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Publication numberUS1706051 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 19, 1929
Filing dateJul 12, 1927
Priority dateJul 12, 1927
Publication numberUS 1706051 A, US 1706051A, US-A-1706051, US1706051 A, US1706051A
InventorsWilliam K Auchincloss
Original AssigneeAmerican Car & Foundry Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Locking device for tank-dome covers
US 1706051 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 19, 1929.

W. K. AUCHINCLOSS LOCKING DEVICE FOR TANK DOME COVERS Filed July l2, 1927 Patented Mar. 19, 1929.

i UNITED lSTATES PATENT OFFICE.

WILLIAI I. UCBINCLOSS, l' NEW YORK, N. Y., .ASSIGNOR TO AMERICAN CAB AND IOUNDBY COIPANY, OF NEW YORK, N'. Y., A. CORPORATION 0F JERSEY.

LOCKING DEVIGE IOR TANK-DOME COVERS.

Lpplication letl July 12, 1987. Serial No. 205,205.

Reference is had to the accompan drawin which illustrate the preferre form o the invention', though it is to be understood that the invention is 'not limlted to the exact details of construction shown and described, as it is obvious that various modifications thereof within the scope of tue claims will occur to persons skilled in the art.

In said drawings:

Fig. 1 is asectional view of the upper portion of a tank dome showing the mvention applied thereto;

Fig. 2 is a sectional view on the hne 2-2 of Fig. 1; i

Fig. 3 is a sectional view on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is an view of a portlon of a tank dome cover showing the invention;

Fig. 5 is a sectional view throughthe upper portion of a tank dome, showing the piston in locking position;

Fig. 6 is a sectlonal view through a portion of the upper part of a tank dome showin a modified form o'f thel invention; and

ig. 7 is a sectional view on the line 7,-7 ofFig. 6.

Thls invention relates to tank dome clof., sures and refers more particularly to a safety device therefor.

The primary object of the inventlon 1s the provision of a locking device for tank dome closures which is o erative due to pressure within the tank an which prevents the removal of the tank dome cover until the pressure within the tank has been reduced to a degree of safety.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a locking means for the cover of atank dome which, while the cover is seated in closing or sealing position, is inactive due to a substantially balanced pressure on o posite sides of the locking means, but whic becomes active upon release of pressure on one side of the locking means as the result of partial rotation of the cover.

Another object of the invention is the provision of a locking device for tank dome covers which is operative with the standard type of tank dome and its associated dome ring.

'Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description taken in conjunction `with the accompanying drawings, in which 1 designates a tank dome head having the usual manhole (pening 2 therein surrounded by the flange dome ring 4 which is secured to the head 1 by rivets 6 or the like; the fiange of the dome ring being internally threaded as shown at 8 to secure a dome cover 10 at its externally threaded iiange 12. The cover 10 is substantially of usual construction having a packing ring 14 which engages the upper edge of the dome rino` 4, and the flange of said cover is provided with a vent opening 16, see Figs. 1 and 4.

The locking device of the present invention includes a piston chamber preferably formed integral with the cover, and having a rear wall 17, a base 18 and side Walls 20. The front wall 22 of the piston chamber is formed with the flange of the dome cover, being preferably cast integral therewith, and the vent 16 is formed in the flange, as clearly shown in Fig. 1. The frontV wall 22 receives a supporting bushing 24, the lattei'1 having a nut surface 26 for receiving a suitable tool by which said bushing may be positioned.

The wall of the piston chamber is provided with an inwardly lextending boss 28 having a seat 30 for limiting the rearward movement of a piston 32 provided with a head 34 which has a close but sliding fit in said bushing and is adapted to normally rest against the seat 30. The pistony 32 is provided with a stem 36 which is positioned within the bushing 24 and said bushing 24 has a mounting portion 38 which supports a spring 40 arranged between the head 34 and the bushing 24 and normally urges the piston to seated position. As shown clearly in Fig. 3, the piston is provided with an inwardly extending recess 33 which lightens the piston as well as provides a recess for receiving gas generated or formed within the tank. As shown clearly in Figs. 3 and 4, the before-mentioned vent 16 is formed in the front Wall of the piston chamber.

