|Publication number||US1690995 A|
|Publication date||Nov 6, 1928|
|Filing date||Dec 28, 1927|
|Priority date||Dec 28, 1927|
|Publication number||US 1690995 A, US 1690995A, US-A-1690995, US1690995 A, US1690995A|
|Inventors||Pratt Norman F|
|Original Assignee||Monte Lloyd Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (125), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
I N V EN TOR. N. F. Prat? A TTORNEYS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 N. F. PRATT ANORECTAL DILATOR Filed Dec. 28, 1927 Nov. 6, 1928.
Fateinted Noy. 6, 1928. r
* UNITEDSTATES PATENT OFFICE.
Ionian 1. .mm, or ucxsoxmnn, nomnn, nssloxon I I 1 I romrrzox, or mmnanonmn.
. -nnoi'mcrnn mnn'ron.
,1 Application fled December 88, 1927. Serial). $43,180.
' This invention relates to improvements in Inc-rectal dilators, particularly adapted to housed in connection with the treatment of those diseases and disorders of the-ano-rectal 6 canal which are characterized by a spastic or sphincter muscle, and where it is desired to expand and dilatein adefinite manner and to a definite degree, the walls of sand anal canal.
. An object of this invention is to limit the 10' expansion of the dilator so that there is no danger oftearing or rupturing the tissues to be expanded.
Another object is to control the d lator so that it will assume a predetermined shape conforming to the natural shape of the organs to be treated.
j Another. object is to have the dilator so constructed, because of its predetermined contour, that it may be accurately in place for prolonged periods of time when used for treatment.
It is well known in the art to have a di-- lator which is expansible due to air or fluid being forced into the' dilator under ressure, but, so far as the applicant knows, it is new and novel to limit this expansion by the use of a contour bag of non-expansible material, and, further, to so shape this bag that a predetermined shape will be obtained.
A further object of this invention is to provide means whereby the diseased part may be subjected to treatment at different temperatures, it being very desirable in the treatment of certain anal and rectal diseases to 85 have the dilation of these organs accompanied by such thermal effects as may seem proper, and by the use of this device, low degrees of temperature, and at other times, higher degrees of temperature may be used at will in the treatments for which this dilator is desi ned.
Other 0 'ects of this invention will appear from the ollowing detailed description of the device and as disclosed in the drawings which are herewith made a part of the application.
In the drawings Figure 1 illustrates an elevation of the assembled rectal dilator with a section taken through a portion thereof.
Figure 2 illustrates a section taken along line 2-2 of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a section taken along line.
3-3 of Figure 1.
. invention. a
Figure 4 is a section taken along line 4-4 Y of Figure 1.
Figure 5 illustrates a modification of this Figure 6 illustrates a sectional view of F igure 5 taken along line 6-6. I
eferring to the drawings, like numerals designate s1milar parts.
Numeral 1 refers to a firm rubber core having achannel 2 running part way the length of said core, with an opening 3 at its inner- 5 most extremity, and an opening 4 at its outermdst extremityi A valve 5 is located at its outermost extremity. A flange 6 is adjacent the outermost opening for the purpose of securely holding in place a rubber tube 5 connected-to a bulb 6. y
Attached to the firm core 1' is a soft rubber bag 7, which is in turn encased 'by contour.
. bag 8 of a non-elastic material. The contour,
bag is in turn encased bya bag-,oflthe samematerial as the bag 7. These bags are se curely held together with no space between them at 10 and 11.- A one-way valve 12 is shown at the outermost end of the passage 4.
As generally used, the dilator is inserted in so a deflated. condition, the small end 11 being inserted in the member desired to'beexercised, the soft protective coverin 9' ofl'ering 'very little resistance. Fluid is hen forced into the bag 7 by means of pressure-bulb 6,
through the passage 2, which causes the bag 7 to expand until it reaches the extremity of the bag 8. By having the contour bag formed, as shown in Figure 1 of the draw-' ings,-with two bulges on either side, of a less distended portion, the dilator is held firmly in position without danger of slipping out or in. It can easily be seen that the shape of the bags 7 and 9 will be controlled by the shape of the contour bag 8. After insertion and dilation, the rubber tube 5 may be removed from the dilator and the same left in the diseased part as long as desired. When it is desired to remove the dilator, the valve 5 KONG-E LLOYD OOR- time, subject the member being treated to the desired temperature.
