|Publication number||US1677054 A|
|Publication date||Jul 10, 1928|
|Filing date||Dec 11, 1925|
|Priority date||Dec 11, 1925|
|Publication number||US 1677054 A, US 1677054A, US-A-1677054, US1677054 A, US1677054A|
|Inventors||Shaw Louis E|
|Original Assignee||Ernest Unger|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (1), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
l.. E. sHAw HEATER SUPPORTING GHANDELIER 2 sheets-sheet i July 10, 1928.
Filed Dec. 11, 1925 -fmf 27 INVENTOR I E BYfu/ 5.5m
July 1o, 192s.
INVENTOR 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 L. E. SHAW HEATER sUPPoRTiNG CHANDELIER Filed Dec. 11. 1925 $21042 ATTORNEY Patented July 10, 19?8.Y
UNITED siens earner orFIrcE. f
Louis E. SHAW, or EAsT carmen, NEW JERSEY, Assrenon ro ERNEST UNGEE, 0E
. NEW YORK, n. Y.
Application filed December 11, 1925. Serial No. 74,735.
The invention relates in general to an overhead bracket or chandelier for supplying electric current to a plurality of hair waving heating units for use in waving or otherwise treating the hair on a persons head.
It will be understood that in the art of hair waving ot the type generally known as permanent hair waving, strands ot hair wound on curling sticks are insertedy in the bores of small tubular electric heaters which are then assembled as close together as is physically possible and posit-ioned close to the persons head. vices to counterbala-nce the weight of the heaters so as to remove in so `far as is possible, all strains or pulls on the persons head and for this purpose nuiiierous counterbal ancing constructions have been used heretofore with chandeliers of the general type under discussion. It is also the usuali practice to provide a suspending cable for supporting the heaters in vertically adjusted position and to provide a separate conductor for supplying each heater or each pair ot heaters with its electric energy. Where a large number of heaters were used, as in some cases as many as forty-eight, the suspending cables and electric conductors, with the inevitable resulting loops Jformed by training over pulleys and the like, frequently 'form a jumble ot lines which have quite a tendency to become entangled. lt has been diiiicult to separate the entangled parts and much time is lost in arranging the wires and suspending cords to prevent this entanglement. l l
The priniary object of the present invention is to retain all of the advantages heretofore known Vin grouping alarge number ot heaters in close proximity to each other and to the head of the person being treated, and at the same time to reduce the number Oli lflexible connections with the heaters to a single connection. tor each heater which connection would perform the dual Jfunction of l suspending the heater and supplying the same with electric energyn Another object of the invention is to provide a simplified means for automatically taking up the slack in the single suspending connection as the heaters are adjusted about the head of the person under treatment and which will maintain the supply ot electric current to tbc heaters irrespective oit the ad It is usual in such de? justed position of the same relative to the supporting chandelier or canopy.
Another object of the invention is to provide in a structure such as is above outlined, an organization of parts which can be easily and cheaply constructed; in which damaged or worn parts may be readily replaced without necessity ot' demounting the entire organization; andfinv which the several parts, particularly the parts carrying the electric current, are exposed or readily accessible for inspection and repair.
Various other objects and advantages of the invention will be in partobvious from an inspection ot the accompanying drawings and in part will be more fully set forth in the following particular description of one form of device embodying my invention, and the invention also consists in certain new and novel features ot' construction and combination of parts hereinafter set forth and claimed. i f
ln the accompanying drawings Figure 1 is a plan view looking down 'upon a canopy or chandelier constituting a preyerred" embodiment of the invention and with certain parts omitted or broken away; Figure 2 is a view in side elevation ot the device shown in Figure 1 and with a covering shown in ghost outlines; Y
, Figure 3 is a view of one of the drum units` taken axially of its supporting shaft; and
Figures 4 and 5 arey each transverse' sectional views taken respectively on the lines 4 4 and 5-#5 of Figure V3 looking in the direction indicated by the arrows.
In the following descript-i'on'and in the claims, parts will be identilied by specili'c nain'ies for convenience of expression but they are intended to be as generic in their application to similar parts als the art will permit.
