US 1691090 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 13, 1928. 1,691,090
S. N. TEVANDER SHIPPING TAG Filed Aug. 15, 1923 l Z OLD FORM 11121071157": wail/c955: jwam Jk vandev;
Patented Nov. 13, 1928.
SWAN nns rnvaNDER, 0F MaYWooi), ILLINOIS.
. SHIPPING TAG.
Application filed August 15, 1923 Serial n. 657,466.
The object of invention'is to make a tag that is not only cheaply made but that will be substantially indestructible and p-rovide an aperture for the easy and 'quickinsertion of the cord or wire through the tag for fastening the same to the article to which it is to be attached. i 1
Large losses are occasioned in shipp ngby reason of accidental tearing off of shipping tags from the goods, the tags generally belng made of paper of some sort. Such paper tags are also subject to virtual destruction from the accidental obscuring of the writing or printing thereon due to crumpl ng or by moisture, oil, grease or other substances causing dirt to adhere to and becomeground into the paper, or by causing writing ink't-o run.
It is to overcome these losses that I have provided my tag in the form shown.
Reference will be had to the accompanying drawing in which Fig. 1 is a view'of the ordinary tag in common use today. Fig. 2 is a transverse section'on line 22 of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of my tag. Fig.
dis a section thru the eyelet hole of my tag as generally made. Fig. 5-shows an alternate construction on the same section as Fig.
4. Fig. 6 is another alternate construction onthe same section as Fig. 4. These Figs. 4, 5, and 6 being on a very much enlarged scale.
Fig. 7 is a plan View of the tag having the b entire margin of the tag turned or hemmed over to escape a raw edge. A
In the drawing 1 indicates the ordinary tag which is made of paper orpaste board as generally constructed. 2, indicates the eyelet hole thru which the fastening cord or wire is passed. 3 indicates reinforcing wash-v ers or Wafers pasted on the body 1 of thetag to reinforce the eyelet hole 2. This is ordinary common construction of the tags in general use. In making these tags, reinforcing washers or wafers 3 are made of separate pieces and secured by adhesive material to the body 1 of the tag. 1 V I I prefer to make mytagout of thin sheet metal and face this metal "with a sheet of paper and in the drawing, 4 indicates'the 7 metal sheet and 5'the paper facing. The eyelet hole is indicated by 6 and is produced by making a relatively much larger hole than the old style e elet hole 2' and-turning over the metal of t e bod of the backing plate 4 in the area of the hole to form an eyelet appearance as indicated by 7. Thus I form out of the metal sheet out of which the tag is tially no expense.
- the. reinforcing washers would have to be. much largerand .theincrease in the size of the wafers 8, as to the made a large eyelet hole in common practice large enough for one to stick hisfinger thru so that the cord or Wire may be very quickly and easily inserted inthis hole, and this is accomplished without the' use of any additional material whateverandwith substanlVere a large eyelet hole to be made On the-old style tags it would seriously weaken the end ofthebody sheet of the tag itself, and at the same time would cause theuse of much or Wafers 3 as they areaof material used is as the square. of the diameter so that a. small increase in the size of the diameter of the old style wafer or reinforcement 3 isa large increase in the expense of making them, whereas .with ymy metal back paper .faceditag there is'no in'- crease cost whatever as related to the normal useof the si zeo-f the-eyelet hole-16 which permits this hole tobe as large as desired for convenience in threading through the tying cord or Wire.
The paper surface5 is secured to the thin metal back 4 by an adhesive material that secures the paper to the metal in a manner may be done by automatic machinery with much greater facility than is possible to manufacture the reinforcing wafers 3 as before described. f In Fig. 4, the metal 4.- is turned over into the eyelet 7 embracing as it were the paper facing around the eyelet hole 6. In Fig. 5 I .may simply turn over a flange 8 without having the heading effect as indicated in Fig. 4.
hen desired I double face the metal body lwith paper on both sides, the under side being indicated by 9 in Fig. 6, and the metal portion will then be sandwiched in between .two paper layers. I a
For some uses the raw edge of the metal on the inargin'of the tag may be objectionable and in such cases I turn ,over the edge of the tag in the form of a hem as-indicated greater inaterialjn by in Fig. 7 and this provides a rounded edge and at the same time stiifens the body of the tag. By turning this edge so as to clamp the paper facing aids in holding the facing to the metal body.
The application on the paper facing to thefor the average service required of a tag.
Likewisethepaper may be of rather cheap quality and relatively thin. The adhesive material necessary to hold this thin paper on to the metal is also a very thin coating and as it requires very simple machinery to apply this thin paper to the metal body, the cost of these tags is low.
I use an adhesive that is not subject to the action of water oil and grease and hence I I may use a cheaper quality of paper, a quality which is really cheaper than what would be serviceable for writing an address upon, owing to the fact that this paper is supported by the metallic back or body of the tag. With ordinary shipping tags a strong high priced quality of paper is necessarily used.
By making a large eyelet hole as I do I am able to use the metal that occupied the space near the margin of this hole to reinforce the margin around the hole, and this is not practicable with a small eyelet hole because this would involve an excessive stretching of the metal at its center. A large hole is desirable, and because I reinforce the margin of this eyelet hole by the metal oi. the back thereis no tendency to cut the cord because of the thinness of the metal bodyof the tag. Thus my construction arrives at the most desirable form of tag with which I am 'in'any manner familiar.
hat I claim is A laminated tag comprising a layer of metal and a layer or softer sheet-material such as paper coextensive with the metal and -adherent thereto with 'the marginal area doubled over into a head or hem with the metal extending around and formlng the ex treme outer layer of the head or hem embracing the softer material to protect it against rupture or separation from the metal. Signed at Chicago,- in the county of Cool:
and State of Illinois, J uly, 1923.
SWAN NILS TEVANDER.