|Publication number||US1689642 A|
|Publication date||Oct 30, 1928|
|Filing date||Mar 14, 1927|
|Publication number||US 1689642 A, US 1689642A, US-A-1689642, US1689642 A, US1689642A|
|Inventors||George W. Bappteyea|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (13), Classifications (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
G. W. RAPPLEYEA SEGTIONAL BUILT PORTABLE HOUSE Filed March 14. 1927 5 Sheets-Sheet 37.
Inventor geozye 71f Raga/ 4 Attornqy Del. 30, 1928.
G. W. RAPPLEYEA SECTIONAL BUILT PORTABLE HOUSE Filed March 14. 1927 3 Shuts-Sheet Get. 305' 1928.
I G. W. RAPPLEYEA SEGTIONAL BUILT PORTABLE nousm Filed March 14. 1927 s Sheets-Sheet a weather boarding,
Patented Oct. 30,1928.
I U'NI-TEDE STA PATENTO'FFICE.
'enoncn w mrnnrnn, or new entrants-Louisiana.
sEO'rIONAL-BUILT. ronrnnnn nousn,
Application filed-March 1 4 1927. Serial No. 175,189.
The present invention relates a structure commonly vknown in the trade as a sectional built'portable house; that is,,a house. whlch is assembled from pre-formed units and sections. I
I am aware, of course, that 1t is not broadly new in ms art to provide ready made frames and in fact completely assembled units ready for erection on the t For t 1 is reason, I would state that the alleged novelty in the present invention is d rected to. specific improvementsin certain of the each other as to provide. an exceptionally .'part.-, An outstanding advantage of theinventlon,
is in the corner postconst'ruction,
bottom and pinned the corner recessed at its to mortised sills, the arrangement being such that spreading of the parts is prevented and weight and stresses :and. strains evenly d1stributed so that the bulkfof the weight 15 brought to bear upon sturdy concrete tion piers,such as are provided.
' A further feature of construction is derived from theuse of specially designed frames, constructed -to facilitate, application of the posts being to facilitate mounting of windows. 7
A further advantage is derived from the association of the end frames at the corners of the building, which are arranged to receive the corner posts, the latter being properly bolted'in place, in order to secure a r1g1d assembly of parts.
which cooperates with certain details A further feature and advantage is derived from the provision of ledge forming strips which are carried by the sills and central stringers, in the floor construction and which serve to operate as rests for the end portions of the joists which support the sub-flooring.
A-still further structural feature is a tie strip which serves to connect the upper. end portions of the wall frames, together, and in the roof construction. I
Other features and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description anddrawings.
In the accompanying drawings:
Figure 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of'the outstanding features of construction, showin them in assembled relationship to clearly ring out the alleged novelty.
strip. details, these being-so. made and associatedwith foundainteriorwall boarding, or
Figure 2 is a side elevation of a cornerportion of the structure with the boarding removed.
' Figure 3 is a section at right angles to Figure 2, the section being on the line I 3+3 of Figure 2. t
Figure 4 is an enlarged detail horizontal section on the line 4-4 of Figure 2. v
Fi re 5 is a section through one of the sills, showing one end of a joist resting on the ledge Figure spective view structlon.
6 is an enlarged fragmentaryper j showing the sill and post con Figure 7 is asectional and-elevationalview.
showlng the gable roof. construction. Figure 8 is a view somewhat.like Figu re5,.- showing, how the joist cooperates with; the central stringer in the floor construction. Z
Figure a fragmentary elevational view, showing a-gfspecial ,bolt connection between; side frames and roof. I
Figure 10 is aperspective View. of. spe; J i
cialbolt r In carrying out the invention, -I'employ a plurality of like frames. For, "instance," as
shownin Figure-2, by the reference character 1. It is of general. rectangularconfiguration, andcomprises a pair of vertical timbers 2, central timber 3 of corresponding proportion, and connecting cross pieces 4:. In addition .I provide hori-' zontal top and bottom bars 5 and 6, respeetively, the bar- 6 being preferably spaced abovethe lower end of the vertical timbers 2. These various partsare secured'together in any approprlate manner, and the frame is ready made at the factory. In practice these frames are set in side by side relation and bolted together in this relationship by the bolts 7 as shown in Figure 2. However, I prefer to provide a. tie strip for connecting the top port ons of the frame together, this being each frame is designated:
bolted in place by an appropriate arrangement of bolts. The lower ends of the vertical t1mber s2 are notched and adapted tofit over a comp-lemental supporting sill 8, which is placed upon the concrete or brick piers 9. The
sills, of course, assume the customary posiwhich is 1 ill! I are tied '10 the building are portions are disposed in overlapping relation, to provide a mortised joint. Incidentally .these extensions are formed with openings, and a connecting pin 9 is fitted therein. In this connection, it will be noted that the pin extends or projects above the top edges of the sill. Closely associated with the pin and the sill is the vertical corner post 11, which as before indicated is provided with a rightangular vertically elongated recess 12, in-one corner. This recess is of a. proportion to fit down over the connected end portions of the sill and when the top of the recess rests upon the upper edges of the sill, the extended portion of the pin 9 goes into a socket 13 provided for this purpose. The recess 12 is accurately pro rtioned with respect to the .sides of the sill, so that the corner posts may rest down on the concrete pier instance, in Figure 3. In this way, the sills together and the post is coupled to them, and part of the Weight from the post is on the sills and part on the concrete piers. Consequently, it is uniformly distributed, and
p 25 strain and breakage is decidedly lessened.
