US 1686834 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 9, 1928.
- o. o. NICKERSON SHIPPING CARTON Filed Feb. 20; 1925 5 SheetsSheet v [N VZNTOR .4 T 1 NEY Oct. 9, 1928.
O. O. NICKERSON SHIPPING CARTON Filed Feb. 20, 1925 5 Sheets-Sheet 11V 'f/VTOR km a. .4 771 NE Y Patented @et. 9, 192$.
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cnvno. nroxnnson, ea roar WAYNE, INDIANA, Assronoza T0 ron'r W YNE-coit- EUG-ATED PAPER GOMPANY, OF FORT WAYNE, INDIANA, A. CORPORATION OF remnant.
' Application filed February 20, 1925. Serial No. 10,531.
This invention relates to shipping cartons made of corrugated paper, solid fibre or similar sheet material, for articles of furniture, or other articles whose edges or corners need protection.
The particular object of my invention is to provide an increased thickness of the protecting casing material for such parts as the backs and arms of chairs, edges of table tops or the like, by so slotting, creasing and folding the blank as to provide the added protection from a single sheetbf the casing material. I
- Where the added protection is provided by the use of several separate pieces ofpacking material, much more time is consumed packing the articles, countered in keeping the several pieces in position when properly placed, and frequently workmen leave oif some of the pieces entirely.
.Fromthis it will be seen that another object of the invention is to increase the certainty of suficient protecting material over the parts most liable to damage with the further object of saving time and labor inpacking for shipment.
- The particularembodiment of my invention selected for illustration is a shipping case made of double faced corrugated straw board, the case being designed for. an arm chair I Fig. 1 is the completely encased chair corded ready for shipment;
- Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the same;
Fig. 3 is a vertical section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2, showing the chair with its waxed paper wrapping in'place therein;
Fig, 4: is a vertical section on the line 4- of Fig. 2; a
Fig. 5 is a cross section through the upper section of the casing on the line 5-5 of Fig. 3 as though shown there in full;
Fig. 6 is the creased and slotted sheet from which the upper section of the case is formed;
Fig. 7 is the creased and slotted sheet from which the lower section of the case is formed; and
Fig. 8 is the creased sheet from which the post. support is formed.
Whereas formerly, if corrugated boards were used at all, many pieces of packing great difiicultyis en-' material were required to securely pack such an arm chair, reference to the drawlng's will show that with my invention the entire casing is formed ofthree pieces; a lower portion A, a post support B within A, and a back and arm protectingupper portion C.
The portion A is what is known in the trade as a half-slotted carton. -The sheet shown in Fig. 7 is first joined to form a four-sided tube and then the bottom closed by folding in the opposite flaps intended for the inner surface, and then the outer raps areffolded over and secured by cementing,
stapling, riveting or in any other convenient and then the sheet is again folded in the same direction at 6 b and when so folded 5 b forla double fold. The ends 6 '6 are first folded in at b, b,
is placed in the bottom ofv section A, as
shown in Fig. 3, toform a reinforcing support 'of five thicknesses of packing material for the chair posts.
The port-ion C is scored the full Width-of the board at 0 0 0 c o c and 0 and to connect with the slots at c, 0", 0 c and 0 fromthe'edge of 0 at one side and from the opposite edge to 0 at the other side at 0 0 0 0 and 0 The strip 0 formed by theslot 0 above,-
strips 0 formed by the slots 0 and e are bent inward in the same direction at e and 0 respectively, forming a double thickness protection for the top of the chair back.
The portions of the board 0" above the slot 0 the portion 0 between 0 and 0 and 0 between 0 and 0 are then folded 1 inwardly at '0 and 0* respectively, and this double thickness is again folded in the same direction at 0 and 0 resulting in folding in the outside strip in the opposite direction at 0 and 0 This at first gives double thickness at the sides of the back andafterward when folded inwardly at c and 0 gives four thicknesses at thesides of the back. The
vblank is then bentin the oppositedirection at 0 to bring the back protecting portion into upright position.
The remaining portion of C is then folded inwardly at 0 and the end of strips 0 formed by the slots 0 outwardly at a? and G is also slotted as shown in Fig. 6,
% The do uble thicknessstrips a? formed by first blank to form a complete enclosing 0 and 0 are then folded inwardly at c and 0 and the whole of this portion then folded inwardly at a", giving a protection of four thicknesses of material at the outside of the front part of the arms and double thicknessat the front. The whole of G is now pressed down into' position in the container A, making an additional thickness of material on the sides, back and front.
' The whole package is then roped upv as shown in Fig. 1 and no parts can get 'out of position. Experience has shown that articles so packed and shipped arrive at destination in excellent condition.
It is obvious that changescan be made in details of design from the structureherein illustrated and'described, without departing from the spirit of my invention, and all" such changes are intended to be included? and claimed herein. I I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent of-the United States:
1. For use in constructing wholly from sheet material a" shipping carton for an arm chair, the combination of "a creased and slotted blank from which an open "topped element with an-open top and closed. bottom is made into which said chair is set, a creased z-blank adapted tobe folded flat upon itself andplaced within saidfirst blank and form thesupport on which said chair rests, and another blank creased across in both direc-' tions and slotted in one direction -extending in fromthe edges toward the middle adapted to be folded u on itself in such a manner as to lie flat an cover the edges and top of the hack and: the arms ofisaidchair'by a plurality of the thicknesses of the material from which said blank is made, saidthird blank when so foldedand' placedin position for use being partly teles'cope'd with said carton.
. 2. For use in constructing a shi ping carton for apiece of furniture o the arm chair type, said carton made in sections n wholly from blanks cut from corrugated board; the combination of a creased and slotted blank from which a tubular element with an open top and closed bottom is made into which the chair is set and another creased and slotted blank adapted to be folded in such a manner as to form a fiat. top partway and an upwardly extendin top the rest of the way for the first name element and to' coverthe edges and top of the back and thearms of said piece of 'furniturp with a plurality of the thicknesses of the material from which said blank is made, said second blank w en so folded and placed in protecting position being partly telescoped with-said first'blank.
3. For use in-constructing a shipping carton for a piece of furniture of the arm chair type, a combination of three blanks made of double facedcorrugated paper; the first creased and" slotted to form the sides and 'box formed from the first blank, the third creased acrossfrom both pairs of opposite sidesand' slotted'fin toward the. middle from one pair of opposite-sides so asto be adapted to be folded upon. itselfin such a manner as to lie flat and coverthe'ed'ges' ;and top .of the back and arms of the article packed with a plurality. of thicknesses. I
In testimony whereof; I have hereunto set my hand this 28th day of February, l925.'