US 1705276 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
March 12, 1929 B. WEISS 1 ,705,276
SAFETY GARMENT HANGER Filed April 15, 1926 anoemtoz Patented Mar. 12, 1929.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
.FENJAMIN WEISS, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOB OF ONE-TENTH '10 HENRY G. LIT- TA'U' AND WILLIAM SELIGSON.
SAFETY GARMENT HANGER.
Application filed April 15, 1926. Serial No. 102,117.
This invention relates to safety garment hangers and has for its object to provide such a construction whereby a garment is firmly clamped on the usual yoke to prevent it from falling off and getting soiled or otherwlse damaged.
Another object of this invention is to provide a garment han er which is itself securely held on the hook, bar, or other member provided for hanging the same thereon so that it may not drop off said hook or other member together with the garment hung thereon as 1s frequently the case with the present garment hangers.
A further object is to provide a novel construction of clamping means, whereby the clamping members may be simultaneously raised orlowered, or released, permitting a quick insertion or removal of the garment.
Still another object of this invention is to provide properly shaped clamping members to hold a garment with an upstandlng collar, whether stiff, semi-stiff or soft, so thatsaid collar will not be broken or crushed.
An important feature of my invention resides in means for locking the clamping members or arms in the inoperative or open position, thus permitting a garment to be car efully draped in position to obviate creasmg in the fabric of the garment.
The garment support as herein shown, 1s primarily intended for use in connection with ladies dresses and coats, but it is evident that my device will be equally effective for mens garments.
In handling ladies garments of delicate texture after cleaning, it often happens that they slide off the ordinary hangers and become soiled to such an extent that re-cleanmg 1s necessary and to prevent this, my invention was evolved. It also frequently happens that the hanger with the garment hung thereon slides oil the hook provided for the same, and an additional feature of my invention will 4 prevent this harmful happening also, making my garment hanging and supportmg structure, so to say, fool proof.
In the drawings, forming part of this speclfication, similar reference characters are employed to designate corresponding parts throughout the views, in which Fig. 1 is a side view of my improved hanger shown supporting a ladies dress.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged partial cross section on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a partial vertical section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2, with the sleeve shown in the locked position.
Fig. 4 is a side view showing a modified form of clamping members, while Flg. 5 is a diagrammatic side view of a modified construction of my invention. Referring to the drawings, the numeral 10 indicates a yoke or bar on which the garment 1 1 Is supported. The yoke may take any preferred shape, but it is here shown as curved from end to end, and is provided with a vertlcal bore 12 at its center to receive a tube or shank 13 of a hook 14 to suspend the hanger from a hook, bar or other support 15. To retain the hook 14 tion I preferably close its mouth 16 with a sprmg pressed gate piece 17.
Pivoted, as at 18, between lugs 19,-screwed to the yoke 10 are 0 positely ranging clamp arms 20, carrying so t pads 21, of felt or other appropriate material, on their under sides. These arms are curved to correspond to the curvature of the yoke 10, and have short upcurved extensions 22, ran ing inwardly of the pivots 18 and carrying links 23 in pivotal relation. As shown, the links drop downwardly at either side of the yoke and connect with a sleeve 24, through pivot pins 25. The sleeve is freely slidable on the tube and when it is desired to remove the garment from the yoke, the said sleeve is drawn down against the shoulder 26, as in Fig. 3, of the drawings. This movement draws down the links 23 and extensions 22, and raises theclamp arms 20, as will be readily understood.
The sleeve is locked down into the last named position by a snap catch 27, which need only be pushed in to release the sleeve, which will be raised when the clamp arms again drop onto the yoke 10 under the effect of their springs. These clam arms exert yielding clamping act-ion on t e supported garment through suitable springs 28, underlying the extensions 22, to urge them upwardly.
In Fig. 4 of the drawings is shown a modified form of clamp arms, here shown as curved upwardly to provide a space 29 over the yoke to accommodate the aforementioned collars of supported'garments of specific types. In this form of construction the arms 20 are shown pivoted directly to the yoke 10, at either side thereof, as at 30.
