US 1677183 A
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July 11, 192a 1,677,183
. F. A. JACOBS v A 1 l vx y 1 mlb Mum@ 1g a "RIU j u w im@ Q3 W 11.1
www will QI HH I ,H WAUW MM I F. A. JACOBS July 17, 1928.
CAR ROOF Filednot. 14 2 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 July 17, 1928.
F. A. JACOBS CAR ROOF Patented July 17, 1928.
UNITE@ STATES PATENTOFFICE.
FRANCIS A. JACOBS, OF .VARREN, OHIO. ASSIGNOR, BY MESNE ASSIGNMENTS, TO CHI- CAGO-CLEVELAND CAR ROOFING COMPANY, GF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, A. CORPORATION OF DELAWARE.
Application filed October 14, 1924.
This invention relates in general to improvements in lireight car roofs and more particularly to improvements in the class oit car roofs usually designated as outside metal roots:7 whichjoutside metal root is inovably or flexibly positioned on the car so as to cover the wooden sheathing or inside wooden roof ot the car; and objects '1": the invention are the provision ot a metallic root capable of movement in harmony with. the motion ot the car without the necessity ot providing mullions to prevent the root itroln shifting; the provision ot anchors for such car roots which are not exposed to the elements and which are arranged to hold the sheets iti-oni upward movement and `also frointoo great longitudinal n'1ove ment; the provision ot a root which is lapahle oit simple manufacture at a rea sonablc cost and which can he readily applied on the car Without the necessity of specially skilled workmen and which when so applied will be water-tight and not require frequent repair and replacement; and such other objects and advantages ot the invention as are found to obtain in the structure hereinafter' set forth and claimed ln the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification, and showing7 ior purposes of exeunpliiication, a preferred torni and lnauner in which the :invention may be embodied and practiced, but without limiting the claimed invention specifically to such illustrative instance or instances:
Figure 1 is a top plan view of a car roof embodying the invention, parts being broken away for better' illustration.
Figure 2 vis a top plan view ot a portion ot a car root at the caves edge of the side seam caps, showing the relative position oit the parts.
Fig. is a vertical cross-section taken on the line 33 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a vertical rosssection taken on the line 4-4 of Fig.
Fig. 5 is a vertical crosssection taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 2.v
Fig. 6 is a top plan view ot a root sheeet anchor. f
Fig. 7 is a side elevational `view of the same( Serial No. 743,520
Fig. 8 is a vertical cross-section taken on the line 8--8 of Fig. 6.
Fig. 9 is a vertical cross-section taken on the line 9-9 of Fig. 1.
On the drawing 10 indicates the wooden side plates that extend longitudinally of the car and 11 is the inside wooden root" sheathing which terminates at the eaves flushv with the outer face of the side plates. 12 is the .side sheathing of the car, the upper edge ot which is flush with the upper surface of the wooden root sheathing at the eaves. At each eaves edge the root sheathing is gained out at 13 to receive a metal lashing 14 whose inner edge terminates in an upwardly pro-- jecting open return bent hook 15 whose up- Vier surtace is below the plane ot the top ol the gained root sheathing and this flashing is flanged at its other end, which lange 16 depends over the eaves edge of the root and secured thereto. Roof sheets 17 are disposed on opposite sides et' the ridge, said root sheets having inverted Usshaped ridge flanges 18 lapped one over the other and side flanges 19, said side Hanges 19 consisting of an upwardly extending inwardly inclined portion Q0 termi nating in. a downwardly extending portion 21 spaced trom seid portion Q0 and also spaced fromV the main body of the roof sheet 22.
At the caves edge the root sheets are bent under at 23 and then inwardly at 24; and the inner edge of the portion 24 is bent up wardlyy at 25 to form a return bent hook 26 spaced from the portion 24. These portions 23. QAf, 25 and 26 form a lateral stitl'ening roll for the eaves edge of the roof sheets. and within the roll there is provided a locking strip Q7 which extends outwardly from each side ot the root' sheet at Q8 and the extensions Q8 are bent upwardly at 29. It desired, these locking strips need not extend throughout the length of thelateral 'stiiening roll, but may consist of short pieces crimped or otherwise secured to only the side edges of the root sheets. Root anchors are pro` vided, in the present instance, secured on the flashing 14 at the eaves edge of the car` one between the sides of each two adjacent roof sheets. These anchors consist of a top web 31 having depending and inwardly inclinedsides 32 spaced from each other to provide a space 33 and said sides terminate in outwardly extending flanges 34 spaced from each other, which flanges 34 may be considered the main body of the anchor as they support the sides 32 and web 3l and are secured to thc roof sheathing bynieans passing through the apertures 35 therein. Ono end of each of said flangesv 34 is bent downwardly over the edge of the roof forining depending flanges 36 which are secured there to the side of the car by nails or other suitable ineens 37. The lower ends of the .sides B2 are cut away to provide slots 88 through which the extensions 2S pass and the upwardly bent por ion Q9 of the lo ng strips are thereby loosely confined. withi' the space 33 so that the roof sheets inay partalre of proper movement and yet be effectively held down on the roof shezfithing` and prevented froin shi fting.
