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Publication numberUS1701093 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 5, 1929
Filing dateOct 10, 1927
Publication numberUS 1701093 A, US 1701093A, US-A-1701093, US1701093 A, US1701093A
InventorsJ. S. Zook
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Battery hand lamp
US 1701093 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 5, 1929.. ,70l,095

J. s. zooK BATTERY HAND LAMP Filed Oct. lO, 1927 2 Sheets-Sheet l Feb. 5, 1929., B,701,093

J. s. zooK BATTERY HAND LAMP Filed Oct. l0, 1927 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 T19- 7 Figi 7 Z3 32 3/ l 33 l l 1 if/ y 1 j j 7,1m l

I i-2a -f l n um m mf l 3a INVENTOR foi .si 20o/f BY 23u01@ )MRM/MA ATTORNEYS cheap to construct.

Patented Feb. 5, 1929.

NETE@ trainee earner entrer..

JOI-IN S. ZOOK, OF MADISON, WISCONSIN, ASSIGNOR TO BURG-ESS BATTERY COMPANY, OF MADISON, WISCONSIN, A CORPORATION OF VISCONSIN.

BATTERY HAND LAMP.

Application ed October 10, 192'?.

My invention relates toa battery hand lamp and consists of a dry cell battery having an incandescent bulb in a removable holder so constructed as to be capable of being flipped by the thumb or finger into either the operative or the inoperative position.

It is an object of my invention to provide an improved battery hand lamp Which is It is a further object ot' my invention to provide a battery hand lamp which cannot be accidently lighted thus overcoming an objection encountered in lamps of this class. Further objects and advantages Will be made clear by the following detailed description, which is to be taken in conjunction With the accompanying drawings, wherein Fig. 1 illustrates in part sectional elevation the Whole of the battery hand lamp with the incandescent bulb in solid lines or the operative position and in dotted lines for the inoperative position;

F 2 is a perspective view ofthe incandescent bulb in its holder;

Fig. 8 is a plan vievv of the metallic cup;

Fig. i is a vertical, sectional view of the upper end of the battery at right angles to Fig. 1 showing the lamp in operative position;

Fig. 5 is a sectional view of the upper end of the battery showing a modified form ot' cup;

Fig. 6 is a perspective view of another form ot the invention showing the lamp removed;

Fig. 7 is a vertical, sectional view ot the 'form shown in Fig. 6, and,

Fig. 8 is a sectional view of another torni ot' the invention.

In the form of the invention shown in Figs. 1 to 4; of the drawings, I enclose a battery conY sisting ot one or more dry cells, 1 and 2, electrically connected, as by connector 3, in a suitable carton Il, Which may be of paper, and Which projects above the top of thel dry cells to form an oval cup. In this cup I place a metallic cup 5, Which is electrically connected to one of the poles oi' the battery, preferably by soldering to the negative can, as at 6. An opening 7, in the bottom of the metallic cup 5 allows the other pole, preferably the positive 8, to be exposed. The second pole must be insulated from the cup, as by a sheet ot insulating paper 9. The side edges of opening 7 are bent up, as at 10, for the purpose to be explained hereinafter. At the end of the Serial No. 225,045.

cup opposite to opening' 7 Wings 11 are formed as by punching in the sides of the cup 5, the purpose of these Wings to be explained hereinaftcr. A small lug 12 is formed on the bottom ot the cup at the end removed from opening 7, as by stamping the metal.

