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Publication numberUS1674847 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 26, 1928
Filing dateApr 21, 1926
Priority dateJul 20, 1925
Publication numberUS 1674847 A, US 1674847A, US-A-1674847, US1674847 A, US1674847A
InventorsWatson Eustace
Original AssigneeHenry Watson & Sons Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electrically-driven lawn mower
US 1674847 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

jam@ 26, HQZ, l 396%7 E. WATSQN ELECTRICALLY DRIVEN LAWN MOWER Filed April 21, 1925 2 Sheets-Shee'fl l bww b) E. WATSON ELECTRICALLY DRIVEN LAWN MOWER Filed April 2l, 1925 Jam@ 26, i928.,

Junren/w1 [Las www 61E/601mm Patented June 26, 1928.

UNITED STATES NUSTACE' WATSON,

or PONTELAND, ENGLAND, .assIGNoa 'ro HENRY wa'rsoN a soNs,

LIMITED, OF NEWQASTLE-UPON-TYNE, ENGLAND.

ELECTRICALLY-DRIVEN LAWN MOWER.

Application filed April 21,

- This invention relates to electricallyi' driven lawn-mowers, and has for its object to provide a novel or improved arrangement and construction which can be readilly and cheaply manufactured and assemble and can be run olf an ordinary domestic electric lighting system or other convenient supply of electric current.

In a lawn-mower in accordance with my invention, an electric motor is mounted Within the land roller, said motor being of any convenient suitable type and being adapted to drive, through suitable gearing, the cutting cylinder, the current for operating said motor being taken from any convenient source of :supply through a long flexible cable. 'According to a modification, the motor is adapted to also drive the land roller, a clutch or similar device being provided for throwing into and out of gear the drive to the land roller. The drive to the cutting cylinder is continuous while the motor is running, but the drive to the land roller in the modified construction is put into and out of operation when required.

The accompanying drawings illustrate lawn-mowers according to my invention, Figure 1 being a part elevation of one construction and Figure 2 a plan thereof, half in section. Figure 3 is a similar view to Fig. 2 illustrating aA modified construction, and Figure 4 is a complete elevation of the machine of Figs. 1 and 2 to a smaller scale. Referring iirst to Figs. 1, 2 and 4 of the said drawings, in the construction therein illustrated, the land roller a is mounted be# tween a pair of metal side frames b which also carry between them the cutting cylin der c, the. bottom blade cl and the front roll er e. The land roller a is revolubly mounted o-n bearing bushes a1 onl short hollow shafts f carried by the side frames b at each end of the roller, the ends of said hollow shafts within the roller being attached to the casing g of trically within the land roller a. At one end of the roller the rotary spindle g1-of the motor extends through the hollow shaft f and is fitted externally of the roller with a pinion h. The motor spindle runs in suitable bearings carried tor casing as usual. At the other end of the land roller a, the cables j to the motor are led into the roller through the hollow shaft f. The roller a is transversely split cena motor arranged concenby the ends of the mo 1926, Serial No. 103,498, and. in Great Britain July 20, 1925.

trally of its length as shown at a2 and its halves are retained in position, after assembly, by the side frames b. If desired, apertures a3 normally closed by removable plugs, may be provided in the periphery of the land roller in alignment with the brush gearl of the motor to. permit of adjustment of the brushes. At its ends the land roller is provided vwith radial arms a, and the spaces between said arms are lilled in with netting of line mesh a5 which prevents the entry of v cutV grass and the like into the roller but allows the entry of air for cooling the motor.

In the construction illustrated in Figs. 1, 2 and L of the drawings, the motor drives the cutting cylinder c but does not drive the land roller a. p The pinion h is coupled by an intermediate idler pinion c on a stud c in a bearing 162 in the frame b to a corresponding pinion m keyed on the short shaft fn at .one end of the cutting cylinder c. gearing 71 lo, m is enclosed and protected by a dust-proof cover b1. A suitable switch v (Fig. 4) for controlling the motor is provided on one of the shafts u, which is also fitted with a socket 'v1 to receive a plug at the end of a long flexible cable which can be connectedy to the domestic lighting system or to any other convenient source of supply.

The. cutting cylinder c may be providedwith any convenient number of radiallyproyectmg blades p coacting with the stationary bottom blade d which is vertically adJustable, being pivoted on a transverse rod 1" and provided with tail pieces (Z1 engaging depending studs s carried by the frames b. lBy adjusting the nuts s1 on the The studs, the distance between the bottom blade i d and the revolving blades p can be varied as required.

