 which extends between the walls 6 and is located under the bulb 7. Also, direct downward rays from the bulb, are received by the reflector 16 and directed forwardly and downwardly". I form substantially triangular openings 17 in the rear portions of the walls 6,to
permit lateral passage ofrafys from the bulbl to the reflector 9, but to obscure the portions of the bulb which are received in the 2 is a horizontal sectional 'View onI openings 1.7l from the vision of personsfac-l ing the machine, I provide rearwardly divergmg vanes 18 whichv are disposed at the front edges of said openings 17. These vanes terminate above the lowe'r forwardly declined edges 17a of the openings 17, leaving spaces 17 b through which light rays may pass from the bulb 7 to the lower part of reflector 9.
"The opposite edges of the mirrors 14 and 15, are received in grooves 19, formed preferably by' outwardly stamping upper edge portions of the plates or walls 6, such outward stamping providing the outer sides of thesel walls with projections 20 extending along their grooved portions. VMetal strips 21 extend. from one wall to the other and across the upper edges thereof, and the ends of these strips are provided with hooks 22 which hook around the outward projections 20. Thus, the reflectors 14 and 15 are effectively held in the grooves 19 and the walls, 6 are held against separation.
To secure the reflectors 16 in place, I prefer to provide outwardly stamped portions 23 in the walls 6, producing grooves which receive edges of saidreflectors.
' A ,device constructed as or substantially as herein shown and described, ma be easily and inexpensively manufactured), may be sold at small cost, may be quickly and easily applied, and wheninfnse, will insure that the rays from the headlights shall be directed forwardly and downwardly, so as' to effectively illuminate the roadway for the progress of the machine, while preventing the blinding of pedestrians or the drivers of approaching machines.
On account of existing advantages for the details disclosed, they are preferably followed. However, within the scope gf the invention as claimed, variations may be made.
I claim 1. Ina headlight attachment, vertical' walls to straddle the headlight bulb, and a visor at the upper end of said walls to extend over and to entirely cover the bulb and in front thereof, said visor being impervious I to light.
2. In a headlight attachment, vertical walls to straddle the headlight bulb, and a visor to extend over and to entirely cover the bulb and in front thereof, said visor havin a reflecting surface for downwardly reectin'g rays from the bulb.
3;- In a headlight attachment, vertical walls to straddle the headlight bulb, a visor to extend over the bulb and 1n'front thereof, and an inclined reflector mounted between said walls for disposition under the bulb to forwardly reflect rays therefrom.
- 4. In a headlight attachment, vertical walls to straddle the headlight bulb, a visor to extend over the `bulb'and in front thereof, said visor having a reflecting surface for downwardl reflecting rays from the bulb, and an inc ined reflector mounted between said walls forv disposition under the bulb to forwardl reflect rays directed downwardly from sai bulb and the reflecting surface of the visor. c
5. In a headlight attachment, vertical walls to straddle the headlight bulb, and a visor at the upper end of said walls to extend over the bulb and in frontthereof, said visor. entirely covering the bulb and being imgervious to light, said walls having 4openings elow the visor to permit lateral passage of rays from the bulb to the reHector of the headlight.
6. A structure as specified in claim 5'; together with rearwardl divergin vanes at the front edges of saidy openings tbut terminating above the lower edges thereof.
7. In a headlight attachment, a pair of vertical walls to straddle the headlight bulb` a vertical plate joined to the' lower front corners of said walls' and projecting downwardly to` be held betweenl the headlight reflector and the lens-carrying door, a bulb visor .extending :from the upper end of one wall to the upperv end of the other wall and embodying a rear horizontal reflector and a front reflector, the latter declining forwardly from said rear reflector, and a second forwardly declined reector between the walls for disposition under the bulb.
8. Ina headlight attachment, a pair of vertical walls to straddle the headlight bulb,
a vertical plate joined to the lower front corners of said walls and projecting downwardly tolbe held between the headlight reflector and thcilens-carrying door, a bulb tain the reflectors engaged with the grooves.
9. In a headlight attachment, spaced walls having opposed reflector receiving rooves near edges thereof and outward pro- ]ections along their grooved portions, a reflector having edges disposed in said grooves, and a metal strip extending across the space between the'walls and across said edges of the walls, said strip having. hooks on its ends hooked around said outward projections. v
10. In a headlight attachment, vertical walls to straddle the headlight bulb, a visor to extend over the bulb andin front thereof, said vertical walls having openings for disposition at oppositevsides of the bulb, said openings having portions extending below the bulb, and vanes diverging rearwardly from the front edges of said openings, said vanes terminating above the lower edges of said openings.
11. In a headlight attachment, vertical walls to straddle the headlight bulb, and a visor to extend over the bulb and in front thereof, said walls having openings at opposite sides of the bulb and provided with porl tions to extend downwardly below the latter.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto afiixed my signature.
THOREY I. MOEN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2933595 *||Jul 23, 1956||Apr 19, 1960||Tabouret Eugene||Light projector|
|US4420797 *||Nov 6, 1981||Dec 13, 1983||Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.||Rear lamp construction of a hatchback type motor vehicle|
|U.S. Classification||362/301, 123/543|
|Cooperative Classification||F21V17/04, F21S48/142|
|European Classification||F21S48/14A, F21V17/04|