US 1688271 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Get. 16, 1928,
S. E. FINCH REFUSE RECEIVING AND HANDLING APPARATUS Filed Sept. l5, 1927 3 Sheets-Sheet l ATTORNEY WITNESS:
S. E. FINCH REFUSE RECEIVING AND HANDLING APPARATUS Filed Sept. 15, 1927 3 Sheets-Sheet INVENTOR ATTOR N EY WITNESS:
3 Sheets-Sheet Filed Sept. 15, 1927 0 W w m 1% w M W J d w I A /w 1% 3:2 L 2 3 k fi a WW 4 W Z n w. m HM//////////H w M 3 Z, w/\ l K 2 w E M MW 1 w 1% 0 fl y 7% M ATTOR N EY WITNESS:
Patented on, 16, 1928.
TED STATES PATENT OFFICE.-
REFUSE RECEIVING AND HANDLING APPARATUS.
Application filed September 15, 1927. Serial No. 219,770.
This invention relates to refuse receiving and handling apparatus, and its general object is to provide a device of this character for household use and the like, that includes a refuse receiving receptacle normally retained in a housing below a filling chute and is capable of being removed in an easy and expeditious manner with very littleeifort, with the result refuse and the like may be kept free from insects, flies and the like and can be handled under sanitary conditions.
A further object of the invention is to provide a refuse receiving and handling apparatus of the character set forth, that is simple in construction, inexpensive to manufacture and efficient in operation and service.
This invention also consists in certain other features of construction and in the combination and arrangement of the several parts, to be hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings and specifically pointed out in the appended claims.
In describing my invention in detail, reference will be had to the accompanying drawings wherein like characters denote like or. corresponding parts throughout the several views, and. in which:
Figure 1 is a fragmentary sectional 'view o taken through the apparatus and showing parts in elevation and operative position.
Figure 2 is a fragmentary top plan view of the apparatus as shown in Figure 1.
' Figure 3 is a vertical sectional view taken through the apparatus with the refuse receiving receptacle positioned to be removed them from.
Figure 1 is a similar view with the receptacle and parts for carrying the same in normal position.
Figure 5 is a sectional view taken transversely through the housing with its door 1n open position and showing the parts operated by the door in plan. y
Figure 6 is a similar View with the door in closed position.
Figure 7 is a sectional view takenapproximately on line 7 7 of Figure 3,1ook1ng in the direction of the arrows.
Referring to the drawings in detail, the letter A indicates a floor havingformed therein an opening which has depending from about its lower edge and secured to the underside of the flooring a housing 1. The opening is normally closed by a closure 2 which as shown is provided with a metallic lining 3 walls 14; and 15, a
and is hinged at one end as at 4;. The opposite end 1s disposed at an inclination to follow the inclined surface of the confronting side 5 of the opening so as the door may be readily opened through the instrumentality of a sys tem of levers which include a lever 6 having one end pivotally secured between ears 7 extending inwardly from the door, while the opposite end of a lever 6 is pivotally fixed to one end of a rod 8. The rod is pivotally secured midway its ends as at 9, and pivotally receives the lower end of the push rod 10 which passes through a bearing 11 arranged in the floor A and has secured to its upper end a foot receiving knob 12. By this construction, it will be obvious that when pressure is applied to the push rod 10, the door will be disposed to its open position as best shown in Figure 1 of the drawings.
The housing 1 includes a rear wall 13, side bottom 16 and a top 17 which as best shown in Figure 2 of the drawings has its greater portion provided with a centrally arranged funnel shaped member 18. The funnel shaped member tapers downwardly in the usual manner and terminates a considerable distance above the bottom 16 of the housing and is adapted for a purpose which will be presently apparent. The rear wall 13 is formed with a slot 19 to accommodate the rod 8 which passes therethrough.
Arranged in spaced relation upon the bottom 16 of the housing are tracks 20 which have arranged in the ball portion thereof rods 21. The rods 21 have one of their ends extending through the rear wall 13 and bent at right an les upon themselves so as to retain the ro s in operative position as shown. The opposite ends of the rods 21 have pivotally secured thereto one of the ends of rods 22 which have their opposite ends arranged in openings formed in a flange 23. The flange 23 is fixed toa door 24 and adjacent the free edge thereof as best shown in Figure 4: of the The freeends of the rods 22 are mounted for slidable movement in the openings so as to allow the door to be arranged to its respective open and closed positions as best shown in Figures 3 and 4 of the drawings, and when the door 2 1 is disposed to its open position, the rods 22 are arranged in alignment with the tracks 20 for the purpose of providing a continuous track-way for a whe l carriage 25 which has depending from its four corners substantially U-shaped hangers 26 through which are passed axles ill! having mounted thereon grooved wheels 27. The grooves of the wheels 27 receive the rods 22 and tracks 20. The forward hangers 26 have their lower ends curved upon themselves in opposed relation with respect to each other in a manner to provide sleeves 28 for receiving the ends of guard strips 29, while the bod portion of the guard strips are disposed about the underside of the rods 22 in a manner to retain the wheels of the carriage on the rods 22 and 21 respectively.
