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Publication numberUS1675285 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 26, 1928
Filing dateAug 1, 1924
Priority dateAug 1, 1924
Publication numberUS 1675285 A, US 1675285A, US-A-1675285, US1675285 A, US1675285A
InventorsVance Arthur J
Original AssigneeCoe Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Drier for veneer and sheet material
US 1675285 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 26, 1928.

A. J. VANCE .DRIER FOR VENEER AND SHEET MATERIAL Filedl Aug. 1, 1924 6 Sheets-Sheet 1 Y uw wlrwmnl Il -wwmif will;

. x w L. W .vv Mxx owu, T2 m w; 50 k@ l T@ W m .Mx su; S T2 MV f@ a n uw El mu J. f K QS |.T Y w. "33, m T@ h. w mw# Tf im J.


June 26, 1928.

A. J. VANCE DRIER FOR VENEER AND SHEET MATERIAL Filed Aug. l, 1924 6 Sheets-Sheet 2 a r L 11,4 m c w Tw w m w @W im v d (am/ V c@ u h 1L I H 6% n n A H ww K MJ ww A uw ww /w w@ my m w s. WV

June 26, 1928.

A. J. VANCE DRIER FOR VENEER AND SHEET MATERIAL Filed Aug. l, 1924 6 Sheets-Sheet 3 June 26, 1928.

A. J. VANCE DRIER FOR VENEER AND SHEET MATERIAL Filed Aug. i,V 1924 6 Sheets-Sheet 4 Hrtburf 161706..

. 1,675,285 A. J. VANCE Filed Aug. l, 1924 6 Sheets-Sheet 5 June 26,` 1928.



Fi1edAug-1, 1924 6 sheets-sheet e Patented June 26, 1928.



, material.


In veneer driers of this general class the long chamber is lfrequently heated by horizontal steam coils or radiators which extend from end to end of the long chamber, the coil sections running transversely of such chamber. Since these chambers are commonly of very considerable length, s0me-l times running into hundreds of feet, much condensation of the steam in the coils is experienced. It is frequently desirable to use temperatures considerable in excess of 212 degrees Fahrenheit and to obtain these temperatureshighpressure steam is employed.

' If the, corltlensate be trapped oti the temper-r ment at the wet end of theidrier showing ature of the condensate, under such circumstances, will commonly be much above the normal or atmospheric boiling point of 212 degrees Fahrenheit. Consequently such condensate will contain a large portion of utilizable heat units. Again, apparatus of this character, employes horizontal sets of feeding rolleis with the horizontal steam coils between them. Economy in the use of heat and in space dictates that the vertical distance between the steam. coils and the feeding rolls should be kept low. Also, it is necessary. in order to facilitate repairs, that sections of the steam coils should be readily removable 'as units.

Among the important objects of the present iuvetnion are the improvement of the steam distribution and coil arrangement in such manner vas to effectively utilize the heat of high pressure steam; to preventy or minimizing loss of heat in condensate; to provide means for withdrawing condensate at points along the length of the apparatus and re-utilizing the same by permitting the water to flash into' steam in a Succeeding section of the heating coil or to circulate therethrough as condensate; and vto pro vide means whereby' the heating coils are so assembled that sections of su h coils may be removed without difficulty for repairs or replacement,

With the above and other objects in view,

as Will be hereinafter apparent, one typical form of the invention will now be described in detail and hereinafter specifically claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, wherein Y 4 Figure 1 is a diagrammatic view of the piping arrangement for such a veneer drier. Figure 2 is a plan diagram of the piping arrangement for a drier of this type as suitable for the shorter sizes, the diagram showing a modilied"arrangement for handling condensation.

Figure `3 is a plan similar to Figure 2 but showing the arrangement for a longer drier. Figure 4 is a plan of ,the steam supply connections at the dry or delivery end of the drier.

Figure 5 is a side elevation thereof. Figure 6 is a. plan of certain bleeder trap connections used at intervals between ends of the drier.

Figure 7 is an'elevation of the same.

Figure 8 is a plan View of the arrangethe return trap and condenser coil connections. f

Figure 9 1s an elevatlon thereof.

