US 1690824 A
Abstract available in
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 6, 1928.
- 1,690,824 M. R. KONDOLF CONTAINER Filed March 27, 1925 A i.aullllll A JZZor-ney Ps1-.aaai Nav. 6 1921s;V
B. IONDOLF, GF CYN'WYD, PENNSYLVANIA, `ASSIIIGNOR T0 BOXBOARD PROD- UCTS GOIPAN'Y, 0F PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, A CORPORATION 0F DELA- WARE.
.appuaon mea :man 21,1925'. serial no. 1834s.
Myinvention is. designed primarily to prof abutting or adjacent relation, to form a strong and rigid joint, by easily appliedand uickly detachable fastening means. fastening means referably consist of a plurality of clips eacli having thereon spaced devices for engagin respectively the relatively movable parts o the container.. The clips aresecured in position by a girth or binder which holds the fasteners adjacent to the container walls. My improved fastening means are also adapted for securing a cover or closure on or in one or more ends of a case or body, or for securing together th adjacent or abutting ends of an tw'o bodies.`
In the shipment o fluids, such as oil, 1n sheet metal cans, it is important to prevent bulging or vibration of themetallic walls, as well as to afford protection thereto from knocks and blows. My improved container provides a snug fittingcasing for such vessels which may be readily slipped` thereon or thereofl' and which protects and reenforces the walls thereof. The container sections are securely held in place on the can by fasteners having tongues engaging the respective separable parts, the fasteners being confined by a girth or binder which holds the tongues in engaging position and supplements the inherent resistance to bulging of the container walls. Preferably the fasteners consist of trough shaped clips having ends which engage in "slots formed in corners of the container walls and are retained therein by a band or keeper engaging the bodies of the the joint therein.
The characteristic felatures and advantages of my improvements will more fully appear from the following description and the ac companying drawings in illustration thereof.
In the drawings, Fig. l is a broken perspective view showing a vessel housed in a container embodying my improvements; Fig. 2 is a fragmentary sectional view ofthe container shown in Fig. l; Fig. 3 is a sectional view on' the line 3 3 of Fig. 2; Fig. 4 is av perspective view of a detached fastening clip; and Fig. 5 is a perspectivevi'ew illusclips and surrounding the container adjacent trating the application of my invent-ion to securing a flat closure on a container.
' In Fig. 1 of the drawings there is shown a usual formA of oil can A havin fiat sides B connected by rounded corners and housed within a container formed by the cartons l and 2 which have flat sides 3 and 4 conforming with the sides B of the can A. Each carton has an integral head 3 closino' one end thereof. and is referably formef of pulp board or paper oard chemically treated to give rigidity to the walls thereof.
Each carton has its corner's'slotted by saw kerfs 5 and the stock adjacent to the free` edges ofsuch corners may be recessed or c-ut away as indicated at 6.
yThe cartons are held together by fasteners 7 preferably stamped out from sheet metal and having angularly disposed body walls containing grooves 8 of gradually increasing depth from the edges of the walls to their points of juncture. End flanges 9, bentfover at right angles to the body tongues or fins which enter the slots 5 and the TES; PATENT or-FicE.
walls, form ridges formed by the grooves `8 are seated in The flanges 9 are engaged in the slots 5 so that the separation of the sections 1 and 2is prevented, and the joint between such sections is covered by the strap 10. Theegirth may if desired be made integral with the fasteners or welded or riveted thereto.
A vessel so housed is completely protected over its .entire surface Aand the bulging or bursting of its Walls due to surging of its contents is efectually prevented. Any torsional or twisting strain tending to rotate one section relatively to the other is resisted by the angular webs 0f the corner pieces, any strain applied to break the joint between the container sections is distributed by the fasteners' over a comparatively extended wall area and an efficient fastening together of the container sections is effected which cannotbe disru ted even by rough usage. But by free- 1 ing t e ends of or cutting the band 10, the
from the slots 5 and the container sections separated without injury thereto. The cartons may be again assembled into closed containers orused as'open receptacles.
In Fig. 5, I have illustrated the application of my improved fastening means to a receptacle 12 and cover 13. In this construction, the slots 5 are formed in the rece tacle corners at a distance below the top o the cover equal to the distance between the fastener anges 9 and 9', the latter preferably having a broad surface affording an extended bearing on the cover. The bandl or girth 14 4is drawn taut in the grooves 8 of the fasteners` and has its ends secured by a clamp 15 to prevent dislodgment of any of the fasteners.
It will be understood that the fastening clips may be of many forms and may be secured in position in many ways without departing from the scope of my invention; the
form and application of the invention heretofore described being'a preferred embodiment but susceptible of wide modification to suit various containers and conditions of use.
I-Iavinr described my invention, I claim:
1. A shipping container` comprising hollow vreceptacles having walls of non-metal material and having the free edges of said receptacles adjacent to each other, means' comprising spaced devices located at intervals along said edges and a band which when taut secures said devices against dislodgment, said devices when in position preventing disengagement of said receptacles and being readily separable therefrom when said band is slack.
2. A shipping container having a plurality of members comprising a receptacle and a closure therefor, means comprising spaced devices engaging the walls of said members to prevent separation of said members and a girth fastener surrounding a plane parallel with the plane of the edges of said closure and encircling said container and which when taut prevents dislodg'nient of said devices and when slack permits disengagement thereof.
3.. A container comprising a hollow receptacle and a closure therefor, corner engaging v clips having angularly disposed body walls and ianges turned over from the end of and extending transversely to said body walls Aand engaging said members and a band which when taut prevents dislodgment of said. clips and when slack permits ready disengagement thereof.
4:. A package comprising a metallic container, receptacles having paper board walls telescoped over the opposite ends of said container and substantially conforming with the contour of the side walls thereof, said receptacles having adjacent edges and each having an end which is non-detachable from the fof said device for the engagement of receptacle from the exterior thereof, the joint between the receptacles being intermediate the ends of the container side walls and reenforced thereby, detachable, means comprising angular corner pieces engaging the walls l and engaging said members, said clips being.
held against dislodgment by a band drawn taut on the receptacle along a line substantially parallel with the joint between the members secured by said clip.
6. The combination with a plurality of cartons, of corner engaging clips having angularlydisposed body members and members extending transversely to saidbody members and engaged in the cartons, and means drawn taut to securel said clips in engagement with the walls of said cartons.
7. The combination of a plurality of receptacles having abutting edges and containing recesses adjacent to said edges, fasteners overlapping the joint between said edges and having wings engaging the walls of said recesses, and a taut band extending from one to another of said fasteners and securing them against dislodgment.
8. A container fastener comprising a trough shaped device having spaced mem ers projecting from the concave face thereof and forming webs connecting angular walls container parts and band retaining means on the convex face thereof and disposed between the planes of said members first named.
9. A shipping container comprising a pair of hardened ibreboard boxes of substantially equal dimensions and each having sideshends and bottom integral and continuous without joints, seams or openings, the boxes being 'inverted with relation to each other and having their open end edges adjacent, corner pieces at the corners of the container and each overlapping the joint between and engaging both boxes, said corner pieces comprising angular- 1y disposed body walls and anges extending transversely to said body walls, and a band surrounding said containers and firmly holding said corner pieces in place when taut and said corner pieces being readily detachable when said band is slack.
`In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my name this 25th day of March, 1925.
. MATHIAS R. KONDOLF.