|Publication number||US1694665 A|
|Publication date||Dec 11, 1928|
|Filing date||Feb 9, 1927|
|Priority date||Feb 9, 1927|
|Publication number||US 1694665 A, US 1694665A, US-A-1694665, US1694665 A, US1694665A|
|Original Assignee||Eugene Parker|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (15), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 11, 1928. 1,694,665
E. PARKER TILE Filed Feb. 9, 1927 Z0 z/O 50 52 30# W//// ///AM\\\\\ ZEG 7 Patented Dec. `11, 19.28.
l EUGENEPARKER, OF LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA.
Application med February e, 1927.A seriai No. 166,855.
This invention relates to improvements in tiles, facing tiles and the like, especially used for floors, walls, and mantlepiece Work, or similar constructions, and hasfor one ot' its I principal objects the provision o a tile which will automatically be spaced from other tiles in the laying process. n I
One of the important objects of this inven tion is to provide in a tile, a plurality of integral projections, which, when the same 1s 4placed in conjunction with other tiles, or similar objects, will be automatically spaced from such other tiles for purposes of cementing into proper position and. aprding a more uniform and neat appearing ]oint.
Still another and further important object ot this invention is to provide in a tile a plurality of combined spacing and interlock ing elements integral with the tile itself whereby more uniform and solid constructions will result when said tiles are laid in a Hoor or in any similar structure. a
Other and further important obgects oli this invention will loe apparent from the disclosures in the accompanying drawings and following specification. u
rlhe invention, iii a preferred form, is illustrated in the drawings and hereinafter more fully described.
In the drags:
Figure 1. is a top plan view ofen improved tile, constructed according to this invention.,
Figure 2 is a similar view illustrating a slight modication ont the invention, 3o Figure is a top plan vieu7 ci? hexagonal.
tile constructed in accordance with a still further modication et this inventionn Figure d is a detail view, parte lacing broken away, oi a pair or tiles spaced apart eo land also interloclred hy the improved means ott this invention.
Figure 5 is a view similar to Figure d? illus trating4 another modication oit the inventiono Figure 6 is a side elevation oi two tiles joined in accordance with this inyention.
Figure 7 is a longitudinal vertical section of the tiles shown in Figure o.
As shown in the drawings:
The reference numeral l@ indicates gen-I erallya tile, which may he of clay, porcelain, woo corlr, rubher, cement composition, or of any other similar or suitable-material, and which, as shown in this figure, is square. 5o' However it is obvious that the tiles may he fill 'varied through quite a wide variety of shapes, sizes, and figures without varying from the principles laid down inthisinverb, tion.
Along each edge of the tile 10 extends a slight projection as shown at 12 of Figure 1, and which is integral with the tile material but does not, in the usual preferred construction, extend completely up the side of the tile but only approximately one-half the height thereof.
In Figure 2 is shown a'slight modification of this construction, wherein a tile 14e is provided along its edges with projections 16, preferably two along each side or the tile, and which when laid against similar tiles results in a uniform construction which will automatically space such tiles in proper jurtaposition to each other and at the saine time allowing the cement in which the tiles are laid to entirely surround and grip the edges of said tiles.
ln Figure 3 is shown a hexagonal tile 18 having a plurality of projections, in this case shown as three in number, along each edge thereof. These projections accomplish the same purpose as the projections 12 and 16 oli the tiles 10 and le as shown in Figures l and 2, respectively.,
lln Figure d is shown a slight adaptation of the invention wherein one tile 22, having a plurality of lugs, preferably two in number, along each edge thereof, as shown in 2e; cooperates with a tile 26 having a single lug 28 on each side or edge thereof, this lug 28 tting hetvveen the lugs 24e of the corresponding or juxtaposed tile 22.
lin the odiication shown in Figure 5, each oi the tiles may he provided along at least tivo ed es thereof with two or more lugs or projections 32, one preferably positioned aty or near each corner, so that when the tiles 30 are set in position, as 'illustrated in this figure, the lugs 32 act both as interlocking elements and also as spacing elements whereloy the correct distances between the tiles 30, along at least longitudinal lines, is maintained.
