US 1678208 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
July 24, 1928.
H. E. CHAMBERS ADJUSTABLE HELMET AND GOGGLES Filed Jan. 15, 1925 INVENTOR.
/73W40fl 15 Cami/550s:
A TTORNEY Patented July 24, 1928. i
UNITED STATES HOWARD E. CHAMBERS, OF LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA.
ADJUSTABLE HELMET'AND GOGGLES.
Application filed January 13, 1925. Serial N0.-2,079.
My invention relates to helmets or head gearscombined with a pair of goggles, both of which are effective to protect the eyes and head of the user from the effects of light and heat in arc and gas welding, furnace work, and the like.
It has heretofore been proposed toprovide a protective medium for the eyes and head of welders and other persons in similar operations, but such helmets and protective gears have been found in practice to be unhandy, and unwieldy, and have fallen far short of the purpose intended.
As will be clear, during the welding or other similar operation, it becomes necessary every so often to remove the goggles associated therewith as well as the head gear.
r ing composed of a multitudinous number of parts. It is accordingly an object of my invention to eliminate all these objectionable features.
It is also an object of my invention to provide a novel form of adjustable helmet or head gear, capable of being adjusted to the head of the user, and which helmet has associated therewith a pair of goggles; preferably, though not necessarily, constructed of a single piece of material, said goggles being provided with a pair of lenses positioned in and secured in lace in said gogglesby means of adjustable loushings. j
A further object of my invention is to provide a combined protective head gear or helmet having associated therewith an adjustable head band, so that said helmet or head gear may be adjusted to the head of the user, said helmet or head gear having; associated therewith a pair of goggles which may be adjustably positioned over the eyes of the user, and fastened in such a position, or may alternatively be positioned over said head gear and fastened in place so that said goggles may be out of the'way when not in use.
More specifically, it is an object of my invention to provide an adjustable helmet or protective head gear which .has associated therewith a pair of goggles, a pair of ad ustable links connecting said goggles to a d helv met or head gear'so that the distance between said goggles and said helmet or head gear may be adjusted to suit the needs of the user, it being possible to position and fasten in place said gogglesover the eyes of the user, or out of the way and above said helmet or head gear.
I It is also within the province of my inventron to construct my novel form of helmet or head gear out of more than one piece of material, riveting or otherwise securing the various parts together, said material being preferably light, eitlier fibre or sheet or other metal as found in practice to be desirable.-
It is also within the province of my invention 'to form both the goggles and the head gear out of bakelite or phenol condensation product, or indeed of cast metal.
It is also an object of myinvention to provide a novel form of device which is simple in character, easy and inexpensive to manufacture, durable, composed ,of a minimum numberof parts, not easy to get out ,out of order, and which will effectively perform .the objects for which it is intended.
Further objects and advantages of my invention will become more apparent as the description thereof proceeds.
Reference is bad to the accompanying drawing in which similar reference characters denote similar parts. In the drawings,
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of my device, assembled and removed from the head of the user,
Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the device applied to the head of a user, with the goggles positioned over the helmet or head gear and out of use,
Fig. 3 is a front elevation of the device applied to the head of the user, the goggles beingshown in operative position, and V Fig. 4: is an enlarged cross sectional view through the goggles showing the manner in.
which the lenses are held in position.
Describing my invention more in detail, 72,
indicates the helmet or protective head gear,
which may be fashioned out of any suitable material such as fibre, or any other light material, metal or otherwise, and may be cast in a single piece or constructed out of a num- :'ber of parts, riveted or otherwise secured together to conform to the head of the user. As hereinbefore stated said helmet may be constructed of bakelite or phenol condensation product.
Associated with the he m t h a had sarily, constructed of a single piece of material, the parts I) of said goggles being of such a configuration that the eyes of the user will be 'fully protected. If desired, said goggles may be constructed out of the same material as that out of which the helmet is fashioned.
As shown in Fig. 4, the openings of the goggles are cut away to provide circular projections on which the lenses 9 are positioned, a screw threaded bushing 7 being screwed into the framework 8 to hold said lens in position. It is of course to be understood that I do not propose to be limited in this specific construction, but may in practice mount the lenses 9 in any manner found desirable.
To provide a means for adjusting the distance between the goggles and the helmet, so that they may be adjusted to the head of anyfluser, and may be secured in position over the eyes of said user, and fastened in such position, or alternatively may be positioned and fastened in place above said helmet and out of the way, I have provided a pair of links equipped with holes or slots to accommodate .the'wing'nut' and bolt construction 2 and 3.
In operation, the helmet or protective head gear 71. is placed over the head of the user, the buckle 5 being used to adjust properly the length of the head. band 4. The distance between the helmet and the goggles is adjusted by means of the wing nuts and bolts. When the goggles are in use, both wing nuts 2 and 3 are turned tightly (i so that the goggles may not easily be displaced. Should the user desire to remove the goggles from his eyes, all that is necesf sary to do is to unloosenv the wing nuts, quickly push the goggles over on top of the helmet, where they may be secured in position almost instantly by tightening said wing nuts.
While I have described my inventionwith great particularity, it is clear that the ly therebeyond to encircle the head of the I wearer, a pair of links pivoted to the sides of said crownvportion, a pair of goggles pivoted to the free ends of the links, and means for securing the links in adjusted position about their pivotal axis. x
2. An adjustable head and eye protector, comprising a stiff head portion having a semi-crown to fit over the front top portion of the head and across the forehead and temples of the wearer and being open at the rear, a pair of links pivoted to the sides of the crown above the lower edge portions thereof, a pafr of goggles mounted on the free ends of the links, and means for securing the links in pivotally adjusted positions on the crown, the inherent stiffness of the crown supporting the links and goggles in adjusted position.
3. An adjustable head and eye protector, comprising a helmet of stiff fire resisting material adapted to fit over the front and top of the head of the wearer, and being open at the back of the head, securing means for the helmet extending from the open back thereof, a pair of links pivoted to the sides of the helmet at the forward end of the latter, a pair of goggles pivoted to the free ends of the links, said links adapted to extend vertically downward to support the goggles in front of the eyes of Y the wearer and adapted to be swung upwardly to position the goggles above the helmet, and clamping means for the links to bind the same in adjusted positions and support the links and goggles from the stiff helmet.
In testimony whereof I have signed my-