Figure 5 lllustrates a modification in con: struction over Figure -1 of this invention, wherein numeral 13 designates a receptacle made of any suitable material such as rubber, adapted to encase aba 14 preferably made of non-elastic materia. These two receptacles or bags are arranged to encase a bag 15 which in turn is suitably attached to a core portion 16, all arranged in a similar manner to the construction disclosed in Figure 1. The main distinction between the structure disclosed in Figure 5 over that shown in Figure 1 lies in the arrangment of a core portion 16 and an inner to ular element 17 made of suitable material, the tubular portion 17 extending in open communication with the bulb 18 and held in operative relationship between the core 16 and the bulb 18 by means of a core portion 19. From the hollow core element 16 is adapted to extend in open communication therewith a valve 20 for allowing the air, liquid, or otherwise to flow or exhaust from the device,
Having described my invention, claim as new and novel is:
1; A dilator comprising a core, an expansible member mounted on said core, means for expanding said expansible member, and means comprising a casing for limitingsaid expansion.
2. A dilator comprising'a core, an expansible member mounted on said core, a nonexpansible member enclosin said expansible glember, and means for i ating said memers.
what I 3. A dilator comprising a core, an expansible member mounted onsaid core, a nonexpansible member enclosing said expansible member, a protective coverlng enclosing the said members, and means for inflating said members.
4. A dilator comprising a core, an expansible member mounted on said core, a nonexpansible member enclosing said expansible member, a protective covering enclosing the said members, and means for inflating said members, other means for deflating said members.
5. A dilator comprising a core, an expansible member mounted on said core, a nonexpansible member, said non-expansible member surrounding and limiting the expansion of the expansible member having its middle sectionof less width than the adja-' cent sections.
6. A dilator comprising a core, an expansible member mounted on said core, a nonexpansible member, said non-expansible member surrounding and limiting the expansion of the ex ansiblemember havingits middle section oi less width than the adjacent sections, a protective covering enclosing the other members.
7. A dilator comprising an expansible member, a non-expansible covering for said expansible member, said non-exp ansible cover limiting and forming the contour of the expansible member and means for inflating said expansible member.
In testimony whereof I aiiix my signature.
NORMAN F. PRATT,
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2499045 *||Aug 16, 1948||Feb 28, 1950||Herman Young Frank||Rectal dilator and medicator|
|US3045677 *||May 3, 1960||Jul 24, 1962||American Cystoscope Makers Inc||Inflatable balloon catheter|
|US3900033 *||Mar 7, 1973||Aug 19, 1975||Ortho Pharma Corp||Dilator for cervical canal|
|US4327736 *||Nov 20, 1979||May 4, 1982||Kanji Inoue||Balloon catheter|
|US4338943 *||Feb 19, 1981||Jul 13, 1982||Fuji Latex Co., Ltd.||Instrument for induction of labor|
|US4651721 *||Apr 10, 1985||Mar 24, 1987||American Medical Systems, Inc.||Penile prosthesis system|
|US4660644 *||Jan 31, 1986||Apr 28, 1987||Richard Egnor||Inflatable rubber blasting hole plug|
|US4744366 *||Sep 10, 1986||May 17, 1988||Jang G David||Concentric independently inflatable/deflatable multiple diameter balloon angioplasty catheter systems and method of use|
|US4793351 *||Jun 15, 1987||Dec 27, 1988||Mansfield Scientific, Inc.||Multi-lumen balloon catheter|
|US4899747 *||Sep 6, 1983||Feb 13, 1990||Garren Lloyd R||Method and appartus for treating obesity|
|US4958634 *||May 6, 1987||Sep 25, 1990||Jang G David||Limacon geometry balloon angioplasty catheter systems and method of making same|
|US5071406 *||Aug 3, 1989||Dec 10, 1991||Jang G David||Limacon geometry balloon angioplasty catheter systems|
|US5211654 *||Jun 10, 1991||May 18, 1993||Martin Kaltenbach||Catheter with expansible distal end|
|US5226880 *||Jan 30, 1990||Jul 13, 1993||Vas-Cath Incorporated||Angioplasty catheter with balloon retainer|
|US5257974 *||Aug 19, 1992||Nov 2, 1993||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Performance enhancement adaptor for intravascular balloon catheter|
|US5304132 *||Dec 10, 1991||Apr 19, 1994||Jang G David||Limacon geometry balloon angioplasty catheter systems and method of making same|
|US5312430 *||Jun 28, 1991||May 17, 1994||Rosenbluth Robert F||Balloon dilation catheter|
|US5324269 *||Jun 2, 1992||Jun 28, 1994||Baxter International Inc.||Fully exchangeable dual lumen over-the-wire dilatation catheter with rip seam|
|US5338300 *||Jul 28, 1993||Aug 16, 1994||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Performance enhancement adaptor for intravascular balloon catheter|
|US5358487 *||Oct 15, 1993||Oct 25, 1994||Cordis Corporation||Frangible balloon catheter|
|US5389087 *||Jun 29, 1992||Feb 14, 1995||Baxter International Inc.||Fully exchangeable over-the-wire catheter with rip seam and gated side port|
|US5527336 *||Mar 2, 1995||Jun 18, 1996||Boston Scientific Corporation||Flow obstruction treatment method|
|US5718712 *||Aug 10, 1995||Feb 17, 1998||Elekta Ab||Dilatation balloon catheter for endoscopy|
|US5752971 *||Jun 5, 1995||May 19, 1998||Boston Scientific Technology, Inc.||Method of treating a flow obstruction|
|US5766201 *||Jun 7, 1995||Jun 16, 1998||Boston Scientific Corporation||Expandable catheter|
|US5797877 *||May 24, 1996||Aug 25, 1998||Boston Scientific Corporation||Medical device balloons containing thermoplastic elastomers|
|US5836951 *||Jun 7, 1995||Nov 17, 1998||Boston Scientific Corporation||Balloon dilation catheter|
|US5868708 *||May 7, 1997||Feb 9, 1999||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Balloon catheter apparatus and method|
|US5901752 *||Jun 5, 1998||May 11, 1999||Lundman; Philip L.||Inflatable apparatus for sealing a pipeline|
|US5964781 *||Jun 2, 1997||Oct 12, 1999||General Surgical Innovations, Inc.||Skin seal with inflatable membrane|
|US5993473 *||Nov 19, 1997||Nov 30, 1999||Chan; Yung C.||Expandable body device for the gastric cavity and method|
|US6048356 *||Jun 9, 1998||Apr 11, 2000||Boston Scientific Corporation||Expandable catheter|
|US6086556 *||Aug 4, 1998||Jul 11, 2000||Boston Scientific Corporation||Medical device balloons containing thermoplastic elastomers|
|US6132824 *||Aug 6, 1997||Oct 17, 2000||Schneider (Usa) Inc.||Multilayer catheter balloon|
|US6136258 *||Apr 24, 1995||Oct 24, 2000||Boston Scientific Corporation||Method of forming a co-extruded balloon for medical purposes|
|US6238373||Jun 28, 1999||May 29, 2001||General Electric Innovations, Inc.||Screw-type skin seal with inflatable membrane|
|US6425908||Feb 20, 2001||Jul 30, 2002||Boston Scientific Corporation||Expandable catheter|
|US6446669||Jan 4, 2001||Sep 10, 2002||Philip L. Lundman||Pipe sealing apparatus|
|US6468292||Aug 25, 1999||Oct 22, 2002||General Surgical Innovations, Inc.||Skin seal with inflatable membrane|
|US6482348||Apr 3, 2000||Nov 19, 2002||Boston Scientific Corporation||Method of forming a co-extruded balloon for medical purposes|
|US6568429||Jan 3, 2002||May 27, 2003||Philip L. Lundman||Pipe sealing apparatus|
|US6669711 *||Aug 11, 1999||Dec 30, 2003||Koken Co. Ltd.||Operation balloon|
|US6796960||May 1, 2002||Sep 28, 2004||Wit Ip Corporation||Low thermal resistance elastic sleeves for medical device balloons|
|US6849063||Nov 5, 1999||Feb 1, 2005||Wit Ip Corporation||Thermal treatment apparatus|
|US6896842||Apr 24, 2000||May 24, 2005||Boston Scientific Corporation||Medical device balloons containing thermoplastic elastomers|
|US6916331||May 15, 2003||Jul 12, 2005||General Surgical Innovations, Inc.||Skin seal with inflatable membrane|
|US7585289||Jun 22, 2005||Sep 8, 2009||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Co-extruded medical balloon|
|US7744626||Jun 13, 2005||Jun 29, 2010||General Surgical Innovations Inc.||Skin seal with inflatable membrane|
|US7781038||May 27, 2004||Aug 24, 2010||Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.||Medical device balloons containing thermoplastic elastomers|
|US7785290||Aug 7, 2006||Aug 31, 2010||Gore Enterprise Holdings, Inc.||Non-shortening high angle wrapped balloons|
|US7892201||Aug 27, 1999||Feb 22, 2011||Gore Enterprise Holdings, Inc.||Balloon catheter and method of mounting same|
|US8016755||Dec 3, 2010||Sep 13, 2011||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Surgical access apparatus and method|
|US8025640||Jun 2, 2009||Sep 27, 2011||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Pressurized surgical valve|