rihe incandescent bulb 13, Fig. 2, is mounted, by soldering, in a holder which consists ot a sheet metal backing 14, to which is hailed a looped spring 15 preferably made of Wire. The holder pivots on this bail when the holder is flipped from the operative to inoperative position and vice versa. The lovrer portion or base of the backing 14 is provided with flanged supports 16, so shaped as to assist in the operation of the device, which Will be explained hereinafter. rlhe holder cooperates ivith the battery having the cup 5 mounted as described by slipping the looped spring Wire 15 underneath Wings 11 and over lug 12 so that the base of bulb 13 contacts with the terminal of the battery exposed through openings 7 as shown in solid lines in Fig. 1. The pressure of Wings 11 on looped spring Wire 15 insures a good contact between the base of the bulb and the exposed pole of the battery. Since the cup 5 is electrically connected to one pole of the battery at 6, electrical connection is made to the screw thread 17 of the lamp through the holder Which is in contact at various points With the cup. lhen the holder is in the operative position, the flanged supports 16 are positioned on the outside ot the bent up side edges 10 and are thereby prevented trom slipping into opening 7. To put the hand lamp in the inoperative position, the backing 14 is iiipped forward to the position shown by broken lines in Fig. 1, the bulb 13 then being at right angles to the operative position. The looped spring 15, which is in practically the same position as when the holder is in the operative position, in cooperation with the lug 12 prevents the backing 14 from rubbing against the cup 5 While the holder is being changed from one position to another. Since the base ot' the bulb is no longer in contact with exposed terminal 8, the bulb is no longer lighted. The looped spring 15 still acts to keep the holder of Fig. 2 lirmly in position. The projecting portion of the flange 16 is so shaped with a relatively square corner that when the holder is flipped into either the operative or inoperative position it assumes such position With a snap since the spring pressure is greatest at the intermediate position. This insures the holders beineV in either the operative or inoperative position and, furthermore, prevents the holder from being readily pushed into the operative position to accidently light the bulb while being carried in the pocket or elsewhere. When the holder is in the inoperative position, the backing 14C covers the top ot the cup and acts as a closure. Furthermore, since the backing 1li now rests upon wings 11, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1, the bulb is protected against injury by shock during the act of dipping the holder into the inoperative position or in the event that the hand lamp is accidently struck against a rigid object. lVhen in the operative position, backing 14 acts as a reflector. Lip 18 projects slightly above cup 5 to aid the linger or thumb in flipping the holder into the operative position.

Fig. 5 illustrates an alternative `form of construction in which the metallic cup at the top of the hand lamp is dispensed with in favor ot a metallic plate 18, termed, positioned, and functioning as the bottom ot cup 5, Fig. 3. In this construction, a rugged casing 19, of insulating material encloses the dry cell battery and extends above the top thereof to form the cup into which the incandescent bulb holder is inserted The tune` tion of turned in wings 11 of Fig 3 is performed by a suitable rod 2O of Fig. 5 rigidly held in the sides of the casing. The method of maintaining the electrical circuit in this hand lamp is the same as described in the first mentioned construction.

Figs. 6 and 7 illustrate another form of the invention in which one or more dry cells 21, positioned preferably one above the other, are connected in series the whole being encased in a cylindrical, octagonal or other suitably shaped metal easing 22. The upper end ot the casing is recessed or punched to torni a cup 23 similar to the cup described in connection with Figs. 1 to P) of the drawings. A tube 24 oit suitable insulating material may be arranged between the cells and the metal casing. The bottom ot' the easing may be closed by a threaded cap 25 having a spring 26 which is adapted to contact with the bottom of the zine can ot the lower cell and thus connect the holder et cup 23 to one pole ot the battery through the casing 22. The incandescent bulb holder 14 is adapted to be mounted in the cup 23 in the manner heretofore described and permit contact to be made between the carbon 'pole 27 ot the upper cell and the base terminal of the lamp bulb in the manner heretofore described.

In the form of the invention shown in Fig. 8 of the drawings, I employ a casing 2S formed of paper or other insulating material. A metal sleeve or ring 29 is arranged adjacent the lower end of the casing and is provided with external threads to receive the cap 25. A conductor strip 30 is arranged between the spring 26 and the bottom of the Zinc electrode ot the lower cell. This strip ei;- tends upwardly between the outer easing 28 'and the insulating sleeve 24 and is connected to a cup S1 similar in construction to the cup 5 heretofore described. As the construction of the hand lamp shown in Fig. S is cylindrical in cross section, the recessed portion'ot the cup extends from a point adjacent the center to one edge similar to the construction shown in Fig. G of the drawings. The outer periphery of the cup 31 is flanged as at- 32 and is then extended downwardly as at over the exterior ot the easing QS. At suitable intervals the tlange o'lf the cup may be punched into the paper or other material forming the casing 28 as indicated at 84 to anchor the cup in position.

