Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1698941 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 15, 1929
Filing dateMay 5, 1926
Priority dateMay 5, 1926
Publication numberUS 1698941 A, US 1698941A, US-A-1698941, US1698941 A, US1698941A
InventorsDavenport Ransom W
Original AssigneeChicago Pneumatic Tool Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for transforming heat
US 1698941 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 15; 1929.

R. W. DAVENPORT APPARATUS FOR TRAN SFORMING HEAT Original Filed May 5, 1926 [NVEN TOR. Ransom Wfla venp orf .-1TTORNEY.

' Patented Jan. 15, 1929.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

RANSOM W. DAVENPORT, OF DETROIT, MICHIGAN, ASSIGNOR T CHICAGO PNEUMATIC TOOL COMPANY, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION OF NEW JERSEY.

AEPARATUS FOR TRAN SFORMING HEAT.

Application filed May 5, 1928, Serial No. 106,826. Renewed May 1, 1928.

This invention relates to heat transforming apparatus, and more particularly to such apparatus adapted and intended for use with lubricating working substances of B the type disclosed and claimed in my copending application, Serial No. 60,311, filed October 3, 1925.

One object of the invention is to provide apparatus which will successfully utilize lubricating working substances in the transforming of heat. Another object is to provide such apparatus of the evaporator-compressor-condenser type operating with the crank case of the pump or compressor at a 16 pressure intermediate the condenser and evaporator pressures. Another object is to minimize leakage from the crank case. Other objects will be apparent from the detailed description which follows:

In order to illustrate the invention, one concrete embodiment thereof is shown in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1, illustrates in a somewhat diagrammatical manner a refrigerating system of the closed-cycle type, certain parts of the same being shown in vertical section.

Fig. 2, is a sectional view of the compressor and associated parts substantially on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 1 illustrates a refrigerating system comprisin an evaporator 3 disposed in a refrigerating compartment indicated at A and provided with a concentrating chamber 3 connected by a conduit 4 to the inlet of 85 a compressor 5, a discharge connection 6,

and a condenser 7 from which leads a conduit 8 connecting with evaporator 3 through a suitable feeding or expansion device 9. Compressor 5 has a crank case 5 wherein is rotatably mounted in suitable bearing a crank shaft 5", one end of which projects from the crank case and carries a suitable drivin member such as a pulley 10. Adjacent the projecting portion of the crank shaft, the crank case has spaced walls 5 and 5 providing therebetween a chamber 5 separate from the crank case chamber. Packings 11 and 12 are provided in walls 5 and 5 res ectively to prevent leakage along shaft 5". lo assist in sealing the shaft, lubricant is fed to chamber 5 through a conduit 13 extending from a separator 14 disposed in connection 6 intermediate compressor 5 and condenser 7. The separator may take theform of a chamber having an lnlet 14* at one end and an outlet 14 at the other. Suitable means are provided for intercepting liquid carried in the fluid stream passing through connection 6. Such means may take the form of one or more batlle plates 14 interposed between inlet 14 and outlet 14* upon which the concentrated liquid refrigerant mixture may collect and drop into conduit 13.

The apparatus may be placed in operation by starting with pure lubricant (for example, a thin grease composed of a mixture of Vaseline and Nujol) in crank case 5, and pure refrigerant (for example, methylene chloride) in evaporator 3 and its concentrating chamber 3*. As compressor 5 opcrates, leakage will take place past its piston 5, some of the lubricant finding its way into the circulated refrigerant and some of the refrigerant finding its way into the crank case. By continually adding grease, a point will be reached where the concentration and level are nearly constant and the grease which has accumulated in the concen trating chamber 3 will increase the liquid level therein'until it overflows into connection 4 and returns a little at a time to the compressor. As the concentrated grease along withthe vaporized refrigerant leaves the compressor it passes into separator 14 and impinges against the baflle means therein such as plate 14. Much of the liquid grease mechanically entrained with the var is there se arated out mechanically and ed to the stu ng box' chamber 5 where it helps to seal the packings 11 and 12.

feature of the present invention as distin uished fromthe inventions disclosed an claimed in my copending applications, Serial No. 95,531, filed March 18th, 1926 and Serial No. 106,825 filed of even date, herewith, is that the crank case 5 is not connected either to the evaporator as in the former case, or to the condenser as in the latter case. As a consequence of this difference, the pressure in the crank case 5 tends to stay at a point between the high and low side pressures of the system with the result that there is a tendency for lubricant and vapor to enter the crank case from the stuffing box chamber 5 through packing 11 and for some of the lubricant mixture to leave the crank case 5 by the leakage path around piston 5, thus tending to establish equilibrium in the quantity and concentration or viscosity of lubricant in chamber 5*.

While one form of the invention has been herein shown and described, it is to be understood that the invention 15 not'limited to the specific details thereof but covers all changes, modifications and adaptations Within the scope of the appended claims.

