|Publication number||US1681362 A|
|Publication date||Aug 21, 1928|
|Filing date||Sep 30, 1924|
|Priority date||Sep 30, 1924|
|Publication number||US 1681362 A, US 1681362A, US-A-1681362, US1681362 A, US1681362A|
|Original Assignee||Darlo Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (19), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
' Patented Aug; 21, 1928.
UNITED -sjTATEs ,I 1,'681,36z PATENTfoFFicl-:z
ALBERT PIKE, OF zWII\`|''J.`H1'`C.0I', M A'SSACHUSETTS, ASIGOR, BY DIRECT AND MESE .ASSIGNMENTS, T DARLO COMPANY, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS, A CORPORATION or' Massa emrsna'rs.
msnwnsnme iu'rann'rus Application med September so, ;ez-1. serial m. 740,758;
The present invention relates to apparatus for cleansing or washing and more particularly for the washing of household dishes.
The object of the present invention is to provide an apparatus of this character which shall be of inexpensive cost and simple construction, easy of operation, and adapted for. attachment and use on a wide variety of water faucets., To the above end the present inventionconsists in the devices and combinations of devices hereinafter deseribe'd and more particularly defined in the c'laims.
ln the accompanying drawings which illustrate what is now considered the preferred form of the invention,`Figure 1.is a side' view, partly in elevation and partly in section, showing my improved apparatus attached to a faucet with the parts in position to deliver soapy water through the 0 spray nozzle; Fig. 2 is a Vertical view transversely of the faucet looking toward the right, partl in elev'ation and partly in section, of a portion of the apparatus showing the method of attachment to the faucet and the construction of the valve.
The improved washing appa'ratus is of the type which is adapted to be connected with the ordinary domestic hot water faucet and is provided with la hose and spray nozzle and with a soap cont-ainer, suitable controlling devices being provided whereby either soapy or clear hot water may be directed in a plurality of forcible small streams against the dishes, first to cleanse them with the soapy water and then to rinse them with the clear hot water. u p
'In the illustrated embodiment of the present invention the main portion or valve casing 5 is provided with 'a laterally extending ,40 portion 6 terminating in an enlargement or head? which is arrafi^ged to connect at its top with /the discharge end ofthe faucet 8, and at'its bottom with alhose, 9 having the anozzle 10.' The head' 7 is provided with a 2:45 short water passage 11 for permittng the flow of a stream of water direct-y from the faucet to the hose. i
` Integrally formed with the valve' casing 5'- at the bottom thereofv is the cap `or closure 56 13. which has a downwardly extending internally threaded lip to receive and' support the cylindrical soa container 14. 'Preferably the engaging t reads on' the container and lip' are of relatively `large size and few 1n number so that not only may the threads be easily engaged, but the container may be removed or replaced with a minimum of turnmg. To prevent the 'slipping of the hand of the operator inl removing orreplacing the container, the latter is provided at its bottom with theprojections 15. c
Provision is made for. diverting a portion of the Water from thefaucet month to the soap container and thence back to the stream adjacent the hose connection and this is accomplished by means of branch water passages in the casing 5, the later'ally extending portion 6, and the head 7. For example, the inlet branch passage 17 conducts the water T from the month of the faucet through the passage 18 in7 the valve 19 and 'thence downwardly through the pipe 20 into the soap container. i The soapy water is conducted from the top of the container throughxthe' outlet branch passage 21 to a point adjacent the hose. connection where it mingles with the main stream of lwater flowing directly through the passa-ge 11 from the faucet to the hose.
The branch passages /17 and 21 ar'e preferably formed of small -pipes or tubes around which 'the metal of the casing 5 and its lateral projecting portion 6.and head 7 is cast. The depending pipe 20, which extends downwardly into the container, is preferably threaded into a central opening or passage in the casing, a nut 23 on the threaded upper end of the Vertical pipe 20 serving to hold fixed in position against the boss 24 the perforated plate or screen 25, the margin of which in turn holds against its seat the washer 26 for preventing-leakage between' the container 15 and its closure 13.l
The common domestic hot water faucet is constructed with a smooth discharget end, that is, without the ezternal threads commonly present in kitchen cold water faucets. accordingly, a common method of attachment of such appljances has been to employ a rubber'hose, the end of `which is passed over the diseharge end of the faucet, or to secure to the-endof the faucet by screws or otherwise a threaded sleeve or collar to'receiv'e the ordinary hose coupling. With the present invention these objectionable methods'of con- 105 nection are av,oided and the appliance is held in direct engagement with the discha'rge end A of the faucet without the use of rubber hose ioo yoke,
or a special attachment seeured to` the end of the faucet.
