Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1671660 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 29, 1928
Filing dateJun 13, 1927
Priority dateJun 13, 1927
Publication numberUS 1671660 A, US 1671660A, US-A-1671660, US1671660 A, US1671660A
InventorsElbert Chittenden, Vilneau Walter W
Original AssigneeHenry E Jensen, Vilneau Walter W, Wells P Goodenough
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hardwood-floor-nailing machine
US 1671660 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

4 Sheets-Sheet l W. W. VILNEAU ET AL HARDWOOD FLOOR NAILING MACHINE Filed June 13, 1927 INVENTORS'. 74611914 W/nea a ATETEORNE Y.

'May 29. 1928.

Elder? c2;

May 29, 1928.

w.,w. VILNEAU ETAL HARDWOOD FLOOR NAILING MACHINE Filed June 15, 1927 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. Wle -MVZ77fICQlL f/Jer c zlzm Qe L A T ORNE Y.

May 29. 1928.

W. W. VILNEAU ET AL HARDWOOD FLOOR NAILING MACHINE a a m am m m N e m s E T .u. ym$ t N. w mm 1 4 n? M 7 Wm mm w, ,m m m m May 29, 1928. 1,671,660

W. W. VILNEAU ET AL HARDWOOD FLOOR NAILING MACHINE Filed June 15, 1927 4 heets-Shee t 4 Patented May 29, 1928.

Wimp is re nes ewes,


=SIqNOBSqOE SONE-"YDHIBD TO l-EENRY E. JENSEN, -ONE-CEH'IBD TO WELLS GOOD- ;ENOUGH, AND ONE-THIRD {10 WALTER V'ILNEJAU, AIZL -01? PALO NLEO, GALI- This invention relates to La, hardwood floor nailing machine and itsobjjectis to drive a row of nails two at a time across the entire floor. lt villjbe understood by those skilled 5 in theart that the ordinary hardwood flooring consistingof narrow strips about of on inoh think and tWQ inches Wide ,is first fitted tightly into the room. The workman then deoides here die will place thfi several 10 rowsof nails nsed jor seonrlngithe hardwood to the pine floor lbase, whereupon he aligns the maehine .as 'he may desire and. proceeds to d ive a .row of nails, two at a time, entirely aeross the ;flo 0r.' With the present machine the first itwo [nails can. bedriven yery close to the elland the machine is v21,0- tnsited to ,bnck nwayffiro in the mails thus driven, which moons that when the machine reaches the oppositeside of the room that it must he turned around land the nails driven into a dozen or more-boards with the machine traveling in the opposite direetion flfQl'IlQijll-iCh itilzlSllSi) come, 3 7

Another object ofthe inventiqn is to drive tWO nails ethtime one nail ineeoh one of the vtwo boards, audio provide 1,1 guide which willenable the Workman toknow s t a glance that the, machine is making thepropr rate of speed eaqh time it .nioves. t 30 Another ob'eetof the jiniventionisto provide means whereby the shoekof thehnmmer striking the nail drivers will be taken up by the ,springof the floor rather than upon the frame of the nail dniving machine, thereby making it easieitnpoii the workman and less earing upon the frame of the machine itself. h i

Another object of the invention is ttO provide means for feeding the nails into the nail chuck which will insure a constant line of nails in position to drop into the feeding tubes whenever the fcedplate is shifted -to the proper inclined position.

Another object of the invention is toiprot to accommodate it to hardwood floor strips a :ti e. m P we t dy th imwh ne vide IXDQQIIS "whereby .the amount of niovvement of ,the nailing machine can be var ed mm woo nLoon-mrnine insomnia Application med lime 1B,

27. serial 110.1%,472.

with that hand while heoperates the driving mechanism with the other hand.

