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Publication numberUS1688453 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 23, 1928
Filing dateMay 19, 1926
Priority dateMay 19, 1926
Publication numberUS 1688453 A, US 1688453A, US-A-1688453, US1688453 A, US1688453A
InventorsDemarest Charles S, Loynes Owen H
Original AssigneeAmerican Telephone & Telegraph
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Telephone signaling system
US 1688453 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

PATENT oFFicF..

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CHARLES s. nisianiznscal BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, ASSIGNORS TO AMERICAN NEW JERSEY, AND OWEN H. LOYNES, OF TELEPHONE AND TELEGBAPH COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK.

TELEPHONE SIGNALING SYSTEM.

Application led May 19,

This inventionrelat-esto telephone signaling systems, and more particularly to arrangements for transmitting lsupervisory signals between central oilice stations.

In the operation of a group of telephone cin-,nits by improved traffic methods, a numy ber of supervisory signals 'are required.

Facilities for the transmission of these supervisory signals are sometimes not available, l0 as nlthe-case of radio speech channels; and,

in the case of wire circuits, they cannot alwavs be obtained unless there are sacrificed facilities for the transmission of Morse telegraph signals over the telephone circuits. Furthermore, with the present standard facilities for signaling over voice circuits, certain precautions must be taken in order to guard against interference with the signals by the voice currents, and in order to reduce the interference from other voice circuits and the interference caused in other voice circuits.

It is the object of applicants invention to transmit supervisory signals inv cases in which the facilities cannot be obtained by wire means, as in the case of radio speech channels, and in the case of wire circuits, to transmit such signals without any sacri-y fice ot Morse telegraph facilities and without any of the types of interference inentioneil above.v

Applicants accomplish this object by transmitting all the supervisory signals for a group of voice circuits over a common radio channel between the central office stations The arrangement described below and illustrated diagraniniatically in the accompanyng drawing is one suitable for transmitting by applicants means the signals employed iii the so-called call circuit method of operation, in which one pair of wires sci-ves to carry theY operators service conversation in connection with a. plurality of talking circuit-s used for the subscribers conversation.

`With reference to the accompanying drawing, station A is a telephone central otiice stai ion connected with a distant central 'office station l by ai plurality of voice channels, which may be ordinary wire circuits, carrier circuits, or radio channels. For the sake ol simplicity, the system is shown equipped for operation in the direction station A to sta- 1926. Serial No. 110.251.

tion Bponly, but it is readily understood that in accordance with applicants invention the system ma be equipped for operation in both directions, a separate group of circuits, like those shown, being provided for loperation in the opposite direction. At each station there are means for transmittino radio signals and means for receiving radio signals. At station A, in association with each of the voice channels there is the following apparatus usually found at such stations: a cord for outgoing calls, a jack for outgoing calls, and an annunciator. In addition, at station A there are two sets of means for produc-ing radio signaling current for transmission, and means for suitably tuning the radio receiver. At station B the following vapparatus associated with each ofthe voice channels is usually found at such central oiiice stations: a plug terminating the voice channel, a toll switching trunk, and an annunciator. At station B, in association with each voice channel, there is one set of means for producing radio signaling cur-v rent for transmission, and two sets of means for suitably tuning the receiver. A separate call circuit connects stations A and B, with suitable terminal apparatus at each station, this circuit and its terminal apparatus being well understood in the art.

For each voice channel served, there are required two radio signaling frequencies for signaling in the directionstation A to station B, the signaling current producers associated with that channel at station A producing alternating currents of two predetermined frequencies, and the receiver at station B being correspondingly tuned by the circuits associated with that channel to receive the proper one of these two frequencies at the proper time, as will'be more fully disclosed below. In the opposite direction, station B to station A, one predetermined radio signaling frequency is required.

It is to be understood that only the apparatus associated with one voice channel is shown in full, the apparatus peculiarly associated with the other channels being merely indicated and its connection to the radio transmitting and receiving apparatus shown.

