|Publication number||US1705221 A|
|Publication date||Mar 12, 1929|
|Filing date||May 16, 1928|
|Priority date||May 16, 1928|
|Publication number||US 1705221 A, US 1705221A, US-A-1705221, US1705221 A, US1705221A|
|Original Assignee||Jones Lewis|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
L. JONES VACUUM LIFTER March 12, 1929.
Filed May 16, 1928- Patented Mar. 12, 1929.
UNITED. STATES LEWIS JONES, OI YOUNGSTOWN, QHIQ.
Application filed May 16,
This invention relates to vacuum lifters, and more particularly to such a device which is adapted for use in. picking up sheet material such as glass,sheet metal, etc.
The handling of sheet metal usually is accomplished manually, and it frequently occurs that-the hands of the operator become scratched and cut by the rough edges of the sheets, as when attempting to pick single sheets from tops of sheet packs.
The present invention has for an object the provision of a vacuum lifter which readily may be held by the operator and employed for picking up a corner portion of a sheet to permit the sheet more readily'to be grasped by the hand of theoperator.
A further object is to provide novel means for connectin the interior of the cup to the atmosphere when it is desired to release the vacuum to drop the sheet.
A further object is to provide a device of the above mentioned character which is provided with openings for the reception of the operators fingers, the means for breaking the vacuum being readily operative by the thumb of the operator while the device is in operative position against a sheet.
A further object is to provide upwardly extending portions on the cup and provided with openings communicating with theinterior of the cup, the device and the pro jections preferably being formed of rubber whereby a knife may be employed for cutting through the projection to 'afiord communication between the cup and the surrounding atmosphere when the projection is flexed to open the cut therein.
A further object is to provide a device of the character just mentioned wherein means is provided for closing a cut in the projection after the out. ceases to perform its functions' properly, whereby a new cut may be made to elim nate the necessity for discarding the device.
rOther objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent during the course of the following description.
In the drawings I have shown one embodiment of the invention. In this showing,
Figure 1 is a perspective view,
Figure 2'is a section transversely of the handle taken on line 22 of Figure 1, and,
Figure 3 is a similar View parallel to the handle, taken on line 3-3 of Figure 1.
' Referring to the drawings the numeral 10 designates the body of the device which 1928. Serial no. 278,217.
is also preferably formed of rubber andformed integral with the body portion. The handle is provided with a plurality of finger receiving openings 14. Any number of openings may be provided, but. for handling relatively heavy sheets, it is preferredthat three openings be employed for receiving the first three fingers of an operators hand, the thumb remaining disengaged, as will be apparent.
The body of the device is provided with a plurality of projections 15 having openings 16 formed therein and communicating at their lower ends with the space 11. One or more of these projections may be eutas at 17. preferably by employing an ordinary knife. In the drawings, four of the projections 15 have been illustrated, but as will become apparent, the device is fully operative with a single projection and the plurality of these elements, is provided to lengthen the life of the device as will be explained. y
The cut 17 may be formed when the device is ready for use, and preferably is pro vided in one of the projections 15 adjacent .the upper end thereof, as shown in Figure 2. If the cut thus provided later becomes inoperative to perform its desired function, a plug 18 may be inserted in the opening 16 "of the corresponding projection 15, whereupon a second cut 19 may be formed in the projection.
The operation of the device is as follows: The device preferably is-formed ofresilient molded rubber without the cut 17 provided therein, this cut' readily being made by the operator when he is ready to use the device. Anordinary pocket knife may be employed for making the cut 17, the latter preferably being formed adjacent the upper end of one of the projections. The operator inserts the first three fingers of one hand within the opening 14 and presses downwardly upon the device to bring it into firm engagement with the surface of the sheet,
' the air within the space 11 escaping beneath the edges of the body portion 10 or through the opening 17. U ward movement of the handle then will li t the sheet, and the device is readily adapted for handling sheets of material weight.
When it is desired to release the sheet, it merely is necessary for the operator to flex the projection in which the cut 17 is formed, as shown in dotted lines in Figure 2. Thus air will be admitted into the space 11, and the cup will become disengaged from the sheet. If the cut 17 becomes clogged with dirt, or if the corresponding projection 15 becomes permanently flexed, whereby air escapes through the opening 17, a plug 18 may be inserted in the opening 16 and the cut 19 may be made at a lower point along the projection.
It is preferred that the device be provided with several of the project-ions 15 so thatnew cuts/may be made therein. For example, after the cut 19 ceases to function in the proper manner, a second, or a longer plug may be inserted into the corresponding opening 16 to seal the cut 19, whereupon one of the other projections 15 may be provided with one of the cuts 17 and the device may be used as previously stated. Thus, the life of the device is materially increased.
The device is particularly useful in sheet metal mills for picking up a corner portion of a sheet to permit it to be grasped bythe hand of the operator instead of requiringthe operator to loosen the corner portion of the pack from the sheet by hand, and thus subjecting himself to the danger of .lacer ating his fingers and hands as frequently occurs in actual practice. The lifting of the sheets also is greatly facilitated, a given number of sheets being adapted to be handled in less time than usually is required.
It is to be understood that the form of the invention herewith shown and described is to be taken as a preferred example of the same and that various changes in the shape, size and arrangement of parts may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the subjoined claims.
1. 'A device of the character described comprising a suction cup, and a projection 2. A device of the character described comprisin a suction cup, and a projection carried by said cup and havingan opening therein, said projection being deflectable to open said opening to afford communication between the interior of said cup and the atmosphere.
3. A device of the character described comprising a suction cup, a handle carried by said cup, a projection carried by said cup} and extending upwardly therefrom, said projection being adapted to be cut to provide an opening therein, said projection being deflectable by a digit of the hand to afford communication between the interior of said cup and the atmosphere.
4. A device of the character described comprising a suction cup, a handle carried by said cup, a projection formed of resilient material carried by said cup and extending upwardly therefrom, said projection being provided. with a passage communicating with the interior of said cup and adapted to be provided with a cut extending into said passage, said projection being deflectable by a digit of the hand to afford communication between the interior of said cup and the atmosphere. V
5. A device of the character described comprising a resilient suction cup, an integral handle carried by said cup, and an integral upstanding'projection carried by said cup and provided with a vertically elongated passage communicating at its lower end with the interior of said cup, said projection being adapted to be provided with a cut extending into said passage and being deflectable by a digit of the hand toafford communication between theinterior of said cup and the atmosphere through said cup and said passage.
6. A device of the character described comprising a suction cup, a handle carried by said cup, 9. projection formed of resilient material carried by said cup and extending upwardly therefrom, said projection being provided with a assage communicating with the interior 0 said cup and adapted to be provided with a cut extending into said a'ssage, said projection being deflectable y a digit of the hand to afford communication between the interior of said cup and-the atmosphere, and a plug adapted to be snugly rece1ved' in said passage to close said out whereby said projection may be provided with a second cut beneath the lower end of said plug.
I11 testimony whereof I aifix my signature.
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|U.S. Classification||294/187, 15/143.1, 16/426|