This is accomplished in the accompanying embodiment of the present invention by forming in the head 7 of the extension 6 an annular'recess or seat 31 of suflicient radial width to accommodate the various diameters of faucets commonly found in domestic use. Centrally located within the recess or seat is the upwardly extending projection or tube 32, through which extends the main Water passage 11. Co-axially positioned within the main water passage 11 at its inlet end is the upwardly bent tube 33 which forms the inlet of the branch passage 17. A rubber washer 34 in-the recess or seat 31 is preferably provided to insure a tight joint between the end of the faucet and the seat.
The means shown in the drawing for,securing the appliance to the faucet com rise an abutmentfor engaging the under si e of the faucet at the rear thereof, and clamping devices intermediate this abutment and the head 7 which connects with the discharge end of the -faucet, these devices extending over the top of the faucet andzencircling the valve post of the faucet. The rear abutment 37 has its upper end 38 bifurcated or saddle shaped to fit the rounded under surface of the faucet and is adjustable to various heights by means of its screw threaded stem 39 fitting in the internally threaded hole in the abutment 41l on the valve casing 5. By rotating the abutment 37 this may be adjusted higher or lower so that the seat 31 will be brought into proper angular relation with the discharge end of the faucet 8.
The clamping devices for securing the a pliance to the faucet comprise two laterally extending ears or lugs 43 at the top of the casing 5, in which are pivoted the'threaded links or arms 44, a yoke 45 encircling the valve post of the faucet and resting upon the top of the faucet-v in the front and rear of the i ppst and having bifurcated lateral extensions 46 `to receive the links 44. Washers 47 and thumb nuts48 on the-threaded links 44 enable the casing to bedrawn up with the real' abutmentv 37 and the seat 31 in firm engagement with the faucet, holding the appliance' fixedly in position.
It will be observed that the applance is mount'ed directly beneath the faucet with the valve and soap container in substantial line with the faucet, where they will not inter'fere with the adjacentstructures or with the operator. The appliance may be easil and quickly remov'ed by merely loosening ne' or both of the Wing n`uts and swingliig the threaded links out pf engagement with the the yoke being formed of such size and shape that when disconnected from the links it may be easily removed from the faucet without disturbing any of the parts thereof.
In order to insure the proper circulation 'made up of 'of water through the soap container the disvthe branch passages and soap container.
The hose 9 is attached to the head 7 with the common hose connection comprising the internally threaded rotatable sleeve or connector 53 which engages the externally threaded cylindrical extension 54, the packing washer 55 being provided to prevent leakage.
In the operation of my appliance, after the same has been attached to the faucet as above described, the soap container is partially filled with pieces of soap and secured in place. The faucet being open and the valve 19 being turned to the position shown in Fig. 1, a stream of hot soapy water will be discharged from the nozz e 10, this stream beinzJ the main stream flowing throug 1 the pass'age 11 and the branch stream flowing through the soap container. The nozzle end of the hose will be manipulated by the operator to direct the hot soapy water over the dishes, and after these are cleansed, the valve 19 Will be turned to closed position, Whereupon the flow through the soap container will cease and a stream of clear hot water will be discharged from the nozzle to rinse the dishes. By varying the position of the-valve 19, more or less soap may be used as desired.
The provision of a short direct water pas- Sage-from the faucet to the hose is of advanta e, inasmuch as it avoids any throttling e ect and insures the discharge of water at the nozzle under substantially full head or pressure, thus enabling the apparatus to be successfully used where a relatively low faucet ressure obtains.
T e mounting of the apparatus 1n direct engagement with the discharge end of the faucet without rubber hose or special fitting simplifies the construction, facilitates the mounting, reduces the cost, and provides a practically Permanent structure which sufi'ers no depreciation or wear and which can be (pliickly removed by the hands alone, leaving t e faucet and adjacent structures free and clear of all parts or fittings. Furthermore, the present apparatus has no small parts which are liable to be lost or misplaced and is practically universal in its application to the various sizes and styles of kitchen hot water faucets now in common use.
While I have illustrated and described my improved apparatus as applied to a kitchen hot water faucet and as particularly adapted for the washing of dishes, it is not necessarily limited to such use but capable of other uses,
and in other locations, and with other mate: rials than soap, as 'Will be apparent to those skilled in the art. Where, therefore, in the* claims specific reference is made to a soap container this term is to be understood as including containers for other materials besides soap. i
1. In a device of the character described, the combination with a valve casin of a soap container detachably carried there the casing having integrally formed therewith a closure for the container and a laterally projecting lportion provided with an always open, substantially straight main passage for the direct flow of a stream of water from a faucet to a hose With provision for direct engagement with the annular end of the faucet at the inlet end of said passage and for' engagement with the 'hose at the outlet end of said passage, said laterally projecting portion 'and'casing also havingbranch Water passages extending from adjacent the inlet end of the main passage to the closure and from the closure to adjacent the Outlet end of the main passage, a valve in one of the branch passages forv controlling the flow ofA Water through the container, a handle Without the casing for actuating the valve, and means independent of the end of the faucet for securin the valve casing to the faucet.