The details of the si naling system will be clearly understood rom the following description of the operation thereof in connection with a call originated at station A and completed at statibn B. The operator at station A uses the call circuit to inform the operator at station B with what subscriber a connection is desired. The station B operator assigns a trunk and notities the operator at station A. The latter then plugs the toll cord arranged for call circuit operation into jack J. Battery from the sleeve of the toll cord causes the operation of relay Y, which in turn, causes the operation of relay C. The operation of relay C connects the oscillator O, which produces a high frequency signaling current, through the tuned circuit D associated with the voice channel under consideration and the common amplilier E to the radio transmitting antenna of station A. The radio signal is received in the receiving antenna at station B, is changed in frequency (an oscillator being associated with the frequency changer), and is passed through the common amplifier F; the tuned circuit G associated with the voice channel under considerationl and the rectier H to relay I, which operates. The operation of relay I completes a grounded circuit through battery including the lamp L associated with the plug P of the incoming circuit, and this lam is lighted. The operator at station B t en inserts the plug P in the toll switching trunk. This connection furnshes ground for the operation of relay K, which operation breaks the circuit including the lamp L and extinguishes the lamp. The insertion of plug P in the toll switching trunk also permits battery to flow from the switching trunk over leads T and R to re-v lay M, causing the operation of this relay. The operation of relay M in turn causes the operation of relay N. The operation of the latter relay connects oscillator O', which produces a high frequency signaling current, through the tuned circuit Gl associated with the voice channel under consideration and the common amplifier F to the transmitting antenna of station B. The radio signal transmitted is received' in the receiving antenna at station A, is changed in frequency, and is passed through the common amplifier E, the tuned circuit D associated with the voice channel under consideration, and the rectifier H to relay Q, which operates. The operation of relay Q, connects a resistance S to ground in parallel with relay Y. The value of resistance S is so chosen with respect to the resistance of relay Y that a marginal` relay in the sleeve of the toll cord inserted in jack J is caused to operate. The operation of this marginal relay lights the supervisory lamp in the toll cord, as is well understood in the art. The lighting of this lamp indicates to the operator at station A that the circuit is connected to the subscriber at station B and is in condition for the transmistion of ringing signals directly to that subscrber. A

The operator at station A then rings on ceived in the receiving antenna of that station, is changed in frequency, and is passed through the common amplifier F, the second tuned circuit G, associated with the voice channel under consideration, and the rectifier Hl to relay W, which operates. The operation of relay in turn causes the operation. of relay The operation of this latter relay connects to the leads T and R the current source and ground indicated in the drawing, transmitting ringing current over these leads directly to the subscribers station. It will be readily understood that the subscriber at station B is rung only while the operator rings at station A.

When the subscriber at station B answers the call, batteryv from the tollswitching trunk is removed from leads T and R, thereby releasing relay'M and, in turn, relay N, the radio signal to station A ceases,.re lay Q, at station A releases, and resistance S is removed from the sleeve of jack J, causing the release of the marginal relay in the toll cord and extinguishing the supervisory lam If? the called subscriber at station B operates his switch hook, relay M. will follow this operation, that is, relay M will be operated when the hook is down and will be released when they-hook is up. From the above description of the operations controlled by relay M, it will be understood that relay N follows the switch hook operations, transmitting radio signal pulses from oscillator O over the radio channel to station A, where the pulses cause the ashing of the supervisory lamp in the toll cord.

When the operator at station A .disconnects the toll cord from the jack J, the radio signal which originated in oscillator O and Was transmitted to station B during the call, is removed. The removal of this -radio signal causes the release at station B of relay I. Since relay K at station B remains operated, the release of relay I will close .the circuit including the lamp L, causin this lamp to light. This lighting of the amp indicates to the operatorat station B that the plug P is to be removed from the toll switching trunk.

It is to be understood that only such partial or schematical disclosure in the drawing of the toll cord circuits at stations A and B is made as appears to be necessary to an understanding of applicants invention. l1`urtl1ermore, the call circuit, which 'is an element Well understood in the art, is shovrn with its terminal apparatus merely 1n scliematical form.

