US 1704165 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
March 5, 1929. A. E. BUHRKE 131143.65
GOLF' CLUB CONSTRUCTION Filed Dec; 9. vw27 Patented Mar. 5,`
App-imanes sie@ Deeemer s; i927. sei-isi ii'aesa/jfief 1f This invention relatesl to golf club icon! struction and has speeal reference to alock ing ineans 'for seouringinserts in*- 'the'strillringjft face ot'the head of a gell eluh: v
More particularlyj this invention relatesto a locking 'ineens for securing ank insert or a group ot inserts in the striking- 'aceofl agoli@ olubfin such a manner as Will obviateithe dit-r liculties due to the shrinking or enpandiiigof the bodyportion of the club'head Whichinter" tores with the eieiencyof the golf eluhto sev cure the'proper impact upon 'the ball when struckto'insure long 'distance flight and other desirable qualities sought 'in a golfr club.
Ordinarily inserts have beenr` threadedjor threaded and glued Within the golf club head whereupon ani rexpriding "of the golf club head Will permit tlieinsert to become loos@ enedwhieh will interfere inaterially` with the fliglitof'the ball. Furtherrsuch expansion of thejgol' club headv will leave playaround theiinsert and will Cause a splitting of the iii-f' sert;particularly acrosstlie portion Where the threads coininence duek to the iinpact rc, Ceived When striking the balli. Againglue subject to cliinatio conditions and`will not` perform thedesired functions unless these conditions are desirable.
inthe present construction, yit is `desiial'ile" to use'inserts which are sin'ooth and at! least one oi' which is et nietal, they be'ng so con structed and arranged as to nii Aiinizetlre engendered by they alterable quali# hazards ties of the material of ltlie head.` li/ioreover, these inserts are so heldin positionw'ithin the golf club head as to prevent the saine troni inovingI forwardl.)`7 or rearwardly or beconi inge; loosened in any'in'annei. This is acooinplished by' ineans oillo'clring'i the securing* ineans Within the 'golf elubheadibyn` secondary ineen s such asa sole plato, it'heii further desirable that the soleplateand have` no inte connecting i ine'ansp' One of the'objects of thisinveiitioinis' to" provide` an "improved means' 'for positively connecting the insert or insertswitli the inaliny body ot the cluh head so as to", prevent the lat?- ter roin'inoving forwardly or rearwardl or becoming displaced bythe shrinkingor pending el' the club' head proper..
Another Aobject of this invention is to pio vide ineans'ior locking` the securing; nieans of the insert "in the club head Wherehy` the insorts `will reinain tightly seated'therein.
the insert A `further 'obj ect this inten tionis 2to provide aplurality of insertsfor the 'headofa golf elub Wlierebyone of 'the inserts.` being seou'rely'held in the bodv y l y n head', holds the i'en'iainin tive relation therewith. A stili further object(1 F this invention isto provide a golf club'construetionwhich is 'durable, Whiehjinay. be.' readily assemble-:l and` which is pleasing in appearanoe. 1
Further objectsand advantages of this iiipoi'tion of the club grinsertsin a posivention will be apparent from the description" and drawings forming' a part of this speciiig" catioiito which lat-ter reference inai7 noui be i had foi aniore complete understanding,of the `charac'teristio features "of this ii'iifenti'on,A in' which drawings;
Figure -1 is a rontl'elevational 'ifieivfof' a vention isveinbodiedr; f
ld ig. 2 is la* vien/similar toiFigzl sliOwingsl y portion thereof in section;
golfclub head in Which one torni ofthis in 'i f Fig. 3 is aeentral Asectional View takenoir olulo'head. in 4which anotlierlfoiin of this invention is embodied; i
Fig,4 5 is aviwsiinilar the line 6%-6 offlliigt.r` t
Referring now to the drawings Yand r`more to Fig. 4lyshowing;
aportion thereof in section; and n K Fig. 46 is a central sectional View taken ony lpartieularly to'FigS. l, Zand `3 thereof, a golf other suitablev material having a face plate ll inlaid in the striking facel thereof.l The face plate l1 is preierablyof liberghard rub-y ber or other suitably ytough material [for the rSi? reason thatthe-(Wearing.propertiesthereof are i. inorede'sirable tlian'that of Wood and iortlie furtherA reasonthat K' Athe grain of thewood ormingthe golfclub head ordinarilyextends *j e `parallel Withthe striking;- falce 12'.'v A
kA"substantially large impact insert i3 *isV embeddedV in the lower portion o-tliegolf."
