US 1676641 A
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G; w. ESCHENBACH INTERCHANGEABLE PANORAMIC PICTURE BLOCKS F iled May 20, 1927 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Jul 10, wzs.
e. w. ESCH'ENBACH INTERGHANGEABLE PANORAMIG RICTURE BLOGKS Filed May 20, 1927' 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Invenzoz". Gustavus Wfiacizenbaeh.
1,6?6fi41 G. W. ESCHENBACH INTERCHANGEABLE PANORAMIC PICTURE snocx-s July w; 1928,
Filed May 20, 1927 4 sneets==shez 172's fltfornysa mmw G. W. ESCHENBACH INTEEG'HANGEABLE PANOR AMIC PICTURE BLOCKS Filed y 1927 4; Sheets-Sheet- 4 adapted to be placed v r a panoramic view or in difierent nterthe different pictures will match nt their.
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This invention like, consisting of a series of panoramic pic :tures or sections independent of each other adapted to be placed adjacent each other in succession to form a panorama and be interchangeable and match with each other when interchanged, whereby a plurality. of panoramas may he produced from a given number of pictures or sections by interchanging them. v p v I The pictures may be on paper,-cloth, cards or blocks, the individual pictures being side by side to creete changeable positions to produces plurality of such views. r The sheets of paper, are preferably cubical or'rectanguler, but may be or" different forms. and must have at least two opposite parallel sides so that cloth, cards or blocks edges. The features of the pictures may be shown either in outline or in colors end may show land and water scenes, or'all water scenes,
or all land scenes, or the combination of land 7 and water. or land, road and Water, or land,
water, well and road, or like elements, although they are not necessarily limitedto land and water pictures.
i am aware of diptychs and triptychsor like sectional pictures, but their sections. can have onlyone matching position and they can make only one panoramic view, and the sectionsoi the picture or panorama are not interchangeable or capable of making different panoramic pictures.
The full nature of the invention willbe understood from :the accompanying drawings and the following description and claims. i
r In the drawings, Fig. lie 2. plan view of a series of four pictures; or picture cards, or blocks arranged side by side in succes sion toform a certain panoramic view or picture. Figs. 2, 33nd 4: are similar views with the sectional pictures interchanged to produce different panoramic views. Figs. 5 and 6 are perspective views of a pair or rectangular blocks views on the vertical sides matching around the corners of the blocks. Fi 7 is a per-. spective view of a number of locks of different forms that are interchangeable and v adaptedtoionn agreat number of pane is a picture, game orthev 'tice' oi? arhbut are child notonly grasps the idea.
keyed up to the deepest interday schools endthe home, ing and instructive'to adults. as .well as showing them in changed. and also showing the panoramic ramic views. l1 ig. 8 is a view analogousblockso formed thatthe blocks are promisguous gly interchanceahle with the blocks of 1g.
' to Figs. 5 and 6 withthe pictures on each v Fig. 9' is a perspective view of in tel-changeable blocks with figures thereon thutare adapted to be arranged to form a large number of panoramic views. Fig.10 is a perspective view of one of the blocks showninFig.9.."
The positioning and assembling of the (lifierent pictures to form a. panoramic picture or view will be understood fromthe drawings wherein pictures 1, 2, 3 and 4 vere placed in "succession sidebyside in l,
to form at certain panoramic view.
In Fig. 2 they are placed in 052, 3, lend 1; in Fig. 3 inrthe order of 3, 4, l and. 2, andin high in the order of i 1, 2 'and 3.
' By placing 5 end 6, as shown in Figs. 5 and 6, at least twenty-four panoramic viewsican be pro duccd from only tourblocks, and by increasing the numberoi blocks the number .ofpanoramic views it is possible to make will be increasedin generical ratio proper tionally greater. Thus with ten blocks more than one thousand combinations of panoramic pictures can be produced. Thus on each (-llbiifili' block 5 are six complete distinct scenes.
and 6 there the six sides of each blockrrnay be used, it Is seen that every large number of panorthe order the pictures on cubic'al blocks 1 I The-blocks are interchangeable in series and as any of aniic views may be produced with a very small number of blocks; o
The object of the invention is not only to interest and entertain children, but to educate them in pictures and art-Q They are of value in teaching the theory and pracat the same time and in a simple way such quickly, but has its'rnind, est .at all times.-' They are of ,value 111 km. dergarten, publicand private schools, Sunchildren.