In the drawings there is shown a depending tubular support l() which may be secured to theA ceiling or to the overhanging arm of a movable Vsupport as is well known in such constructions. At the lower end ot the tubular support 10 is a inultisided bracket 1l inthe form of a six sided boX, hereinafter referred to as a centralv support. The bracket is provided on eachof its flat vertical sides with a laterally extending, outstanding, electric socket 12, operatively connected to electric conductors 13, contained in the support .i0 as is usuali inf such construe tions. At each of the corners of the support 11 are secured brackets ltdemountably positioned in each of which is a radially eX- tending frame supporting arm 15 secured by screws 16. These arms provide a skeleton support for a frame indicated generally by the reference character 17 and which is formed of a plurality of units, one unit disposed between each adjacent pair of radial arms. The frame includes supporting sleeves 13 through which the radial arms 15 are inserted before they are fastened by the screws 16. The sleeves 18 provide supports for opposite flat ends of drum carrying shafts 19 which are non-rotatably mounted on and extend between adjacent pairs of the radial arms 15 to form in effect an endless, six sided outline. These separate shafts provide supports at opposite ends for upstanding posts 20 and 21 and which posts in turn support therebetween a plate 22 preferably formed of insulating material and positioned above and extendingparallel to the shaft 19 therebelow. Positioned on top of each of the plates and insulated thereby from each other are two bus bars 23 and 23 electrically connected respectively by conductors 24 and 25 with a plug 26 intruded into the particular socket 12 which faces the same. y
Each of the shafts 19 is provided with a plurality of spring actuated winding drums 27 of which four are shown in the illustrated disclosure. These drums are assembled on the shafts for free rotary movement thereon and are secured in adjusted position 'by collars 28 and 29 as particularly shown in Figure 3. y
The detailed description of any one of the drums will be sufficient for each of the others inthe associated set. Fach drum includes a centrally positioned, two-part wheel pulley 3() proportioned and designed so as to permit the winding thereon of the cable 31 hereinafter moreV fully described. Each outer side ofthe pulley wheel is covered by a face plate 32 secured in spaced relationto the adjacent flange 33 of the pulley wheel to provide a space therebetween to accommodate a drum actuating spiral spring 34. The plates are removably secured in Vplace by means of screws The inner end 36u of each of the springs 34tis secured to the outer end of a pin 37 which extends through the flange 33 to make connection with the cable 31 as hereinafter described.
The outer end of each of the springs 34 is' securely fixed in place so as not to rotate withthe drum and is connected by means of an E-shaped clip 35 with a binding post 36', and which binding posts are connected elcctricallywith one or the other of the bus bars 23 or 23. In the arrangement herein suggested two of the four cables 31 of each set. are connected electrically to one of the bus bars and the other two connected to the other bus bar, as more particularly shown in Figure 1.
With the type of heaters 37 shown in Figure 2, it is necessary that a form of cable y31 be used which will contain two conductors 38, 39 (see Figure 5). One of these conductors, such for instance as the conductor 39, is connected electrically and mechanically to the right hand pin 37, shown in Figure 3, and the other conductor 38 is similarly connected to the left hand pin shown in dotted outlines in Figure 3. From this construction it is apparent that each of the conductors 38 and 39 and the heaters 37 supplied thereby are at all times connected electrically through its associated drum actuating spring 34, and through one of the bus bars to the electric leads contained in the central support. The tension of the springs is so regulated that when the cable is relieved of the weight of its heater, the drums will automatically take up the slack in the cable and the cable is automatically wound on its associated drum until the heaters have either reached the elevated position shown at the left of Figure 2 or are'held from further ascent by the hand of the operator or by the weight of the heaters.
It is herein suggestedl that the springs controlling each alternate drum be reversed in position so that one of the drums will wind clockwise and its next adjacent drum on each side will wind'anti-clockwise thus disposing the heaters when hanging free in two lines approximately in' concentric circles about. the head of the personbeing treated and spaced apart at least a distance equal to the diameter of the drum. It is obviously within the scope of the disclosure to permit the suspending cables to fall tangentially from the sides of their associated drums but where it is desired to provide a greater spacing apartY of the circle of heaters, it is herein suggested that the cables be trained over direction changing pulleys or rods spaced from the drums. For this purpose there is positioned to the inside of each line of drums a rod al1 secured to t-he adjacent pair of arms 15 and'on which rods are mounted. rollers L12, two of which numbered L13 and 44;, are grooved to receive the adjacent cables 31. Similarly the cables extending from the opposite or outer side of line ot drums are trained over rollers and 46 carried bya rodAlwhich has opposite ends supported by a pair of bracket arms 19 secured to the posts 2O and 21.
A suitable cover 50 indicated in ghost outline in Figure 2 is mounted to extend over the parts herein described7 and is secured to the outer ends of the radial arms 15` which are fashioned as shown at 51 to receive the same.