I claim as my invention:

1. In a heat transforming system of the closed cycle type utilizing a lubricating working substance, a concentrating evaporator, a condenser, a compressor withdrawing vapor and concentrated lubricant from said evaporator, a discharge connection from said compressor to said condenser, said coin pressor having a crank shaft projecting therefrom, sealing means for said shaft, and means conducting concentrated lubricant from said connection'to said sealing means.

2. In a heat transforming system of the closed cycle type utilizing a lubricating Working substance, a concentrating evaporator, a condenser, a compressor withdrawing vapor and concentrated lubricant from said evaporator, a discharge connection from said compressor to said condenser, said comprcs sor having a crank shaft projecting therefrom, a packing chamber for said shaft, means in said discharge connection for separating the lubricant from the vapor,

and a conduit directing the separated lubricant into said chamber.

3. In a heat transforming system of the closed cycle type utilizing a lubricating working substance, a concentrating evaporator, a condenser, a compressor withdrawing vapor and concentrated lubricant from said evaporator, a discharge connection from said compressor to said condenser, said compressor having a crank shaft projecting therefrom, said compressor providing a packing chamber for said projecting shaft, bafile means in said discharge connection for separating the lubricant from the vapor, and means conducting said separated lubricant into said packing chamber.

4. In a refrigerating system of the closed cycle type utilizing a lubricating refrigerant, an evaporator having a concentrating chamber, a condenser, a compressor having its inlet connected to said chamber and arranged to Withdraw vapor and concentrated liquid from said evaporator, a discharge connection from said compressor to said condenser, said compressor having a .crank shaft projecting therefrom, a chamber surrounding said projecting shaft and enclosing a packing for said shaft, a separator in said discharge connection, and a conduit from said separator to said packing chamber.

5. In a refrigerating system of the closed cycle type utilizing a lubricating refrigerant, an evaporator having a concentrating chamher, a condenser, a compressor having its inlet connected to said chamber and arranged to withdraw vapor and concentrated liquid from said evaporator, a discharge connection from said compressor to said condenser, said compressor having a crank case and a crank shaft projecting therefrom, said crank case providing a chamber surrounding said shaft, spaced packings for said shaft within said last named chamber, a separator in said discharge connection providing a baflie for separating the lubri cant from the vaporizedrefrigerant, and a conduit directing the separated lubricant into said packing-chamber.

Signed by me' at Detroit, \Vayne County, Michigan, this 30th day of April, 1926.

RANSOM W. DAVENPORT.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2603954 *Nov 15, 1950Jul 22, 1952William E DavisVariable output refrigeration system
US5755106 *Jun 4, 1997May 26, 1998Ross; Harold F.Ice cream machine having an auxiliary evaporation tank
US6101834 *May 22, 1998Aug 15, 2000Ross; Harold F.Ice cream machine having an evaporator tank which evenly freezes ice cream
US6119472 *Jan 21, 1999Sep 19, 2000Ross; Harold F.Ice cream machine optimized to efficiently and evenly freeze ice cream
US6370892Aug 15, 2000Apr 16, 2002Harold F. RossBatch process and apparatus optimized to efficiently and evenly freeze ice cream
US6651448Feb 12, 2002Nov 25, 2003Harold F. RossIce cream machine including a controlled input to the freezing chamber
US6662592Feb 12, 2002Dec 16, 2003Harold F. RossIce cream machine including a secondary cooling loop
US6672079 *Aug 16, 2002Jan 6, 2004Harold F. RossIce cream machine having an auxiliary evaporator tank
US6935123Oct 21, 2003Aug 30, 2005Ross's Manufacturing, LlcMethod of using an ice cream machine
US6988372Sep 3, 2003Jan 24, 2006Ross's Manufacturing, LlcIce cream machine including a controlled input to the freezing chamber
US7047758Oct 15, 2003May 23, 2006Ross's Manufacturing, LlcIce cream machine with specialized motor
US7266952Jan 20, 2006Sep 11, 2007Ross's Manufacturing, LlcIce cream machine including a controlled input to the freezing chamber
US20040045310 *Sep 3, 2003Mar 11, 2004Harold F. RossIce cream machine including a controlled input to the freezing chamber
US20040129149 *Oct 21, 2003Jul 8, 2004Harold F. RossMethod of using an ice cream machine
US20050081554 *Oct 15, 2003Apr 21, 2005Harold F. RossIce cream machine with specialized motor
US20060168970 *Jan 20, 2006Aug 3, 2006Ross's Manufacturing, LlcIce cream machine including a controlled input to the freezing chamber
Classifications
U.S. Classification62/471, 62/503, 62/502
International ClassificationF25B31/00, F25B9/00
Cooperative ClassificationF25B31/00, F25B9/006
European ClassificationF25B31/00, F25B9/00B4