In the construction illustrated, the cut-ting blades p are inserted into radial slots around discs g mounted on the short shafts n rof the cutting cylinder, thusproviding a skeleton /construction which is light and strong and leaves the centreof the cylinder `free of obstruct-ion thus adording an unimpededoutlet for cut grass. The shafts n run in ball-bearings n1 carried by the frames b. The cutting cylinder can be readily detached by removing the cover b1 and the nuts q1 securing the discs g on the shafts n when these shafts can be withdrawn leaving the cylinder free.

The front roller e is mounted eccentrically of end discs el which-are housed in revlocking them against rotation by means ot' clamping nuts e2 on studs es on the discs el,

which studs are rotatable in the side frames.

The side frames Z) are held together by' a number of tension rods t fitted with tubes t1 forming distance pieces and disposed transversely of the machine.

The lawn-mower of Figs. 1, 2 and 4 is intended to be propelled by hand by the shaftsfu attached to the side frames I), but the machine may be driven or propelled by animal, electrical or othermechanical power, as may be desired.

Fig. 3 illustrates a similar construction wherein a drive from the cutting cylinder to the land roller is added. In this example, the land roller a is made in three sections, the central section containing the electric motor g. The central section rotates on ball-bearings f1 about the hollow shafts f, and the end sections of the land roller are free to rotate independently of said central section and of each other on sleeves a forming extensions of the housings a7 of the bearings f1, said housings and sleeves being integral with the central section of the land roller.

The driving spindle g1l of the motor g is provided with a driving pinion L which is coupled by the intermediate idler pinion c to a driven pinion m on the shaft n of the cutting cylinder c as in the construction of Figs. 1, 2 and 4, but in the present case the idler pinion lo, which is carried by a hollow shaft k? mounted in a thrust bearing lc* in the cover b1, is in the form of a clutch member` the complementary member 105 of said clutch being keyed on a shaft 7c extending through the shaft los. On the inner end of the clutch shaft k6 is a pinion lw which gears with a pinion y on the sleeve a of the central section of the land roller a. A spring Il:7 around the shaft k6 normally presses the clutch member [c5 into engagement with the complementary member c. The clutch member ks has a'tubular extension ks extending through the hollow shaft k3, and coacting with the end of said extension lcs is a cam z on apivoted' lever 21 carried by a cap z2 on the cover b1. By manipulating the lever Z1, the cam z can be caused to disengage the clutch members c and las against the action of the spring k7. When the clutch members are in engagement, the rotary power of the motor is transmitted therethrough to the clutch shaft le, the pinion w thereon, the pinion y and the sleeve a and hence to the central section of the land roller a which is thus driven simultaneously with but at a reduced'speed to the cutting cylinder. vThe end sections of the land roller revolve independently of the central section and facilitate turning of vthe machine.

It will be noticed that the drive to the cutting cylinder c is continuous While the motor g 1s running, while the drive to the central section of the land roller a can be put into and out of action at will.

What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1s:-

An electrically-driven lawn-mower comprlsmg a pair of side frames, a land roller, and a front roller all mounted between said s1de frames, an electric motor mounted a. cutting cylinder, a bottom blade within said land roller, means for supplying said motor with electric current, and means for transmitting the rotary power of said motor to said cutting cylinder the drive of the cutting cylinder being independent of the rotation of the land roller.

2. An electrically-driven lawn-mower comprising a pair of side frames, a land roller, a cutting cylinder, a bottom blade v and a front roller all mounted between said side frames, an electric motor mounted within said land roller, means for supplying said vmotor with electric current, means for transmitting the rotary power of said motor to said cutting cylinder, and means for transmitting said rotary power to said cutting cylinder and simultaneously to the land roller when desired.

3. An electrically-driven lawn-mower comprising a pair of side fra es, a land roller, a cutting cylinder, a adjustable bottom blade and a front roller all mounted between said side frames, an electric motor mounted concentrically within said land roller, electric leads for supplying said motor with electric current, said land roller revolving freely on hollow shafts carried by said side frames, the spindle of said motor projecting through one of said hollow shafts clamping said discs against rotation after adjustment, an electric motor. mounted concentrically within said land roller, electric leads for supplying said motor with electric current, said land roller revolving freely on hollow shafts carried by said side frames, the spindle of said motor projecting through one of said hollow shafts and the electric leads to said Inotor entering through the other hollow shaft, and gearing between said spindle and said cutting cylinder whereby the rotary power of the motor is transmitted to the cutting cylinder.

5. An electrically-driven lawn-mower comprisingv a pair of side frames, a land roller in a central section and two end sections side by side, a cutting cylinder, an adjustable bottom blade and a front roller all mounted between ,said side frames, recesses in said side frames, end discs revolubly mounted in said recesses, said front roller being mounted eccentrically of said, end discs, means for clamping said discs against rotation after adjustment, an electric motor mounted concentrically within the central section of said land roller, electric leads for supplying said motor with electric current, sleeves connected to said central section, the end sections of said land roller revolving freely on said sleeves, hollow shafts carried by the side frames, the lspindle of said motor projecting through one of said hollow shafts and the electric leads to the motor entering through the other hollow shaft, gearing between said spindle and the cutting cylinder whereby the rotary power of the motor is transmitted to the cutting cylinder, and means:4 for transmitting the rotary power of the motor to the central section of the land roller when desired.

6. An electrically-driven lawn-mower comprising a pair of side frames, a land roller in a central section and two end sections side by side, a cutting cylinder, an adjustable bottom blade and a front roller all mounted between said side frames, recesses in said side frames, end discs revolubly mounted in said recesses, said front roller being mounted eccentrically of said end discs, means for clamping said discs against rotation after adjustment, an electric motor mounted concentrically within the central section of said land roller, electric leads for supplying said motor with electric current, sleeves connected to said central section, the end sections of said land roller revolving freely on said sleeves, hollow shafts carried by theJ side frames, the spindle of said motor projecting through one of said hollow shafts and the electric Vleads to the motor entering through the other hollow shaft, a pinion on said spindle, a pinion on the cutting cylinder, a hollow shaft intermediate of said pinions, an idler pinion on said intermediate hollowshaft coupling said pinions together, said idler pinion forming one member of a clutch, an internal shaft within the hollow shaft of said idler pinion, a complementary clutch member on said internal shaft, a pinion on said internal shaft engaging a pinion on the sleeve connected to the central section of the land roller, and means for engaging at will said clutch members whereby the rotary power of the motor is transmitted to the central section of the land roller when desired.

7. An electrically-driven lawn-mower comprising a pair of side frames, a land roller in a central section and two end sections side by side, a cutting cylinder', an adjustable bottom blade and a front roller all mounted between said side frames, recesses in said side frames, end discs revolubly mounted in said recesses, said front roller being mounted eecentrically of said end discs, means for clamping said discs against rotation after adjustment, an electric motor mounted concentricallv within the central section of said land roller, electric leads for supplying sai-d motor with electric current, sleeves connected to said central section, the end sections of said land roller revolving freely on said sleeves, hollow' shafts carried by the side frames, the spindle of said motor projecting through one of said hollow shafts and the electric leads to the motor entering through the other hollow shaft, a pinion on said spindle, a pinion on the cutting cylinder, a hollow shaft intermediate of said pinions, an idler pinion on said intermediate hollow shaft coupling said pinions together, said idler pinion forming one member of a clutch, an internal shaft within the hollow shaft of said idler pinion, a complementary clutch member on said internal shaft, a pinion on said internal shaft engaging a pinion on the sleeve connected to thecentral section of the land roller, a spring normally pressing the clutch members into engagement, a pivoted lever, and a cam thereon coacting with one clutch member whereby said clutch members can be held apart when it is not desired to transmit the rotarv power of the motor to the central section of the land roller.

In testimony whereof, I affix my signature.

EUSTACE WATSON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2547401 *Oct 27, 1944Apr 3, 1951Pioneer Gen E Motor CorpLawn mower with removable reel
US2725705 *Mar 22, 1952Dec 6, 1955Einar H AndersonLawnmower drives
US2735252 *Nov 23, 1955Feb 21, 1956 mcclendon
US5325928 *Jan 7, 1993Jul 5, 1994Black & Decker Inc.Power-driven edger with on-center wheel
US7479754Oct 17, 2006Jan 20, 2009Desa Ip LlcHybrid electric lawnmower
US7482768Oct 18, 2006Jan 27, 2009Desa Ip, LlcHybrid electric lawnmower having dual power supply
US7728534Feb 2, 2007Jun 1, 2010Mtd Products IncHybrid electric lawnmower
US8076873Dec 13, 2011Mtd Products IncHybrid outdoor power equipment
US8732896Mar 14, 2008May 27, 2014Mtd Products IncHybrid electric cleaning device
US20080089673 *Oct 17, 2006Apr 17, 2008Desa Ip, LlcHybrid Electric Lawnmower
US20080196371 *Feb 19, 2008Aug 21, 2008Textron Inc.Electrically Driven, Reel-Mower Accessories
US20080284363 *Mar 14, 2008Nov 20, 2008Lucas Delbert EHybrid electric cleaning device
Classifications
U.S. Classification56/11.8, 180/19.1, 56/17.2, 56/249.5
International ClassificationA01D69/02
Cooperative ClassificationA01D34/58
European ClassificationA01D69/02