US 1684417 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 18, 1928. 1,684,417
H. A. SILBERMAN DENTISTS KIT AND INSTRUMENT SUPPORT Filed April 28, 1925 25 Efi' 2 INVENTOR 4 ATTORNEY Patented Sept. 18, 1928.
UNITED STATES- HARRY A. SILBERMAN, OI JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY.
DENTISTS KIT AND INSTRUMENT SUPPORT.
Application filed April as, 1925. Serial no. 26,860.
This invention relates to dentists kits and instrument supports, and involves the provision of a container of the size which may be carried about with great facility and ease for treatment of patients for emergency purposes.
The object of the invention generally resides in the provision of an emergency kit for dentists use and coordinately resides in the provision of supporting means for instrumentalities usually used by dentists to give relief and-in the treatment of the teeth.
A further object of my invention resides in the provision of a dental kit which may be carried about by the practitioner and containing instruments customarily .used for treatment of the teeth in a container of such size that may be readily carried about, for instance, in the pocket of the vest-coat.
. The invention further resides in the provision of an instrument kit for dentists wherein the several instrumentalities are arranged compactly and in a position so as to be readily accessible for use.
The invention further resides in the provision of a' container and support for instrumentalities used by dentists in a manner such as to hold the same against accidental displacement, to permit the ready removal thereof, and further in the mounting of the same in a manner as to be readily and easily accessible for use.
' The invention further resides in the provision of a combination of instruments and of parts forming a complete outfit suitable for rendering relief and giving treatment in ordinary cases requiring relief to the teeth such as toothaches and the like.
The invention still further resides in a new and novel arrangement of parts for dentist emergency kits.
To attain these'objects and such further objects as may appear or be hereinafter pointed out, I make reference to the accompanying drawing forming part hereof, in which Fig. 1 is a fragmentary plan view of my device in the open position;
Fig. 2 is a section taken on the line 22 of Fig. 1 with the supporting stand in position.
scribed. The tray Referring to Fig. 1, it will be observed that 10 is a body portion of a container which is provided with a closure member 11, preferably hinged thereto at 12, ada ted to open and close in book fashion. Suitable fastening means being provided by the spring depressable latch 13 adapted to engage the undercut pprtion of the cover of the'closure shown at l The body member 10 is preferably provided with an inner instrument holding tray 15 preferably made of thin sheet metal and has struck up therefrom a plurality of holding members which are preferably formed in the manner which will be hereinafter de- 15 is formed so as to fit snugly within the walls of the body member 10. The closure member 11 of my device is arranged to retain in pivotal relation an instrument support 16 and the same is pivoted.
at 17 upon the main pintle 12 and has a supporting brace 18 hingedly connected to the tray at 19, and adapted to engage the side wall 20 of the cover'thereof at 21 for retaining the same in upright angular position.
' A spring latch 22 afiixed to the cover, is
arranged to engage the hinge portion 19 to retain .the same against pivotal movement when the tray is in the inoperative position.
I have found that for the purposes of treatment of the ordinary cases of toothaches and the like, that the following enumerated instruments and parts will serve admirably to give relief of any kind necessary in emergencies of this type. For this purpose, I prefer to include in my kit the following instruments and parts:
23 is a syringe usually of the hypodermic variety. Preferably, however, I use that now on the market known as the Leur syringe,
.which is a complete glass cylinder and plunger;
A vial 24 adapted to retain sterilized syringe needles;
A gutta percha vial 25;
A cotton vial 26;
A sealed anaesthetic vial 27 which may contain a local anesthetic such as novo caine solution or the like suitable for local or conductive anaesthesia in oral operations;
There are also provided medicament vials such as 28 29 which may contain oil of cloves or the like ty of medicaments;
I also provnle the following instruments:
-A plurality of excavator heads 30, 31;
A gutta percha instrument head 32 and a tta percha compacting head 33;
i mirror head 34 and a pair of cotton forceps 35.
For use with the instrument heads, I provide a lurality of holders 36, 36 having standard cone sockets 37, 37 which are formed in parts, pairs of such members being adapted to be extended by the screw engaging portion '38 of the complemental members.
I also provide a wick burner 39 of fuel oil or alcohol suitable for heating the gutta percha in a manner such as will be apparent and for this purpose, I may use a spark lighting member ,40 therewith.
All these parts are arranged within the walls of the several; compartments forming the wntainer so as to permit of the same being closed and) opened without interference and preferably a container opening and closing in book fashion is used.
To retain the several parts above enumerated in position against accidental displacement and shifting movement within the container, the tray 15 has struck up therefrom spring fingers 41, 42 for holding the syringe 23 into position.
Where there are pairs of members such as needle vials and novo caine vials, I provide spring fingers .43 and an interposed spacer member 44. For pairs of vials such as 28, 29, I 'rovide bottom retaining clasps 45, 46 coacting withthe spring fin ers 47 48 to hold the vials in position. airs of spring fingers are used to hold the tta percha vial and cotton vials respective y in position.
Referring now to the closure ortion, of the device, it will be observed at at one portion of the pivotal tray 16, I provide spacer members 51, 52 between which are lodged the holders 36 and to retain the samc in position, I provide a strap 53 hinged to the spacer member 52 at 54 and engaging the spacer member 51 by means of a latch 55.