club head and is disposed substantially eenv trallyof the Width thereof.y A counteifbored o,
socket 14 is provided. atthe lowerend of the ygolf clubto receivethe iinpaot iiisert'iir'snug r engagement therewith, the lar^er outer `portion of the `counterbored socket extending a substantial distance through the` ica-oe'plate ll, the smaller or inner portionof the socket extending' through thereinaining portion'of the face plate and into the body portion of the club head. The socket has preferably semi-circular contour and the impact insert 13 is shaped so as to conform to the socket, the loiver edge of the latter being' substantiallyflat to extend flush with the lower sui'- face of the club head. The outer end of the head 15 of the impact insert has a substaiif tially flat su `ce and is preferably flush with tlie striking race 12 and the face plate 11, the latter elements being` inclined rearwardly frointhe bottom of the golf club as is usual in golf club construction. Y
The impact insert 13 is held in a positive fixed relation With the golf club heat by means of a screw 1G extending from the flat lower side of the latter through the shank or smaller portion of the insert to be secui'ed to the body portion ofthe club head. The screw 1G is further held in position by means of a sole plate 17 suitably secured as by means of screws 1S to the bottom surface of the club head. The sole plate prevents the displaceiiient of thesci'eiv 16 and the screw 16 in turn, by reason of its being prevented from becoming loosened, holds the impact insert 13 in a iXed relation with the club head. ,lt is to be understood that the securing' means 1G -niay be a pin instead of a screw and that such a. pin will. as effectively secure the relative parts as will the member shown. l
The head 15 of the impact insert 18serves further to hold a plurality of auxiliary iinpact inserts 19 in position in the club head. These inserts 19 are embedded in the body portion of the club head and extend through the face plate 11, the outer end thereof being; flush with the striking' surface of the face plate 17.` The inserts are positioned adjacent the periphery of the impact insert 13. the flanged portion of the head 15 overlapping a con'iparatively small portion of the inserts and being,` countersunk therein. inthe drawing three such auxiliary inserts 19 have been provided, although any number thereof may be provided Which may be of any size in keep. ing With the appearance ot the golf club head and the utility thereof. i
lt is preferable thatthe insert 13 be ofv metahfor theV reason that it affords an absolutely rigid or solid driving surface which, however, is not inert. The material of the inserts 19 is preferablyof ivory or sonic other hard composition which may be distinctively colored and ariane'ed to produce a striking and ornamental It is seen from the foregoing' that the aux?v iliary inserts 19 are securely anchored in the lgolf club head by means of the head 15 ofthe insert 18, and that the latter, in turn, idly fixed in a socket provided in the lower end of the golf club head by means of a screw sitioii such that it cannot become loosened by means o t a sole plate 17.' By thus locking the inserts in position in the golf club head, it is found. unnecessary to provide the inserts With screw threads, glue, or the like, which latter means are undesirable due to the shrinking or expanding' of the material of the golf club head which cracks'the same across the threaded portion upon shrinking; or so looseiis the insert that a solid blow cannot be transmitted to 'the golf ball. Again, it is found very desirable to use a metal insert 13 for the reason that it affords the requisite resistance and solidity which enable the user to continue the stroke after the foi'ec of impact has been transmitted to the ball which in the language of the players is called the follow through?? 7 y Referring' now to Figs. 1, 5 and 6 of the drawings, an impact insert of a inodified'form is shown, although it is substantially the same as that of the previously described insert. In this instance` the insert may be made of a cylindrical. shape having a head portion 20 and a reduced body portion 9.1. A counterbored socket 22 is provided in the face plate 2B ol the club head and extends a substantial iure into the body portion thereof.y The is 'preferably of metal, the outer surface the head portion Q0 being' flush With the striking' su ice of the 'face pltae 23, these latter members being;` inclined rearwardly .troni the lo 'ver edge of the head as is usual in Ompi.' .1,1 .1.t'- T1l' i 1l no i, (1.1i construe ion. n. inscit is ie d in position by means of ar sci'eiv Q4 extending` s from the bottom surface of the club 25 to tlii'eadedlyengage the insert. A sole plate 2G is pro-vided on the bottom surface of the golf club head and is secured thereto by means of screws 27, the sole plate thus lockingV the 'screw 24 in a position such that it cannot beconie. loosened. A plurality of auxiliary inserts. 28 are'disposed adjacent the vperiphery of the reduced portion 21 of the centrally disposed impact insert. the head portion 20 there- Vof overlapping and seatingv in eut-away portions 29 foi'iiied at the outer extremity of the auxiliary inserts. y
iis in'tiie pei'viously described eii'il'iodimcnt,
'these auiziliary inserts 29 may be lformed of ivory ora composition suclitliat they may be easily colored whereby a striking' ornamental en c K4 eiiect may be obtained. These inserts are further disposed so that the vibrations set up Y in the .club may bedistributed throughoutthe club and thereby introduce a harmonious vij bration ofthe head a Whole upon the force of the impact ivith the golf/ball. y Further, in- E asinuch as. the'seeui'ing means, such as the .screws 16 and 2st, Aare locked in position as by means ofthe plat s1? and Q6 respectively, it is to be understo-r'id t t a pin or other like securing' member may be used asv effectively as a n screw. 16, the securing' means being' locked in a pol'TJhile several embodiments of this invention have been herein shown and described. it is to be` understood that many niodiiications lili) thereof may be apparentto one skilledinqthe arttvithout departing` from the spirit .andv
scope of this invention and it is desired'that the same shall be limited by the scope ofthe appended claims and the shoivingofthe prior club, of an insert set flush with the striking face of said head, means extendingfrom Ithe bottoni surface of said head to secure said botto-ni surface of said head to secure said insert, and means secured to thebottom surface of .said head for locking' said securing 8. The combination with the head yof a golf club and a face plate therefor, of an insert set 'flush With the striking` surface of said face plate and extending into said head, means in said head for securing' said insert,
and means secured to said head for locking said securing' means, said insert fixedly posi tioning said face plate in said head.
