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Publication numberUS1674943 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 26, 1928
Filing dateJul 6, 1925
Priority dateJul 6, 1925
Publication numberUS 1674943 A, US 1674943A, US-A-1674943, US1674943 A, US1674943A
InventorsBerger Samuel I
Original AssigneeBerger Samuel I
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Mechanical figure toy
US 1674943 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June'26, 1928.

* 1,674,943 5. l. BERGER MECHANICAL FIURE TOY Filed July 1925 l 2 Sheets-She et 1 5 Swbemboz June 26, 1928. 1,694,943

' 5.1. BERGER MECHANICAL FIGURE TOY Filed July 6, 1925 2 Shets-Sheet 2 Swwemtoz Patented June 26, 1928.

tree

MECHANICAL Application filed July 6,

This invention relates to improvements in motor operated figure toys, particularly to a standing toy enclosing an oscillating motor and self-propelled by the momentum or jarring imparted thereto by the bodily movement of the motor.

Preferably the toy includes a stationary leg portion, and a body portion housing the motor. The motor is fixed within the body portion and pivotally connected to the leg portion for limited oscillating 'movement. The body portion thus oscillates as the motor sways and transmits the momentum andjar of the motor to the legs, slightly tilting the leg section without upsetting it so that the toy will shift about under the influence of the swaying motor driven body section.

Among the objects of the invention are to provide a toy of grotesque and amusing action which can be manufactured with comparative economy, which is'of simple construction and unlikely to get out oforder under the ordinary rough usage to which it is subjected. 1

One feature of the invention is the novel manner of mounting the head of the figure so that it is free to shake and wobble as the figure sways and shifts about under the influence of theimotor.

Another feature is the novel construction by which I minimize the friction between the motor and the extension of the leg section which limits the oscillating movement of the motor thereby assuring movement of the figure for a comparatively long time for one motor winding.

Another feature is an nexpensive yet effective construction of feet or shoe portions of the-toy. These feet are preferablyformed by crimping the edges of spacious flat sole plates over the lower edges of convex shoe or foot portions. 1

The invention may be more fully understood from the following description in connection with the accompanying drawings in which J I Fig. 1 is a view in front elevation of a toy embodying the invention the dotted lines indicating the opposite extreme 'posi'-' tion to which the body section may be swung by the motor, part being shown in section,

Fig. 2- is a view in longitudinal section, through thebody of the toy,

Fig. 3 is a view in front elevation with the front body section removed and part FIGURE TOY.

1925. Serial No. 41,473.

of the front leg section broken away to ex pose the motor, parts of the motor being also Fig. 4: is a View similar to Fig. 8 showing the motor entirely .in elevation, and

Fig. 5 is a sectional detail'on the line 55 of Fig. 2,

The leg section of the toy is formed of a pair of complementary metallic stampings 10, 10 having overlapping securing tongues 11, at their engaging edges. The legs terminate at their lower ends in tubular ankle portions carrying tongues 12 locking in openings 12 near an end of elongated general convex shoe'portions 12. The bottom edges of the shoe portions form outwardly turned flanges 13 (Fig. 5). Spacious flat sole plates l thave their edges turned up and crimped over the outwardly extending flanges 18 on the shoe portions so that the sole plates are firmly'connected to the shoes and so that the figure rests upon the relatively' large flat supporting feetand is'not easily tipped over; y p l The body section includes a pair of complementary metallic stampin'gs 16, 16, having their matingedges secured by tongues 17. The body section is appreciably larger at its lower end than the top of the leg section, whereby the top of the leg section is encircled by the lower edge of the body section, there being ample space between these overlapping sections to permit lateral tilting movement of the body The body sections 1O cooperatively provide a neck opening 18 at the top of the body in which a head portion 19 is mounted for free pivotal movement as will-be later described.

The head 19 is formed of a single cupshaped stamping, the "hat 19 of a second substantially identical stan'rping'. The head section is then specially formed to provide the nose, ears and other protuberances. The rim of the hat is connected to the head in a rigid structureby'crimping as at 19 there about. The construction set forth is simple in that'it requires but. two identical stampings readily crimped together and it eliminates the need'for tangs and provides a construction devoid of longitudinal seams that are frequently conspicuous and ungainly and also obviates the likelihood of the child cutting its hand on a protruding sharp edge.

