|Publication number||US1705696 A|
|Publication date||Mar 19, 1929|
|Filing date||May 15, 1924|
|Priority date||May 15, 1924|
|Publication number||US 1705696 A, US 1705696A, US-A-1705696, US1705696 A, US1705696A|
|Inventors||Woodson James C|
|Original Assignee||Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 19, 1929. J. Q WQQDSQN 1,705,696
INCASED HEATER Filed May 15, 1924 WITNESSES:
- INVENTOR James C. ln/oodson ATTORNEY Patented Mar. 19, 1929.
UNITED [STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JAMES C. WOODSON, OF EAST PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR TO WESTING- HOUSE ELECTRIC & MANUFACTURING COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF PENNSYL- VANIA.
Application filed Kay 15, 1924. Serial No. 713,488.
My invention relates to electric heating units and particularly to incased heaters.
The object of my invention is to provide an electric heating unit which is simple in de-' sign and rugged in construction.
In practicing my invention, I provide an electric resistor element interposed between opposed layers of a plastic, electrically. 1nsulating material contained in metallic members of substantially channel shape, whose projecting flanges interfit when in operative position. A metallic casing of substantially fiat tubular section encloses, loosely, the assembled resistor member, plastic layers and channel members. This assembled structure is then dried and the casing rolled or swaged, in such manner that it firmly holds the channel members in operative position. Terminal connections are provided at each end of the casing in a manner hereinafter more fully described. I
In the single sheet of drawings,
Figure 1 is a front elevational view of an electric heating unit embodying my inven tion;
Fig. 2 is a view in lateral section of an as sembly of a resistor member, opposed layers of plastic material, and interfitting metallic containing members employed 1n my 1nven tion Fig. 3 is a View in lateral section of a modi fieation of my invention;
Fig. 4 is a view in lateral section of the de vice illustrated in Fig. 1; Fig. 5 is a framentary front elevational view partly in section showing the termlnal construction employed in the device illustrated in Fig. 1; and
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary top plan view of an electrical heating unit embodied in my invention.
Referring more particularly to Figures 1 and 4, a resistor element 11 1S interposed between a pair of opposed layers 12 and 13 of initially plastic, electrically insulating material that' are contained, respectively, in a pair of opposed metallic containing members 14 and 15 of substantially channel shape. The projecting flanged portions 16 and '17 of the containing members interfit with each other, when in operative posltlon, to form a unitary structure.
A metallic casing18 of substantially flat firmly hold the assembled unitary tubular shape loosely encloses the assembled unitary structure and is of suflicient length to extend longitudinally therebeyond at each end thereof. The casing 18 may then be rolled, swaged, 'or pressed to establish a firm contact with containing members 14 and 15 to structure in operative position.
The resistor member 11 is of substantially the same length as casing 18 and is insulated therefrom at the longitudinally extending portions thereof by suitable refractory electrically insulating material 19 substantially as illustrated in 5. The material 19 is held firmly in operative position by contracting the longitudinally extending portion 21 of casing 18 sufficiently to firmly engage said insulatin material 19. The restricted portion 21 o the casing 18, the insulating mate-' rial 19 and the resistor member 11 have co-v operating perforations (not shown) to provide for the insertion of a terminal member 22 that extends laterally therethrough.
Other structures may be employed without departing from the s irit of my invention and I have shown anot er embodiment thereof in Fig. 3 that provides an assembled structure substantially as hereinbefore described. An enclosing casing 18 comprises substantially a flat sheet of metal 26 having the edges bent up to form a channel member having sides 24 and25. The containing members 14 and 15, having the resistor 11 and the plastic material 12 located therein, are placed in the channel member 18 and located in proper position for further assembly. The sides 24 and 25 of channel 18 are preferably pressed downwardly under high pressure, whereb the containers 14 and 15, the resistor 11, the plastic material 12, and casing 18 are firmly and ruggedly held in efficient thermal rela, tion with each other. The sides 24 and 25 of the casing 18 will assume a horizontal posi tion substantially as indicated by numerals 27 and 28. Since the sides 24 and 25 do not meet, when in the posit-ion indicated by numerals 27 and 28, a slot 23 is formed in the assembled device.
In assembling the electrical heating unit embodied in my invention, the container members 14 and 15 are filled with moistened" electrically insulating material. The resistor member 11 is placed upon the layer of insulating material contained in container 14 and the container 15 superimposed thereupon in such manner that the layer of insulating material 13 contained therein is in intimate contact with resistor member 11, and the projecting flanges 16 and 17 of container members 14 and 15 interfit each with the other.
This procedure establishes a structure of substantially unitary nature that is inserted in a casing 18 and loosely held therein. The entire assembly is now dried and the casing rolled, swaged, or pressed to establish intimate contact with containers 14 and 15 and to firmly hold them in operative position. The ends 21 of the casing 18 are further contracted to tightly hold insulating material 19 that has been interposed between the resistor member 11 and the ends 21 of the casing 18. One surface of casing 18 is countersunk as at 29, and a hole drilled through the entire structure to provide for the insertion of terminal 22. A Washer member 31 is provided to insulate and separate terminal member 22 from the casing 21.
It is obvious that a structure as hereinbefore described provides a simple and rugged electrical heating unit that is easy to manufacthat only such limitations shall be placed I thereon as are imposed by the prior art or are set forth in the appended claim.
I claim as my invention:
' The method of making an electrical heating unit that com rises the filling of a containing member of su stantially channel shape with a plastic electrically insulating material having a resistor member embedded therein, the superimposing of another containing member of substantially channel shape upon the other to enclose a resistor member therebetween, then enclosing said containing members within a metallic casing of substantially flattubular shape, then drying and then compressing the casing in such a manner that it holds said containing members and said resistor member firmly in operative position.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto subscribed my name this 25th day of April, 1924.
o JAMES C. YVOUDSON.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2428899 *||Oct 21, 1940||Oct 14, 1947||Wiegand Co Edwin L||Electrical heating element|
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|US4501951 *||Aug 16, 1982||Feb 26, 1985||E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company||Electric heating element for sterilely cutting and welding together thermoplastic tubes|
|US4641423 *||May 17, 1984||Feb 10, 1987||Fast Heat Element Manufacturing Co., Inc.||Method of making electrically heated nozzles and nozzle systems|
|DE10130511A1 *||Jun 25, 2001||Jan 16, 2003||Bleckmann Gmbh Lamprechtshause||Method for manufacturing heating elements for domestic appliances has a sandwich of high thermal conductivity plates with insulated electrical heating elements inside|
|DE10130511B4 *||Jun 25, 2001||Jun 2, 2005||Bleckmann Gmbh & Co. Kg||Heizvorrichtung zum Erhitzen eines flüssigen oder gasförmigen Mediums|
|DE10130511C5 *||Jun 25, 2001||Apr 14, 2011||Bleckmann Gmbh & Co. Kg||Heizvorrichtung zum Erhitzen eines flüssigen oder gasförmigen Mediums|
|EP1398996A1 *||Sep 13, 2002||Mar 17, 2004||Bleckmann GmbH||Flat heating element for the direct heating of a medium|
|U.S. Classification||29/619, 338/293, 338/273, 338/248|
|International Classification||H05B3/30, H05B3/22|