Another object of the invention is to provide means ,Whereby the 1 frame moving 1nezins,fi ,e. the ,i'eeding device mny be made operative .at any given, stroke or allowed to remain inoperative on any given stroke as may he desired.

pennant ede cript qn pr e d it An ien bo dinient oi the "invention is shown in theflaecompanying drawings in which the same reference numerfllis applied to the same portion throughout the several figures of the drawings and of which there maybe modifications. ,Eigure l is a sideelevatiomoilthe complete naolijine showing it passing over anordinary hardwood Lfloor with four ,na ils already driven, and the driving niechnnism ready to drive the next pair of nails in two separate boards, t 1, i

Figure 1 is a plan view of the irontsup: portingfbz se of the machine "showing the an plioation v thereto of the gage, Figure ,1" is a detail view ofthe hitch showing the pin 6'1. 1 1 i Figure Qis front elevation of the C011]- plete nachine with the gage omitted,

Figure 3 is in trontrelevatiol of the mail Chuck end nail drining head with the drivin ,thehhonper whereby they are aligned for eedat he u s and na l ch i e Figure 6 is a plan iew of the nail per showing the pair of imovahlewhairs for p cking up two rowsiofftnoils at a time,

Figure through the hopper on the line 7+ Figure 6, to show the relatien of the hopper sides to the movable-bars operating therein,

Figure 8 1a itra-hslverse vertical section of the device tor idroppin two nails nt 11;

ime M19 iifledtuhes an iehuek,

{7 i a erti al, sectional view Qther .ob'ectsof the invention will no Figure 9 is a front elevation of the nail feeder shown in Figure 8.

The machine comprises a frame consisting of two longitudinally extended bars connected by a front bar 3 and by the middle portion 4 of two braces 5 and 6, one on each side of the lower portion of the frame.

Connected to the base frame thus produced, are six vertically extending posts 7, 8, 9,10, 11- and12. The braces 5 and 6 are connected respectively to the posts 7 and 8 at their upper ends, and to the base members 1 and 2 at their rear ends. The base mem bers are supported at their rear ends by the wheels 13 and 14. When in operation the machine rests on the wheels and on the cross bar 3 as shown in Figure 1, but when it is to be moved for the feed the nailing end of the machine is slightly lifted by a pair of feet 15 and 16 on opposite sides of the machine and supported by a bar 17. The bar 17 is pi'votally mounted in an open slot 18 long enough to account for the usual movement of the machine from one position to another in the nailing of hardwood floors. An arm 19 extends fromthe cross bar 17 rearwardly to connect with the lower end of avertically extending rod 20.

The weight of the rod 19 and rod 20 and machine is balanced by a' long spiral sprin 21 secured on its upper end on the back 0 the post 9 to effect the feed as will be later explained. The posts 9 and 10 extend vertically for about one half the height of the frame, and then incline sharply backward to about 5.; of the height of the frame and then extend vertically upward to about the same elevation as the posts 7 and 8, while just above their mid portion they are secured to the top of the two posts 11 and 12.

The posts 9 and 10 are offset at their uppermost portions as indicated at 22 to pro.- vide a pivotpoint for the pivot 23, said pivot consisting of a bolt extending from one post to the other post and for the support of a bell-crank 24 a pivot 23 is provided. A lever 25 is carried by the pivot 23 and it has a hand latch 26 at its operating end pivotally connected to a link 27 pivotally connected to another lever 28 mounted on the hand lever 25. A link 29 is pivotally connccted to the lever 28 and to the bell-crank 24. The bell-crank 24 is in turn connected to a chain 30 which extends between two guide rollers 31, 32 on the rear end of the lever 25 and this chain is connected at its lower end to a lever 33 pivotally mounted at 34 on a lug 35 extended toward the nailing 'end of the machine from the post 10. This lever 33 is also pivotally connected to the upper end of the rod 20.

At the lower bend of the posts 9 and 10 there is a shaft 36 which supports the operating lever 37 which lever is connected at its back end to the rod 38 which rod is pivotally connected in its turn to the hand lever 25 at its upper end.

The lever 37 has a depending lug 38 through which the screw 39 extends, and said lever is also provided with a slidable lug 40. This slidable lug is adjusted'in position by means of the screw 39 passing therethrough, and this screw has a fixed nut 41 thereon to permit the screw to be rotated without changing its longitudinal position thereby properly adjusting the lug which in 'turn'adjusts the throw of the feed link 42, which link is pivotally mounted at 43 on the lug 40, both thelugandlink being carried by theslotted lever 37; I

At its lower end the link 42 is connected to'a bell-crank 43 pivotally mounted at 44 i to a depending lug 45, secured to the side brace 6 and the lower end of this bell crank is connected by a short link 46 to the bar 19 for an object presently to be explained.

