US 1685358 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 25, 1928.
C, L. HARCOURT MECHANICAL IANIKIN Filed April 19, 1927 3 Sheets-Sheet l ATTORNEY.
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Sept. 25, 1928.
C. L. HARCOURT MECHANICAL mmxxm Filed April 19, 1927 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 I N VE N T OR. 62 r051 fleecawe;
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Sept. 25, 1928.
c. L. HARCOURT MECHANICAL MANIKIN Fil ed April 19. 1927 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 gjwuemfo'o 62/05 4 fiff/e'caacg- 61101 new Patented Sept. 25, 1928.
UNITED STATES CLYDE LUDWICK HARCOURT, F SEATTLE, WASHINGTON.
Application filed April 19, 1927. Serial No. 185,058.'
This invention relates to an improi ement in manikins of the type used for the display of wearing apparel.
The principal object of the invention is the provision of a. manikin of this type wherein, through mechanical means, various motions are imparted to different portions of the body to simulate the movements of a living person to thereby aid in the effective display of the apparel on the manikin.
A further object of the invention is the provision of means whereby the manikin is mounted for a turning or revoluble movement Without in any Way interfering with the simultaneous mechanical movements of the body parts. 7
The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a view in front elevation show ing the form of the manikin in dotted outline and illustrating the operating parts.
Figure 2 is a section on line 2-2 of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is an enlarged view in elevation, partly in section, illustrating the means for operating the eyes of the manikin.
Figure 4 is a side elevation of the manikin operating parts the form being shown in dotted outline.
- Figure 5 is a section on line 55 of Figure 1.
Figure 6 is a broken vertical sectional view illustrating the mounting of the head of the manikin.
Figure is an enlarged elevation showing the means for communicating the operating movement to the respective drive shafts.
Figure 8 is a sectional view illustrating the formation of one'of the ankle joints.
Figure 9 is a similar view of the other ankle joint.
Figure 10 is a broken elevation of a portion of the form, showing particularly the flexible means constituting the waist formation.
Figure 11 is a view in elevation of the eye supporting bracket.
Figure 12 is a plan view showing the means whereby the manikin as a whole is revolved The manikin is supported upon a hollow box-like pedestal 1 formed'at the upper ends of the side walls with guides 2 between which is rotatably supported a disk or platform 3 on which the manikin is supported. The disk is centrally provided with an internal ring gear 4 secured thereto by studs 5 and is opera-ted through the medium of the gear 6 mounted upon the power shaft 7 and cooperating with the internal ring gear through the medium of an idlergear 18. The power shaft 7 is operated through the medium of meshing bevel pinions 9 by a motor 10 and while the motor is operating, the platform will be continuously turned to correspondingly turn or revolve the manikin.
A metallic disk 11 is secured to the under surface of the central portion of the plat form and threaded in this disk and rising above the platform is a tubular standard 12. As shown in the drawings, this standard extends lengthwise through one of the legs 13 of the manikin, and to this standard through the medium of a brace 14 there is connected another similar hollow standard 15 which extends longitudinally of the body form 16 of the manikin.
The power shaft 7 extends lengthwise the hollow standard 12 and is provided at the up per end of the standard with a bevel gear 17 operating a transverse shaft supported in a. bearing 18 carried by the brace 14, this shaft having terminal bevel gears 19 and 20, the former of which cooperates with the bevel gear 17 and the latter of which cooperates with a bevel gear 21 on the lower end of a shaft 22 extending longitudinally of the standard 15 and provided at the upper end with a bevel gear 23.
The standard 15 supports a frame upright 2a through the medium of brackets 25, this upright extending longitudinally of the body form of the manikin and into the head portion. A shaft 26 is supported in the frame upright 24 immediately above the upper end of the standard 15 and this shaft 26 is provided with a bevel gear 27 adapted to mesh with and be driven by the bevel gear23. Pivotally supported on the shaft 26 in advance of the frame upright 24 is a torso operating member 28 which includes a cross bar'29 and an upright vertical bar 30.