The motor mechanism is mounted between a-pair of parallel motor frame plates 20, 21. lTrame plate carries spacer'flanges 22 of skeleton form which interlock with the rear body section as by tongues 23. Theo th'er frame plate 21 includes end flanges 24-, spacing the plates apart and locked by tongues 25 to the frame plate 20. The upper flange 24 is provided with an integralistruck out hook-shaped extension 26. A tongue 27 depending from th-eihead is slottedwas at 28 to engage the hook26and: the slot isofsuiiicient size to :permit'theiheadto sway orpivot" forwardly and backwardly as well as later ally; This pivoting:orirolling movement of the head is limited only'by'the walls of \theneck: opening 189 The motor includes driving shaft 29,coun-- tershaft 30- and' driveni shaft 31, arranged in substantially horizontal positionnone. above the otheriand each havlng bearingsain the frame plates 20, 21.- v Driving shaft 29px"- tends through an openingSQ in the rear'of the body section andmis looped: to form av winding, handle or key- 33; Between-the frame.plat'es, this shaft carries a convolut-e torsional.spring-34rone endtof which is connectedutouthe shaft and the other endof which isconnected to a iCll lVlIIg q gear 35. Y suitable pawli and'ratchet mechanis m:36 and 3'2 (Fig; 3)' prevent retrogradeunwindinga of the spring 34; Driving; gear engages a pinion: 38 on the: countershaft integral with: agear 39 whichdrives-iaxpinion -40 onjthe. driven shaft 31. Pinion 38', gear 391andpinionAOithus provide a trainof speed'increas ingti mechanism for transmitting. motive power to the driveneshaft 31,v

- The motor and: consequently the entire body section is :pivotally supported. upon a,

rod 41- passing transversely through the upper end of theileg sections 10 and; the:

motor tilts -2Lb01lt il3l1lS"I0d? as a center The connections 1 which 1 effect rigid tilting of? the motor include a::crank arm42v integral with theuforward end of shaft 31 This crank arm works inn a slot 453 inzthe upper endlofa vertical arm 4:4 :secu-rediasv at 45 :tothe leg A section and projecting upwardly;therefrom into thebody;

It willabe noted that the upright 44 isintd. grab at: its upper'rend :with an inwardly turnedi'extension- 46 adaptedto 'ride'over' the portion, which is therefore relatively sta-' tionary, the oscillatory movement will appear. 'in swaying of the body. Such oscillation is however, rather violent. Since the leg portion is not fixed to a support and is rather" light, the jars transmitted thereto through the upright will cause the legs to tilt"'andell"ct shifting of the figure on its feet; Thewideflatsole plates prevent the toy from being actually upset by the motor, but the device isi so proportioned I that there will be the necessary lilting; back and forthoath-e sole plates to effect teetering: of the toy andconsequent shifting about on a sup,-

porting surface: As heretofore noted, thehead will sway forward-,backward:and-lat erally during the operation It will I thus be-seen that there-is g herein described; apparatus, in whiclt the several features of thisinvention" areem'bodied, and which apparatusinits action attains the various objectsof the invention and is well SllltQChtO meet the requirements of practical use,

ALS manychanges coul'd be; made intheabove construction and many apparent-1y;

widely'difi'erent embodiments of-t 1s invention could-be made without departingufrom the scope thereof, it is intended thatiall matter contained invtheabove: description or shown @in the accompanying: drawings i shall be interpreted as illustrative and: not in-a limiting, sense.

Having thus described my invention; what I claim -as neyv and 'desire to secure by Letters Patent is 11. A 1 toy; of the'class described, includ-' ing a -leg-, 1sectionadapted to stand 1 upvon a suitable supporting surface, asbody section pivotally connected-- to: 1 theleg section, a motor housediwithin thebody section constructed :and arranged to efi'ect oscillation thereofrelative 'to v the I leg; section, frame plates secured to the' body. section and mounting; the motor "and an =upwardly extending hook integral with one ofatheplates, a head for thec'figure loosely connected to the :hook, said-- 'body section having; a neek opening: therein," of, diameter" substantially larger than that of the contiguous" part of the head, whereby operation the headwill sway in the neck opening.