' Just at the back of the two posts 7 and 8 are two slides, 50, 51. These slides are secured to the back of the nail chuck supporting block 3 at their lower ends and to a solid cross bar 52 connected to the post 7 and 8 at the upper ends of thebars 50, 51. These bars have two cams 53, 54 thereon about the middle of their height, said cams tapering from the bottom wider upwardly. A slide member 55 is secured between the two guides 50, 51 and it has a horizontally extended lug 56 at its lower end pivotally connected to the link 57 which latter is connected at its upper end to the lever 37. The slide' 55 carries a depending latch 58 with a book 59 to en gage the underside of the hammer head 60 and the latch is so shaped that it has a horizontally extending pin 61 extending there through, which pin engages both of the inclined surfaces of the cams 53, 54 to release the hammer at the proper moment.

The plate 3 which forms the lower connecting mechanism between the rods 7 and 8 also forms the support for the nail chuck which consists of the two members 62, 63 between which the nails' are dropped when they are to be driven into thefioor. These members are held in their proper location by means of two light springs (i4, 65. Two plates to and (37 are connected to the under cut recesses of the plate 3 to allow the two parts of the nail chuck to separate as much as may be necessary due to the passing therethrough of the nail drivers (58, 69. There are twoholes through the plate 3 to receive the two nails and in addition there are two holes through the plate which receive the rods 70, 71, said rods having fiat heads 72,73 on their lower ends with striking heads 74, 75 on their upper ends. The ob ject being to deliver the full force of the hammer 60 on the nails and thereupon to absorb whatever remaining force the blow may have on the heads 74, 75 which in turn are supported by the flat heads 72, 73 of considerable extent resting upon the floor. The chuck 162 is pushed back by having the nail sets or naildrivers 68, 69 strike a fiat steel plate 76 \"vhic'h extends as a protection over the flower side of the two tubes 77, 78, and is connected thereto. The nail drivers will readily push both the chucks back the desired ammintto allow the nails to be driven and act the-desired amount. 1

Both chucks are centered after the removalof thedrivers by means oittwo screws 66 .67 extending through the corresponding barsbfi and 137 against which the chuck members are pushed by thesprings. T 1e hammer head or striker (i0 is connected to two side .barsor guides 80, 81, said guides having their upper and lower ends outturned and notched to slide on the posts 7 and 8. These slides also carry a crossbar 82 which extends in front 01? the posts 7 and 8 and which cross bar has lugs 83, 81 at its outer ends with suitable rholes therein to receive the ends of the long spiral springs 85, 86. The lowerends of said spiral springs are connected to two outwardly extending studs 87, 88 secured to the ends of the plate 3, see Figure 2. The brass nail feed tubes 77, 78 extend from the top of the chuck up to the individual nail feeder 89. This nail feeder consists of an outer casing 89 which has a slide 90 enclosed therein. This slide is reciprocated each time a nail isdriven by means of a lever 91, the lower end of which is shaped so itwill be engaged by the hammer 60 when it rises and thereby cause two nails to be dropped into the nail chuck just before the hammer is released. The lever 91 :pivotally mounted on the post 8 at 93, and at its upper end it is connected by means of asmall stifi' spring 94 to thenail feeding slide -90. This nail feeding slide is so constructed that it will receive only two nails at a time; and whenever the slide is moved a short distance to theright, Figure 9, it will cause two nails :to be d-roppedi-nto the tubes 77, 78 to be delivered to the nail chuck. A spring 95aids in restoring the feeder slidefl90 to its. desired position and it will be seen that there is a groove 96 inside the casing '98 to allow the necessary lat eral moven'lent of the nail head and to permit it @to drop .oli' of the slide when it arrives at the position shown in Figure 10 where the casing is open enough to allow the nail to pass into the tube. In the back of the casing for each tube there are four inclined rails 98. 99,100, 101, a pair of nail feed slots being thus produced. Hingedto the mein bers 98401 inclusive, by mortised and recessed hinges are four oscillating hinge plates 102'to 105 which are connected to an operating arm 106 at their outer ends. Theseplates are sector shaped and operate in the 'bottomcof what is really a twin hopper. This arm 106 is connected to a link 107 which link is in turnpivotally connected to a lever 108. This lever is loosely mounted on the rod 36 and it is raised to the position shown in Figures 1 and 5 by means of a pin 109 which is ei'igaged by the lever 37 when it lifts the hammer. The nail hopper is adapted to receive two or three pounds 01" nails at a ti-me. It consists of the twoside members 110, 111 which are connected to the supporting bars 112, 113, the latter being carried by the posts 7 and 8. The hopper is circular on one side at 115 with slotted false bottom at 116 extending down over the movable feed bars. The false bottom also has a movable retarding plate 117 slidably mounted on the plate 11.6 with notches 118, 119 to permit only one row 01 nails at a time to pass over each of the feed bars. The hopper sides 110, 111 have an inclined portion and a vertical portion while the hopper bottom between the two movable feed bars consists of a single plate with two inclined portions 121, 122 and with two vertical. portions 123, 121 in contact with the vertically movable nail feeding bars. The result of the foregoing construction is that the nails will be agitated in the feed hopper and 'thevwill first slide one way and then the other, some nails always sliding forward on the short feed bars 98 to 101 whenever there is space for them so to do.