Obviously other integral lug formations, such as those shown at 12 and 16, may he used along the other edges of the tiles 30, or the construction shown at 2d and 28 may also be employed in combination with the other forms of this invention.
Any combinations of the integral lugs may .be used along the edges of any Icertain tile as desired or convenient, and it will be seen that herein is provided automatically operating means and methods of spacing tlles correct distances apart when the same are laid, thereby insuring a more uniform construction and at the same time these spacing lugs may` be employed to act as interlocking members,
whereby the tiles themselves may be more securely fixed in position with respect to each other. These lugs themselves may extend u wardly throughout the thickness of the tile i desired or ma include merely any desired portion of the t ickness. Further, the lugs maybe spaced higher on one tile than on the next adjacent'tile, thereby providing a very desirable locking feature, which also operates as a spacing element. It will be noted that when'the lugs are used as locking means in addition to spacing means they are prefer,-
ably df approximately twice thekdepth ofthe lugs which are used simply as spacing elements.
I am aware that many changes may be made and numerous details of construction varied throughout a wide range without departing from the rinciples ofthis invention and I, therefore, o not purpose limiting the patent granted hereon otherwise than as necessitated by the prior art.
I claim as my invention:
As a new article of manufacture, an hexagonal tile having integral interftting and spacing lugs alonflr `the edges thereof, said ionterflttincgP lugs belng spaced alternately for juxtapose tiles, the said interfitting lugs also adapted to be completely surrounded by mortar when the tiles are laid.
In testimony whereof I aix my si lature.
EUGENE PAR ER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2836055 *||Mar 23, 1953||May 27, 1958||Us Ceramic Tile Company||Tile with spacer lugs|
|US3077426 *||May 24, 1957||Feb 12, 1963||Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp||Acoustical panel|
|US4301634 *||Jan 28, 1980||Nov 24, 1981||Pilkington's Tiles Limited||Manufacture of tiles|
|US4821479 *||Aug 2, 1984||Apr 18, 1989||Lucak John M||Finishing tile|
|US6055784 *||Aug 2, 1996||May 2, 2000||Geiger; Peter||Concrete paving block|
|US7409801 *||Mar 7, 2005||Aug 12, 2008||Tritex Icf Products, Inc.||Prefabricated foam block concrete forms with open tooth connection means|
|US7861479||Jan 11, 2006||Jan 4, 2011||Airlite Plastics, Co.||Insulated foam panel forms|
|US8065851||Aug 25, 2006||Nov 29, 2011||Huber Engineered Woods Llc||Self-spacing wood composite panels|
|US8833229 *||Mar 29, 2006||Sep 16, 2014||The Secretary Of State For Defence||Ceramic armour element for use in armour|
|US8887465||Jan 11, 2013||Nov 18, 2014||Airlite Plastics Co.||Apparatus and method for construction of structures utilizing insulated concrete forms|
|US8919067||Oct 31, 2012||Dec 30, 2014||Airlite Plastics Co.||Apparatus and method for construction of structures utilizing insulated concrete forms|
|US20050204679 *||Mar 7, 2005||Sep 22, 2005||Tritex Icf Products, Inc.||Prefabricated foam block concrete forms with open tooth connection means|
|US20110162309 *||Nov 3, 2010||Jul 7, 2011||Acp Manufacturing Ltd.||Thin wall veneer brick and manufacturing assembly therefor|
|DE1132699B *||Jun 19, 1959||Jul 5, 1962||George Kendrick Findlay||Belagplatte aus Kunststoff|
|WO2002059423A1 *||Jan 17, 2002||Aug 1, 2002||Drost Andreas||Hexagonal floor covering element consisting of artificial stone|
|U.S. Classification||52/591.2, D25/158, 52/603|