US 1690614 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
S. BOWER Nov0 6, 1928.
HANGER 2 Sheets-Sheet 11 Filed Dec. l', 1926 ijf? INVENTR TTORNEY ,j
Nov. 6, 1928. 1,690,614
s. laowERV HANGER Filed Dec. 1, 1926 2 SheQts-Sheet 2 Patented Nov. .6, 1928.
l UNI-TED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
SIGM'UND BOWER, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO CHARLES G.
HENSLEY, F BROOKLYN, NEW YORK.
Application led December` 1, 1926. Serial No; 152,004,
My invention relates to hangers and especially to hangers for hanging up 'Igarments such as coats, suits and dresses. he principal object of my invention is to provide a hanger having a hook for engaging a support,
for preventing the hook from disengaging from the line.' With the ordinary coat hanger having an open hook, when it is desired to hang a garment on a clothes line, especially if the clothes line be out of doors, the hook,
as the hanger and garment swing, is likely to disengage 'from theline, so that both the hanger andgarment fall on the ground. In some cases string is used to tie the hook upon the line to prevent this result, but this operation is tediousand annoying. lVith the present device it is possible to apply the hanger withthe garment to a clothes line, with the assurance that the hanger will not disengage from the line, even though it is caused to swayas thegarment is blown about. Another advantage of the present invention is that thedevice associated with the hook enages the line by a gripping action so that if the clothes line is of the pulley type the hanger will travel with the line, so that it may be caused to travel toward or away from the point at which the hanger is applied to the line and remain in fixed osition as regards the line. In the fullest em odiment of my invention the device is so made as to permit it to be used as a plain hook hanger where that is desirable.
In the drawings forming part of this application,
Figure 1 is an elevation of a hanger embodylng my invention in one form,
Figure `2 is a sectional view taken on the line' 2-2 of Figure 1, l
Figure 3 is a sectional view taken on the line 3 3 of Figure 1,
Figure 4 is an elevation of the hook member showing the parts in position to receive the clothesline,
Figure 5 is a perspective view of the clamping member detached from the hook, y
Figure 6 is a view similar to Figure 1, showing my invention in another form,
Figure 7 is a sectional view thereof, taken on the line 7 -7 of Figure 6,
Figure 8 is a sectional view taken Von the line 8-8 of Fi re 6,
Figure 9' is an e evation of the hook showing he clamp member in position to receive the ine,
Figure 10 is a view of the hook showing the locking member thrown out 0f position for the hook to be applied to a bar, and such as a clothes line, and also having means u Figure 11 is a perspective view of the locl ing member.
I will first describe the form of my invent1on shown in Figures l to 5 inclusive. There in I have shown an arched member 1 adapted to receive and hold. a garment and which member conforms with the garment member of clothes hangers now in general use. This member may be made of metal or wood and so far as my present invention is concerned, it may take various forms and shapes. While I have shown this member as adapted for receiving coats, suits and the like, it will be obvious Ithat the same may be constructed to hold trousers and similar garments. The hook member 2 in the form illustrated in these views is shown as formed of stiff wire having one end 3 attached to the garment holding lmember 1, preferably at the center of the latter. This hook member extends upwardly at 4 from the garment holding member and is then curved to produce a hook 5 of arched shape, having a free end 6 disposed at one' side of the vertical line of the portion 4. This hook member is similar to the corresponding member of garment hangers now in use and it is adapted to perform the same function; that is, to engage a line or bar for the purpose of supporting the garment holding member in a horizontal position, suspended from the line or bar. There is shown a clamp or stra 7 surrounding the hook member adjacent t e upper end of the straight portion 4 and the free ends of this clamp are provided with apertures 8 in which is pivoted the eye 9 of the lockingmember, rlhis locking member in the particular form referred to, comprises a comparatively stiff wire eX- tendino u wardly at 10 thence it loops at 11 or bens back upon itself to form a return run 12 which is shown parallel with the upwardly extending portion 10. The wire is then arched at 13 t0 form an upwardly extending portion 14 spaced from the portions 10, 12 and again the wire is bent or looped at 15 to form a return run 16, which lies par- 1 allel with and adjacent the portion 14. The
the portions 10, 12 of the locking member and also by the portions 14, 16 of the locking member.