Rising from adjacent the free end of the door 24 are spaced apertured ears 30 between which is ivoted one of the ends of a lever 31 which has its opposite end in pivotal connection with a bell crank lever 32 through the instrumentality of a link 33. The bell crank lever 32 is pivotally secured to one side wall of the housing at the juncture of its respective parts, as best shown in Figure 3, and the arm 34 thereof has pivotally secured thereto one of the ends of a link 35 which has its opposite end pivotally secured to a lever 36.
A lever 36 is pivotally secured adjacent its connection with the link 35 and to the bottom of the housing, while the opposite end of said lever 36 is disposed for pivotally receiving one of the ends of a link 37 which has its opposed end pivotally secured to the underside of the carriage at its forward portion. By this system of levers and links just described, it w1ll be obvious that when the door is disposed to its open position, the carriage will be arranged at its outermost position as shown in Figure 3, and when the door is closed, the levers and links will cause the carriage to be moved to its closed position below the funnel shaped member 18 as shown in Figure 4. The lever 31 has formed at its pivoted end a projection 38 for engagement with the link 33 so that when the door is disposed to closed position, the link and lever will be arranged in alignment for a portion of the closin movement of the door, and in order to brea the pivot between the lever 31 and link 33, I provide a stud 39 which extends inwardly from the side Wall 15 in the path of the link 33.
The portion of the front of the housing which 1s not closed by the door 24 is provided with a wall 40 which may have secured thereto any form of keeper member for receiving a latch or the like carried by the free end of the door and the door is fur ther provided with a handle 41 for operating the same to its perspective positions as will be apparent. The handle may have connection with the latch for operating the latter.
The upper surface of the carriage has rising therefrom and secured thereto a substantially arcuate shape flange 42 which is provided with straight parallel outer ends 43, and this flange is adapted to receive a receptacle 44 in a manner to retain the same in a central position upon the carriage and directly below the bottom of the funnel shape member 18 when the door is arranged to 1ts closed position with the carriage disposed within the housing as shown in Figure 4.
From the above description and disclosure in the drawings, it will be obvious that I have provided a refuse receiving and handling apparatus that can be operated with minimum effort and will retain refuse in a sanitary manner, whereby it can be handled accordingly.
It is thought from the foregoing description that the advanta es and novel features of m invention will e readily apparent.
I esire it to be understood that I may make changes in the construction and in the combination and arrangement of the several parts, provided that such changes fall within the scope of the appended claims.
Vhat I claim is:
An apparatus of the character described comprising a housing, a closure for the top of said housing, a system of levers for actuating said closure, a door for the front wall of said housing, tracks arranged in the bottom of said housing, rods carried by said door and tracks respectively, a carriage mounted for movement on said tracks and rods, means between said door and carriage for moving the latter inand out of said housing, a receptacle carried by said carriage, and a funnel shaped member depending from the top of said housing in a manner to overlie the receptacle'when the carriageis disposed within the housing.
2. A refuse receiving and handling apparatus comprising a housing, a door closing the front of said housing, tracks arranged in the bottom of said housing, rods pivotally secured to said tracks and movable by the opening and closing of said door, a carriage mounted for movement on said tracks and rods respectively, a receptacle carried by said carriage, and means between said door and carriage for moving said carriage in and out of said housing as and for the purpose specified.
3. A refuse receiving and handling apparatus comprising a housing, a door hingedly secured to the bottom of said housing and adapted for closing the front wall thereof, tracks arranged in the bottom of said housing, rods included in said tracks, rods carried by said door and pivotally secured to the rods first mentioned, a carriage mounted for movement on the tracks and rods respectively, a system of levers between said door and bottom of said carriage for moving the latter on said tracks, a receptacle, means for receiving said receptacle and being mounted upon the carriage 'a funnel shaped member arranged in said housing and being disposed above said receptacle when the carriage is arran ge'd in said housing, and a door for closing the top of said housing. I 4. A refuse receiving and handling apparatus of the character described comprising a housing, a closure for the top of said housing foot operated means for actuating said closure, tracks arranged in the bottom of said housing, closing the front wall of said housing and being pivotally secured to the bottom, rods pivotally secured to the rods first mentioned and movable by said door, a carriage, grooved wheels for said carriage and being mounted for movement upon the tracks and rods, a system of levers disposed between said door and carriage respectively for operating said carriage to a position whereby it will be disposed below the closure when the door is in closed position and will be arranged outwardly of the housing when said door is disposed to open position and a receptacle carried by said carriage as and for the purpose specified.
5. A refuse receiving and handling apparatus of the character described comprising a housing adapted to be secured to and dependmg formed in the floor above the housing, foot operated means for actuating said closure, a carriage mounted for movement into and out rods within said tracks, a door for from a floor, a closure for an opening of said housing, a door for closing the front of said housing and means between said door and carriage respectively for operating the latter.
6. A refuse receiving ratus of the character described comprising a housing adapted to be disposed below an opening formed in a floor, a closure for said opening, foot actuated means for controlling said closure, a door for the front wall of said housing, track-ways secured to the bottom of said housing and carried by said door respectively, a carriage, hangers depending from said carriage, groved wheels journaled in said hangers and received by the track-ways, means for retaining said Wheels on said trackways and carried by said carriage, a funnel shaped member depending from the top of said housing, a receptacle-carried by said carriage, and means between said door and carriage for moving the latter and its receptacle into and out of said housing upon the opening and closing 01 said door.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature.
SPENCER E. FINGHY.
and handling appa-