US 1682840 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 4, 1928. 1,682,840
J. W. FOERCH, JR
GUI'TER JO INT Filed April 12 1927 Patented Sept. 4, 1928.
UNITED STA JOHN W, nonncn, an, on witxns-nnnnn, PENNSYLVANIA.
' GUTTER JOINT.
Application filed April 12,
This inventionrelatcs to improvements in gutter joints for joining gutter sections, co ninonly used on houses, and in building construction to direct the Water from the root to desired points.
Generally speaking, the objects of the inycntion are the same those n'ientioned in my a 'iplication, Serial Nuinber 162,031,1iled January 19, 1927, that is to say, it .s the primary purpose of the invention to proyide a gutter joint that may he made in arious stock sizes and adapted to receive thcends oi' gutter sections, and to embrace them in such a Way that they will be secure against both longitudinal and lateral displacement and at the same time provide a joint, in cooperation With the gutter sections, that will leakproo't', and entirely eliminate the use of solder. The joint is so designed as to necessitate, in no Way, a change in the construction of gutter sections now coinnionly used and one which Willrcquire no extraordinary skill in assembling the sections and joints, and W thout the necessity of special tools for the purpose. i J A characteristic and outstanding di fierence between the construction oi" the joint hereinaiter disclosed and the one disclosed in my a 'iplication above referred to, in the formation oi? the receiving pockets of the joint, particularly in that these pockets, and the entrances to them, are made for more ready entrance oi? the gutter sections, especially in starting the opposed ends of the gutter section into the joint, in assembling the parts. In the drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective View of my improved joint, applied to the ends of two gutter sections.
Figure 2 is a group perspective View of the jointhnd the ends of two gutter sections.
Figure 3 is a top plan viewof a portion of a joint With gutter sections in the pockets thereof, showing the oblique arrangement oi" the overlying portion of the joint, relative to other parts of the joint.
Figure 4 is a detailed sect onal View through the joint and gutter sections, show ing particularly the manner in wh1ch the beads telescope.
Figure 5 is a detailed plan of a fragment of the joint and gutter sections showing the one gutter section positioned short of the bottom of one of the pockets in the jolnt.
Referring to the drawings,
The numeral 1 designates a portion of a 1927. Serial No. 183,095.
that When the gutter sectionsare in place it will be impossible for Water 'iassing alongthe gutter. to pass or leak through the joints.
Preferably the joint is made oi tin of Varying gauge of Which the usual gutter spout is made. In the shown embodiment of the invention the joint is curved in cross-section and formed with an underlying portion a little Wider at one end than the corresponding end of the overlying portion,and much Wider than the overlying portion at theopposite end. for a purpose that will preseiitlybecozne apparent. j l i j The numeral 4, designates the underlying portion ofthe joint; 5,the intermediate s tion, andti, the overlying portion, or that which conforms to the inner surface of the gutter when the joint is applied. By thus folding the metal upon itself, a retaining pocket 7, is formed for the reception oi the end of one gutter section, and a second pocket 8, formed between the portion 5 and overlyingportion 6, for the reception of the end of theother gutter section. For some distance from the bending point a of the portions 5 and 6, the portion 5, is pinched down on the portion 6, until the inner surfaces of each are virtually in contact, and at the point of bending b of the sections 4 and 5, the section 5 is similarly pinched against the section l, so that the ends of the reversed pockets 7, and 8, will receive snugly, the two gutter ends which are inserted from opposite directions. These narrowed portions of the pockets are designated by 0 and (Z.
The underlying portion l of the joint is rolled slightly out of alinernent with the main portion, as indicated at 9 to form a comparatively Wide entrance opening 10, for a gutter section at one end of the joint, and the pinching together of the portions 4 and 5, at the other end of the coupling produces a comparatively large entrance opening 11, for re ceiving the end of the other gutter section.
The portion 6 is so shaped that it lies obliquely Within the underlyingportion 4:,
and is narrower at its end 12, than at its end 13, thus providing ledges 14 and 15, at pcsite ends of the joint, which are beyon the edges of the said portion 6. It will appear that these ledges, when gauged by the underlying portion, are substantially triangular, with the base of the triangles reversely disposed. The ledges serve the purpose of supporting and accurately guiding the ends of the gutter sections when they are bein forced into the respective pockets, in that w ien introducing one gutter section its end is properly positioned on the underlying section when it is only necessary to shove the section home into its pocket. Of course the adjoining section may be similarly properly positioned, relative to the oppositely opening pocket for the same purpose. New, in assembling the parts, the end of a gutter section is properly positioned upon its appropriate ledge, and forced, preferably all the Way to the bottom of its pocket, separating the pinched portion of the pocket sufliciently to enter. WVhen one gutter section is thus positioned, the. other-is introduced from the other end of the joint and similarly manipulated, until its end is at the bottom of its pocket, when the joint will be complete.
In the drawings the gutter is shown with the usual head 15. However, the end of one gutter section, at the point where the joint is made, is expanded slightly, or enough to slide smoothly over the head of the adjoining section, as shown, because obviously, since the ends of the gutter sections, when home in the pockets, overlap for a considerable extent, and it is desirous to have the beads of the gutter section similarly overlap.
The joint is of such arcuate dimensions that one of its upper edges when the parts are assembled, will be considerably below the head of the gutter sections, so as to in no way interfere with the telescopic entrance and move meut of one portion of the bead along the other, in joining the sections.
1. A gutter 'oint comprising a member so bent upon itself as to form an outer underlying portion, an inner overlying portion, and an intermediate portion, said portions forming oppositely opening pockets for the reception andretention of the adjoining ends of gutter sections, the overlying portion being shorter than the intermediate portion and extending obliquely across said portion whereby ledges of substantially triangular shape are presented to provide entry rests for the ends of the gutter sections, said ledges being ofi'set outwardly from the outer and intermediate portions res ectively whereby the entry of the gutter en 5 into the pockets is facilitated.
2. A gutter joint comprising a member so bent upon itself as to form an outer underlying portion, an inner overlying portion, and an intermediate portion forming between the portions oppositely opening pockets for the reception and retention of adjoining ends of gutter sections, the outer overlying port on being shorter than the intermediate portion and extending obliquely across said portion, whereby on opposite sides of the oven lying portion substantially triangular shaped ledges are formed to facilitate the entry of the gutter ends into the pockets, said ledges being offset outwardly from the outer and intermediate portions respectively, the joint thus formed. being of shorter arcuate dimenslons than the gutter sections it is adapted to receive so as not to interfere with the telescopic entrance of the gutter sections into the joint.
In testimony whereof he afiixes his signature.
JOHN W. FOERCH, JR.