In using the hanger, the garment may be applied to the member 1, either before the hanger is placed on the line or after. When the device is to be applied to a clothes line or other support 17 the locking member is swung to the position shown in Figure 4y where the loop 1l rests against the turned end 6 of the hook member, with the portions 14, 16 of the locking member projecting beyond the end of the hook and leaving the space 18 open for the reception of the clothes line 17. The clothes line is now inserted into this space or crotch` between the portions 14, 16 and 10, 12 of the locking member, and then the locking member is swung into the vertical position shown in Figure 1, so that the clothes line is pressed between the loop 13 of the locking member and in the opposite direction the pressure is exerted by the hook member 5, so thatwhen the locking member and line arrive at the position shown in Figure 1, gripping pressure is exerted by the locking member and hook, suiicient to grip the line. In this condition the hanger will not be dislodged from the line, even though the garment sways in the wind, because the supporting hook is firmly gripped and is prevented from disengaging from the line. If the clothes line is of the pulley type, the hanger may be attached at one end of one run of the line and when the latter is reeled out the hanger will travel with the line and again when the action is reversed, the hanger will be brought back to the place of attachment. There is sufficient resiliency in the hook member 5 and the clamping member to cause these parts to resiliently grip the line without in- ]ury to the latter, and at the same time prevent displacement of the hanger.
In the device just described, the weight of the garment on the hanger exerts an upward pressure on the hook member 5 and tends to l release the gripping pressure upon the line by increasing the space between the hook member and the loop 13 of the locking member, if the garment is heavy. To avold this, I have shown in Figures 6 to 11 inclusive another form of my mvention in which this result may be avoided. In this construction, the arment member 1 may be the same as in the rst form. The hook member is attached at one end to the garment member and extends upwardly at 19 and is then curved or looped at 20 to form an eye for the pivotal connection of the lock'mg member. From the eye the wire is arched at 21 to form the hook, and the free end 22 of this hook is preferably attened in substantially spear shape, as shown in Figure 8, to form a'widened portion which is of greater width then the adjacent or round portion of the wire. The locking member in this form comprises, preferably, a wire which is bent to form a loop or eye 23 which passes through the eye 20 of the hook member to pivotallyconnect the locking member and hook member to each other. The locking member comprises upwardly extending, nearly parallel arms 24 which straddle the hook member 21 and these arms are curved at 25 and the ends-26 are di` rected downwardly and also straddle the hook member 21. In using this form of the invention, the locking member is swung to the position shown in Figure 9 where the flattened member 22 by reason of its width, Jforms a stop which is engaged by the arms 24 of the locking member, so that this locking member is supported in the position shown in Figure 9, with the arms 26 extending beyond the free end of the hook member to provide a space 27 for the reception of the clothes line. The clothes line is inserted in this space and is pushed up into the loops 25 of the locking, lmember and then the locking member is swung to the left in Figure 9, carrying the clothes line with it until the position shown in Figure 6 is reached. The spacing of the hook member 21 and the loops 25 of the locking member is normally less than the thickness of the clothes line, so that when the locking member is moving from the position shown in Figure 9 to that of Figure 6, the hook and locking members exert opposite pressure upon the line and cause it to be gripped, as shown in Figure 6, between the top of the hook member and the inner sides of the loops 25 of the locking member. With the hanger supported from the line as shown in Figure 16, the weight of the garment is exerted through the vertical portion 19 of the hook member, thence through the locking member 24 and the line 17, and this force or pressure will not release the gri of the hook and locking member, as might the case in the first construction. While the device is intended for the special purpose described, nevertheless it may be used as a common hanger by throwing the lcking member out of act-ion. This may be desirable when the hanger is to be supported on a clothes bar, as for inst-ance in a clothes room where the locking feature is not necessarily used. In this case the locking member may be thrown back to the position shown in Figure 10, so that the hook 21 may be engaged over a supporting bar or rail 30.