The operation of the device will be apparent from the foregoing description. The lip 18 permits the user to insert his linger or thumb under the outer edge of the holder and swing it on its pivot to place the lamp in operative position. The holder then serves as a reflector. The wings 16 form a wiping contact with the bottom of the cup 5 and thus insures a goed electrical conneetion between the terminal of the lamp and the cell. The base terminal or' the lamp likewise moves across the other pole ot the battery making a. wiping contact lllhen the lamp is in closed position holder 14 acts as a cover or closure and -protects the incandescent bulb rom injury.

I claim:

1. A battery hand lamp comprisinga carton, a dry cell battery arranged therein, said carton extending above the top ot' said battery, a. metallic cup arranged in the upper part ot" said carton, said cup being electrically connected to the negative pole ot said battery and having an opening for exposing the positive pole and heilig insulated from said positive pole, said cup having turned in wings on the sides near the end opposite to said opening, an inwardly stamped lug on the bottom of said cup at the end opposite to said opening, raised portions along the edge -ot' said opening, a holder pivotally mounted in said cup, an incandescent bulb mounted in said holder, a loop of spring wire bailed to the base of said holder, said wire being adapted to tit under said turned-in wings and be retained by said lug to maintain said bulb in contact with said 'exposed positive pole when in operative position, the base ol said holder being so shaped that said spring wire will cause said holder to snap into either the operative or the inoperative positions, said holder being of such shape as to form a closure for said cup when in the inoperative position and to form a reflector for said bulb when in the operative position.

Q. A battery hand lamp comprising a carton, a dry cell battery arranged therein, said carton extending above the top of said dry cell battery, a cup arranged in the upper part ot said carton, the bottom of said cup being electrically connected to one pole of said battery and having an opening for exposing the other pole and being insulated from said seeond pole, said cup having turned-in Wings on the sides near the end opposite to said opening, an inwardly stamped lug on the bottom of said cup at the end opposite to said opening` raised portions along the edge ot' said opening, a holder pivotally mounted in said cup, an incandescent bulb mounted in said holder, a loop spring Wire bailed to the base ot said holder, said Wire being adapted i'it under said turned-in Wings and be retained by said lug to maintain said bulb in contact With said exposed pole When in the op'erative position, the base of said holder being so shaped that said spring Wir-e will cause said holder to snap into either the operative or the inoperative positions, said holder being of such shape as to form a closure for said cup When in the inoperative position.

A battery hand lamp comprising a carton, a dry eell battery arranged therein, said carton extending above the top of saidbattery, a cup arranged in the upper part of said carton, the bottom of said cup being electrically connected to one pole ot said battery and having an opening' for exposing the other pole and being insulated from said second pole, said'cup having turned-in Wings on the sides near the end opposite to said opening, a holder pivotally mounted in said cup, an incandescent bulb mounted in said holder, a loop of spring Wire bailed to the'base of said holder, said Wire being adapted to fit under said turned-in wings to maintain said bulb in contact With said exposed pole when in operative position, the base of said holder being so shaped that said spring Wire Will cause said holder to snap into either the operative or the inoperative positions.

4. A battery hand lamp comprising a dry cell battery, a cup arranged at one end of said battery, said cup being electrically oonnected to one pole or" said battery and having an opening for exposing the other pole and being insulated from said second pole, a holder pivotally mounted in said cup, an incandescent bulb mounted in said holder, a looped spring bailed to the base of said holder, said spring being held in position at the loop end and Lmaintaining said bulb in contact With said exposed pole when in operative position, the base of said holder being shaped that said spring Will cause said holder to snap into either the operative or the inoperative position.