Attention is invited to Figure 4, wherein it will be seen that-n cornenconstruction ofqlthe building is shown. As is obvious, the endmost frames 1, on the respective side walls of arranged in the relationship shown, in order to accommodate the square post. Boththe bottom and the top bolts 14 and 15 are assed through the vertical end timbers of t e respective frames 1, and the t 11. They are arranged in intersecting reation to provide a good tight joint. Of course, an appropriate cornice 15 is provided here to conceal theimeeting edges of the parts and to provide a weather proof joint.
onsidering now the construction of the floor, it will be seen that the customary central stringer 16 (seeFigure 1) is provided and extending from -opposite sides of this at'right angles thereto are the joists 17. Considering these parts carefully, it will be noted that on opposite longitudinal sides are ledge strips 18, an above these are small vertical cleats 19, the cleats being arranged in pairs to provide sprockets for reception of the adjacent end of t e joist. This same arrangement of details serves to provide a means for guiding the joists so that they are uniformly spaced apart, properly distributed and readily assembled. By directing attention now to Figure 5, it will be seen that appropriate supporting blocks or strips 20 are fastened to the inner sides of the sills 88 in such position as to raise the upper edges of the joist 17 to the approximate elevation shown. This arrangement, it is believed, transfers the stress and strain in a manner to prevent outward pushing of, the sills from the weight of the flooring. In the drawings, I have merely shown the subfiooring 21 which may be of any appropriate con struction.
as shown, for
The construction I customary lines of construction. As observed in Figure 1, for instance, I show a gable roof construction, which includes. central ridge piece with inclined beams 23 extending downwardly therefrom and connecting with horizontal rafters 24. In this connect-ion, it will be noted that the lower ends of the beams are cut to provide appropriate joints. Moreover the outer ends of the rafters rest upon the aforesaid tie strip which is bolted to the top bars of the aforesaid frame. If desired, a facing and frieze forming board 25 may be employed and nailed over the meeting edges of the tie strips and top bars of the frames to conceal these. Also, in order to insuretight connection between the beams and the tie strips, I provide L-shaped connecting bolts 26 which assume the relationship shown in 'Figure 9. The rafters and beams are connected together by vertical struts 27 and diagonal bracing-presses 28. Moreover the beams 23 are provided with small cleats 29 withwh-ich the purlins 30 are connected. The sheathing boards 31 are laid in the customary manner, and the shingles 32 are fastened thereto as usual. Of course, to complete the exterior of the roof construction, a ridge cap 33 is provided at the apex.
In finishing off the frame work, weather boards 34 are nailed to the exterior side of the aforesaid frames 1, windows 35 are arranged at appropriate points. In addition, wall and ceilin boards 36 are fastened to the inner side of the frame and are joined together by. panels 37. Customary wash boards 38. and molding 39 are provided at the bottom. It is particular advantageous in making a frame of a construction ready for erection, nailing the weather board on the outside, the wall board on the inside and so constructing the frame to dispose the braces and parts thereof in a position to permit windows to be mounted-in the proper frame, whereby an entire section comprising weather boards, windows, wall boards, and trim may be furnished ready for installing.
While it is of no unusual importance, I prefer to employ an outside casin board as indicated at 40, (see Figure 1 this being formed with an apron 41. This board goes against the sill and lower weather board to conceal the joint structure and to give the outside of the structure a pleasing appearance.
Before concluding the description, I wish to point out that corner post constructions, such as are'employed at the present day by the majority of builders consist of a simple four by four timber which is bolted to the outside walls, thesills abutting up against the corner osts. Because of the Weight on the floor joists the push the sill outward or away from, the building. This is of the roof is along the joists have a tendency to prevented, in a measure, by the I adjacent ends notched to outside wall sections which are bolted tothe corner posts, but this places an undue strain on the bolt and is a weak point in the design of sectional built portable houses. The improvement referred to in the outset of the description locks the sills and prevents them from being spreaded or pushed out from the building. It permits the: sills'to'meet, and they can therefore be mortised and notched together and thereby makes a much more rigid and dependable joint construction. In the past, if the sills were jointed or notched, the corner post had to set on top of the sills, and if the corner post set on the foundation, then the sill could not meet. This improvement makes an interlocking corner post which securely locks the sills strain or outward bulging. "It also eliminates the use of tie rods and turn buckles for tying the sills together.
It is believed that by considering the description in connectlon with the drawing, a
clear understanding of the invention wlll be had. Therefore, a more lengthy description isthought unnecessary. Minor changes coming within'the field of invention claimed may be resorted to, if desired.
I claim: I 1. In a structure of the class described, in combination, a supporting pier, a pair of right angularly disposed provide extensions,
having its and having a recess on oneside forming a in place and prevents sins having their class described,
adj acent'ends notched to provide extensions, and to form interlocking connections, a connecting pin extending extensions and projecting above the upper edges of the sills, a vertically extending post lower end resting on said pier,
pocket for reception of adjacent end portions of the sills, said post having an additional socket receiving the upper projecting end of said pin,
and the .vertical end ing through the post frames for connecttimbers of the respective ing the three parts together.
whereof I afiix my signature.
In testimony RGE W. BAPPLEYEA.
pier, a pair or right angularly extending sills having their through the respective.
whereby said sills and postsare tied together and the stress and strain space there- I "between, intersecting connectlng bolts pass-
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