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Publication numberUS1689161 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 23, 1928
Filing dateNov 6, 1925
Priority dateNov 6, 1925
Publication numberUS 1689161 A, US 1689161A, US-A-1689161, US1689161 A, US1689161A
InventorsSkultin Charles A
Original AssigneeSkultin Charles A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Highway crossing
US 1689161 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 23, 1928.

C. A. SKULTIN HIGHWAY CROSSING Filed Nov. 1925 2 Sheets-Sheet INVENTOR BY I v Oct. 23, 1928. 1,689,161

c. A. 'SKULTIN HIGHWAY CROSSING Filed Nov. 1925 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR ATTORNEY Patented 0a. 23, 1928.


HIGHWAY Application filed November This invention relates to a crossing structure, and more particularly to what I term a highway crossing.

One of the main objects of the invention is to provide a crossing structure adapted for use at the intersection of roads or streets and so constructed as to permit travel of traffic in various directions without interference. "A further object is to provide a crossing of this type of comparatively simple construction and which may be readily installed. Further objects will appear from the detailed description.

In the drawings: 7

Figure 1 is a perspective view of my cross ing as applied.

Figure 2 is a diagrammatic plan view of the structure.

Figure 3 is a diagrammatic plan view of one of the corner portions of the structure.

Figure 4 is a diagrammatic plan view of a modified form.

The crossing includes a plurality of corner structures 1 each of which is provided with an inclined approach 2 leading from the road level and with diverging arms 3 and 3. The arms 3 of the respective corner structures are connected by viaducts 4 to arms 3 of adjacent structures. Each corner structure is further provided with two inclined passages 5 extending downwardly and inwardly from the arm 3 the lower ends of these passages being at road level and positioned beneath the viaduct's 4 connecting arm 3 of the adjacent corner structure to the arm 3 of the succeeding structure. Passages 5 are spaced apart, the space between these passages forming a supplemental passage 6. The space between the upper end of the innerpassage 5 is unobstructed to provide an opening or way 7 which permits vehicles travelling down the inner passage 5 to enter the supplemental passage 6, these vehicles passing upon one of the roadways beneath the "structure. The space between the inner side of the outer passage 5 and the ground is closed by a wall 8 so as to prevent the vehicle from passing from the supplemental passage 6 beneath the outer passage 5. v

The arm 3 of each corner structure is provided with suitable signs or markings such as Left, Thru, and Right.

The crossing is erected at an intrsection of roads or streets the reads'A and B leading to and from the crossing at opposite sides thereof and the roads C and D leading CROSSING.

6, 1925. Serial No. 67,405.

from and to the other sides of the crossing.

A vehicle approaching the crossing from the roadway A it will follow tlie Thru path over arm 3 and viaduct 4 and will travel down the outer passage 5 from which it will pass onto the extension A of roadway A, beneath viaduct 4 extending from arm 3 of the succeeding corner structure, and thence along extension A onto roadway A.' If it is desired to make a left turn the vehicle will follow the Left path travelling down the lnner passage 5 and pass through the opening or way 7 into the supplemental passage 6 between the passages 5 extending from the adjacent corner structure, from which supplemental passage it will pass beneath the viaduct 4 of the next succeedingcorner structure and thence onto the roadway G, thus completing the left hand turn. If it is desired to turn around so as to travel in the opposite direction upon B, the vehicle will travel in the direction to make a left hand.

the opposite direction thereon from its original direction of travel. The roads D and C are provided with extensions D and C corresponding to the extensions A and B of roads A and B, so that vehicles enterin upon the corner structure at any corner t ereof can readily make the various turns described.

It will be noted that by constructing and arranging the various elements of the crossing in the manner illustrated and described, a vehicle traveling in any direction can enter upon and travel over and through the crossing structure makinga turn in any direction desired without cutting across or in anyway interfering with the traific upon the roads and the extensions thereof or upon the crossing structure itself. The vehicle when leaving any of the passages or approaches of the crossing will be travelling with. the traflic, thus avoiding traflic congestion and eliminating one of the chief causes of accidents. By

. is inten using thiscrossin accidents are eliminated and dela in tra c is avoided, rendering it possible or vehicles to safely travel at higher speed than is now possible without a structure of this character.

In Figures 2 and 3 I have indicated by different types of arrows the various paths of travel of vehicles through and over the struc ture, which will be clear by reference to Figure 1. In Figure 4 I have shown-a slightly modified form of the device in which but two corner structures are employed, these structures bein provided with the diverging arms and lnclined approaches, one of the structures only being provided with the passages 5 spaced apart to provide the supplemental assage 6. This form of the crossing ded for use where one road meets but does not cross another road or street The use of this modified form of crossing is the same as of the form illustrated and described in connection with Figures l to 3 inclusive and need not be described in detail.

What Iclaim is:

- 1. In a crossing, a plurality of corner structures, the corner structures being provided withinclined approaches having arms diverging inwardly of the crossing, viaducts conthe space between the two passages forming v a sugplemental passage.

2. n a crossing, a plurality of corner structures, the corner structures being provided with inclined approaches having arms diverging inwardly of the crossing, viadiicts connecting the adjacent arms of adjacent structures, a passage extending from each viaduct downwardly and inwardly of the crossing toward the next succeeding viaduct and having its lower end at road level, the space between the upper portion of said passage and the ground being open to permit vehicles to pass beneath said upper portion ofthe passage. In testimony whereof I aflix my signature.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2642788 *Apr 21, 1948Jun 23, 1953Earle Andrews WilliamTunnel portal construction
US2941454 *Oct 21, 1957Jun 21, 1960Olivero Cedeno ArturoTraffic intersection
US2946267 *Oct 7, 1957Jul 26, 1960Olivero Cedeno ArturoTraffic intersection
US2949067 *May 24, 1957Aug 16, 1960Olivero Cedeno ArturoTraffic intersection
US4630961 *Feb 29, 1984Dec 23, 1986Horst HellwigTraffic intersection
US6685386 *May 18, 2000Feb 3, 2004Jang Hee LeeIntersection system
US7234891 *Oct 14, 2005Jun 26, 2007Tsukinada Kensetsu Kabushiki KaishaMulti-level road intersection
US7425104 *Oct 8, 2004Sep 16, 2008Stanislovas ButeliauskasRoad junction
US20040184879 *Mar 16, 2004Sep 23, 2004Winkler Gary E.Roadway system interchange
US20060099029 *Mar 9, 2003May 11, 2006Moshe HazanTraffic junction with separate driving lanes
US20070086855 *Oct 14, 2005Apr 19, 2007Tsukinada Kensetsu Kabushiki KaishaMulti-level road intersection
US20130259566 *Mar 27, 2012Oct 3, 2013Nazeeh OudehRoad and freeway interchange
CN101761006BNov 19, 2008Jul 3, 2013莫崧桂Improved tunnel concave bridge of traffic hub system for keeping intersection simultaneously smooth in sixteen directions
WO2006004384A1 *Oct 8, 2004Jan 12, 2006Stanislovas ButeliauskasRoad junction
WO2012127259A1 *Mar 23, 2011Sep 27, 2012Exeq SaFlyover bridge for a road intersection
U.S. Classification404/1, 104/124, 14/78
International ClassificationE01C1/04, E01C1/00
Cooperative ClassificationE01C1/04
European ClassificationE01C1/04