Figure' lOOis an elevation showing certain steam and return connections which are used at the coils employed for heating air passing through the drier.

v Figure 11 is a side elevation of the mechanisms within the drier, the same being partly in elevation and partly in section.

Figure 12 isa detail section on the line 12-12 of Figure 11.

Figure 13 is a Vertical section on the line 13-.13 of Figure 11. y

In the diagrammatic view of the steam piping disclosed .in Figure 1 the pipes are indicated by single lines with conventional pipe diagram symbols, a table thereof being appended to the figure. In this figure the outline of the conveyer casing is diagrammatically indicated by a dotted line 10 and rit will be seen that this outline is, in the. present instance, divided into five groups of sections which are indicated respectively at A, B, (14D and E. The group A is at the dry or delivery end of the drier while the group E is at the wet or feeding end thereof, that is to sayv that the material to be treated is fed in through the group E and passes out through the group A. As wiit be explained hereinafter, the material passes over the tops of the several sets of coils, the coils being here shown as four high.

lVhile the material passes from E in the direction just stated the steam is introduced at the dry end and works through the coils in a direction opposite to that wherein the material being treated moves. The sets or groups of coils A, B, C and the first section ot' group D are those sets wherein live steam is employed while the second section of group D and group E are Vthe sets wherein condensate is used, the first groups being known as steam groups and the last as con denser groups. I

It is obvious that the number of groups or sections employed will vary with the size ot the drier and that the ratio between the number of steam groups and the number of condenser groups may also be varied to suit the different conditions arising in the special drying problem to be met.

The steam for the device is provided through asuitable steam pipe l1 and this pipe 1s connected by a flange coupling 12 with a header 13. As shown best in Figure 5 this header tapers from itsvupper end downward and is provided at intervals with branches 14 which are connected by nipples 15 to controlling valves 16. Each of these valves controls the admission of steam to a respective horizontal line of heater coils, the valve being connected to the initial section ot such lines by a supplylpipe 17. VEach steam line or each group consists of a series of sections 18 each forming a 'heater unit, the sections beingconnected to each other by Vsuitable unions 19 so that any section can be detached from the adjacent sections for repairs and replacements.

At the ends of groups B and C suitable mcans are used for drawing off the condensate which has accumulated in the group and supplying the next succeeding steam section with steam. In the form of the invention shown in Figure l there is provided at the outlet lend of each group a header 2() having branches 21 to which the several end sections of the group are connected. This header is in turn connected by a pipe 22 -with a collecting tank 23 provided with a condensate pipe` 24 leading from the bottom ot` the tankto the steam trap 25 which functions to prevent the passage of steam but permits the passage of the condensate. A blow-ofi' valve 26 is also connected to the pipe 24 to permit discharge to the atmosphere for cleaning out purposes. From the collecting tank extends a pipe 27 which is connected to a steam header 28 having branches 29 con nected to the initial sections 18 ot the succeeding steam group. From the traps 25 extend condensate lines 30 provided with check valves 31 opening away from the traps and these pipes are in turn connected to a common feed pipe leading tothe initial heater section 18 of the upper line of group Also, the separator tanks 23 are provided with air valves 33 so that they may be freed from accumulated air. groups are connected so that the steam passes through the groups serially, t-he condensate being removed at the end of each group.

A modification of this arrangement may also he used as shown in Figures 3, 6, and 7. In this modification each steam line runs continuously through the several groups, the line being divided into sections as before. ,At the end of each group a T connection 34 is provided and from this connection extends a drain pipe 35 which leads to a steam trap 36, there thus being a separate trap for each steam line, as can yreadily be seen by reference to Figure 7.

From the several traps lead condensate pipes 37 provided with check valves 38 and these pipes are extended and connected to the condenser section just as were the pipes 30. The usual blow-oft valve 39 is provided for each trap.

It will be observed that the tanks 23 in Fig. 1 collect the condensate, the steam passing on through the headers 28 t0 the intake ends of the coils in sections C and D, while the condensate passes back through the common pipe 32 to the intake end of the first coil in section E.