Figs. 6 and 7 disclose a modified form of the invention in which the piston chamber is shown as comprising a downwardly extending rear wall 43 provided with an opening 41 therein for receiving the squared end 42 of a piston stem 44. The piston includes also a head 46 which works within a chamber formed by a downwardly extending wall 48 having an opening 50 therein through which the stem 44 works, and a base 52 formed integral with said wall 48 and with ton is normally retained in the position shown in Fig. 6 by means of a coil spring 56 which is positioned between the wall 46 and a collar 58 which is keyed to the stem 44, as shown at 60. The head 46 of the piston is provided with a reduced end 62 which is adapted to engage within a recess 64 formed in the {tango-66 of the dome ring, as clearly shown in Fig. 7 .A A port or opening 50 is provided, in the wall 48, to allow the gas formed vwithin the tank to' enter and engagethe piston head .46 for the purpose4 of operating the said piston, as clearly shown in Fig. 6.

In use, referring now to Figs. 1 to 5 inclusive,.with the cover in the position shown in Fig. 1, if excess gas pressure should develop Within the tank, the gas tank will leak past the piston head 34 into the piston chamber Where the pressure on each side of the head Will be substantially balanced and the piston remain in ,the position shown in Fig. 1. When it is desired to remove the dome cover, an operator will rotate the cover 10 which Will permit the gas within the piston chamber to escape from the piston chamber through the vent 16 to the atmosphere, as clearly shown in Fig. 5, and`-if the gas pressure Within the tank is so great as to be dangerous, upon the escape of gas from the piston chamber to the atmosphere, the gas Within the tank Will force the piston to the position shown in Fig. 5, and it Will be obvious that continuous rotation of the cover to release the same from its engagement with the dome ring will be impossible, due to the fact that the stem 36 will be wedged against or will bind against the underface of the dome ring. The cover vvill thus be held against removal until the operator releases the gas from Within the tank through a suitable valve (not shown) or the gas escapes from the tank around the piston head, into the chamber and out of the tank through the vent 16. W'hen the gas pressure Within the tank has reached. the degree of safety, the piston Will be forced by the tension of the spring 40 to the position shown in Fig. 1, whereupon the cover may be rotated and removedv from the dome head.

Referring to Figs. 6 and 7, should there be excess or dangerous gas pressure Within the tank, the piston Will be moved to the position shown in Fig. 7 ,'.Where the reduced portion 62 will be positioned Within the recess 64 and rotation of the cover thus prevented.' Upon a reduction of pressure Within the tank, which may be due to permitting the escape of gas through a suitable relief valve, or due to cooling of the contents of the tank, the piston will be Withdrawn by means of the spring 56, to the position shown in Fig. 6, the reduced portion 62 thus being disengaged from its locking engagement with the dome ring, andthe cover may be removed by continued rotation thereof on the dome ring.

What is claimed is:

1. In a tank dome, a cover therefor, and a piston mounted in said cover and movable in response to gas pressure after partial venting:r of the 'gas within said dome to engage the dome and prevent removal of the cover until reduction in gas pressure. y2. In a tank dome, a dome ring, a cover rotatable on said ring, a spring pressed piston carried 'by the cover and adapted to be moved by gas pressure Within the tank dome \to engage said dome ring after partial rotation of the dome cover whereby to prevent removal of the cover. f

3. In a tank dome, a cover, a piston chamber formed with the cover, and a spring pressed piston in said chamber movable to engage the tank dome after partial venting of gas Within the dome to prevent removal of the cover until after reduction in gas pressure in the dome.

4. In a tank dome, a cover, and means for preventing the removal of the cover comprising a piston chamber formed with the .cover and having a vent, and a piston in said chamber provided with a locking stem, said piston being operative to locking position only upon partial rotation of the cover to opensaid vent.

5. In a tank dome, a dome cover having adepending attaching lange,a piston chamber formed With the cover and flange and provided with a vent, spring means for normally retaining the piston in retracted osition, and a stern formed with the piston adapted*l to-engage the tank dome' upon venting of the gas within the chamber.`

6. A tank dome cover locking means comprising a piston chamber, a piston therein having a stem adapted to engage the tank dome upon movement of the piston, and venting means brought into operation upon partial rotation of the cover to relieve the pressure within the chamber whereby ressure in the tank dome operates the piston stem to locking position.

7. In a car tank having a dome, a removable cover for said dome, a lookin piston mounted in the cover and norm y retained in inactive position, and means for venting gas from said tank upon partial rotation of the cover to permit the piston to move to locking position.

