US 1683285 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 4, 1928. 1,683,285
N. Z. BUTTERICK COMPOS ITION ROOFING SHINGLE Filed Feb. 4, 1927 atroz nui,
Patented Sept. 4, 1,928.
' UNITED STATES PATENr oFFicE.
NAASON Z. :BUTTER/IGK, 0F MIAMI, FLORIDA.
COMPOSITION ROOFING SHINGLE.
Application led February The laying of individual shingle-s on a root` is necessarily slow as the roof mustk be accurately measured and chalked to ensure an even exposure of the shingles to the weather. This lining of the roof consumes considerable time.
One ot the objects of my invent-ion is to provide a shingle which may be accurately alined both horizontally and vertically as it is laid. thereby avoiding the necessity for the preliminary measurements and chalking heretofore required. A' further object is to provide a shingle which may be cut from the sheet more economically than heretofore, thereby effecting a saving in material and yet maintaining the tightness of the roof. and exposing a greater percentage of the shingle when laid.
In the following description, I shall refer r to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure l is a plan view of a strip of sheet material showing the method which I employ in cutting the shingles without waste of material; Fig. 2 is a plan view looking down upon a roof laid with shingles made in accordance with my invention; Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of' Fig. 2; Figs. 4, 5, 6 and 7 illustrate different shapes of shingles embodying Jthe features of'my invention; and Fig. 8 is a plan view, in miniature, illustrating the manner of laying theshingles shown 1n Fig. 7.
Each of the shingles constructed in accordance with my invention consists of a body portion 10, having an upwardly extending rectangular portion l2, the width of which a-b may be from one-third to one-half thel width of' the body, the height a-a being substantially one-half the height ZL-e* of the body. The height of the extension must be equal to the exact height of the intended exposure to the weather f-g of the shingle. ly thus constructing the shingle, I am -enabled to obtain the maximum weatherexposurc without sacrificing the tightness of the roof. In Figs. 4, 5 and G, the upwardly extending portion is located centrally of the upper edge of the body portion, while in Fig'. 7, the extension is disposed nearer to 4, 1827. Serial No. 165,973.
one end. In Fig. 5, I have shown the corners and angles cut oft' for ornamental purposes. In laying the shingles, the iirst row is laid in the usual manner. The next row is laid by placing the top edges 14 of the body portions in alinement with the to'p edges l5 of the extensions of the row previously laid and with the joints between adjacent shingles positioned on the vertical central axes of said extensions. In this manner each row of shingles is aligned accurately both horizontally and vertically. As each shingle is placed in position, it is nailed at the points indicated at I16.
I have illustrated in Fig. 1, the manner of cutting the shingles from the strip of sheet material Without any Waste of material. If the top extension is made one third of the width of the body portion, there will be a saving of two-ninths of the material over that required for the regular octagonal shingle While a corresponding saving of onesixth of the material will be effected by mak- The advantages which result from the use being substantially one-half the length of the body and the breadth being substantially one-third of the breadth of the body, whereby the shingles can be cut from a continuous strip without any Waste' by arranging opposedl pairs transversely of the strip and separated by centrally positioned shingles y extending longitudinally of the strip.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature.
NAASON Z. BUTTERICK.