US 1701670 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
` Feb.-12, 1,929'.` 1,701,670
A. G. FELDMAN JUVENILE VEHICLE Filed Aug. l, 1927 Patented l2,
cierren sra'rss ABRAHAM G. FELDMAN, OF..CI-IICAGO, ILLIOIS.
Application filed August 1-, 1927.
My invention relates to juvenile vehicles, and more particularly to those known as play-yards and capable of being folded Vwhen no longer used, and it is my main object to provide a simple and efiicient corner pivot for the folding element of the play-yard.
A further object of the invention is to eliminate the usual external corner hinges of the article by the use of a concealed pivot, so that the ornamental appearance of the article is not spoiled in this respect and no damage by Contact with persons or other articles is possible.
A final but nevertheless important object of the invention to design the top railings of the play-yard with a novel protective feature.
lVith the above objects in view and others that may suggest themselves from the specification and claims to follow, a better underw standing of the invention may be gained by reference to the accompanying drawing, in which- Figure 1 is a perspective view of the improved play-yard as in position for use;
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of one end in process of folding; and Y Fig. 3 isa fragmental elevation of a top corner, oartly broken away.
Referring speciiically to 'the drawing, 5 denotes the sides, 6 the ends, and 7 the bottom of a typical play-yard. rllbe sides are built with top and bottom rails 5iL and 5b, respectively, and the ends have similar rails (in and 6" at corresponding locations. rlhe bottom 7 is hinged to one of the sides, so that it may he swung up inside of the same when the playyard is no longer to be used. In this event,
.the ends G are folded inwardly, as kindicated in Figure 2, the rails 6a and Gb being made nf'ithmodial break-joints 6G, and fitted with hinges 6d. The article may thus be reduced to narrow dimensions and stored in a small space. wtlllhen the play-yard is again set up, its ends are locked from folding by the engagement ot a latch bar 6@ with a stud (if.
The above outline describes the typical folding play-yard, and l do not make any claimen the general construction thereof. I have, lmwever, done away with the unsightly hinges incident to the corners of the vehicle providing a concealed pivot which permits the ornamental value of the article to be eX- pressed quite as fully at the corners as in terinediately thereof.
Serial No. 209,905.
rlhe general construction of the sides and ends is founded on an array of vertical rods 5, 6, and l employ one Vof these at each corner to furnish the pivot thereat. The rods in general are, of course, firmly doweled into the rails, but each corner rod 6 is extended a short distance beyond the rails 6a and 6b and loosely doweled into cavities 5 in the rails 5a and 5b, which are positioned next outside the rails (la andb. Before entering the rails 5a and 5, however, the rod 6 receives thin metal washers 8 to slightly separate the superposed ails and relieve them of friction when the end-section turns on the pivot.
A simple pivot is thus provided which es-V sentially requires no eXtra parts or fittings whatever, since it employs what is already built into the vehicle. Nothing is visible eX- teriorly of the rail and rod assembl to detract from the appearance of the ve icle or come into contact with other objects whereby to mar or otherwise injure them.
I have widened the rails 5Zt inwardly at the ends, as indicated at 5d. The portions 5d merge into the intermediate portions by means of a curve or pocket 5e, which serves as a guard to shield the body or arms of the occupant from discomfort when in a corner.
The widened rail portions also form. ay rest for they arm or hand which, though at the vsite of the pivot, is not at all affected by the same.
l. The combination in a foldable wallplal pen or enclosure of a pivotal connection foi adjoining walls thereof comprising extensions of one wall upon the other, and pivotal elements in the latter wall and connecting with said extensions, said extensions being widened inwardly of said walls to constitute protective railings.
2. The combination in a foldable wall play pen or enclosure of a pivotal connection for adjoining walls thereof com prising exten sions of one wall upon the other. and pivotal elements in the latter Vall and. connecting vwith said extensions, said extensions being widened ini Yardly of said walls with a curvature to present hollow surfaces and constitute protective railings. l
8. A foldable play pen for children comprising pivotally connected walls-, l one of said walls having top and bottom extensions engaging thel top and bottom of an adjacent wall, the inner faces of said extensions having cavities, and a vertical pivot rod in said adjallO cent watll und hzwing projecting ends extending` into seid cavities whereby e concealed pivot Will be provided.
4. In L foldzible play pen or enclosure for children, the combination of a pivotal conneetion 'for adjoining Walls of said enclosure comprising extensions of one Wall upon the top and bottoni of the other Well, said extensions having.)- opposed bearing portions :it their inner feces, a vertical pivot rod in the letter Wall, and the enos oi rod projecting into said extension bearing portions whereby a Concealed and protected pivot bearing Will be provided.
in testimony whereof I anix my signature.
ABRAHAM G. FELDMAN.