|Publication number||US1677280 A|
|Publication date||Jul 17, 1928|
|Filing date||Jan 14, 1924|
|Priority date||Jan 14, 1924|
|Publication number||US 1677280 A, US 1677280A, US-A-1677280, US1677280 A, US1677280A|
|Inventors||Gilbert Alfred C|
|Original Assignee||Gilbert Co A C|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 17, 1928. 1,677,280
A. C. GILBERT TOWEL BAR Filed Jan. 14, 1924 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 July 17,1928.
1,677,280 A. c. GILBERT TOWEL BAR Filed Jan. 14, 1924 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented July 17, 1928.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFWEEZ.
ALFRED C. GILBERT, OF NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT, ASSIGNOR, BY MESNE ASSIGN- MENTS, TO THE A. C. GILBERT COMPANY, OF NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT, A GOR- PORATION OF MARYLAND.
Application filed January 14, 1924. Serial No. 686,074.
\Vhen towels have been used and are somewhat wet or damp, it is very desirable to have some means of quickly drying them.- This is especially true in damp climates, such as places near the seashore, for example, where if damp or wet cloths are merely hung up they dry very slowly, in fact, it is sometimes difficult to dry them at all indoors. It will, of course, be understood thatthe method and apparatus herein disclosed is capable of use with other articles which it is desired to heat or dry, as well as those specifically mentioned.
One object of my invention is to provide an improved method for drying cloths, such as towels or the like.
Another object of my. invention is to pro vide a method of drying damp or wet cloths which makesuse of a self heated supporting element for the article to be dried, and which will be rapid and effective in its operation.
A still further object of my invention is to provide an improved form of towel bar by which a towel may be effectually dried when hung thereover.
Still another object of my invention is to provide a towel bar with a supporting rod having: an interiorly disposed heating element, such that the surface of the rod will be. heated and the towel rapidly and effectually dried when hung'thereover.
A still further object of my invention is to provide an electrically heated towel drier which maybe installed in, abath-room or the like, and which will be ornamental in appearance and will be similar in all apparent respects to the ordinary towel bar, provision being made for controlling the heating current at will- To these and other ends, the invention consists in the novel method and combination of parts to be hereinafter described and claimed. t
In the accompanying drawings: 3
Fig. 1 is an elevational view of a towel bar embodying my invention, secured in position on the wall; i
Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional view through the supporting bar;
Fig. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view, while Fig. 4 is a sectional view through one of the supporting brackets, showing the lead wires passing into the wall. n
Fig. 5 is a sectional view of a modification.
lVhile I have shownmy invention as applied to the supportingand drying of towels upon a so-called towel bar, it will be understood that it is capable of use in other relations and may be used generally in the heating and drying of cloths of all kinds. 1 prefer to so construct the cloth or towel support ing element so that the article to be dried may be supported by being looped or folded thereover at a point intermediate its ends. It might be supposed that, when the sup porting element was heated, only that part of the article'would be dried which lies adjacent the heated support, but I have dis covered that this is not the case, but on the contrary the cloth or towel will be dried in its entirety ina relatively short time. This is perhaps due to the fact that when that part of the article, such as a towel, is, dried adjacent the heated bar, moisture will rise from the depending ends by capillary action, and, in addition, to the fact that the heat radiated from the lower half of the support ing element, which is not directly engaged the towel, will be confined to some extent be tween the depending ends of. the towel and will, therefore, be effectual in drying out this portion also- 3 In the embodiment of my invention which I have selected to illustrate, I have shown a towel bar or rack designated generally by the numeral. 10, supported in the usual. manner upon. a wall 11. The towel rack comprises a hollow ortubular supporting element or rod 12, which may be somewhat larger than the corresponding part of the usual towel rack, and which at its ends is received in, and supported by hollow brackets 13 and 14, provided with openings 15 for the reception of fastening members by which it may. be secured to the Wall.
Within, the rod 12 is mounted a heat element which may be, and in this instance is, substantially co-extensive in length with the rod itself. This heat element consists of a supporting tube 16 which may be made of any convenient substance, such as brass, the
tube being covered by a sheet of asbestos,
supporting element 12 in any preferred way,
such as being provided adjacent the ends thereof with sleeves or collars 24 of inert lat-ing material which substantially fill the space between the periphery of this element and the towel supporting rod 12. In the form shown, these sleeves consist of a wrapping of asbestos which has been found to be suitable and desirable for this purpose.
The lead wires 19 and 20 which convey the electrical current to the heat element are brought out at one end of the rod 12 and pass through the hollow portion of one of the end brackets 13, so that they may be obscured from view and pass into the wall 11. The current through these wires may be controlled at 21 by any preferred form of switch, such as a tumbler switch mounted upon the wall adjacent the towel rack, as shown at 22 in Fig. 1.
It will be obvious that I have provided a towel support which may be made very ornamental in appearance as the metallic rod 12, as well as the end brackets 13 and 14, may be covered with a coating of white enamel without destroying the effectiveness of the heating element, and as the wires pass into, the wall through the end brackets the article cannot, be distinguished from the ordinary towel rack or bar, which is not provided with a heat element. Not only will my improved device be ornamental but it will also be found very convenient in drying towels or other cloths, which function will be accomplished in a rapid and effectual manner.