|US8070676||Dec 3, 2010||Dec 6, 2011||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Surgical access apparatus and method|
|US8105234||Jan 27, 2009||Jan 31, 2012||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Surgical access apparatus and method|
|US8109873||May 12, 2008||Feb 7, 2012||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Surgical retractor with gel pad|
|US8157835||Jun 1, 2010||Apr 17, 2012||Applied Medical Resouces Corporation||Access sealing apparatus and method|
|US8187177||Nov 29, 2006||May 29, 2012||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Surgical instrument access device|
|US8226552||May 12, 2008||Jul 24, 2012||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Surgical retractor|
|US8235054||Feb 22, 2011||Aug 7, 2012||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Wound retractor|
|US8262568||Oct 13, 2009||Sep 11, 2012||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Single port access system|
|US8267858||Jan 18, 2011||Sep 18, 2012||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Wound retractor with gel cap|
|US8292919||Jun 25, 2010||Oct 23, 2012||Tyco Healthcare Group Lp||Skin seal with inflatable membrane|
|US8308639||Mar 17, 2011||Nov 13, 2012||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Split hoop wound retractor with gel pad|
|US8313431||Oct 15, 2010||Nov 20, 2012||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Split hoop wound retractor|
|US8343047||Jan 22, 2009||Jan 1, 2013||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Surgical instrument access device|
|US8357086||May 3, 2012||Jan 22, 2013||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Surgical instrument access device|
|US8388526||Apr 23, 2008||Mar 5, 2013||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Wound retraction apparatus and method|
|US8414487||Feb 8, 2011||Apr 9, 2013||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Circular surgical retractor|
|US8460240||Aug 7, 2006||Jun 11, 2013||W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.||Inflatable toroidal-shaped balloons|
|US8480575||Aug 28, 2012||Jul 9, 2013||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Single port access system|
|US8496581||Mar 15, 2012||Jul 30, 2013||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Surgical access apparatus and method|
|US8585640||Jun 28, 2010||Nov 19, 2013||W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc.||Non-shortening high angle wrapped balloons|
|US8597566||Jul 24, 2009||Dec 3, 2013||W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.||Non-shortening wrapped balloon|
|US8636690||Nov 2, 2009||Jan 28, 2014||W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.||Catheter balloons with integrated non-distensible seals|
|US8647265||Jan 14, 2011||Feb 11, 2014||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Hand access laparoscopic device|
|US8672839||Sep 13, 2011||Mar 18, 2014||Applied Medical Resource Corporation||Surgical access apparatus and method|
|US8703034||Aug 23, 2011||Apr 22, 2014||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Method of making a tack-free gel|
|US8721537||Jun 27, 2013||May 13, 2014||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Single port access system|
|US8758236||May 9, 2012||Jun 24, 2014||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Wound retractor|
|US8827953 *||Nov 19, 2013||Sep 9, 2014||Krishna Rocha-Singh||Apparatus and method for delivering intraluminal therapy|
|US8870904||Mar 12, 2012||Oct 28, 2014||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Access sealing apparatus and method|
|US8894571||Apr 1, 2014||Nov 25, 2014||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Single port access system|
|US8911366||Jan 11, 2012||Dec 16, 2014||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Surgical access apparatus and method|
|US8932214||May 11, 2011||Jan 13, 2015||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Surgical access system|
|US8961410||Jan 6, 2012||Feb 24, 2015||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Surgical retractor with gel pad|
|US8973583||Jun 26, 2012||Mar 10, 2015||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Wound retractor|
|US9017254||Jan 7, 2014||Apr 28, 2015||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Hand access laparoscopic device|
|US9101354||Aug 29, 2012||Aug 11, 2015||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Wound retractor with gel cap|