A 4plate 39 rigidly secured as by welding 39 to the top surface of said flanges 34 of said anchor, said plate covering the space between the flanges 34 beneath the slots 38 and said plate also has at its outer end a tongue 40 which may be bent up to secure a side seam cap in place. Side scam caps 4l extend from ridge to caves, said caps being of substantially tubular forni and having curved sides 42 inwardly turned at their lower ends and terminating in upwardly eX- tendiing flanges 43 spaced from each other and from the sides 42 and when assembled on. a roof, said flanges 43are arranged in the spaces provided between the portions 2() and 2l of the side flanges 19 of the roof sheets. the anchors that are secured at the eaves between the sidesof adjacent roof sheets, and as they are not connected with the anchors, the anchors may be positioned on the roof sheathing before the seani caps are au plied and the anchors may and do hold the roof sheets down independently of' the seein caps. The eaves ends of the side seam caps .are closed by bending the top and 'sides of ythe sealn cap one over the other as shown in F 5. After the seain caps are arranged inplace on the roof, the tongues 40 are bent up over the end 43 of the caps which holds the cap in position The ridge ends of the roof sheets are capped by inverted U-shaped caps 44 having outwardly extending flanges `45 arranged over the ridge edges of adjacent and to the wooden roof sheathing, as shown in Fig. 9, by a bolt 48 which passes through These seani caps, as shown, enclose the usual running board saddle 49, inverted U-shaped ridge cap 44, lapped ridge ends 4G of the side searn caps 4l, wooden roof sheathing ll and longitudinally extending ridge pole 51.
The invention is hereinabove set forth as cinbodied in a particular forni of construction but inay be variously embodied within underbent portion spaced from the niain body of the sheet, a locking strip positioned in the space defined by said return underbent portion of the sheet and projecting upwardly between the edges of adjacent sheets, anchors secured. at the eaves edgesV of lheroof between the sides of adjacent roof sheets, said anchors having upwardly bent portions providing a space, said last named portions being connected by a top web and cut away at their lower ends to provide slots through which the locking strips cxtcnd, the upwardly bent portions of the said strips terminating in the space provided by the bent portions of the anchors, seam caps enclosing the adjacent side flanges and adjacent roof sheets and the anchor therebetween, and a flashing and'holding piece secured tothe anchors and having a portion adapted to prevent outward movement of the seain caps.v
2. In a car roof, in combination: a flashing secured to said roof and having a portion `depending over the sides of the car, said flashing Y length of the roof; roof sheets disposed on opposite sides of the ridge; ridge caps of inverted channel forni arranged over `the edges of roof sheets disposed on opposite sides of the ridge; said roof sheets having side flanges, Vthe eaves Ledges of said roof ksl'ieets terininatingin a return und'erbent portion spaced from the inain body of the sheet thereabove, a locking strip extending throughout the space provided between the main body of the sheet and the return underbent portion, each locking st-ripextending beyond the side of the sheet and .then bentupwardly; anchors secured at the eaves edge of the roof between the sides of adjacent roof sheets, said anchors having spaced flanges depending over the side of the car and secured thereon and inwardly extending spaced body portions resting onfsaid flashing, the adjacent sides of said body rportions j extending upwardly and providing aspace,
said upwardly extending portions being connected together at their upper ends,I a porextending throughout the nio y tion of said upwardly extending portions being cut away at the lower ends to provide slots through which the locking strips extend and the upwardly bent portions of said locking strips being arranged in the space provided between the adjacent upwardly extending portions of said anchors, an anchor plate extending over the body portions of said anchors and covering the space between said body portions beneath the slot, and seam caps enclosing the sides oit adjacent roof sheets and the anchor therebetween and a portion of said anchor plate being bent up to hold said seamcap.
3, In a car roof, in combination: roof sheathing; a flashing secured on said sheathing at the eaves of the roof; roof sheets disposed on` opposite sides oit the ridge, said roof sheets having: side flanges; an anchor secured atthe eaves between the sides of the sheet, said anchor having a slot and also providing a space between portions thereof; the eaves edges of said roof sheets terminating in a return underbent portion spaced from the main body of the sheet thereabove; a locking stripl extending at each side ofthe sheet from the space provided by said return underbent portion, and the adjacent locking strips ext-ending through said anchor slot and having a transversely extending part arranged in the space provided by said anchor and seam caps enclosing the side edges of adjacent roof sheets and the anchor therebetween.