The frame upright 24 is formed near its lower end with-a boss 31 on which is pivotally supported a Tformed operator 33 having a cross bar 32 and an upright or vertical bar 34. The cross bar 32 is providednear each end with bracket-supported grooved rollers 35, and the hip portion 36 of the manikin form has provided at each side the trackways for the rollers indicated at 37 and 38. These trackways are secured to the manikin form and present in the path of the rollers partly circular rails 39 on which the rollers are guided; The rollers engage the rails from beneath and one of the rails is on a plane somewhat higher than the other in order to secure the desired operation which will later appear.
The T operator 33 is provided above its pivot with an arm t0, the outstanding free end tl of which seats in the bifurcation of a double prong member 42 secured on the inner surface of the upper portion of the upper part of the hip portion 86 of the manikin. The freeor forwardend of the shaft 26 is provided with a disk 43, on aneccentric pin in on which disk there is mounted a link 45 which extends to and is connected to the cross bar 35 of the T operator at 46 to thereby impart movement to the T operator.
The torso portion 16 of the manikin is connected with the hip portion by a coil spring 19 of a size and shape to simulate the waist portion of the manikin. The torso or upper portion of the body is thus flexibly and yieldably connected to the lower portion of the body.
rotary movement with respect to the torso, such head portion for this purpose being provided with a depending flange 51 adapted to overlie and bear upon a flange 52 carried by the torso portion, the flanges interfitting for rotary guiding movement, and a ring 53 removably secured to the flange 51 and underlying a shoulder of the flange 52 serves to pr vent separation of the parts without interfering with the rotary movement.
The head portion isformed with the usual feature formation and with openings 5 1 for the eye openings. Elements 55 simulating the human eye are mounted on divergent arms 56 on a bar 57 which is pivotally sup ported in a bracket 58 depending from the inner surface at the upper end of the head portion. The bar 57 extends rearwardly beyond the bracket 58 and its rear end is connected by a link 59 through a pin and slot connection 60 to the upper end of a bar pivotally supported at 66 on the upper end of the frame upright 24:, the lower end of said bar 65 being connected through a pin and slot connection 68 with the upper end of the upright 30 of the torso operator.
The head 50 is interiorly provided with a bracket 69 secured to the inner surface thereof and extending to the center of the head in the form of a bifurcation or channel 70 having rounded walls 71 between which the upper end of the bar 65' plays in movement to thereby impart a rotative movement to the head.
Obviously, as the torso operator is swung in either direction beyond the vertical, the link 59 willbe drawn downwardly raising the eyeelements 55 in line with the eye openings 54:. A spring 61 connectsthe rear end of the r the openin The head portion 50 is mounted for limited bar 57 with the upper end of the bracket '58, so that as the torso operator approaches the vertical, the spring moves the rear end of the bar 58 upwardly, moving the eye elements out of line with the eye openings. This simulates g and closing of the eyes in time with the other movements of the manikin.
The hip portion 36 is movably mounted on the legs 62 by bolts 67 in two sections hingedly connected at 72 and engaging brackets 73 and 7% carried by the legs and hip portion. The legs and ankles are jointed at 6a by hinge pins 63 and 75. V 7
From the above it will be apparent that when the motor is operated, the platform 3 and thereby the entire manikin will revolve.
As the shafts 7 and 26 are driven, the torso operator will be moved through the disk. 13, link 15 and T operator 82. As the latter is connected to the hip portion and operates on the rails 89, the upper portion of the body will be alternately tilted to simulate side bending and at the same time the hip portion will move in the opposite turning direction by reason of the connections 1-1 and 4:2. During this movement, the head wil be turned sidewise as if overlooking the high shoulder of the torso.
What I claim to be new is:
1. A manikin including a torso, a hip por-.
nism for-compelling a rotary movement of' the hip portion, and means operated by the mechanism for compelling a turning of the head. V V
' 2. A manikin'including a torso, a hip portion mounted for .undulatory and rotary movement relative to the torso, ahead mounted for turning movement, a power mechanism, shafts extending longitudinally of the manikin and operated by the power mechanism, rocking members supported on the shafts and operated thereby, connections between the rocking members to compel a relative undulating movement of the torso and hip portion, means operated by the mechanism for compelling a rotary movement of the hip portion, means'operated by the mechanism for compelling a turning of the head, a platform on which the manikin is mounted, and means operated by the power mechanism for Lurnin g the platform.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature.