US 1697425 A
Abstract available in
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. l, 1929.
A. N. HORNUNG HOLDER AND CLOSURE FOR OPEN MOUTH CONTAINERS Filed Sept. 9. 1926 2 Sheets-Sheet.l 1
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WIT/V555 A. N. HORNUNG HOLDER AND CLOSURE FOR OPE-N MOUTH CONTAINERS Jan. l, 1929. 1,697,425
Filed Sept. 9, 1926 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 NV'ENToK /NroN/VfO/PNUN@ l ITEss Patented Jan. l, 1929,
ANTON N. HORNUNG, OF LOS ANGELS, CALIFORNIA.
n Application led September S, 1926. Serial No. 134,384.
It is customary to pack lard in containers having an open mouth at one end which is normally closed by a removable lid. Such l containers are usually tin cans yor wooden buckets, and each contains a considerable quantity of lard so that itis heavy to lift and such containers are usually stood on their bottoms and normally closed with a tight closing lid that is somewhat difficult to remove from the mouth of the container and while it is desirable that the container be kept tightly closed, the difculty of removing and replacing the lid or other closure when it is tightly closed, tempts the dealer to leave the lid partly open, thus giving access to dust and to insects that may nd their way under the lid into the container. Lard is a seini-solid at ordinary'temperatures and thecontainers are lled with the lard while it is hot and in a liquid state and the lard is allowed to cool Vand is thenvsemi-solid and free from likelihood of running out when the open mouth containeris'tilted orup-ended, and an object of the invention is to hold the containers in Y enable the tradesman to dispense it with the greatest ease and facility.
An object of this invention is to make pror vision whereby the opening of the container may be accomplished by a quick movement of v one hand and the closing of the container may be effected by a similar movement of the hand V- f in an opposite direction; and I have provided i means whereby the lid of the container will be normally held in closed position by gravity and also by a spring latch and yet be in a position where it can be easily and quickly opened without the exercise of great force, or any manipulation of the latch.
In the invention, I have provided a sup- -port with a seat adapted to hold anopen mouth container yaslant, and provide a lid adapted to temporarily close the mouth of the container and provided with rearwardly extending means hingedly connected to the support and arranged at such an angle to the seat that when the lid and the support member vfixed thereto are lowered by gravity, .to
mouth-closing position,v the lid will stand level of the lupper edge of the container' sog.
such a position, and at such a height as will yapplied to other uses without departing from 2 aslant and fit tightly onto the open mouth;
that when the lid'israised from the slanting mouth to its highest position it will be rearwardly aslant, thus carrying the front edge of the lid well upout of the way of the yattendant who is thus given freedom to dig the semi-solid lard out of the container with `his paddle or spoon; and I have also provided a vspecial construction of the lid supporting means carried bythe container supportand have provided a support having a hinged joint with a projecting ridge or tooth across one joint face and a complement-ary notch in theopposing joint face to receive said tooth;
and I yieldingly hold the faces toward .each
other by resilient means that will be com- `tooth being adapted to forcibly hold the lid:
in closed position, and the other notch and the vtooth to less forcibly hold the -lidjin its raised position.
VIt is understood that the invention may be the principle of the invention.` y j Another object is to make provision of container holding means adapted to holdI the containers in a convenient position to which and from which they may be conveniently moved. `This invention further provides a stand having ointed-V lid supporting` means Aand lids supported thereby for readily closing container.
and openingthe mouth or open end 'of each Anobject is to make safe and convenient provision for supporting the container closure, and; for allowing it to be moved onto and from the open end of the container, and to cause the closure to remain firmly and securely in the open and closed positionsrespectively when placed there by the dealer.`
' Cheapness of construction and ease of installation and use are other objects and advantages ofthe invention. y
Other objects, advantages and features-of Y invention may appear from the accompanying drawings, the subj oined detailed description and the appended claims.
The accompanying drawings illustrate the invention; y. j Figure lV is a front elevation of a stand having three seats and arranged to accommodate three large containers, one ofsuch containers is shown seated and closed; another is shown -thelid supportinggjoint, detached from each openfposition ofone of the lids.
Fig; 4 is a vertical section on line X*,Fig. 1. Fig. 5is a detail of the supportingarms at one edge of thelid which is omitted from the View; thelower arm `is shown attached to a isupport, a 'fragment of which is shown.Y
Fig. 6`is a planof the stand shown in Fig. lwith'lard containers in all 4the. racks and eachclosedby its lid.
Fig. 7 v"san enlarged fragmental detail more fully* illustrating the lid and Iits supporting means.
Fig; affragrnental view looking from theright in Fig. 7 omitting'the. lid and showing-the lid carryingarms incontainer. closing *position F-ig^.;9 is av fragmental viewof one ofthe lid' supports with parts `in position for holding; the lid open.. j
Fig;.10 is a view of the latching faces of other.; Y
Thestand may have any suitablelsupports as the brackets provided withy arms 1, top 2 andat back l3by'which the bracket may be secured `to an` upright support as the wall 3.