The operation of the machine is as follows: Assuming the nail hopper to have had several pounds of nails placed in it and assumin the machine to have been operated several times toraise and lower the feeder bars 1102 .to 105 it will be ready to continue to proceed across the floor, and the operation as follows. a l he workman will stand at the back of the machine i. .e. at the right of Figure 1 he will then rasp the handle 125 which screws into a slit 0. 126 and he will set this handle at a suitable height onthe post 7 for a man of hisstaturc. "He will then grasp hold of the lever '25 and handle 26 with his right hand. He will then tilt the machine slightly and roll it to theplace where he wishesto begin work, the length oi the machine extending tl'ttllSW .rsely with respect to the length of twood strips lorming the floor. He then will align the machine as nearly as may be and place it so the gauge member 130 which consists 0-1 a wire yoke carryin some small. rollers 131, 132, mounted in some projecting ears 133110 136 in opposite ends of thesumiortiug plate 3 over the crack be tween the last board being nailed and the next to the last board as indicated in Figure 1 which will bring the nailing position of the chuck to the adjoining edges of the two Figure 1 shows the hammer raised and within a short distance of being released by the two members 53, 54, and from the position shown. The operation is as follows:

I The workman will hold his hand steadily on the handle 125 and will continue the downward movement of the handle end of the lever 25 holding the lever 26 close against the lever The first action. to take place will he the release of two nails to drop into the nail chuck followed by the release of the latch which holds the hammer 60 by the cams 53, Set whereupon the hammer will be pulled down by its springs 8:), 86 with sufficient force to drive the nails and to finally rest upon the tops of the heads 74, 75 as shown in Figure 2. At this same time the nail chuck members 62, 63 are forcedapa-rt sufficiently to permit the nail drivers 68, 69 to strike both nails and force them into the floor with their heads well countersunk. During this time the workman has had the chain 30pulled up slightly if he does not want to advance the machine. If he is ready to start across the floor he will not put any pressure on the handle 26, with the result that immediately after the nails have been struck by the hammer that the spring 21 will lift the lever 19 enough to take the weight of the frame on the two feet 15 and 16, and as the workman raises the lever 25 to reengage the hammer the bell-crank 43 will push on the link 45 sufficiently to move the entire nailing machine rearwardly the width of one board. The workman will verify the position by looking at the gauge 130 to make sure that he does not drive any nails too close to the edge of the boards. The quantity of feed given at any time is determined by the proper setting of the screw 32. During the time that the lever 37 is moving downwardly to re-engage the hammer. 60 the lever 108 will also move downwardly until it reaches the stop indicated by the dotted line position of the hopper Figure 5 to stir up the body of nails and to collect a few more nails between the feed bars 102105 inclusive. These feed bars will then be forced upwardly as the hammer rises again until some of the nails carried by them slide off onto the short feed bars on the left portion of Figure At the same time two nails will be dropped on the transversely movable slide 90 and those two nails will be dropped into the brass feed tubes 77, 78 as soon as the bar 80 strikes the lower end of the lever 91 and an instant prior to the hammer release. 7

Having thus described my invention, what I desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is as follows, but modifications may be made in carrying out the invention as shown in the drawings and in the above particularly described form thereof, within the purview of the annexed claims.

1. A floor nailing machine comprising a frame, a nail chuck at the bottom of the frame, means to drop a pair of nails into said nail chuck, means to drive each of said nails into the floor over which the machine is placed, means to-raise the front end of the machine, and means to automatically shift the entire machine a predetermined distance when so raised to drive a fresh set of nails at a new location.