From the above it will be apparent that I have provided very simple and efficient means for fastening a hanger to a line, one which will prevent the accidental or unintentional disengagement of the hanger from the line.
Having described myI invention, what I claim is:
1. hanger of the character described, comprising a garment holding member, a supporting hook therefor for engaging a support such as a line, a pivotal locking member lll) " ed to rock from a point adjacent the center of curvature of said hook, said locking member co-operating with said hook to grip the line between them for the purpose set forth.
3. A hanger of the character described, comprising a garment holding member, a supporting hook therefor, forengaging a line, a pivoted locking member having arms` straddling said hook member and provided with loops to receive therein a supporting line, said locking member and said hook gripping the line between them by resilient pressure for the purpose set forth.
4. A hanger of the character described, comprising a garment holding member, a supporting member therefor extending .upwardly from the garment holding member, thence bent to form an eye, thence arched to form a supporting hook, a locking member pivoted in said eye and having a hook portion cooperating with said first hook to clamp the line between them.
5. A hanger of the character described,
comprising a garment holding member, a
supporting member there for, comprising an arch hook having an enlargement on' its free end, a pivotal clamping member comprlsing aloop portion straddling said hook, said enlargement being adapted to arrest said clamping member in position to receive the line 1n its loop portion, said clamping member and said hook co-operatng to clamp a line between them.
6. A hanger of the character described,
4comprising a garment holding member, a
supporting member therefor extending upwardly from the garment holding member,
and bent to form an eye, thence bent to form an arched hook, a clamping member formed from a wire bent to form a loop pivotally connected with said eye, and to provide upwardly extending arms straddling said hook member, and thence curvedto provide engaging loo s and downwardly V extending arms, the oop portions of said clamping member, and said hook member co-operating to grilp a line between them.
' 7. hanger of the character described comprising a garment holding member, a supporting member therefor extending upwardly from the garment holding member and bent to form a hook, said hook being made of resilient material, and a locking member co-operatino with said hook to clamp a member such as alline between them.
8. A hanger of the character described comprising a garment holding member, a supporting member therefor bent to form an arched hook and made from resilient material, and a. locking member made from resilient material-and co-operating with said hook to clamp between the'm a line or other support by resilient pressure.
9. A hanger of the class described comprising a garment holding member, a supporting member therefor, extending upwardly from the garment holding member, and bent to form an arched hook adapted to hang upon aline or other support, and to extend downwardly on either side thereof, and a hinged locking member having aloop to receive said line 0r support and co-operating with said --hook to lock said line or support between lthem.
10. A hanger of the character described comprising a garment holding member, a supporting member therefor, extending upwardly from the garment holding member and bent to form an arched hook and a pivoted locking member pivoted to swing in parallel relation to said hook member and having a portion overlappin said hook member and shaped to provide a oop between which *and said hook member a line or other support is adapted to be engaged.
11. A hanger of the class described comprising a garment holding member, a suporting member therefor, extending upwardy from the garment holding member and bent to form an arched hook a pivotal clamping member curved to provide upwardly extending arms straddling said hook member and curved to' provide a loop which co-operates with said hook member to enclose a line or other support.
12. A hanger of the class described comprising a garment holding member, a supporting member therefor made of resilient material and bent to form an arched hook, a pivoted locking member of resilient material, ada ted to swing in a plane parallel with sai hook member, said locking member having arms straddling said hook member and provided with a loo adapted to co-operate with said hook mem er to engage a line or other support between them by resilient pressure.`
Signed at the city, count and State of New York, this 13th day of ovember, 1926.
- SIGMUND BOWER.