US 1688042 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 16, 1928. l 1,688,042
H. J. GAESS COMPACT BOX Filed July 29, 1926 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 T TOR ATTORNEY Oct 16, 1928. 1,688,042
H. J. GAESS COMPACT BOX Filed July 29, 1926 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Aggy Nt/ENTOR BY M . ATTORNEY Patented Oct. 16, 1928.
HELMU TH JOHN GAESS, OF PALISADE, NEW JERSEY. Y
Application filed July 29,
This inventionrelates to a compact box.
It has been the general practice to manufacture compact boxes from metals. There are certain undesirable features in the use of metals for such purpose. The metal boxes are relatively heavy and sometimes discolor the compact or become discolored themselves. The composition materials that are odorless have only been available for. single compartmentcompact boxes due to the impossibility of permanently securing an ordinary hinge to such material. In addition, the usual hinge detracts from the beauty of the appearance of the box.
One of the objects of this invention is to provide a composition compact box. Another object of this invention is to provide a compact box having a hinge with no protruding parts and one that can be secured in a substantial manner to the compostition. Still another object of this invention is to provide a compact box so hinged as to permit of the opening to any desired angle of the various compartments all at the same time and to permit of a ready closing thereof. A further object is to provide a compact box made up of sections that can be assembled in various multiples and in different ways.
Referring to the drawings:
Figure 1 is a cross sectional view of a compact box adapted to contain in the lower portion a compact and in the upper portion a mirror.
Figure 2 is a sectional view of a compact box adapted to contain in the upper portion a mirror, in the central portion a compact and in the bottom portion a compact.
Figure 3 is a broken plan view of the compact box.
Figure 4 is a cross sectional view of a mo'dified form of compact box.
Figure 5 is a perspective view of the modified form of compact box.
Figure 6 is a detail cross sectional View of the modified form showing the hinge portion.
Figure 7 is a detail cross-sectional view of the combination pivot and fastening means.
In carrying out my invention, I provide a compact box 1 made of composition and comprising two of more sections.
In Figure 1, I show compact box 1 having top section 2 and bottom section 3.
In Figure 2, I show a compact box having top section 2, bottom section 3 and central section 4.
1926. Serial No. 125,633.
The top section 2 has lip or rim 5 to fit within bottom section 3 or central section 4. Rims 5, 5, functioning to prevent any loose powder from being shaken out after the box is closed and also to furnish a supportand seat so that the two parts of the box will be firmly held together when closed and to. prevent the springing of the hinges 6, 6, when closed in case it is dropped.
Hinges 6, 6, are formed of thin plates or sheets of metal having the outside outer. edge shaped to conform to the outline of the box and operate in slots 7, 7, cut into the edges of the sections of box 1.
In the case of a two section box, hinges 6, have two drilled holes 8, one in the upper and the other in the lower portion and centrally of said portions to receive pins 9.
In the case of a built up compact box such as shown in Figure 3, the hinges 6 are similar in every respect except that for each section there is a corresponding portion in the hinge having a hole such as 8 for the additional section to accommodate a pin.
The pins 9, are preferably embedded in the composition-by means of a cement al though I have found that a single pin might be utilized and the ends upset to prevent falling out.
I provide a metallic pin 11 having a small bulb base 12 as a snap lock co-operating with split socket 13.
In the modified form of compact box 1 the bottom section 3' is pivotally connected to section 4 and adapted to swing around horizontallyas shown in Figures 4 and 5. Pivot 11 functions also as a snap lock having a ball tip 12 co-operating with a split socket 13 carried by the top section 2. Rim 5" is omitted from the bottom of section 4'. The hinges 6 are the same except that they are formed from a single sheet of metal connected by a back piece 14 which carries a prong 15 to snap into a depression 16 in the rim of section 3 when the bottom section 3 is closed.
It will be noted that the hinge designed does not move but that the pin rotates in the hinge as the section is lifted. This form of hinge does not protrude from the box and furnishes a relatively strong support for its utilization of non-odorous composition material which will not retain a screw and to which metal cannot be readily, riveted. Although I have shown hinges 6, 6, 6, as being made ofmetal, yet they can be made of composition or other material.
WVhat I'claim is:
1. A container having a top and bottom section, parallel channels cut in the edges of said sections, plates in said channels, holes in said plates in alignment with the holes of the adjacent plate, pins secured to each of said sections and passing through said aligned holes, said pins journaled in said holes to rotate therein.
2. A sectional compact box, parallel channels cut in the edges of said sections, plates in said channels, pins secured to said sec tions, said pins passing through said plates at right angles thereto and having their axes of rotation in said plates to permit of movement of one section with respect to the other section without movement of the plates.
3. A sectional compact box, parallel channels cut in the rear of said box, parallel plates in said channels, said plates having frictional contact with the side walls of said sections, pins secured to said sections and adapted to rotate therewith, aligned holes in said plates forming the axes of rotation for said pins and sections.
4. A sectional compact box, two parallel channels cut in the edges of said sections,
plates and independent of the movement of 7 any other section.
5. A compact box comprising sections, parallel channels cut in the rear edges of said sections, at right angles to the plane of the sections, parallel plates in said channels, a hole centrally in each plate for each section, the hole of each plate in alignment with the corresponding hole in the other plate, pins journaled in said holes for each section to pivotally connect the sections to said plates, said plates being immovable with respect to one of said sections.
Signed at New York, in the county of New York and State of New York this 16th day of July, A. D. 1926. I
HELMUTH JOHN GAESS.