5. ln a battery hand lamp a dry cell battery, a cup arranged at one end of said battery, said cup being electrically connected to one pole of said battery and having an opening for exposing the other pole and being insulated from said second pole, an incandescent bulb holder pivotally mounted in said cup and adapt-ed to be pivoted into an opera.- tive or inoperative position, said holder being ot such shape as to form a closure for said cup when in the inoperative position.

6. in a battery hand lamp a dry cell battery, a. cup arranged at one end oi' said battery, an incandescent bulb holder pivotally mounted in said cup and adapted to be pivoted through an arc of substantially 90 to assume an operative or inoperative position Within said cup, said holder being ot' such shape as to form a closure tor said cup when inoperative.

7. ln a battery hand lamp, a battery, a cup above the top of said battery, a bulb holder pivotally mounted in said cup, an incandescent bulb mounted in said holder, means Within said cup to maintain the base or" the incandescent bulb in contact with one pole of said battery when the holder is in an operative position and to position said holder to form a closure for said cup When said holder is in an inoperative position.

8. ln a battery hand lamp, a battery, a cup above the top of said battery, an incandescent bulb pivotally mounted in said cup, means Within said cup to maintain the base of the incandescent bulb in Contact with one pole of said battery When in an operative position and to maintain said bulb at right angles to said operative position when in an inoperative position.

9. In .a battery hand lamp, a battery, a cup at one yend of said battery, a bulb holder arranged in said cup, a looped spring bailed to said holder, and means forming a part of said cup for pressing on said spring to cause the base of a bulb in said holder to press firmly upon a battery terminal when said holder is in the operative position.

10. in a battery hand lamp, a battery, a cup at one end oi said battery, a bulb holder arranged in said cup, a looped spring hailed to said holder, means in said cup for pressingl` on said spring' to cause the base of a bulb in said holder to press firmly upon a battery terminal when said holder is in the operative position and to retain said holder .firmly in position When in .an inoperative position.

11. In a battery hand lamp, a battery, a cup at one end of the battery, a holder arranged in said cup, a looped spring hailed to said holder to permit said holder to be moved to an operative or inoperative position, means in said cup for pressing on said spring to cause the holder to be iirmly held in position While in either an operative or inoperative position,

and means on said holder cooperating with said means to cause relatively higher pressure to be exerted upon said holder by said spring when said holder is in an intermediate position.

12. In a battery hand lamp7 a dry cell bat-- tery having a cup at one end of said. battery, said cup being electrically connect-ed to one pole of said battery and having an opening adjacent one end for exposing the other pole of the battery and being insulated troni said second pole and projections extendinpl inwardly from the sides of said cup adjacent the other end thereof.

13. A separable head for a hand lamp battery comprising a holder forming,l a reflector, a lamp mounted therein and disposed .vithin said holder, and a looped spring; bailed thereto.

14. A. separable head tor a liand lamp battery comprising a holder forming a retleetor, a lamp mounted therein and disposed Within said holder, and a looped spring' bailed thereto, said holder being adapted to pivot on said bail.

15. In abattery hand lamp, adry cell battery, and an incandescent bulb holder pivotally mounted on said battery and adapted to swing through an arc ot substantially 90O from an operative position to an inoperative position, the axis of said bulb holder beingwithin the base thereot, said bulb holder serving as a closure member when in inoperative position.

16. In a battery hand lamp, a dry cell battery having a cup at one end ot said battery, said cup beinp` electrically connected to one pole of said battery and having` an opening adjacent one end for exposing); the other pole of the battery and being' insulated from said second pole and retaining members carried by the side walls ol said cup adj acenttlie other end thereof.

In testimony whereot I affix my signature.

JOHN S. ZOOK.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4459646 *May 27, 1983Jul 10, 1984Duracell Inc.Flashlight construction
EP1548352A2 *Dec 10, 2004Jun 29, 2005HNC Import-Export & Vertriebs AGFlashlight
Classifications
U.S. Classification362/199, 429/97
International ClassificationF21L4/00
Cooperative ClassificationF21L15/06, F21L4/00
European ClassificationF21L15/06, F21L4/00