US 1698206 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 8, 1929.
A R. L. TIPTON SAFETY' RAZOR Filed July l2, 1927 Patented J 8, 1929.
UNITED STATES PA'IENT OFFICE. j
\- RAY LEE TIPTON, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
. SAFETY niezen.
Application led July 12, 1927. Serial No. 205,133.
operative position transversely of its shank to a folded position longitudinally thereof in order to allow the cap to be fitted upon the casing or handle in enclosing relation to the guard and a portion of the shank eX- tending from the casing.
Another object of the invention is toprovide the guard with jawswhich may serve to retain the guard in its folded, position and also serve toengage a blade and secure the vblade in engagement with the guard longitudinally ther'of with its sharpenededge portion projecting transversely from the shank when it is desired to strop the blade. 25
Another object of the invention is to provide improved means to .retain the blade in engagement with the guard in an operative position. l
lAnother object of the invention is to allow the blade-Securing stri to be sprung away from the shank so thatl an extended end portion of the strip may bear against the rear edge of a blade and urge the blade forwardly so that its sharp edge will bear against abutments at the end of a toothed forwardY edge of the guard.`
Another object of the invention is to provide a guard formed from a single strip of sheet metal bent and folded to assume the desired shape.
Another object ofthe invention lis to allow the rear end portions of the shank and blade-securing stri to frictionally engage the walls of the tu ular casingl so as to releasably retain the same in the casing and -in addition allow the rear end p ortions of the shank andstrip to be employed as a pair'ofl tweezers. The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, wherein- Figure 1 is a view showing the razor as it i appears when the cap is applied to the casing;
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional vview through the razor with the cap in place;
Fig. 3 is a side elevation showing the razor ready for use, and
uFiga .is a view showing a blade secured 1n position to be stropped, the casing being in longitudinal section and the remainder of the razorin elevation.
The casing` 1, which constitutes a'handle for the razor, is of an elongated tubular construction and,resembles the barrel of a fountain pen or a casing of the type in which medical thermometers are stored. The cap 2 which resembles the ap of a fountain pen is removably received upon the open forwardv end portion of the casing 1 and is preferably provided with a clip 3 so that the device may be secured in a pocket. It will also be obvious that, if desired, a razor blade placed in a protect-ing jacket maybe engaged between the cap and the clip.
The guard, which is indicated in general bythe numeral 4, isformed of met-al and is f provided with a lip 5 from the rear. edge of which extends a depending flange 6. The forward edge portion of the lip is serrated to provide teeth 7 and at its ends carries upstanding lugs 8 for engagement by the cutting edge of a blade 9 when the blade is disposed` in the operative position shown in Fig. 3. Tongues extend from the rear edge of the lip adjacent the ends thereof and are bent downwardly to provide jaws 10 which are spaced somewhat from the rear facek of the flange 6, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3.
The shank 1.1 of the razor consistsbf a strip` of resilient metal, the forward end of which is pivotally secured against the rear face of the-lange 6 by a rivet or other suit-able fastener 12 intermediate the clamps- 10.so that the guard may be swung from an operative position transversely of the shank to a folded position longitudinally thereof in which posision one of the clamps 10 will extend across the shank. A strip 13 which is also ofresi-lient metal extends longitudinally of the shank andi's pivotally connected therewith by a rivet or other suitable fastener 14. This strip 13 projects forwardly beyond the outer or forward end of the'shank and at itsfree end carries a lug 15 having a notch 16 formed -therein to receive the rear edge of the blade v9 when the blade is disposed in its operative position against the guard. Normally the strip 13 extends close to the shank but when the guard is disposed in -its operative posi- `tion transversely of the' shank the bladesecuring strip may be sprung away from the shank so that, when the blade is placed against 1' the upper face of the lip 5 of the guard wlth toothed forward edge of the l1p in engagement with the lugs 8, the rear edge ofthe blade may be received in the notch or seat 16 and the resilient strip apply pressure which will urge the blade forwardly and firmly retain it in proper engagement with the guard. Aftera shaving operationhas been completed, it is merely necessary to grasp the blade at its ends between the thumb and foreiinger of one hand and the resilient strip may be moved away from the blade so that the blade will be released and may be lifted from the guard. When the blade is removed, the spring strip will return to its initial position shown in Fig. 2 and the guard may then be swung toits foided position in which it ex-v tends longitudinally of the shank with one of its clamps extending across ,the spring strip. This will cause the guard to remain in the folded position. It will also be seen that the blade may be disposed beneath .the clamp which overlies the' resilient strip with its sharpened edge portion projecting transversely from the shank, as shown in Fig. 4, in which position the blade may be stropped in the usual manner. The portions 17 and 18 of the shank and resilient stri between the fastener 14 and their rear en sare' bowed away from each other, as shown in Fig. 2, thereby providing cooperating arms which will be pressed toward each other when the casin is thrust upon them and since theyr will t en have a tendency to move apart they will frict-ionally grip the walls ofthe casing andretain the casing in its proper position but permit the casin to be removedwhen so desired. When in p ace, the casing will conl stitute a handle for the razor, by means of y or stroppng a blade.