|US9126007||Jan 27, 2014||Sep 8, 2015||W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.||Catheter balloons with integrated non-distensible seals|
|US9126035 *||Aug 22, 2012||Sep 8, 2015||Radiadyne Llc||Shaped conforming medical balloons|
|US9180279||Aug 7, 2006||Nov 10, 2015||W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.||Inflatable imbibed polymer devices|
|US9192366||May 23, 2014||Nov 24, 2015||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Wound retractor|
|US9241697||Jun 19, 2014||Jan 26, 2016||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Wound retractor|
|US9289115||Apr 18, 2013||Mar 22, 2016||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Natural orifice surgery system|
|US9289200||Sep 30, 2011||Mar 22, 2016||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Natural orifice surgery system|
|US9295459||Dec 18, 2014||Mar 29, 2016||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Surgical access system|
|US9307975||Jun 19, 2014||Apr 12, 2016||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Wound retractor|
|US9370644||Sep 4, 2014||Jun 21, 2016||Krishna Rocha-Singh||Apparatus and method for delivering intraluminal therapy|
|US9474519||Apr 8, 2015||Oct 25, 2016||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Hand access laparoscopic device|
|US9561024||Feb 4, 2015||Feb 7, 2017||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Wound retractor|
|US9579226||Aug 28, 2015||Feb 28, 2017||Reshape Medical, Inc.||Materials and methods for improved intragastric balloon devices|
|US9604038||Jul 23, 2010||Mar 28, 2017||Reshape Medical, Inc.||Inflation and deflation mechanisms for inflatable medical devices|
|US9622896||Feb 8, 2011||Apr 18, 2017||Reshape Medical, Inc.||Enhanced aspiration processes and mechanisms for instragastric devices|
|US9629740||Apr 6, 2011||Apr 25, 2017||Reshape Medical, Inc.||Inflation devices for intragastric devices with improved attachment and detachment and associated systems and methods|
|US9642608||Jul 16, 2015||May 9, 2017||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Gels having permanent tack free coatings and method of manufacture|
|US9649102||Jul 8, 2015||May 16, 2017||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Wound retractor with split hoops|
|US9668900 *||May 23, 2014||Jun 6, 2017||Reshape Medical, Inc.||Balloon system and methods for treating obesity|
|US9669153||Mar 12, 2014||Jun 6, 2017||Applied Medical Resources Corporation||Method of manufacturing a tack-free gel for a surgical device|
|US9681973||Feb 25, 2011||Jun 20, 2017||Reshape Medical, Inc.||Enhanced explant processes and mechanisms for intragastric devices|
|US20020165521 *||May 1, 2002||Nov 7, 2002||Iulian Cioanta||Low thermal resistance elastic sleeves for medical device balloons|
|US20030216776 *||May 15, 2003||Nov 20, 2003||Mollenauer Kenneth H.||Skin seal with inflatable membrane|
|US20050000593 *||Jul 14, 2004||Jan 6, 2005||Ariel Shaltiel||Plumber's tool|
|US20050228445 *||Jun 13, 2005||Oct 13, 2005||Mollenauer Kenneth H||Skin seal with inflatable membrane|
|US20060041210 *||Aug 23, 2004||Feb 23, 2006||Eyal Regey||Portable sealed water jet female stimulator|
|US20100261973 *||Jun 25, 2010||Oct 14, 2010||Mollenauer Kenneth H||Skin seal with inflatable membrane|
|US20130109906 *||Aug 22, 2012||May 2, 2013||Radiadyne Llc||Shaped Conforming Medical Balloons|
|US20140200504 *||Nov 19, 2013||Jul 17, 2014||Krishna Rocha-Singh||Apparatus and method for delivering intraluminal therapy|
|US20140257358 *||May 23, 2014||Sep 11, 2014||Reshape Medical, Inc.||Balloon system and methods for treating obesity|
|USRE37704||Mar 28, 2000||May 14, 2002||Argomed Ltd.||Thermal treatment apparatus|
|USRE44380||Oct 28, 2009||Jul 16, 2013||Roger A. de la Torre||Screw-type skin seal with inflatable membrane|
|USRE44790||May 28, 2003||Mar 4, 2014||Roger A. de la Torre||Skin seal|
|EP0461474A1 *||May 29, 1991||Dec 18, 1991||Kaltenbach, Martin, Prof. Dr. med.||Balloon catheter with sleeve|
|WO1990008568A1 *||Jan 30, 1990||Aug 9, 1990||Vas-Cath Incorporated||An angioplasty catheter and a method of making the same|
|WO1999025418A1 *||Nov 19, 1998||May 27, 1999||Chan Yung C||Expandable body device for the gastric cavity and method|
|U.S. Classification||606/192, 604/913, 601/148, 138/93|
|Cooperative Classification||A61M29/02, A61M2025/1075|