|Publication number||US1680231 A|
|Publication date||Aug 7, 1928|
|Filing date||Oct 25, 1926|
|Priority date||Oct 25, 1926|
|Publication number||US 1680231 A, US 1680231A, US-A-1680231, US1680231 A, US1680231A|
|Inventors||Simons Donald M|
|Original Assignee||Gen Cable Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Patented Aug. 7, 1928 UNITED STATES PATENT, OFFICE.
DONALD E. SIMONE, OF OSBORNE, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOB, BY MESNE ASSIGN- MENTS, TO GENERAL CABLE CORPORATION, A CORPORATION OF NEW JERSEY.
Application filed October 25, 1926. Serial No. 143,834.
My invention relates to improvements in the making of joints in electric cables, and is found both'in method and in the structure by virtue of which the method is accomlished. The object is the avoidance of deect and the more certain production of an electrically secure structure.
In the accompanying drawing a cable joint is shown in medial and longitudinal section in the building of which and in the structure of which my invention may be realized.
In this drawin two cable ends are shown to be united. T e cable structure includes essentially a conductor 1, an envelope of insulation 2, and a sheath 3. The cable may be a single-conductor cable or a multipleconductor cable, and the conductor may be solid or stranded. These various forms of cable are well known, and for simplicity I show typically a cable whose single conductor is. a solid wire. The insulating envelope may be formed of wrapped-on paper or equivalent material, filled with viscid or fluid substance, ordinarily termed insulating compound. Specifically, the insulatin envelope may be the oil-filled envelo e 0 Letters Patent of the UnitedStates 0. 1,574,- 076, granted February 23, 1926, on the application of Henry W. Fisher. The sheath is ordinarily the familiar metal sheath. The essential conditions or the essential characteristics of cable structure upon which my invention is predicated, are a metal-sheathed cable whose envelope of insulation contains, includes or consists of a body of liquid or viscid substance.
In the building of the joint of such a cable the usual procedure is to cut away for sufiicient distances the sheath and the cave lope of insulation, to unite electrically the bared conductor ends, to envelop the union in insulation, and then to enclose the whole in a sleeve of lead. This sleeve of lead, initially slipped over one of the cable ends, is, after the union has been made and the envelope of insulation applied, advanced to place, shapedat its ends, and then at its ends united by wiped solder joint to the sheath of the cable on either side of the union of the conductors. In place of the wiped solder joint of the lead sleeve with the cable sheath, other forms of mechanical union have been proposed, but the art has come to the standard practice of making a When thereafter the joint cools and the body In the jointing of high-voltage cables a defect consequent upon this usual procedure in joint-making, appears. The making of the wiped solder joint involves application to the exterior surface of the metal-sheated cable and at a point near the joint, of a relatively large body of molten solder, and maintenance of this body of molten metal in contact upon the surface of the cable and over an extended area of contact, while it cools and solidifies. The incidental localized heating of the cable causes the body of liquid or viscid substance which is contained in or which constitutes the insulating envelope of the cable to become more fluid and to expand. The insulating material so changed in character is prone to flow; the adjacent, insuificiently enclosed end of the insulating envelope is liable to bleed.
of fluid or viscid insulation contracts, bubbles of air may be drawn into the envelope of insulation. This matter of ingress of air into the envelope of insulation at the cable joint is a matter of such relatively small magnitude that in the laying and maintenance of cables for low-tension service it is negligible, but with high-tension cables it becomes a source of deterioration and break-down.
My invention consists in proceeding with the building. of the joint in the usual or in any preferred manner, up to the placing of the sleeve around the insulated union of the conductors and the shaping of the ends of the sleeve to the cut-away ends of the .cable sheath. This sleeve (convenientlyof lead) is in the accompanyin drawing indicated at 4, and the drawing s ows it shaped at its ends, closely to encircle the cable sheath 3 at or near the cut-away end. The ends of the sleeve 4 are then united upon the cable sheath at either side of the joint in a union which while not involving such heating as is incident to the making of a wiped solder joint is tight against the leakage of oil. Various forms of union responsive to the requirements indicated, are known to the art: a stufiing-box union, for example, or again a union completely by a no wrap ing on of tape. I show in the drawirg, y way of example merely, a union e ected by a wra ping 5 of rubber tape or what is termed friction tape-that is to say, a fabric tape faced with unvulcanized or incompletely vulcanized rubber, made thin with a roper solvent and s read. Such union I c aracterize in contradistinction to union by wiped solder joint,a lowtem rature union.
e sleeve 4 after it has been so applied and secured is filled with a body 6 of highgrade insulating oil. A filling orifice 40 in sleeve 4 is provided for this purpose. When this has been done a second and sufiicie'ntly larger sleeve 7 of lead which previously had been slipped over one of the cable ends is brought to place around the thus far completed joints, and at its ends it is shaped and secured b wiped solder joints 8 to the cable sheath. uch bleeding of the bod of insulation as then occurs is but-a blee ing into the body 6 of oil, and when thereafter the structure cools again the contraction of the viscid or fluid insulation will have the effect of drawing into the structure, not bubbles of air, but oil, and so the envelope of insulation is maintained intact with respect to its electrical strength.
After cooling the whole space within the outer sleeve 7 may be filled with oil, su plying 'any deficiency of the fullness o the inner sleeve 4, and then the filling orifice in the outer sleeve may be closed in any preferred manner, as by a plug- 71 soldered to lace.
claim as my invention: The steps herein described in a method of jointin an insulated metal-sheathed cable whose insulation includes material of fiuidit increasing with rise of temperature, whic consists in bringing a sleeve to position around the electrically united cable ends, making low-temperature oil-tight union between the sleeve at its ends and the ends of the cut-away cable sheath, filling the so applied sleeve with liquid insulation, bringing a sleeve of metal to place around the sleeve first named, and uniting said second sleeve by wiped solder joint to the cable sheath.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand.
DONALD M. sIMoN's.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2509929 *||Mar 17, 1948||May 30, 1950||Bell Telephone Labor Inc||Method of making cable joints|
|US4504695 *||Jul 26, 1983||Mar 12, 1985||Simplex Wire & Cable Company||Power cable joint|
|U.S. Classification||156/48, 156/49, 174/21.00R|
|International Classification||H02G15/10, H02G15/105|