ll. rlie combination with thehead of a golf club, of an insert set flush With the striking face of said head, means'extending` from the bottoni surface of said head to secure said in@ sert, and a sole plate secured to the bottom surface of said head for locking said securing means.
5. rlfhe combination With the head of a golf club and a face plate therefor, of an insert set flush with said face plate, a plurality of auxiliary inserts mounted in said head, andr means for securing said first mentioned insert, said iirst mentioned insert fixe lly positioning said auxiliaifyv inserts and said face plate in said head.
The combination with the head of a golf club and a face plate therefor, of an insert comprising a smooth body portion and an enlarged head portion, said head yportion be;
ine; seated in said face plate and having its outer surface flush therewith, and means in said club head for engagement withv said body portion for securing` said insert and said face plate in a fixedr relation with said club head. f
7. The combination With the head of a golf chili and a face plate therefor, of an insert comprisinp,` a body portion and a head portion, said head portion being seated-in said face plate and having` its outer surfaceilush therewith, means extending from the bottom surface of said club head for engagement with said body portion for securinf said in*- sert and said face plate in a fixed relation ysaid first mentioned insert, and a sole plate striking; face of said head, a screwY member ring said body portion, and a sole plate at* with said club head, and a sole lplate' for at tachment to the bottom ofsaidfclub head for leclringsaid,securing means. 1 p
8. rlhe combination with thehead of a golf h club, of an `insertcomprising abodyportion ."0 and a head portion, a pluralityof auxiliary inserts adjacent `said first mentioned .i rt, said head portion .icing set flush vwith thel striking `faceof saidclub head; said auxiliary inser t toliold the larrerj inaj lined relation avithnsaid club head, ineanslfor securing `.id first mentioned insert, 'and a member for lockiiigsaid securing` means.
9. The combination with the head of a golf club, of an insert comprising a body portion and a head portion, a plurality of auxiliary inserts adjacent said first mentioned insert i having recesses form-ed in a portion thereof,
said head portion engaging said recesses for holding' said auxiliary inserts in fixed relation with said club Vhead,`means for securing said first mentioned insert, and a member for locking said securing means. n l0. The combination With the head of a golf club, of an insert comprisinga body portion and a head portion, a plurality `of auxiliary yinserts adjacent said first mentionedinserts and set flush with the striking,- face of said club head, said auxiliary inserts having;- cut-away portions in the outer sur- 9: faces thereof for engaging said head portion, said head portion being set-flush With said strikin face, means extending from the bottom surface of said club head for securing for attachment with. the bottom of said" club head for locking` said .securing` means.
1l; The combination Witlrthe head of a golf club, of a metal insert set flush With the extending from the'bottom of said head for engaging and holding said insert iii a kfixed relation With said club head, and a sole plate secured to the bottom of said club head for lockino said screW men'iber. y
12. The combination with theA head of ay golf club and aface'plate therefor, of a metal insert comprising a body portion and a head portion, said head portion being,-` seated in said face plate and having the outer surface thereof set iiush with the outer' surface of said face plate, a screw member extending from the bottom of saidclub head and engagtached to the bottom of said club head for locking said screw member. y d., f 13. The combination With the head of a golf club and a faceplate therefor, of a metal insert comprisinga body portionfand a head'. portion, said head portion being` seated in M said face plate and haring the outer surface thereof set flush with the outer surface of said face plate, a plurality of auxiliary insert members disposed adjacentsaid iirst 4mentioned insert member and set flush with said 130 ico y face plate, said euXiliu-ry inserts being re-l cessed at their outer ends to snugly engage the periphery of said head portion, said first mentioned insert holding said auxiliary in- 5 sertie and said fece pla-te in a lined relation with said club hea-d, :i screw ineinber extending from the bottoni suriizice of seid club head to engage said body portion, and a sole plate secured to seid bottom surface of said 10 club head for loe-king said screw ineinber.
14. The combination with the head oit :L
golf club, of zin insert set flush with the striking face of said head, a plurality of auxiliary inserts ygrouped adjacent said first mentioned insert, and ineens extending from the lower surface of Said club head lioi' securingv ai plurality oit Said inserts in a fixed relation with said eluh head, and ineens on 'the bottoni oi said head for lookingl said securing; ineens.
ln Witness whereof, l have hereunto sul scribed my naine.