2A toyfincluding a bodysecti'on and a leg section pivotally, connected together, the

leg sec'tion' beingvformed of com tilementary metallic stampings the lower end ofsaid sectionbeing bifurcated and- "termin'atingi in a -pa ir of hollow substantially cylindrical ankle portions, elongatedshoe-portions havingnopenings therein into which-the ankle portions are fitted andflat sole plates having their ed ges turned' up: and crimped over the lower edges of the'shoe portions whereby to provide substantial supporting surfaces upon whichthe toy may stand. H V i 3. In a toy of the class described, a leg section and a body section pivotally connected together, a motor housed within the body section and including a pair of frame plates, a spring motor mounted between said frame plates, a vertical upright secured to the front of the leg portion and projecting upwardly into the body portion, said upright having a vertical slot therein, the motor mechanism including a crank working in said slot whereby to cause and limit relative pivotal movement of the leg section and body section, said upright having at its upper end, a right angular extension constituting a spacer, the edge of which is adapted to contact with one of the motor plates whereby to prevent undue friction between the motor mechanism and the upright.

4. In a toy, a leg section bifurcated at its lower end and terminating in a pair of elongated convex shoe portions, flanges at the lower edges of the shoe portions, substantially oval sole plates of greater length and width than the shoe portions, the edges of said sole plates being turned over and crimped to the flanges.

5. In a figure toy oft-he class described, a head member bearing a hat, said head member formed of a cup-shaped stamping, said hat member of a cup-shaped stamping, the rim of one of said members being of diameter larger than and crimped about the edge of the other.

6. In a figure toy of the class described, in combination, a. pair of substantially cupshaped stampings, one constituting a head, the other a hat therefor, said head being specially stamped to form features thereon and having an out-turned rim, said hat member having an outturned rim extending beyond and crimped over the rim of said head member to form a uniform structure.

devoid of longitudinal seams.

Signed at New York City in the county of New York and State of New York this 2nd day of July, A. D. 1925.

SAMUEL I. BERGER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2504679 *Nov 24, 1948Apr 18, 1950Fishiove & Co HNovelty and amusement device
US2581004 *Oct 3, 1950Jan 1, 1952Frank DamianoCoin bank
US2668392 *Aug 31, 1950Feb 9, 1954Williams John HSpring motor operated rocking doll
US3029552 *Jun 23, 1961Apr 17, 1962Ideal Toy CorpAnimated doll
US3452473 *Dec 5, 1966Jul 1, 1969Hasbro Industries IncToy figure having vertical reciprocating movement
US3672097 *Oct 15, 1970Jun 27, 1972Mattel IncCrank operated dancing doll
US4386479 *Nov 4, 1980Jun 7, 1983Marvin Glass & AssociatesWalking doll
US5911617 *Jan 27, 1998Jun 15, 1999Chou; Jin-LongStructure of motion toy
US5941756 *Jan 27, 1998Aug 24, 1999Blue Ridge Designs, Inc.Motion toy
US6126508 *Sep 23, 1998Oct 3, 2000Chou; Jin-LongMotion toy
US6163992 *May 13, 1999Dec 26, 2000Blue Ridge Designs, Inc.Motion toy
US6200191Jan 21, 1999Mar 13, 2001Blue Ridge Designs, Inc.Structure of motion toy
US6397133Apr 18, 2000May 28, 2002Palmer Safety Systems, LlcVehicle rollover safety system
US6416380Jan 5, 2001Jul 9, 2002Blue Ridge Designs Inc.Motion toy
US6500043Dec 7, 1999Dec 31, 2002Peter Sui Lun FongAnimated toy
US9533233 *May 10, 2012Jan 3, 2017Mattel, Inc.Grappling apparatus and method of operation
US20130237123 *May 10, 2012Sep 12, 2013J. Austin RuckerGrappling Apparatus and Method of Operation
Classifications
U.S. Classification446/353
International ClassificationA63H13/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63H13/005, A63H13/00
European ClassificationA63H13/00B, A63H13/00