The arrangement of the groups in section D is somewhat different, as appears from Fig. 1 and the detail views shown in Figs. 8 and 9. The first series of coils in section D is supplied with steam from the header 28 leading from tank 23. The outlet end of each of these coils is connected through a short pipe 40 with a steam trap 41, which is provided with the usual blow-ofi valve 42. From each of these traps the condensate passes through a pipe 43, having a check valve 44, to the inlet end ot the first condenser coils, constituting the second series or group of coils in section D. Thus, at this point in the apparatus the condensate for the condenser group ot' section D passes through the traps 41 while previouslv "be flow of steam from one group to another was directly through the separator tanks,Y the condensate being simpl)Y drawn off' at Said tanks. The arrangement shown in Figures (5 and 7 has been termed a blccder trap arrangement while the arrangement just described is known as a return trap arrangement. The various sections at the other terminal of the first condenser group are connected in common to a header 45, unions 46 being arranged in the header so that the sections in the various lines may be separated, and this header is connected b v a pipe 47 to the receiver of a pump 43. which is vented to the atmosphere. so that no appreciable pressure can be built up in the condenser coils.

steam Thus the steam 1 As previously described, the'condensate pipe line 32 connects with the initial section 18 of the top heater line of the second con denser group. The terminal section of this top line connects with the corresponding section of the second line by a pipe 50. The second line is similarly connected by a pipe 52 with the third line and the latter by a pipe 53 with the fourth line being connected by a pipe 54 with thel receiver of the pump 48. An open tank or other hot water receptacle can be used for collecting the hot water. If an automatic pump and receiver is used, the hot water may be automatically returned to the boiler While hot. The receiver of the4 pump being ventedv to the atmosphere t prevent the building up of pressure in the condenser coils, Eind the condensate Ythat enters the inlet end of the coils being Water at a temperature more than 100 Fahr. above atmosphere boiling point, this condensate will immediately expand and flash into low pressure steam in the condenser coils. In other Words, with high pressure steam flowing through the group A,water will be removed at intervals and this condensed Water Will be at substantially the same temperature as the steam at the point of its removal so that whenever the pressure is lower, as in the condenser groups, this water of condensationashes back into steam at a somewhat lower temperature than the steam at the {irst steam group. The pump ishconnected by pipe 45 with the outlet ends of the second group of coils in section D and with the 'outlet end-hefy the series-connected coils in sectioljE 4@sirianintain the pressure in the-se coils suliicientlyflow to causthe condensate to tlow through the.pipes 32 and 43 into the condensate groups of coils where it flashes into low pressure steam as previously stated. Experience has shown that, under usual conditions, steam may conveniently be provided at a temperature of about 348 degrees, and that under these conditions the final condensate Water will have a temperature of about 235 degrees. By thus transforming the condensate from a liquid state into a gaseous vapor or steam,the molecular activity is vastly increased, as is well-known, and I am thereby enabled to abstract a far greater amount of heat energy than could be obtained from the liquid condensate at the same or even a higher temperature. At the, pressure and temperature which I have employed in practice, I am enabled to save substantially one hundred B. t. ufs per pound of condensate.

I an apparatus of this kind it is usual to provide for the drying effect a circulation of hot air through the drying chamber. It is common to use a fan or other blower arranged to cause' such circulation, the air passing through an aix` ,heating chamber provided with steam coils. This feature being clearly disclosed in my copending application, "Serial N o. 729,618, tiled August 1,

1924, it is not deemed necessary to show the fan and other parts herein but there has been indicated at55 an air heating cham'- ber having steam coils 55El to which a supply pipe 56 leads from the main 11, being controlledbythe valve 57. F rom` this heating chamber leads a steam exhaust pipe 58 con` nectcd to one of the separator tanks 23 as shown in Figure 1. However, a slight moditication of this arrangement may be made as shown in Figure 10. In this ligure the header ot' the air heating coils to which the pipe 56 is connected is shown at 60 and from this header a drain pipe 61 leads to a steam trap 62 which is connected by a pipe 63 leadingto the condenser line 32. Thus the condensate, in either case, from the heater coils is conducted to the second condenser group.