In operation and assuming that the elec-'- 'devices ot this character'.
trical connections have been made between the bus bars and the source ofsupply indicated by the conductors 13 in the central support, the apparatus is used as is usual in The heaters et' which one or more may be connected to each cable are grouped about the head of' the person `being treated, and it is simply necessary for the operator to grasp a heater, insert the coiled hair therein and let go. 'Ihe coiled spring acting` on the drum connected witlreach heater or group of heaters will automatically take up any slack in the suspending and current conducting cable, and all loose ends and loops are automatically removed. Any unused heaters can be readily lifted up out of the way adjacent the canopy. There is present, depending from the canopy when thedevice is used, only the electric cables leading to the heaters which are in active use. In this way there has been eliminated the unsightly, cumbersome, annoying and frequently dangerous condition of a multiplicity of electric wires entangled in the heaters and their supportingcables as has been usual heretofore.
l/hile I have shown and described, and have pointed out'in the annexed claims, certain novel features of my invention, it'will be understood that various omissions, substitutions and changes in the form and details of the device illustrated and in its operation may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention.
Having thus described my invention, I claim l, In a hair treating apparatus, the combination of a drum supporting 'frame a. plurality of sets ot drums carried by the frame, each set comprising two pairs of drums, the drumsl ot each pair having' oppositely directed take up movements, each set provided with a pair of bus bars, each drum provided with an electric cable adapted to be wound thereon and at all times connected therethrough to one of the bus bars.
2. In a device of the class described, a central support provided with a plurality of electric sockets, -a plurality of arms eX- tending radially from the support, an endless frame carried by the arms, groups of winding drum units carried by the frame, one
unit disposed between each pair ot adjacent arms, each unit including a bus bar connected electrically to one of the sockets in the central support, heater supporting cables, one for each of the drums comprising the units and said cables connected electrically with the bus bar carried by their associatedv bus bars.
3. In a hair treating apparatus, the combination of a springfcontrollcd take up drum mounted for rotary movement about a horizontal axis, a heater, an electric cable 'for supplying the same and for supportingthe same from the drum in vertically adjusted position, said cable having one end connected to said drum and adapted to be wound thereon, and' a direction changing member horizontally offset from the drum and with the cable trained over the same whereby the cable is caused to fall vertically from said member as it is wound on to or unreeled from said drum.
4f. In an apparatus for waving hair, the combination et a bus bar, a shaft, a plurality of winding drums loosely journalled ,on the shaft, each of said drums provided with a control spring, having one end connected mechanically to the drum to turn the same, and having its other end connected mechanically and electrically to the bus bar and heater supply electricl cables connected electrically to the springs and adapted to be wound on the drums'.
5. In an apparatus for waving hair, the combination of a drum mounted for rotary movement about an axis and provided with side flanges, a heater supporting cable adapted to be wound on the drum between the flanges, a coiled spring constituting an electric conductor acting on the drum and tending to wind the cable thereon, and a conducting pin passed through one of the flanges parallel to the axis, one end of the cable connected mechanically and electrically to said pin and one end et the spring connected mechanically and electrically to said pin and means for supplying electric energy to the other end of the spring.
6. In an apparatus for waving hair, the combination of a drum formed of insulating material, a heater supporting cable adapted to be wound on said drum, a two conducting pinl carried and insulated by said drum, a coiled spring positioned on one side of the drum tor turning the drum to wind the cable thereon, one end of the spring secured to one end of the pin, an end of the cable connected electrically to the other end of the pin and means for supplying current `to the other end of the spring.
7. In an apparatus for waving hair, the combination of a. drum including outstanding flanges, a heater supplying conductor adapted to be wound on the drum between said flanges, one face of the drum being'receased to form a shallow spring containing compartment, a coiled spring contained in said recessed compartment, having one end fixed to the other end and acting on the drum to Wind the'cable thereon and a fixed face plate extending acrossy the recess and tending to maintain the spring in place.
8. In an apparatus for waving hair, the
combination of a drum comprising two A.
lianges formed of insulating material, means for securing the iianges together to complete the drum, each flange provided with a terminal pin extendingv therethrough7 a cable adapted to he Wound on the drum and including two conductors, one fastened to each of said pins, a coiled spring on the outer side ol each flange for winding the cable on the drum, and each ooil having an end connected to the adjacent pin dnd fixed current supplying means secured to the other endfs' oil? said Springs. v
9. In :in apparatus "r'or Waving hair, a support7 provided with e plurality of sin1ilau.' supporting units, meansor mounting euch unit on the snpgort, each unit comprising a lined member, en electric eonduetor Carried by the fixed member, a fixed plied with electric current from Said fixed l eleotrie conductor.
Swned :1t East Orange, in the county O Essex and State o1" New Jerse7 this 24 1 x' 1 my ol lloven'iner, A. D. 1925.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6084210 *||Oct 4, 1999||Jul 4, 2000||Windmere Corporation||Rotatable hair curler set with electric heater|
|U.S. Classification||174/69, 219/507, 219/478, 219/242, 219/477, 219/222, 191/12.20R|
|International Classification||A45D4/18, A45D4/00|