2. A floor nailing machine comprising a frame, a nail chuck at the lower portion of the frame, means to drop a plurality of nails into said chuck, a vertically movable hammar adapted to strike the nails to drive them i.

into the floor strips, means to lift one end of the machine following the driving of one set of nails, and means to automatically move said machine a predetermined amount when so lifted to a fresh position for nailing the flooring strips.

3. A floor nailing machine comprising a frame, a nail chuck carried thereby, a nail feeding hopper, means to drop a plurality of nails from the feeding hopper into the nail chuck, means to immediately thereafter release the hammer to cause it to drop on the nails and drive them into the flooring strip, means to raise one end of the machine as soon as the nail driving is completed, and

means for shifting the entire machine to a new position for the driving of a new set of nails.

4. A floor nailing machine comprising a frame, wheels for the support of said frame at one end, a pair of movable feet to occasionally support the frame at the other end, a nail chuck adjacent the lower portion of the machine, a nail feeding hopper, means to deliver a plurality of nails from the nail hopper to the nail chuck, a vertically movable hammer, a swinging latch to engage and raise the hammer, means to raise the said latch from engagement from the hammer as soon as the nails have been dropped into the chuck, means carried by the hammer to engage and drive the nails, means to operatethe frame supporting feet to lift the frame at one end after one set of nails has been driven, and means bearing upon the frame supporting mechanism to shift the frame to aposition to drive a new set of nails.

5. A floor nailing machine comprising a frame, a nail chuck carried by the lower por tion thereof, a gage adjacent the nail chuck, movable feet to occasionally support the machine adjacent the nail chuck, wheels to support the other end of the frame, a nail hopper, means to drop a plurality of nails into the nail chuck at predetermined times, a nail hammer, means to raise said hammer, springs to increase the rapidity of action and the blow struck by said hammer, means to release the hammer immediately after the nails have been dropped into the chuck, means thereupon to lift the frame of the machine at one end, means to automatically shift the machine to a position for driving a new set of nails, and a series of manually operated levers at a convenient elevation for a workman to carry out the operation of the machine While standing at the side of the same. p

6. A fioor nailing machine comprising a frame, a chuck at the lower portion of the frame, means to feed nails into said chuck, a vertically movable hammer adapted to be dropped on the nails immediately after the nails have been dropped into the chuck, and a pair of movable floor stops supported by the floor and upon which the hammer strikes after the nails have been driven home.

7. A nailing machine comprising a frame, a nail chuck at the lower portion of the frame, a nail feeding hopper vertically oscillating in said hopper to accumulate a plurality of arranged nails, means to raise means consistingof a pair of inclined feeding bars and a horizontal plate, whereby a plurality of sets may be dropped into the nail chuck, a vertically movablehammer carrying means to strike the heads of said nails, springs to increase the speed and action of said hammer, a latch for raising the hammer, means to release the latch immediately after the nails have been dropped into the nail chuck, and a series of manually operated levers at a convenient height to enable a workman to operate the machine while standing at the side of it.

8. A nailing machine comprising a supporting frame, nail chuck at the bottom of the frame, a nail hopper at the top of the frame, means to feed nails to the chuck from the hopper, a slotted nail assemblying bar pivotally mounted to be raised and lowered through the pile of nails in the bottom of the hopper whereby a series of nails are assembled thereon in an orderly mannen.

a shorter slot-ted bar to deliver nails to the individual nail feeding mechanism, means to operate the individual nail feeding mechanism latterly Whercby'the desired number of nails are dropped at one time, a hammer and means to drive the nails, and means to and lower said bars, zlllClllldlVldllal feeding drop the hammer upon the nail driving mechanism when the nails are dropped into the chuck.

In testimony whereof We have hereunto set 7on1 hands this 5th day of June, A. D. 192


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2940080 *Jul 2, 1956Jun 14, 1960Guzell Walter ANailing device
US3717924 *Jan 8, 1971Feb 27, 1973Kennedy GMultiple stapling system
US3935983 *Oct 22, 1974Feb 3, 1976Eaton CorporationRoof nailing machine
US5062562 *Jul 14, 1989Nov 5, 1991Senco Products, Inc.Portable power fastening tool
US5749508 *Mar 4, 1996May 12, 1998Clothier; Darrell S.Nailing gun carrier
U.S. Classification227/111, 227/116
International ClassificationB27F7/02, B27F7/00
Cooperative ClassificationB27F7/02
European ClassificationB27F7/02