Contrary perhaps to expectation, the towel or cloth when hung over the bar, as shown at 23, in Fig. 2, will not only be dried at portions adjacent the supporting rod 12, but will be dried very quickly throughout its entire extent.
In the modified form of my invention, which I have shown in Fig. 5, I employ two end brackets 27 and 28, similar to those shown in connection with the towel bar previously described. Between these end brackets is supported in horizontal position a tube or rod 29 of heat conducting material with in which is a lining or sleeve 30 of asbestos, or other refractoryand insulating material. Within the asbestos lining is a resistance heat element comprising a coil of wire 31 wound about a core 32, which may also be conveniently made of asbestos.
As shown, the resistance element may simply lie upon the asbestos lining at the bottom of the tube 29, or if desired, it may of course be suitably supported at the axis of the rod. The asbestos lining 30 may project slightly beyond the ends of the rod 29 in order to insulate the wire on the resistance element from the rod at this point if it is necessary. I
Lead wires 33 and 34 may be passed into the wall through the hollow end brackets 27 and 28, and may there be controlled by a suitable switch, diagrammatically shown at 35. The particular manner in which the lead wires pass from the resistance element to the switch is not of importance, however, in all aspects of the invention, in this modification, as well as in the form of my invention shown in Figs. 1 to at, both wires may be caused to pass through a single bracket if desired.
While I have shown and described preferred embodiments of my invention, it will be understood that it is not to be limited to all of the details shown, nor to the precise manner of carrying out the improved method described herein, but on the contrary both apparatus and method are capable of modification and change without departing from the spirit of the invention or from the scope of the appended claims.
What I claim is:
1. In an apparatus of the character described, a hollow cylindrical towel supporting rod of heat conducting material, said rod being provided with imperforate walls, a resistance heater in the interior of said rod, a sleeve of insulating material interposed between said heater and rod, hollow end brackets within which the ends of the rod are received, said brackets being. provided with flange-like bases whereby they may be attached to a wall, said bases being open on their sides adjacent the wall, wires for furnishing electric power to said heater passing through at least one of said brackets and to said heater, said wires being insulated from said brackets, said brackets and rod presenting ext-eriorly a completely closed structure when secured on a wall, and there being no exposed electrically charged parts.
2. The combination with a bathroom wall, of a towel bar structure comprising a horizontal towel. rod, brackets supporting the said end brackets and connected to said hea-ter'to supply heating current thereto.
3. The combination with a bathroom wall, of a towel bar structure applied thereto in substantial parallelism therewith, and comprising a hollow rod of substantial internal diameter provided with imperforate walls, end brackets applied to the face of the room wall and having sockets in which the ends of said rods are received for holding it in place, and means within the rod for heating the body thereof and thereby drying towels supported thereon, said heating means comprising a resistance heater mounted in the interior of said rod, and concealed electrical connections to said heater passing through at least one of said end brackets, said brackets and rod being suitably insulated.
4. The combination with a bathroom wall, of atowel bar structure applied thereto and extending in substantial parallelism therewith, and comprising a hollow towel supporting rod of substantial internal diameter open at the ends only, hollow end brackets having flanges secured to said wall and provided with hollow interior portions in which the ends of said rod are received for holding it in place on the wall, a resistance heater in the form of a coil located within the interior of said rod and extending lengthwise thereof for heating said rod throughout a substantial portion of its length to thereby dry atowel supported thereon, means for insulating the heater coil from said rod, concealed electrical connections passing to said heater coil through at least o-ne of said hollow end brackets, and means for insulating the electrical connections from the structure consisting of the hollow rod and the end brackets, so that the said structure is pre vented from being electrically charged by the current passing to said heater coil.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand this 11th day of January, 1924.
ALFRED o. GILBERT.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3160734 *||Feb 28, 1962||Dec 8, 1964||Rylander Roy H||Electrically heated towel drier|
|US4559442 *||Jun 2, 1983||Dec 17, 1985||Joe Graham||Towel warmer and holder|
|US5642462 *||Aug 12, 1994||Jun 24, 1997||Lyons Industries, Inc.||Fabric article drying rack assembly mountable to a support assembly utilizing heated air flow|
|US8322541 *||May 23, 2007||Dec 4, 2012||Andrew Keith Maclaren-Taylor||Towel rail with electric heating element|
|US8334480 *||Oct 24, 2008||Dec 18, 2012||Advanced Materials Enterprises Company Limited||Electrically heated towel rack|
|US20100193493 *||Oct 24, 2008||Aug 5, 2010||Wing Yiu Yeung||Electrically heated towel rack|
|USRE32616 *||Aug 4, 1986||Mar 1, 1988||Towel warmer and holder|
|U.S. Classification||219/473, 219/201, 219/520, 219/213, 219/521, 219/526|
|International Classification||A47K10/00, A47K10/06|