While applicants invention has been disclosed in one specific embodiment which is deemed desirable, it is to be understood that it is capable of embodiment in many other and different formswitliout a departure from the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. In a telephone system including two central office stations and a voice channel connecting said stations, means at each station for transmitting radio signals, means at each station for receiving radio signals, a cord at the first station for outgoing calls, a jack for outgoing calls, terminating the voice channel at the first station, a plug terminating the voice channel at the se^ond station, a switching trunk associated with the voice channelat the second station, an annunciator at each station, a yfirst means at the first station for producing signaling current of a first certain frequency, a second means at the first station for producing signaling current of a second certain frequency, a first means at the second station for tuning the signal receiving means at said station to the first frequency produced at the first station, a second means at the second station for tuning said signal receiving means to the second, frequency produced at the first station, means at the second station for producing signaling current of a certain frequency, means at the first station for timing the signal receiving means at said station to the :freqency produced at the second station, automatic means at the first station, responsive to the connection of the cord and the jack, 'for connecting the first current producing means to the radio signal transmitting means at said station, automatic means at the second station Jr'or operating the annunciator at, said station in response to a radio signal initiated in said first current producing means at the first station, automatic means at the second station, responsive to the connection of the plug and the switching trunk, for terminating the operation of said annunciator, automatic means at the second station, responsive to the connection of the plug and the switching trunk, for connecting the current producing means tofthe radio signal transmitting means at said station, automatic means at the first stationnfor o erating the annunriator at said station in response to a radio signal received from the second station, automatic means at the first station, responsive to ringing current introduced over the cord, for connecting the second current producing means to the radio signal transmitter at said station,'automatic meansat the second station for producing ringing current in the voice channel at said station in response to -a radio signal initiated in said second current producing means at the first station, and automatic means at the second station for re-operating the annunciator at said station in response to the termination of the radio signal initiated by the first current producing means at the first station. v

2. In a telephone system including two cent-ral office stations and a voice channel connecting said stations, an auxiliary call circuit connecting said stations, means at each station fort-ransmitting radio signals, means at each station for receiving radio signals, a cord at the first station for outgoing calls, a jack for outgoing calls, terminating the voice channel at the first station, a plug terminating the voice channel at the second station, a switching trunk associated with the voice channel at the second station, an annunciator at each station, a first means at the first station for producing signaling current of a first certain frequency, a second means at the first station for producing signaling current of a second certain frequency, a first means at the second station for tuning the signal receiving means at said station to the first frequency produced at the first station, a second means at the second station for tuning said signal receiving means to the second'frequency produced at the first station, means at the second station for producing signaling current of a certain frequency, means at the firststation for tuning the signal receiving means at said station to the frequency produced at the second station, automat-ic means at the first station, responsive to the connection of the cord and the jack, for connecting theI first current producing means to the radio signal transmit-ting means at said station, automatic means at the second station for operating the annunciator at said station in response to a radio signal initiated in said first current producing means at the firststation, automatic means at the second station, responsive to the connection of the plug and the switching trunk, for terminating the operation of said annunciator, automatic means at the second station, responsive to the connection of the plug and the switching trunk, for connecting the current producing means to the radio signal transmitting means atsaid station, automatic means at the first station for operating the annunciator at said station in response to a radio signal received from the second station, automatic means at the first station, responsive to ringing current introduced over the cord, for connecting the second current producing means to the radio signal transmitter at said station, autochannels connecting said stations, means at.k

matic-means `at the second station for producing ringing current 1n the voice channel at said station 1n response to a radio signal initiated in said second current producing' means at the first station, and automatic means at the second station for ree-operating the annunciator at said station in response to the termination of the radio signal initiated by the first current producing means at the 'first station.

3. In a telephone system including two central ofiice stations and a plurality o voice each station for transmitting radio signals, means at each station for receiving radio signals, and the following elements and means associated with cach voice channel at their respective stations: a cord at the first station for outgoing calls, a jack for outgoing calls, terminating the voice channel at the first station, a plug terminating the voice channel at the second station, a switching trunk associated with the voice channel .,at the second station, an annunciator at each station, a first means at the first station for producing signaling current of a first certain frequency peculiar to said station and to the voice channel, a second means at the first station for producing signaling current of a second certain frequency peculiar to said station and to the voice channel, a first means at the second station for tuning the signal receiving means at said station to the first frequency produced at the first station and peculiar to the voice channel, a second means at the second station 'for tuning said signal receiving means to the second frequency produced at the first station and peculiar to the voice channel, means at the second station for producing signaling current of a frequency peculiar to said station and to the voice channel, means at the first `station for tuning the signal receiving means at said station to the fre! plug and the switching trunk, for terminating lthe operation of said annunciator, automatic means at the second station, responsive to the connection of'the plug and the switching trunk, for connecting the current producing means to the radio signal transmitting Imeans at said station, automatic means at the first station for operating the annunciator at said station in response to a radio signal received from the second station, automatic means at the first station, responsive to ringing current introduced over the cord, for connecting the second current producing means to the radio signal transmitter at said station, automatic means at the second station for producing ringing current in the voice channel at said station in response to a radio signal initiated in said second current producing means at thc first station, and automatic means at the second station for re-opcrating the annunciator at said station in response to the termination of the radio signal initiated by the first current producing means at the first station.

