US 1701770 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 12, 1929.
C. W. CANINE LAUNDRY TAG Filed July 18, 1927 :7 Afar/rays- Patented 1.2, 1929.
lJNllED STATES" PATENT OFFICE- CHESTER W. CANINE, OF CINCINNATI, OHIO.
Application filed July 18,
tag which cannot become detached from the laundry articles inthe ordinary process of laundryi ng, and which will not tear or mutilate the most delicate laundry articles, and which can be run through laundry ironing machines while attached to the garment without injury to the tag, the garment or the ironing machine. 7
A further object is to: provide a tag of this character in which, during the washing process, the washing liquid will have free access to every particle of the garment, including that part contained between the flat jaws of the tag, so that portions of the garment contained in the tag are washed just as thoroughly as all other portions of it. y
My invention consists in the construction, arrangement and combination of the various parts of the device, whereby the objects contemplated are attained, as hereinafter more fully set forth, pointed out in my claims, and illustratedin the accompanying. drawings, in which:
Figure 1 shows a front elevation oialaundry tag embodying my invention and attached to a portion of a laundry article, and in closed position. a
Figure 2 shows a similar view with the tag in open position ready for removal "from the garment.
Figure 3 shows a longitudinal, sectional view on the line 3-3 of Figure 1.
Figure at shows an edge view of the tag with the jaws separated by the guiding}; and locking pin; and i i Figure 5 shows an enlarged, detail, sectional view on the line of Figure 3.
Referring to the accompanying drawings, it will. beseen that the tag is composed primarily of two pieces of spring sheet metal. Lhe one containing the pins is tior convenience herein referred to as the lower member, and the one containing the pin openings as the upper member. Thelower member com- I prises a flat, substantially rectangular, body portion 10 and a jaw member ,1 1," all formed A further object is to provide a laundry- 1927. Serial No. 206,523.
complete of a single piece of spring sheet metal. The body portion 10 is substantially fiat and between the body portion and jaw there is an inclined portion 12, which extends "from the'body portion downwardly and toward the jaw member, and is clearlyshown in Figure 4e. From the part 12 the member inclines upwardly toward its outer end. In the central portion of thebody 10 isa rectangular opening 13, and between said opening and the inclined portion 12 there is around hole 1 1, the upper edge of which is beveled or inclined outwardly at 15, as shown in Figure 5. On a central longitudinal plane through the jaw portion 11 there is a series.
of pins 16 riveted to the jaw portion 11 and having; their pointed ends extended upwardly.
lhe length of these pins varies from a mini= mum at the outer end of the jaw to a maximum toward the body portion, for purposes hereinafter made clear. I
The upper tag member is of the same general outline as the lower one and is also made of a single piece of spring sheet metal. It comprises a body portion 17 having a rectangular opening 18 therein, an inclinedflportion 19 and a jaw 20. The inclined portion 19 extends from the body portion upwardly and toward the jaw portion, and the jaw portion 20 extends from the inclined portion 19 downwardlyand toward the outer end of the jaw member. In the jaw member 20 there is a series of openings 21 designed to receive the points of the pins 16. In the body portion 17 between theopening 18 and the inclined portion19, there is a guiding and locking pin 22riveted to the-body portion 17] and havingits lower end projected below said body portion and tapered downwardly and inwardly at 23, as shown in Figure 5, and capable ofentering the inclined portion 15 of the opening Minthe lower body portion 10. I
The two body portions 10 and 17 are eon nected by a rivet 24, which rivet is designed to permit the two membersto swing relative to each other but it tends at all times tohold the two body portions in parallel positions.
syn'ibol such for instance as the numeral 25. lVhen the two tag members are in their nor mal positions, as shown in Figure 1, the )lll'tS are under little, or no, tension because the guiding and locking pin 22 is in the opening 1% and the pins 16 are in the openings 21 and the outer ends of the jaws are in engagement with each other. When in this position, it is obvious that the upper jaw cannot be moved laterally relative to the lower one on account of the locking pin 22. hen there is a relatively thin laundry article between the aws, when they are in their closed position, this article is held firmly within the grasp of the jaws, because it slightly spreads the lower ends ofthe aws and therei's a yielding spring contact at this point. Furthermore. the numerous pin points 16 penetrate the fabric and because of the coaction ot the spring pressure upon the garment and the penetrating pins through the garment, the tag is firmly held to the garment and cannot be removed therefrom by any of the ordinary things that are likely to occur in a laundry operation. One of the reasons why the jaws cannot be ac cidentally separated in a laundry operation is that the two springing plates are of the same exterior contour and have no sharp corners that are likely to become caught or en tangled, and there is nothing in a laundrying process which would operate to first force the jaws apart against the spring pressure to withdraw the locking pin 22 from the. hole 1 1 and at the same time move one jaw laterally on'the'pivot 2% relative to the other, and both of these operations must be carried on simultaneously in order to detach the tag from the garment.
