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Publication numberUS1684255 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 11, 1928
Filing dateFeb 8, 1926
Priority dateFeb 8, 1926
Publication numberUS 1684255 A, US 1684255A, US-A-1684255, US1684255 A, US1684255A
InventorsBergman Sven R
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Magnetic wedge
US 1684255 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept 11, 1928; v

. S. R. BERGMAN MAGNET I C WEDGE Filed Feb. 8. 1926 ImVeht OT 2 Sven R. Bergman. b 4, 7

y H is Att or-rw ey.

Patented Sept. 11, 1928.

UNITED. STATES PATENT OFFICE.

SVEN IR. BERGMAN, OFITAHANT, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGN'OR TO GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK.

MAGNETIC WEDGE.

Application filed February My invention relates to dynamo-electric machines having core structures provided with slots in which lie windings and an object of my invention is the provision of improved means for closing the slots to retain the windings and to provide a flux path of the desired permeability;

My invention will be better understood from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing, and its scope will be pointed out in the appended claims.

' Referring to the drawing, Fig. 1 1s a fragmentary View of an induction motor, the stator slots of which are closed by slot closers or wedges embodying my invention; Fig. 2 is a fragmentary view of a synchronous machine in which similar wedges are used to close the slots of the rotor; Fig. 3 is a perspective view on a larger scale of a wedge such as shown in Figs. 1 and 2 in the process of constructionyand Fig. 4 is a similar view of a completed wedge.

The stator 1 of Fig. 1 and the rotor 2 of Fig. 2 have slots 3 in which lie the coils 4 and extending across the mouth of each slot is a slot-closer or wedge 5 shown in the form of a flat bar or strip whose side edges are beveled to fit the notches in the sides of the slots. The shape of the wedge is shown only by wayof example, its particular form being immaterial to my invention.

The wedge comprising my present invention is an improvement over the wedge disclosed in my Patent No. 872,324, Dec. 3, 1907, and assigned to the same assignee as the present application. Under certain operating conditions it was found that wedges constructed in accordance with that patent would swell from the heat of the machine to such an extent that they interfered with the free movement of the rotor. The swelling of those wedges ,I found to be due to the japan binder employed therein. In accordance with my present invention I construct the wedge of magnetic cloth using as a binder a resinous condensation product preferably a phenolic condensation s, 1926. Serial No. 86,694.

product such as bakelite. The manner of forming the wedge which I have found most expedient is to roll up a strip of magnetic cloth, such for example as iron cloth, with a strip of spinnable material, such as cotton cloth, which is covered with the binder. The wedge v5 being formed in this manner is shown in Fig. 3 where the strip of iron cloth (3 and the strip of cotton cloth 7 having thereon the resinous condensation product, are being rolled up together to form the flat roll 8. The completed roll is then placed in a die having the desired shape and is then subjected to the necessary heat and pressure to cure the binder. The wedge thus made has in it iron in a finely distributed form, the strands of which are insulated from each other thereby preventing eddy current losses. The wedge moreover, is not affected by heat or moisture and will therefore not expand or get out of shape in service. Wedges so made have the mechanical strength necessary to retain the coils in the slots and to resist without damage the strains imposed upon them incident to their being driven into position in the slots. By providing partial magnetic paths across the slots, the amount of iron obviously being variable within comparatively wide limits, the wedges serve to reduce the core losses and the magnetizing current without materially increasing the slot leakage.

lVhat I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is:

1. A dynamo-electric machine comprising a core structure having slots therein, a winding in the slots, and means for closing the slots comprising rolls of magnetic cloth having between the convolutions thereof a roll of fabric impregnated with a resinous condensation product.

2. As an article of manufacture a magnetic wedge comprising a roll of magnetic cloth having between the convolutions there of a roll of spinnable material and a resinous condensation product.

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand this 1th dayof February, 1926.

SVEN R. BERGMAN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4025840 *Apr 9, 1975May 24, 1977General Electric CompanyPermanent magnet generator with output power adjustment by means of magnetic shims
US4443725 *Jun 14, 1982Apr 17, 1984General Electric CompanyDynamoelectric machine stator wedge
US5124607 *May 19, 1989Jun 23, 1992General Electric CompanyDynamoelectric machines including metal filled glass cloth slot closure wedges, and methods of making the same
US5214839 *Sep 15, 1992Jun 1, 1993General Electric CompanyMethod of making dynamoelectric machines including metal filled glass cloth slot closure wedges
DE3001040A1 *Jan 12, 1980Jul 16, 1981Westinghouse Electric CorpLocking device for securing stator coils in electrical machines - has resin impregnated glass fibre core faced with resin impregnated aromatic polyamide fabric
EP0068727A1 *Jun 16, 1982Jan 5, 1983General Electric CompanyMethod and means for retaining coils in dynamoelectric machines
EP0398746A2 *May 18, 1990Nov 22, 1990General Electric CompanyDynamoelectric machines with slot closure wedges, and methods of making the same
WO1984000084A1 *Mar 28, 1983Jan 5, 1984Gen ElectricDynamoelectric machine stator wedge
Classifications
U.S. Classification310/214
International ClassificationH02K3/493, H02K3/48
Cooperative ClassificationH02K3/493
European ClassificationH02K3/493