4. In a telephone system includin two central oflice stations and a plurality of voice channels connect-ing said stations, an auxiliary call circuit connecting said stations, means at each station for transmitting radio signals, means at each station for receiving radio signals, and the following elements and means associated with each vvoice channel at their respective stations: a cord at the first station for outgoing calls a ack for outgoing calls, terminating the voice channel at the first station, a plug terminating the voice channel at the second station, a switching trunk associated with the voice channel at the second station, an annunciator at each station, a first means at the first/ station for producing signaling current of a first certain frequency peculiar to said station and to the voice channel, a second-means at the first station for producing signaling current of a second certain frequenc peculiar to said station and to the voice c annel, a first means at the second station for tuning the signal receiving means at said station to the first frequency produced at the first st-ation and peculiar to the voice channel, a secondl means at the second station for tuning said signal receiving means to the second frequency produced at the first station and peculiar to the voice channel, means at the second station for producing signaling current of a frequenc peculiar to said station and to the voice channel, means at the first station for tuning the signal receiving means atfsaid station to the frequency produced at the second station and peculiar to the voice channel, automatic means at the first'sta- RID tion, responsive to the connection of the cord v and the jack, for connecting the first current producing means to the radio signal transmitting means at said station, automatic means at lthe second station for operating the annunciator at said station in response to a radio signal initiated in said first current producing means at the first station, automatic means at the second station, responsive to the connection of the plug and the switching trunk, for terminating the operation of' said annunciator, automatic means at the second station, responsive to the connection of the plug and the switching trunk, for connecting the current producing means to the radio signal transmitting means at said station, automatic means at the first station for operating the annunciator at said station in response to a radio signal received from the second station, automatic means at the first station, responsive to ringing current introduced over the cord, for connecting the second current producing means to the radio signal transmitter at said station, automatic means at the second station for producin ringing current in the voice channel at said station in response to a radio signal initiated in said second current producing means at the first station, and automatic means at the second station for reoperating the annunciator at said station in response to the termination of the radio signal initiated by the first current producing means at the first station. l

In testimony whereof2 we have signed our names to this specification -this 18th day of May 1926.

CHARLES S. DEMAREST. OWEN H. LOYNES.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2454498 *Feb 20, 1947Nov 23, 1948Gen Telephone CorpSignaling and control system for carrier telephone trunk circuits
US2457434 *Feb 20, 1947Dec 28, 1948Gen Telephone CorpSignaling system for two-way dialing over radio and carrier telephone circuits
US2483732 *Dec 18, 1947Oct 4, 1949Bell Telephone Labor IncSignaling circuit
US2510046 *Apr 18, 1947May 30, 1950Zenith Radio CorpRadio-wire signaling system
US2523914 *May 9, 1947Sep 26, 1950Automatic Elect LabRadiotelephone system
US2545894 *May 9, 1947Mar 20, 1951Parker Bessie SNoninterceptive radio communication system
US2547598 *Sep 13, 1947Apr 3, 1951Zenith Radio CorpSubscription image transmission system and apparatus
US2564048 *Sep 16, 1948Aug 14, 1951Automatic Elect LabCarrier and radio termination for telephone circuits
US2564660 *Aug 2, 1946Aug 21, 1951Allen Ollie JMeans for interconnecting radio and telephone systems
US2570209 *May 1, 1948Oct 9, 1951Zenith Radio CorpTelevision program metering system
US2610256 *Nov 5, 1949Sep 9, 1952Standard Telephones Cables LtdDial set for carrier or 2-wire lines
US2655652 *Jun 28, 1948Oct 13, 1953Homrighous John HMultiplex time division telephone systems
US2938081 *Dec 27, 1952May 24, 1960Gen ElectricSelective transmission system for telephonic ringing
US7960447Apr 13, 2006Jun 14, 2011Bausch & Lomb IncorporatedCationic end-capped siloxane prepolymer for reduced cross-link density
WO2007121084A1 *Apr 3, 2007Oct 25, 2007Bauch & Lomb IncCationic end-capped siloxane prepolymer for reduced cross-link density
Classifications
U.S. Classification455/560, 379/226, 455/567, 379/230
International ClassificationH04M11/00
Cooperative ClassificationH04M11/00
European ClassificationH04M11/00