When a relatively thick arment is placed between, the jaws, then the jaws are held slightly further apart, but even in this case the pins penetrate the garment and the fabric is prevented from sliding over the ends of the pins by the upper jaw, into which the pins 16, or some of them, penetrate even the very thickest garments.
by having the pins of various lengths, the points'ot all of them will. penetrate Yethin garments and also enter all of the openings in the upper jaw, and it is in the very thin ments that there is always more dang of tearing the material, whereas in relatively thick garments the outer ends of the jaws may be. spread so that the shorter pins do not en ter the corresponding oj )ening in the upper jaw member, but the longer pins will then pass through the garment and into the opening in the upper aw memhenand there will be more spring pressure applied by the to hold the garment in place. Hence. the device operates efiiciently to hold it firml to the garment without danger of tearing Llle gar ment, either with very thin and delicate tabrics or with relatively thick and heavy ones.
In practical operatioml provide a series of tags having the same identification mark for the laundry articles belonging to each individual. lhen the operator takes each laundry article belonging; a certain individual and opens the spring jaws by forcing the thumbnail into the space between the inclined portions 12 and 19, thus separating the spring jaws and moving the guiding and locking pin 22 out of its opening 15. When this is done, the two jaw members may be readily sprung apart until they reach the position shown in Figure 2, whereupon the garment is placed upon the row o'tpins 16, alter which the upper member is swung back on the pivot 24 to position overlapping the lower member. During this swinging movement, the upper aw portion is held away from contact with the pin points, by the guiding and locking pin 22, and only when the parts have reach overlapping positions does the pin 22 enter the opening 14, and thus permit the jaws to come together with the pin points 16 entering the openings 21, and when in this position, the garment is firmly clamped between the jaws.
The openings 13 and 18 are provided in the. body portion so that these tags may be usedv in an assortin g apparatus and the garments and tags jointly suspended from a rod received in the said openings.
1 claim as my invention:
1. A laundry tag formed out two members, eachv comprising a body portion and a jaw portion, means for pivotally connecting the body portions, the portions 01" the jaw members that are near the body portions being widely separated and the ends of the jaw portions being close. together, one jaw portion being formed with an opening, a pin on the other jaw portion to enter said opening when the jaws are in position for engaging the garment, and a locking pin carried by one of the body portions, the other body portion being formed with an opening to receive it, said parts being so arranged that the locking pin will hold the jaws spaced apart at all times throughout the pivotal movement except when the locking pin enters its oj' ening.
2. An improved laundry tag comprising in combination two spring metal members, each comprising a body portion and a jaw portion. the body portions being suhstzuitially fiat and formed with a central opening to receive a bar for supporting the tag. the jaw pmtions being extended from the body portion first outwardly away from each other and then toward each other at the outer ends 01" the jaw portions, a rivet for pivotally connecting the body portions together, said parts being so arranged that the ends of the jaws are yield ingly held toward each other by the springmg action of the two members held together by the rivet, one of the jaw members being formed with a series of pin openings, and a series of pins fixed to the other jaw member lac and designed to enter said openings when the outer ends of the aw members are adjacent to each other and a guiding and locking pin fixed to one 01 the body portions, the other body portion being formed with an opening to receive it, said guiding and lockin g pin being so constructed and arranged that when it is in its opening the ends of the jaws are brought into position in engagement with each other, and when the guiding and locking pin is in any other position of its movement,
it will hold the body portions spaced apart far enou h to Jrevent the 'aw havin the opening therein trom touchlng the ends or the pin points, substantially as and for the Durposes stated.
3. A laundry tag comprising two members,
each having a jaw portion, a. pin carried by one jaw and the other jaw being formed with an opening to receive the pin when the jaws are in overlapping positions, means for pivotally connecting themembers to permit them to slide over each other from overlapping positions to position with the aws spread apart in non-overlapping positions, and a locking device on one of the members to coact with an opening formed in the other member and shaped to hold one of the jaws out oi contact with the pin on the other jaw at all times during the pivotal movement of the jaw except when the said pin and opening are in alinement.
- CHESTER w. CANINE.