US 1671691 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 29, 1928. 1,671,691
A. E. ANDERSON RUBBER CAP Fiied Oct. 6,- 1922 Patented May 29, 1928.
ARVID. n. ANDERSON, or cmcaeo, ILLINOIS, asswnort, BY-unsure assmumrs,
TO YORK IRUBBLER CORPORATION, OF
amw YORK; 3 i
Application filed OctOberB, 1922; iSerialHo. 592,742.
This invention relatesto a cap that-may beused for diving orkeeping the hairdry, or i-t n'iaybeused as a'helinct for diving, or for ot-her similar purposes. The principal object ofgtheinvention is to produce anair tight cap which :isprovi'ded with transparent eyepieces so thatthe eyes of a wearer may be-openedin diving Without water beingiadinitted'tothem; another object is to ,provide a cap of thiskindin whichtheeye piecesniay be folded upwardly abovethe eyes, still "protecting the ears agalnst the admission of water. a means of carrying out theseobjects the main portion of the rap is made of a single piece of material,
certain edges of which i' are connected together with the leastnumb'er of parts so that the constri'iction" will be as simple and as nearly air tight as possible.
In the accompanying drawings, Flg; 1 is a sideelevationof a. cap constructed in accordance withthe principles of thisinveib tion and applied to the head ofy a wearer with the eye pieces in position; Fig. 2 is a front -view of the cap with the'eye pieces raised,jbut stillin place over the-ears of the wearer; is a sectionalview of the cap across the eye piece; Fig. 4 is a section: taken on tli e line 4% of 3; Fig. 5 illustrates the single piece blank from which the main portion of the cap is made; Fig 6 shows a separate piece which isfattached to the lower edge of the cap tFig. 7 is a section of the rear port-ion of the cap showing the manner in which the posite portions are secured 0 together; and ig. 8 is a sectional View of the end of one of'the fastening straps, and the fastening member insertedtherein.
In making this cap a single sheet ofresilient material, preferably sheet rubber is layed out flatly and a blank, as shown by 5 is cut out to the proper size. This blank comprises the opposite rounded portions 2 joined by a bridge 3 inwhich are eye holes 1. Between and above theeyeholes a V-shaped notch 5 is cut out with straight sides, which, when secured together, makes an angular projection 6, as shown in Fig. 1, with the bridge 3 to fit over the nose of a wearer andso that the bridge 3 will fit closely below the nose and againstthe upper lip. At the lower edges of the rounded portions 2 are slits 7 which form the tabs 8 disposed at a slight angleto the bridge 3, and the extremities of these tabs are comwith an extension 21 at the gether at the back of f the head of a wearer.
' In order to re-enforce the lower edge of thecapa single piece strip 12, as hown i Fig."6,i-s also cut out of'the -sheet material of which the-cap is made, orothersuitable material, and this-strip has a portion 13 to extend along the lowerouter edge/0f the bridge 3,;and rear extensions 14to fit along.
the lower edge ?formed by the slit 7 ofthe oppositerounded portions 2. Acurved slit 15 Y is made on each side of a depth about equaltothewidthvof thetabs 8 at their inner ends so that they can be extendetl from within the 1 bridging piece 13 1 outside of L the extensions 14 and "fastened outside .of the cap, asshownin Fig. 1.
Tocover the eye holes 4a single pieceof transparent material 16, such as celluloid or the likeis applied across the eye holesA inside oi' the-eap, zindisdild in place by a; piece of material 17 slightly largerthamthe transparent piece 16, attached all around at its-edges to the material of the cap and provided with apertures18 which register with the eyeholes t. In order to insure-that the it attachment off-this material 16 will provide a water-tight joint,-an additiona1 strip 19 of rubber or other fie xible nraterial is closely applied over both sides of 11 the entire edge of said. l transparent 'material 16, and this strip ltliiscemented or vulcanized totheadj acent sides of the members 2 and 17 closely I adjacent-their"respective eye; holes 4 and 18.
Thus the transparent material 16 is held closely in place by :the iresilient materials amt no water-will admitted to the interior of the cap through the eye holes.
In order to re-enforce and secure the opposite portions of the cap together, a single narrow strip 20 is attached at the center inside of the lower front edge and continuin over the top and back of the cap where t e sections are secured together, as indicated in Fig. 7
To further strengthen the cap at the inner edges of the tabs 8, a disc 22 of resilient material may be attached at each side of the cap to the member 12 and tothe adjacent edge of the tab, thus strengthenin not onl the tab but also the adjacent portion of the cap. It is contemplated that all of the rts thus described may be cemented or'vu canized together, the latter being preferable as the parts are more securely connected.
In applying the cap it is placed over the head of a wearer and drawn down tightly so that the eye holes are opposite the eyes of a wearer at which time thebridge piece 3 will extend below the nose, and owing to the angulardisposition of the bridge piece, and the lower edge of the tabs 8, the lower edge of the cap Wlll be drawn tightly against the upper lip and over the ears of, the wearer, as shown more clearly in Fig. 1. When the eye pieces are drawn upwardly to rest upon the forehead of the wearer, as shown in Fig. 2, the eyes will be free but the ears may still be kept covered by connecting the tabs 8 at the rear of the head, as there is sufficient resilience in the material of the cap to allow it to stretch, and to allow the tabs to be fastened in either position. Thus thehair may be kept dry without protecting the eyes and when the eye pieces are down, water will be excluded so that the eyes can be opened under water without danger of the water reaching the eyes. This is a great advantage in diving, and as the bridge piece also extends below the nose, there is no danger of water reachingthe nose of the wearer. The cap is made of a minimum number of parts, it can be made quickly, inexpensively, and is less subject to deterioration, leakage, and the necessity for repair.
1. In a waterproof cap of the class describd fitting over the nose and ears, a blank of resilient material having two opposite rounded portions connected by a bridge with eye holes above the bridge, and an angular notch extending between and above the eye holes so that when the opposite ortions are 1 connected together by joining tie edges of the angular notch, an angularly projecting.
nose piece will be formed between the eyes.
2. In a waterproof cap of the class describd fitting over the nose and cars, a single sheet of material having two opposite portions connected by a front bridge and with portion and tabs extending oppositely therefrom, a reenforcing member ap lied over the a top of the bridge portion and a ong the lower edges of. the other portions with a slit thereinon each side through which the cor responding tab extends, and re-enforcing means applied to the end of each slit and against the edge of the tab adjacent thereto.
45. A waterproof bathin cap, comprising nose and ear covering an transparent eye covering portions, said cap termlnating at its lower edge in a face enclrcling water seal portiontor preventing entrance of water, into said nose, ear and eye coverlng POIUOIIS,
said lower edge terminating above the mouth of the wearer when the cap is in a worn position.
orA waterproot bathin cap comprising nose and ear covering an trans arent eye covering portions, a face encirc ing water seal part for preventing entrance of water into said portions, said water seal part including an upper lip engaging portion.
,6. A waterproof athin cap comprising nose and ear coverin an transparent eye covering portions, sai cap tapering towards its lower edge and terminatin at said edge in a lace encircling water sea? portion, said water. seal portion including an upper lip engaging art.
7. An e astic rubber bathing cap, comprising nose and ear covering and transparent eye covering portions, said cap terminating.
in an elastic reinforced lower contracte edge, said edge lncluding an upper lip engaging portion and forming a water seal to prevent the entrance of water into said portions.
ARVID E. ANDERSON.