We Will-now consider the construction whereby the heater sections are supported so they can be removed With ease. This construction is shown in general in Figures 11 and 13 and it Vwill be there seen that on foundations 64 there are supported guiding channels 65 wherein arp rollers 66 on which rests the channels 67 forming the main longitudinal sill of the device. It is to be noted that provision of this sort is made in order to allow tor expansion and contraction under changing temperature conditions. The sills 67 are tied to ether at intervals by cross sills 68 and on t ese cross sills are supported the longitudinal angle irons 69 forming coil bearers whereon the coil sections 18 rest. Similarly, at like intervals,

the sills 67 support vertical frame members 70 each formed of a pair of angle irons. These frame members support' longitudinally extending roller bearing bars 71 wherein are journaled the lower rollers 72 and the upper rollers 7 3. These rollersare arranged in pairs, one libove the other, and are connected at one end by suitable gearing 74 While at the other end thelower roller of each pair is provided with a sprocket 75. Channels 76 extend longitudinally of the outside of the frame members 70 and support idler rolls 77 whereon may rest the slack sidel of a sprocket chain 78 driven by suitable means and engaging the@ sprockets 75 to dritte the rolls of the particular-line engaged, it being understood that separat/e` that they may be slid out between the frame members 70. Now it will be noticed that the sections 18 are supported close beneath the several lines of bottom rolls 72 so that, if means are not provided to prevent the same, these sections may bow up and contactV with such rollers thus preventing proper action of the same. To stop this bowing up, plates 81 are extended longitudinally over the return bends at the sides of the sections and are tied down to the bearer angles by bolts 82 in all cases except at the bottom. The bottom line has similar plates 83 bearing on the pipes between the return bends and these plates are tied down by bolts 84 which run through the bearer angles 69.

Thus each section, except at the bottom, is thus bound together with its bearer angles and the lates as a unit and consequently, by breaking joints at the unions previously described, may be slid out Without disturbing adjacent sections. f

t may be mentioned that the bars 71 are removably secured in position by bolts 85 s o that these bars and the rollers may likewise be detached when desired. In the bottom line of steam pipe either the bearer angle 69 may be unbolted from the transverse frame member 68, thus leaving the section free for removal as a unit, or the hold-down plates 83 may be released.

Outside'of the-operating mechanisms just described extends the casing for enclosing the same, this casing having side walls 86 l and a top 87 supported on suitable brackets 88 at the top and bottom.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new, isz-4' 1. In a veneer or board drier, a housing .or drying chamber having high and low perature coils and delivering the condensate to groups of coils at' said lo7 temperature end, and means for relieving said low temperature coils of pressure to thereby cause said condensate to lasli into steam and thereafter re-condense therein.

2. In a veneer or board drier, a housing or drying chamber, having high and low temperature ends, heating coils arranged in separate groups and distributed from the high temperature end to the low temperature end of the drying chamber, means for supplying steam to the groups of coils at said high temperature end, means for withdrawing the condensate at the low temperature end of each group of steam coils and transmitting the steam to the next succeeding groupof steam coils, means for delivering the condensate from all of the groups of steam coils to the last group of coils at the low temperature end of the drier, and means for relieving said last mentioned coils of pressure to thereby cause said condensate to flash into steam which thereafter re-condenses therein.

3. Ina veneer or board drier, a housing or drying chamber having high and low temperature ends, heating coils arranged in separate groups and distributed from the high temperature end of the chamber to the low temperature end thereof, an air heater forsupplying a drying medium to said chamber, said air heater being provided with steam heater coils, means for supplying steam to said last mentioned coils and to the groups of coils at said high temperature end of the heating chamber, means for With- ARTHUR J. VANCE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8028438 *Jun 30, 2005Oct 4, 2011Aqualizer, LlcMoisture condensation control system
U.S. Classification34/205, 237/67
International ClassificationF26B23/10, F26B23/00, F26B15/12, F26B15/00
Cooperative ClassificationF26B15/12, F26B2210/14, F26B2210/16, F26B23/10
European ClassificationF26B15/12, F26B23/10