8. In a car tank having a dome, a dome cover therefor,a piston carried vby said cover and having a locking stem, spring means normally retaining the piston in' retracted position, a gas receiving piston chamber in which the piston is mounted, and means for venting gas from the chamber u on partial rotation ofthe cover to relieve t e pressure against one side of the piston whereby gas pressure in the tank will force the piston stem into locking engagement with the dome.

9. In a car tank having a dome, a rotatable cover for the dome, a piston chamber formed integral with the dome and having an inwardly extending tubular bushing formed with rear wall, said bushing having a seat, a removable bushing in the front wall of the chamber, a piston movable in said chamber and having a head mounted in the bushing in said rear wall and a stem slidable in the removable bushing, and spring means urging the piston head to its seat.

10. In a car tank 'having a dome, a re-v movable cover for the dome, a locking piston mounted in the cover and normally retained inv linactive position, said piston being operative by gas pressure exerted thereagainst, means for venting gas from adjacent the piston upon partial rotation of the coverv whereby to permit the piston to move to locking position in response to pressure of the gas within the tank.

11. In a tank dome, a cover therefor having a piston chamber formed therewith, a piston in said chamber, and means for normally retaining the piston in retracted position, said iston being movable from retracted pos1tion after partial venting of the gas from the dome and in response to gas pressure within the dome to engage the latter and prevent removal of the cover until reduction of gas pressure Within the dome.

12. In a tank dome, a cover therefor having a `piston chamber formed therewith, a piston in said chamber, a spring normally retaining the `piston in retracted position, said piston being movable by gas under pressure to engage the dome after relief of gas pressure on one side thereof whereby to prevent removal of the cover unt-il reduction of gas pressure in the dome.

13. In a tank dome, a cover therefor having a piston chamber formed therewith, a spring pressed piston in said chamber, said chamber being adapted to receive gas formed within said dome whereby to counterbalance the piston and permit 'the spring to retain the same in retracted position, said piston being movable to engage the dome after venting of the gas from the piston chamber whereby to prevent removal of the cover until reduction of gas pressure in the dome.

14. In a tank dome, a cover therefor having a piston chamber formed therewith and having a vent, a spring pressed piston in said chamber counterbalanced b`y gas within the piston chamber and in the dome to remain in retracted position, said piston being movable upon relief of gas from the piston chamber through the vent to engage the dome and prevent removal of the cover until reduction of gas pressure within the dome.

In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand.

WILLIAM K. AUCHINCLOSS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2513350 *Mar 3, 1945Jul 4, 1950Speed Meal CorpPressure cooker
US2614722 *May 4, 1948Oct 21, 1952Revere Copper & Brass IncPressure cooker with automatic vent
US2636635 *Aug 20, 1947Apr 28, 1953During Jr William JPressure cooker closure
US2878834 *Feb 11, 1955Mar 24, 1959Mercier JeanPressure vessels
US3150633 *Jul 24, 1962Sep 29, 1964Schroeder BrothersFilter condition indicator device
US3332390 *Jan 22, 1964Jul 25, 1967Ashline Clifford EInflating and separating mechanism for impact responsive distress signal device
US3383123 *Oct 23, 1965May 14, 1968Dover CorpLime pressure responsive safety coupling
US3411810 *Oct 14, 1966Nov 19, 1968Schlumberger Technology CorpApparatus for preventing accidental disconnection of pressure sources from well tools
US3456679 *Sep 17, 1965Jul 22, 1969Combustion EngSafety lock for high pressure valves
US3964508 *Jul 17, 1974Jun 22, 1976Chemidyne CorporationSafety cap assembly for pressurized vessels
US5050778 *Nov 2, 1990Sep 24, 1991Pat CorradoDry flowable material dispensing and contents preservation and sterilization apparatus
US5911444 *Mar 27, 1998Jun 15, 1999The Whitaker CorporationAutomatic locking mechanism for air brake hose coupling members
US6053541 *Jul 14, 1998Apr 25, 2000Alliance Laundry Systems LlcAutomatic safety lock-out mechanism for a pressure vessel door
US6837270 *Nov 26, 2002Jan 4, 2005Andrew S. DouglasGas delivery system and pneumatic yoke for a pressurized gas reservoir
Classifications
U.S. Classification220/316, 220/DIG.170, 285/83, 220/288
International ClassificationF16J13/24
Cooperative ClassificationF16J13/24, Y10S220/17
European ClassificationF16J13/24