2. In a evice of the Character described, the combination with) avalve casing having integrally formed therewith a closure for a soap container and a forwardly offset portlon having provision forconnectio'n to the end of a faucet and to a hose and having a passage for the flow of a streamof water directly from thel faucet to the hose, and having branch passages through the offset portion to divert a portion of such stream to the container and back, of a valve in the casing for controlling the flow through the branch passages, a soap container detachably connected with the closure, and means for securing the casing to. the faucet with the forwardly offset ortion in operative engagement with the disc arge end of the-faucet, and With the casing and -container offset rearwardly beneath the body' of the faucet.
3. In a device of the character described, the combination With a valve casin of a soap container detachably carried there y, the casing having provislon7 for connection to a faucet including 8a seat for engagement with the discharge end ofJthe' faucet and having a downwardly dischargin'g outlet `with hose connection, and having apassage open at all,
- times to permit the flow' of a stream of water 'directly from the fancet to the hose, the casing -also having branch passa'ges to divert' Waterffroln said stream to the contaTner and' back'to the` stream, a valve located in one of. said branch ,passages 'to control the flow of Water through the'container; a handle with.:
out the casing for actuating the valve, and
means for mounting the casing directly upon "f the faucet.
4. In a device'of the Character described, the combination with a valve casing having a forward extension serving as an abutment for the end of a'faucet, an adjustable abutmentcarried at the rear of the casing for engaging the under .side of the faucet, a soap container detachably securedto the casing, a valve -for controlling the flow of water through the contai'ner, and clamping means intermediate the abutment and the extension for securing the casing to the faucet.
5. In a device of the Character described, the combination of a valve casing having provision for engagement With the end face' of a faucet and With the under side of the faucet, and means located intermediate such engagement points and extending over the top of the faucet for clamping the casing to the faucet, a soap container carried by the casing, and a valve in the casing for controlling the flow of water through the container.
6. In a device of the Character described, the combination with a casing havinga seat for engagement With the discharge end of a faucet, of an adjustable abutment for engagement With the under side of the faucet, said adjustable abutment comprising a threaded stem having a yoke at its end and the casing having a threaded socket for the stem, of a soap container, and means for securing the casing to the faucet. o
7. In an attachment for faucets, the combination with a'main portion having an abutment adapted to y engage the discharge end of a faucet, an adjustableabutment carried by the main portion for engagement With the under side of the faucet at the rear of the faucet valve; and means for clamping the attachment to the faucet comprising arms pivoted to each side of the mam portion interv mediate the abutments, a yoke extending over the top of the faucet and encircling the valve post thereof, and devices for securing the arms to the yo e. o
8. Ina device of the Character described,
the combination of a valvecasing and means i independent of the end of the faucet for clamping the same beneath a faucet substantial'lyl in line with the `valve of the faucet, the' caslng having a forward extension to engage,
'the discharge end .of the faucet, a soapcontially. in line With the valve of the faucet,
`tainer carried by the casing also substan- 12:0
water. passages in the casing and extension;
and a valve for` controlling the flow of water through the soap container.
9.v In a device of the character described,
theI combinationwith a casing having an an- .nular seat for-the dischargd'end of a faucet and a vtubular projection centrally located within the seat, the projection having a main and a branch Water'passagtherethroughLof a soap container connected with the branch passage, a valve for controlling the flow of water therethrough, a handle without the casing for actuating the valve, and means for clamping the casing to the faucet with the tubular extension projecting into the month of the faucet.
' 10. In a device of the character described, the combination with a soa container, of a casing having a connection for the discharge end of a faucet, a closure for the container, and a water passage for conducting water to the container-including a pipe extending into the container, the closure having an outlet opening atits top, a screen for the outletkand means on the pipe for holding the screen in position.
11. In a device of the character described, the combination with a soap container of a valve casing having a seat for the discharge end of a faucet and a tubular projection extending upwardly from the centre of the seat and into the month of the faucet with a main water passage therethrough, the casing having-an inlet branch passage extending from the main water passage to the container and an outlet branch passage leading from the container, `a 'valve for controlling the flow of Water' through the branch passages, and means without the casing for actuating the valve.