As will be apparent from the foregoing, when it is desired to place a garment on the on its support, in my invenyoke, the sleeve 24 is pulled downwardly to the shoulder 26, when the catch 27' will snapout over it, locking it in that position, thus holding the clamping arms in the raised position until the garment is properly placed in position, after which the catch may be forced in and the sleeve released. The clamp arms will then be allowed to drop onto the shoulder portions of the garment'and hold it securly in place.
It will be evident from the foregoii'ig that my invention provides a novel construction in garment hangers which insures that even a careless handling of the same will not result in the dress falling oil" the hanger or the hanger dropping off together with the dress 1 hung thereon from the hook or bar provided for the same and the dress cannot become soiled through either of these causes.
In Fig. 5 I illustrate a modified construction of my invention. The arms 20 are pivoted to the yoke, as at 18, an d have extensions 22 which are spring pressed by any suitable manner so as to normally cause the arms 20 to close down upon yoke 10 and thereby catch a portion of the dress hung on the yoke, as has been described hereinbefore. similar in construction to the one described in connection with the previous embodiment of my invention having'a spring pressed closing tongue 16*. The sleeve 24*, corresponding to the sleeve 24 of the previous embodiment, is, however, arranged above the yoke 10, slideably on the shank of hook 14;, and arms 20 will be opened up by simply pressing sleeve 24? downwardly onto extensions 22. A spring catch 27 is provided to keep the sleeve 24 in its lowermost position while the dress is being arranged on yoke 10* or taken ofi' therefrom.
I also want it to be understood that other changes and variations may be made in the details of construction of my invention within the spirit and scope of this specification and the appended claims.
One such change may be provided by simply omitting the sleeve 24*- in the modification shown in Fig. 5 in which case the clamping arms will be operated by the fingers of the user pressing down on arm extensions 22.
What I claim as new, is I 1. A garment hanger including a yoke, clamping arms pivoted thereto and resting thereon, an upstanding member on said yoke,
a sliding element on said member, links connecting said arms with said sliding member whereby to raise said arms to release thegarment, and means for suspending the hanger.
2. A garment hanger comprising a yoke, clamping arms hin ed thereon and having angular extensions, inks connected to the ex- Hook 14 is tensions, a sleeve carried by the links whereby when the sleeve is drawn downwardly the clamping arms will be raised, simultaneously to re case a garment, and meansfor suspen ing the hanger.
3. A garment hanger comprising a yoke, clamp arms hinged thereon, pads carriedby the arms which also have inwardly directed extensions, a suspending hook having a shank passing through the yoke, a sleeve carried on said shank in a slideable manner,'links connecting the said extensions and sleeve, and a snap catch to lock the sleeve in its lower most position on said shank when the clamp arms are in the raised position.
4. A garment hanger comprising a yoke, clamparms hinged thereto, said arms having extensions, a suspending hook having a shank passing through the yoke centrally of its length, a sleeve on the shank arranged in a slideable manner, links connecting said extensions to said sleeve, and a snap catchon said shank to lock said sleeve in its lowermostposition. 1 e
5. A garment hanger comprising a yoke,
clamping arms pivoted thereto and having extensions ranging inwardly and upwardly beyond the pivotal points, a suspending hook,
a gate piece to close the same against displacement, said hook having a shank passing through and below the yoke, asleeve slideable on said shank, connections between the said extensions and the sleeve and means for lockments of which are adapted to respectively raise or lower said arms releasable means to lock said movable member in either of its positions corresponding to the fully opened or fully closed positions of the arms.
7. In a garment hanger having the usual yoke and suspending element, pivoted arms resting on the yoke, and a movable member on a part of said hanger the opposite movements of which are adapted to respectively raise or lower said arms releasable means to lock said movable member in either of its positions, corresponding to the fully opened or fully closed positions of the arms, said releasable means including a 'sprin catch between the movable member and t e part of the hanger to which it is applied.
Signed at New York, in the county of New York, and State of New York, this 10th day of April, A. D. 1926.