near the imatching edges thereof preferably be simple and few, although else- .where in the pictures and between the.
and are interesti l 105 that the most backward The elements or features of the pictures should jllO Thus in picture 1 at the left band edge there is shown land 10 and sky 11. The right hand edge of picture 1 has a narrow land portion 10 and a relatively wide water portion 12, and the left hand edge of picture 2 has a substantially similar arrangement of land and water. So that pictures 1 and 2 can be interchanged, that is, picture 1 is put on the-left hand side of picture 2, as in Fig. 1,01 on the right hand side of picture 2, as in Fig. 3, and produce two different panoramic views. The picture 3 has land and sky only at the left hand edge in Fig. 1, so that it will match with the right hand side of picture 2, and the right hand edge of picture 4 has a similar arrangement of land and sky so that it will match with the left hand edge of picture 1.
Near the edge of every picture consisting of a wide range'ofland and a narrow range of sky, a square symbol 14; is marked so as to indicate which edges will match. Thus all edges of pictures having square symbols 14 will match. The edges of pictures having a narrow body of land and a wide body of water, as shown in the adjacent edges of pictures 1 and 2 in Fig. 1, have round symbols 15 indicating that those edges will match. The right hand edge of pictures 3 and the left hand edge of picture 4 are made up of a narrow stretch of landat the bottom road 16, and awide stretch of land above the road and sky above the land. Pictures having such arrangement of elements as last mentioned have their edges marked by the symbols 17 Hence the edges of pictures having such symbols 17 can be matched and thus cause the roads and land in the two pictures to match.
This use of symbols is carried out on all sides and pictures of a set of blocks 5, thekind of symbols varying so that every sort of matching edge will be indicated b a different symbol. This will enable the c ild to quickly match pictures or blocks, or if it he desired that the child be left to match the pictures by their appearance, the symbols can be omitted.
The invention is not limited to any'particular number of pictures, cards or blocks,
or to any type of pictures or scenes. The pictures can show sea scenes, land scenes or any combination thereof. They can be animals so that the pictures can be matched and produce difi'erent animal parades. The same thing can be done with soldiers on parade and in camp, with farm scenes, base- "corners, as indicated in dicating which edges of the picture blocks,
newest ball or foot-hall. scenes, railroad scenes and the like. There is no limit to the variety or number of scenes or panoramic views that may be employed in carrying out this invent-ion. It permits the introduction into an attractive and natural landscape views or interesting scenes from story-hooks, fables, fairy-tales and the like.
in Figs. 7 and 8 panoramic views are shown by arranging the blocks side by side in rows so that if a complete row of blocks is turned over a different panoramic View will appear on each of the four sides of the row.
Also the blocks shown in Fig. '4 are interchangeable with the blocks shown in Fig. 8 or either end of the row of blocks shown in Fig. 8 can be abutted to either end of the blocks in Fig. 7- to thereby Show very long panoramic views and anyone of the blocks.
in the two figures can occupy any position in either of them.
The pictures on the blocks can be so arranged that they are continuous around the of. Figs. '8 and 8. I
Figs. 9 and 10 illustrate the use of the picture blocks of diil'erent form in making panoramic views of children'walking and at play. The blocks 22 and 23 are interchangeable relative be turned over or around to form a picture with the center blocks 24:, 25, and the blocks blocks 20. and 21 to one another, and can 24, 25 can also be turned to show various.
figures, it being understood that there is a picture on each side of the blocks.
I claim as my invention:
1. A series of panoramic pictures adapted to be placed ad acent each other in succespictures of the series are interchanged in position relative to each other, and symbols near the matching edges of the pictures inpictures may be matched by bringing together edges of pictures having like symbols.
2. A series of interchangeable panoramic each block having a complete sion and to match with each other when,
picture on each of its six sides that are adapted to form parts of panoramic pictures when said blocks are arranged side by side, said blocks adapted to be interchangeable with other blocks of the series to form other panoramic pictures.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto afiixed mgsi nature.
GU TXvUs W. ESOHENBACH.