1. In a car roof, in combination: roof sheathing; a flashing arranged on said heathing at the eaves of the roof', roof sheets having side flanges; an anchor arranged between the sides of adjacent roof' sheets, the eaves edges of said root' sheets being bent to provide a lateral stiffening roll, means extending from each side of said roll and arranged in engagement within the adjacent anchor and seam caps enclosing the side edges of adjacent rool'i sheets and the anchor therebetween.
5. In a. car roof, in combination: root` sheets having side flanges, an anchor arranged between adjacent side flanges, the eaves edges of said roof sheets being flanged, means extending from said roof sheets and engaging in said anchor, and seam caps enclosing t-he side flanges of adjacent roof sheets and said anchor.
6. In a car roof, in combination: roof sheets having side flanges, an anchor arranged between adjacent side flanges, the eaves edges of said roof sheets `being flanged, means engaging in roof sheets and said anchor and seam caps enclosing the side flanges of adjacent roof' sheets.
7. In a. car roof, in combination: roof` sheets having side flanges, an anchor arranged between adjacent side flanges, means projecting from each side of the sheets and.
engaging in said anchor and seam `caps enclosing the side flanges of adjacentsheets.
8. In a car "roof, in combination: roof sheets, anchors arranged at the sides of said sheets to hold said sheets in position, and means extending between said sheets and anchors for securing said sheets in position.
9. A freight car roof anchor comprising a top web and depending inwardly inclined sides spaced from each other, said `sides terminating in outwardly extending flanges, one end of each of said flanges being bent laterally, portions of the lower ends of' said sides being cut awayto provide slots, and a plate rigidlyV secured over said flanges and covering the space between said flanges below the slots, said plate having a tongue adapted to be 4bent transversely.
l0. A freight car roof anchor comprising a top web and depending sides inwardly inclined and spaced from each other, said sides terminating in outwardl extending flanges, one end of each of said anges being bent laterally.l portions of the lower ends of .said sides being cut away to provide slots.
1l. A freight car roof anchor comprising a top web and depending sides each spaced from the other, each of said sides having a slot therein, said sides terminating in outwardly extending flanges, 011e end of each of' said flanges being bent laterally.
l2. A freight car roof anchor comprising a top web and depending sides each spaced from the other, each of said. sides having a slot therein, said sides terminating in outwardly extending flanges.
13. In a car roof, in combination: roof sheathing; a flashing arranged at the eaves of the roof, roof' sheets arranged on said roof, said roof sheets having side flanges, seam caps enclosing the side flanges of adjacent sheets, the eaves edges of said. sheets being formed to provide a lateral stiffening roll, locking members extending from each side of the sheets, anchors formed to provide a space in which said locking members extend, said anchors being enclosed by the seam caps.
14. In a car roof, in combination: roof sheets, anchors, and separate members extending from said roof sheets into engagement with said anchors. i
l5. In a car roof', in combination: roof sheets having side flanges, seam caps respectively enclosing the side flanges of adjoin ing edges of adjacent sheets, and means enclosed by each of said seam caps for holding said roof sheets down and for maintaining the seam caps in spaced relation to the roof sheets, said means being interposed between the adjoining edges of adjacent sheets and projecting above the side flanges of the sheets.
16v. In a car roof, in. combination: roet sheathing, alportion of said sheathing being gained out adjacent the car eaves, a flashing secured lin'said gained out portion and having a portion depending over the'side of the car, roofl sheets arranged on said root7 the lower portions of which overlap the upper portions of the flashing and the lower edges of which are bent back on the' vsheets and locking members extending along said sheets between the saine and the bent back portions for holding` said sheets in place.
17. Ina car roof, incoinbination: a flashing secured 'to said roof and having a portion'depending over the 4side edge ot said roof, roof sheets disposed on said root` and extending "beyond the adjacent edge of said flashing, said roof sheets having` lower edge portions bent over on themselves to provide hollow spaces, and lockingl stripsextending through said hollow spaces and secured at their ends for holding ythe roof sheets in place.
18. In a car roof, in combination: roof sheathing', a portion ol said sheathing' being gained out along the eaves, a flashing` secured in said gained out portion, having an `upper edge `bent over on itself and a portion depending over the side of the'car, said Vflashing` extending throughout the length of the roof, rooling sheets disposed along said roof with their lower portions of the car, the adjacent sides of said body i portions providingv a spacetherebetween, and a holding; piece secured over the body portions of the anchor and connecting the saine and provided with an extension adapted to be bent upwardly over an end of said anchor.
' In testimony whereof I have hereunto set iny hand.
FRANCIS` A. J ACOBS..