that, when the handle or casing lis removed,
which it may be easily asped when shavino' grIt should be note the rear end portions of the shank and companion strip may be employed as a pair of` vtweezers and also that the metal from which the shank and st rip are lformed ma be roughened and constitute nail files. y turning the strip or shank about the rivet, the may `be caused to extend transversely" o each other and the rear end of either strip employed as a nail cleaner. It will thus be seen that `the device may be used as a razor and also to care for the nails. When the guard is disposed longitudinally of the shank, the cap may be replaced and the device then j easily carried ina pocket.` When so carried,
of the guard, a shank extending from said guard, and a resilientI strip carried b y said.
shank and extending longitudinally t ereof ing an end portion extending beyond the shank and projecting from the guard intermediate the width thereof vand provided with a lug to engage the back edge of a blade and press the bladeirmly against the guard with the cutting edge of the blade extending along the toothed edge of the guard and portions in contacting engagement therewith and havi* ofthe blade bearing against the abutments at the ends thereof.
2. A safety razor comprising aguard havin engagement with the guard with the cutting edge of the blade extending along the toothed edge of the guard and portions of the blade bearing against ythe abutments thereof.
3. A safety razor comprising a guard having front and rear edges, abutmentsadjacent the ends of the front edge, a flange depending from the rear edge of the guard, a shank pivoted to said flange intermediate the ends thereof whereby the guard may be vswung from an operative osition transversely of the shank to a folded) position longitudinally thereof, and a spring strip carried by said shank and having an end portion projecting therefrom and adjacent its outer end provided with means to engage the rear edge of a blade when the guard is disposed transverse- -ly ofthe shank and urge the blade forwardly to dispose its sharpened edge along the foryward edge of the guard with its end portions bearing against said abutments.
4. A safety razor comprising a guard having front and rear edges, abutments adjacent the ends of the front edge, a flange depending from the rear edge of the guard, a shank pivoted to said flange intermediate the ends thereof whereby the guard may be swung from an operative position transversely of.
the shank toa folded position longitudinally thereof, a strip extending longitudinally of said shank with its forward end portion projecting therefrom and adapted to engage the rear edge of a blade and retain the lade in engagement with the guard with the cutting edge* of the blade bearing against said. abutments, said shank and strip being formed of resilient material and having bowed portions curvedl away from each other, a tubular handle, said shank and strip being received vin said handle with their bowed portions fric-.
tionally gripping the walls thereof and their forward en portions projecting therefrom,
and a cap adapted to be disposed about the guard and outer end portions of the shank and 4 strip and engaged with said handle.
5. A ,safety razor comprising a guard, -a shank pivoted to the guard intermediatethe width thereof whereby the guard may be turned from an operative position transversely of the shank to a folded position longitudinally thereof, a strip carriedv by said shank and extending longitudinally thereof with its forward end portion projecting frointhe shank and adapted to retain a blade in engagementwith the guard'when the guard 4when folded and engaged -with the handle.
6. A safety razor comprising a gua-rd, a shank pivoted to the guard intermediate the width thereof whereby the 'guard may be turned from an operative position transversely of the shank to al folded position longi-y tudinally thereof, `a vstrip extendin longitudinally of theshank at one side-.thereof and having its outer end portion projecting from the shank and adapted to engagea blade and hold the blade in engagement with l the guard when the guardfis inpan operative position, a fastener passed through'the strip and shank intermediate their portions between the fastener and their i rearends bowed away from each other, an
elongated `hollow handleA fitted upon said shank and strip with their 'forwardend portions projecting therefrom and held t/hereon ythe ends of the strip, `the strip and shank heing'resilient and having by their` bowed portions frictionally engaging the handle, about theguard when folded and engaged with the handle.
7. A safety razor comprising a guard, a shank pivoted to said guard intermediate its width whereby the guard may besw'ung from an operative position transversely of thel shank to a folded position longitudinally thereof with a portion overlapping the shank, aresilient strip carried by said shank and having its forward end portion projecting from Athe shank to engage a blade and releasably retain the blade in operative engagement with the guard, and tongues extending from the end portions of the guard and; adapted to eX- tend across the shankand strip and engagel a blade to hold the blade disposed lon itudinally -of the shank with itsI sharpene edge portion projecting from, one side thereof whereby the blade may be stropped.
8. A safety '.jrazor comprising a -guard formed upper leaf being curved and bent upwardly to provide abutment lugs, the lower leaf being bent in spaced relation to theteeth to provide a depending flange and the tongues being bent to provide jaws spaced from\the flange adj acent'the ends thereof, a shank pivotedto) said ,flange between the jaws, and a resilient strip carried by andextending longitudinalfrom a sheet of metal having` spaced tongues and folded upon itself in spaced rela and a cap adapted to be disposed ly 'of the shankwith its ou er en'dportion projecting'therefrom'toengage a blade and hold the blade against the guard withits cutting edge bearing against vsaid lu f