The instrument heads such as the excavator, gutta rcha head, compacting head, mirror and orceps are held 1n position at their operative portions by an aseptic absorbent padding 56, folded over and held in position by suitable retaining means such as s ring fingers 57. Suitable spring fingers 58 ormed as by striking up the same from the tray 16 serve to hold the instrument heads and force at their neck portions coordinatin wit the aseptic body to hold the severa instrumentaliti'es in position against dis laoement. r
The 'c burner-39 is preferably hinged to the cover 11 at 53 and is adapted to be held in upright position by the spring latch 60, serving to engage the rib or bottom of the wick burner 61 when the same is in a clasps that are provided to engage the same.
At the same time, the parts ma be readily removed for use in a manner w ich will be obvious b slight pulling against the spring tension 0 the fingers.
When the kit is to be used, all that is necessary is to open the contrivance in the manner of a book by first pressing the latch member 13. The body member and cover member may then be placed u on the table or any other suitable flat sur ace, exposin the contents thereof, making the same rea ily available for use. Forfurther assistance in this operation, the instrument tra 16 is moved up to an angular upright position about the pivot 17 and is held in that position b the brace member 18. In this position, t e holders 36 may be readily removed by unlatching the strap 53; the screw ends of the instrument heads are then made accessible for ready assembly with the holder heads by screw threading the same over such instrument heads at their screw portions. This may be done with any of the instrument heads or the mirror head so provided.
The aseptic absorbent padding which serves to hold one end of the instrument heads in position. also serves to assist in keeping the operative portions of the instruble-headed sockets and furnishing handles a of such length which may be more readily grasped.
The wick burner 39 is placed into operative position by an upward tilting motion until the ribbed bottom is ut into snap engagement with the spring atch 60 which serves to hold the same in operative position. The sparking member 40 serving to furnish means to light the wick of the burner.
In this way, it will be observed that not only have I provided a new, novel combination'of parts serving efficiently for purposes of treatment by the practitioner, which is so compact as tobe capable of carrying about in the vest pocket, but I have also provided a new, novel support for instrumentalities, making the same readily accessible for the use thereof anywhere that it is desired.
Though I have described and above enumerated a certain number of instrumeutaL it ies and parts suitable for treatment of cases as'abovc described, it will be understood that variations, modifications and changes may be made, additional instruments used or omitted, and still come within the scope of my invention.
Having illustrated my invention and described its use, what I desire to claim and secure by Letters Patent is 1. A dentist kit and instrument support comprisin a pair of complemental compartment mem ers, tray members in said compartments, said tray members including spring finger clasps, struck up therefrom adapted to hold a plurality of dental instrumentalities in removable engagement, oneof said tray members being arranged for pivotal movement in its respective compartment and including interchangeable instrument members, and a brace member adapted to hold said tray in an upright angular position whereby the assembly of said instrument members may be accomplished without hand contact therewith.
2. In a dentists kit and instrument support including complemental compartments hingedly engaged and adapted to open in book fashion, a ivotal instrument supporting tray mounte therein upon the pintle of the hinge of said compartments, and a brace member for holding said tray in an upright position.
3. In a dentists kit and instrument support including complemental compartments hingedly engaged and adapted to open in book fashion, a pivotal instrument supporting tray mounted therein, anda brace mem her for holding said tray in an upright position, said tray including spring fingered members for holding dental instruments against displacement at portions thereof, and additional retaining means for said instruments including an absorbent fabric material capable of retaining an antiseptic for maintaining said instruments sterile.
4. In a dentist kit and supporting stand including separable interchangeable instrument holders and heads therefor, a supporting tray for said holders and heads, said tray including holding means for said heads comprisin spaced layers of absorbent fabric materlal capable of retaining an antiseptic material said tray being arranged for pivotal movement to .an upright position,
and a supporting brace member to maintain said tray in an upright position.
5. A dentists emergency kit and instrument support comprising compartment portions and means for holding the same in open or closed position, one of said compartment portions comprlsing holding memers adapted to retain dental instrumcntalities agamst accidental displacement, and
means for permitting the ready assembly cludlng positioned therein against shifting movement but in removable engagement a plurality of extensible dental instrument holders of the cone socket type, and operative heads and a medicament compartment, said medicament compartment including the members thereof held in position therein in removable engagement.
8. A dentists kit and instrument support comprising compartment portions and including positioned therein against shifting movement but in removable engagement a plurality of extensible dental instrument holders of the cone socket type, and operative heads, said instrument holding means being held in a tray capable-of pivotal movement to an upright osition for making the same readily accessi 1e, and a medicament compartment, said medicament compartment including the members thereof held in position therein in removable engagement whereby assembly is facilitated.
' 9. A dentists kit and instrument support comprising compartment members hingedly engaged and adapted to open in book fashion, an interchangeable instrument holder tray, said tray including resiliently disposed layers of fabric serving to hold instruments mounted on said tray in position and in removable engagement.
10. A dentists emergency kit and instrument support comprising a body portion and a closure therefor, said body portion comprising holding members adapted to re tain dental instrumentalities against accidental displacement and shifting movements and means adapted to hold the same in position for assembly of interchangeable elements to permit ready removal thereof in an angular position comprising an independent tray for said holding members.
11. A dentists kit and instrument support comprising a pair of complemental compartment members, tray members in said com partments, said tray members including spring finger clasps struck up therefrom adapted to hold a plurality of dental instrumentalities in assembled engagement, one of said tray members being arranged for 'I In ment to present interchangeable members for ready assembly and means to hold said tray in predetermined angular osition.
12. In a dentists kit an supporting stand, includin separable interchangeable instrument hold rs and heads therefor, a, supporting tray for said holders and heads including means for holding said heads comprisin spring finger clasps for the bodies 10 and c asps for the working ends of said heads comprising absorbent abric material. In witness whereof, I have signed this specification, this 22 day of April, 1925.
' HARRY A. SILBERMAN.