12. In a device of the character described, the combination With a soap container, of a valve casing having a seat for the discharge end of a faucet,'a tubular projection Within the seat having a main water passage therethrough 'and extending into the month of .the faucet, and a branch passage extending from the main passage to the container the inlet end of the branch passage comprising an open ended pipe co-axially positione Within the main water passage, a valve for controlling the flow of Water through the branch passage to the container and means without the casing for actuating the valve.
y13. In a device of the character described,
the combination with a soap container, of a closure therefor having inlet and Outlet water passages,a screen for the outlet passage and a washer held inthe closure by the screen for 'making a tight joint between the closure and and having a passage for the direct flow of water from one to the other, of a soap container, the casing having inlet and outlet branch passages leading to and from the container, the casing having a chamber adjacent the hose connection and a tubular projection therein through which the direct water passage extends, the Outlet branch passage terminating in said chamber adjacent the base of said extension.
15. In a device of the Character described, the combination with an open ended soap container, of a closure therefor having inlet and Outlet water passages therein, an externally threaded pipe extending from the inlet passage, a screen for the outlet passage and through which the pipe passes, a washer held in the closure by the screen making a tight joint between the container and the closure, and a nut on the pipe for holding the screen against the washer.
16. In a device of the Character described, the combination of a soap container, means for secnring the same beneath the valve of a faucet, a lateral extension from the container arranged to engage the discharge end of the faucet and provided with a substantiall straight water passage to permit the discharge of water from said faucet without substantial deflection, and withbranch passages to conduct the Water to and from the container, a valve in one lof the assages, and means accessible 4during operation of the device for actuat'ing the valve.
17. In a device of the character described, the combination with a casing, a soap container carried by the casing, the casing having provision for engagement with the annular end of a faucet at a point forwardly offset from the container and also having provision for discharge of water substantially downwardly at a point at the front of the casing, and having a main water passage between the point of connection with the faucet and the discharge, branch water passages between the main water passage and the container and a valve in one of said passages to control the flow of watertherethrough, and attaching means independent of the end of the faucet for attaching the casing to the faucet with the containerA offset rearwardly with respect to the end of the faucet.
In testimony'whereof I have signed my name to this specification.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2514000 *||Aug 20, 1945||Jul 4, 1950||Sophia Tank||Dishwashing apparatus|
|US2795460 *||Mar 9, 1953||Jun 11, 1957||Bletcher Ralph E||Detergent dispersing device|
|US2856234 *||May 28, 1952||Oct 14, 1958||Dintino Alfonso L||Liquid proportioning device|
|US3106345 *||Jun 14, 1961||Oct 8, 1963||Edward Wukowitz||Shower bath water control with additive attachment|
|US3140829 *||Nov 28, 1962||Jul 14, 1964||Rose Bert J||Detergent dispenser|
|US3185170 *||Jun 22, 1961||May 25, 1965||Westman George H||Liquid purification apparatus|
|US3191868 *||Oct 16, 1963||Jun 29, 1965||Brown Robert M||Fluoridation apparatus|
|US3340888 *||Jul 21, 1965||Sep 12, 1967||Grace W R & Co||Chemical feeder|
|US3612404 *||May 15, 1970||Oct 12, 1971||Vicari Vincent||Liquid soap mixer and dispenser for shower baths and the like|
|US3926370 *||Sep 16, 1974||Dec 16, 1975||Litton Industrial Products||Fluoridation apparatus|
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|US5234615 *||Apr 9, 1992||Aug 10, 1993||Ecolab Inc.||Article comprising a water soluble bag containing a multiple use amount of a pelletized functional material and methods of its use|
|US5544682 *||Jul 19, 1994||Aug 13, 1996||Mcdaniel; Freddie B.||Resolvation system for an active-ingredient-containing liquid solution|
|US5579656 *||Mar 6, 1995||Dec 3, 1996||Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.||Detergent dissolution apparatus of washing machine|
|US5915622 *||May 23, 1997||Jun 29, 1999||Foote; Steven||Shower spa fixture and cartridge|
|US6698464 *||May 2, 2002||Mar 2, 2004||Kay Chemical, Inc.||Product dispenser|
|US6820661 *||Jul 28, 2003||Nov 23, 2004||Ap Tech Group, Inc.||Solid concentrates dissolver system|
|US20030205286 *||May 2, 2002||Nov 6, 2003||Hennemann Thomas L.||Product dispenser|
|WO1996002419A1 *||Jul 18, 1995||Feb 1, 1996||Mcdaniel Freddie B||Resolvation system for an active-ingredient-containing liquid solution|
|U.S. Classification||422/282, 137/605, 239/310, 422/283, 137/268|