In the drawing, there is shown a rack frame formed ofa front rail 4, a back. rail 5, and cross pieces 6,7., 8,`9 vmounted on the brackets land spaced'apart and provided inthe spaces with seats toaccommodate open mouthedv containers 10,' each seat being formed .of a-.front rail `4provide'jd with an upwardly open concavenotch 11v to accommodate theupperportionv of the container; andthe back. rail 5 that is mountedon blocks 5 and is set rearwardly aslant,as clearly shown in Fig. 4 to form a stopj and .a support for the bottom of the'container lwhen 'the container isvput into v position to be supported by the seat.
The front slantingface of the rear rail 5.is
spaced'rearwardly fromY the front rail 4' to allow'the center of gravity of the container to falll to' the rear of the front rail when the lower side of the container is in the notchk and c the bottom of the container is against the rear'rail.l j
12v is Va back. piece fixed to the rear ends of the cross pieces 6, 7, 8, 9, and the same is arranged to hold/said'cross pieces rigidly in position;
Between two adjacent cross pieces as between-(rand 7, and 7 and 8, and between' 8 and9`is arranged a pairof jointed lid supports, .each'support comprising a lower arm i 13 rigidly-fixed to the inner side'of the cross lresilient and the space between the upper ends 17 of any pair of arms is norn'ially somewhat greater than the diameter of the lid 16 so that when the parts are in position as indicated in Figs. 1 and 6, with the upper ends of the jointed support of anypair iiXed to the opposit-e edges of the lid the lower ends of the upper arms 14 are normally held inwardly and the upper ends of the lower arms 13 are compressed or sprung inw-ard therebetween.
The upper ends of arms 13 and thelower ends of arms 14 are provided with comple-l mentary friction, or latching, plates 17 and 18 andthe adjacent faces of said plates are notched together, there beingY for this purpose grooves 19 and 20 in one of said plates y and a tooth 21 Aon the other of said plates;
andV in the assembly of parts, the'friction platesY are placed together with the grooved face of one toward the toothed, face of the other.
position ofthe toothed face 18the tooth 21 will enterthe deep groove 19 and in another tooth 21 will enter the shallow position the groove 20. v
`22 is a bolt havinga head 2,3 on one'end, and yextending through a washer 24 and a helical spring 25 and through the friction joint, which is retained by thehead of the bolt so that the jointvis resiliently held by the pressure of the spring 25'to prevent upward movement of arms 14 and the lidfrom closed position without the application ofk tooth 21 are angularly arranged relative to l each other and to their respective arms 13 so that when the li-d is down against the end of'v the container, as shown in solid lines in Figl3,
`t-he tooth 21 will bein t-he deep groove19;
and when the lid is up in the position shown in dotted lines in Fig.f3 the tooth 21is in the shallower groove 20, and in order 'toinove the lid from the closed to the open position,
it is necessary to overcome the weightlof the lid and its upper arms 14, and the pressure Vof the spring and the resistance ofthe tooth 21 in the deep notch 19. Y
The shallower notch y20 isv preferably at right angles to the deep notch. .Y v
The lower arm 13 is provided with. a` crotch or angle foot 26 which is fixed to the cross piece 6by screws 27. f
' The arms of the jointed support maybe of cast metal having the required resiliency to allow the arms to separate at the oint as the tooth climbs out of its notch when the lid is raised, and to allow the latching faces of the arms to come together when the tooth enters the notch 19. The spring 25 makes such action certain.'
' The operation is simple, it only being necessary for the 'operator to apply one hand to the lid and raise the lid tothe open position shown in solid lines at the left and middle of Fig. l, and in dotted lines in Fig. 3, and the tooth then enters the upright notch and holds the lid in open position until it is l again adjusted by hand of the attendant to the closed position where it is held tightly by the resilience of the spring and the pressure of tooth 2l in the deep groove.
I claim 1. A container lid, arms iXedrto and projecting from said lid, and provided with hinge members having grooves in angular relation to each other; fixed supports having teeth adapted to engage in said grooves i respectively, there'being deep grooves to receive the teeth when the lid is in one position and shallow grooves to receive the teeth when the lid is in anotherposition.
2. A stand comprising a frame having seats to hold aslant open mouth containers; said frame comprising front and back rails and end and intermediate cross pieces; blocks on the cross pieces andrearwardly aslant container botto-1n supporting rails; the front rails having notches to receive the containers between the cross pieces; lids for the mouths of said containers; arms xed to the lids and provided with hinge members; standards on the cross pieces; and hinge members on the standards pivoted to the hinge members on said arms.
ANTON N. HoRNUNG.