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Publication numberUS1706794 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 26, 1929
Filing dateAug 26, 1927
Priority dateAug 26, 1927
Publication numberUS 1706794 A, US 1706794A, US-A-1706794, US1706794 A, US1706794A
InventorsBlue Wilbert F, Linebarger Iva B
Original AssigneeBlue Wilbert F, Linebarger Iva B
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Adjustable back support
US 1706794 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 1929- B. LlNEBA RGER ET AL I 1,706,794


Patented Mar. 26, 1929.




Application filed August 26, 1927. Serial No. 215,688. Y

This invention relates to a portable support designed to be used as may be required or desired by a person-when occupying a seat having a back, more particularlyby operators of motor-vehicles, to afford a'backsupport forward of-the permanent seat back'of the motor-vehicle, the invention having ref.- erence more particuhirly to a ventilated back support adapted to be used in connection with the seat back cushion ofa motor-vehicle.

Anobject of the invention is to provide motor-vehicle seats with removable vventilated seatbacks whiclrshall not be costly, and whichshall be adapted to afford comfort'by preventing contact of a person with the cushion of the seat backthat entails uncomfortable warmth of the persons back, especially during the summer season. 7 I

Anotherobject is toprovide an'adjustable back support which shall be adapted to'be used in connection with motor-vehicle seats when the seat istoo large for the occupant, particularly when a small operator pressing against the seat back is unable conveniently to reach control pedals and levers for operating the motor-vehicle.

A further object is toprovide an improved 7 adjustable back support which shall be i of such construction as to be of light weight and easily handled, which shall be"'particu-- larly useful to small persons for obtaining comfortable support on motor-vehicle seats originally designed to accommodate very large people, which back support shallbe adapted tobe instantly applied for usewithout requiring alterations of seat structure, which be quickly adjusted to the'needs of the user and which ;shall be durable and economical in use.

\VVith the above-mentionedand other objects in view, the-invention consists in an open work non-rigid .frame' of novel construction adapted to be removably supported upon a seat cushion and againsta seat back cushion, and a flexible back-supportingpart heldunder tension byithe frame forward of the seat back Cushion, the invention consist ing furtherin the parts and combinations and arrangements of parts as hereinafter particularly described :and claimed]? Referring to the drawings,Figu re 1 is a top plan of anautomobile seat designed to be; used by'a dr ver;.or operator, andL-the im-,

proved back support appearing as when in use thereon, the position of the conventional steering wheel being indicated; Fig. 2 is'a rear perspective view of the improved back support as preferably constructed; Fig. 3 is a side elevation of one of the principal membersrof the back'supportframe on an enlarged scale, partially broken away; Fig. 4

' is a perspective view of a coupling sleeve, of

which a plurality preferably are usedto connectframe parts adjustably together; Figs. 5and 6 are fragmentary perspective views of relatively adjustable frame parts adaptedto operate in connection with the sleeve; Fig. 7 ista transverse section on-an enlarged scale showing the mode of operation of the sleeve; and Fig. 8 is a fragmentary section of a back plate preferably connected to the rearward portion of the backsupport frame to afford "relatively large bearing in connection with the seat back cushion and also with the seat cushion as a steadymg device.

Similar reference eh racters in-the different figures of the drawings indicate corresponding elements or features of construction herein-referred to in detail. r

' In the drawings the numeral 1 indicates a motor-vehicle steering wheel,f2 the drivers seat cushion and 3 the seatback cushion of the conventional type.

Iii-carrying out the objects of invention a skeleton frame is provided which is composed mainly of metallic rods, portions of twoirods beiugstraight and adapted to conzont'al base rail members 6 and 6', the upper T- respectively. The base rails have relastitute normally-upright posts 4 and 5, the lower endsof the postshaving integral hori- 7 tively-extcnsible base-members 8 and 8 re sp ectively and thetop rails have relatively extensible members 9 and,9 respectively. Each rail member has .ascrew-threaded hole 10 therein and the holes in two. adjacent members have binding screws 11 and 11 respectively, the screws having heads 12'and 12 respectively. A suitable number of couand adaptedto fit snugly over two adjacent r altubular body portion 13jhaving a longitUCilIIHLSlOtult therein of suitable'width to receive a binding screw to permit" longitudi- 111211 adjustment-of the railythe wall of the i V 0 I pling sleeves are provided, all being alike body portion having a suitable number of notches at one side of the slot into which the screwinay be shifted to afford positive locking of the parts together w thoutdepending entirely on frictional resistance or requiring great screw pressure. Two of the sleeves are connected with the members of the base rails respectively so that the binding screws project upwardly, and the body portions 13 of two similar sleeves are connected with the IDClXlb-CI'S of the upper rails respectively and set so that the heads 12 are under the sleeves and unobstructed. Each bindingscrew preferably is provided with a clamp plate 16 curved to contour of the sleeve and being arranged on the screw and adapted to cover the adjacent portions of the slot and notches, the head of the screw having contact directly with the clamp plate to cause the plate to draw the wall of the sleeve tightly against the rail member beneath it. This arrangement permits the effective lengthening or shortening of the base rails and the top rails. The base rail members 8 and 8 have back rail members 17 and 18 integral therewith respectively which in normal arrangement preferably extend upwardly at opposite inclinations therefrom, and they have obtuse angled rail members 19 and 20 thereon respectively that are coupled together by one of the sleeves 13, the sleeve being normally horizontal and sulficiently high to prevent, the rail being pushed under the'back cushion 3 while affording a measure of frame elasticity. The members 17 and 18 stand approximately at right angles to the base members. The top rail members 9 and 9" have back members 21 and 2-2 respectively that normally extend downwardly on opposite inclination and have horizontal or relatively obtuse angled members 19 and 20 thereon respectively that are coupled together by one of the sleeves 13', so that the upper back rail is not liable to be pushed over the top of the back cushion 3 while affording a measure of elasticity to the uaper portion of the frame.

A exible back rest 23 is providedwhich preferably is composed of canvas which may be of a striped variety as indicated, and

two opposite edge portions thereof are se-' cured to the posts 4i and 5 respectively, the frame holding the canvas under tension-as may be desired'or permitting curvature as shown which may be more comfortable to the small persons.

In some cases a back plate 24 is provided which i s vertically arranged behind the back rails so as to be directly in contact with the fuller portion of the back cushion 3, being of sufficient length to extend downward to the seat cushion 2. The back plate is suitably secured. to the back rails, or to one of them, preferably by means of a-clamp 25 and arbolt 26, and preferably the lower end use may be instantly removed. If it be desired to stow it tnvayin a small space the various parts'of' the frame may be quickly disassembled and the whole arranged in folded and con'ipact order, permitting the support to be carried in knoek-down-con; dition*withinsmall space in a What is claimed is:

1; An adjustable back support having a motor-vehicle:

nonrigid frame composedofbase rails and top 'railsand two posts connected each to base rail and atop rail, each of 'the' rails having longitudinal adjustabil'ity, aback rail connected to the base rails and-having longitudinal adjustability, a back rail' ,con-' nected to thetop' rails and having longitudinal adjustability, and a flexible support connected to the two posts. V

2. An adjustable back support comprising two horizontal lon'gitudinally-extensible base 7 rails, two uprightposts fixed to one end of the base rails respectively,,aback railfixed to the opposite ends ofthe'baserailsjre spectively, two horizontal longitudinally extensible top rails-fixed atone 'end to the tops ofitlie posts respectively, a back rail fixed to the opposite ends of thetoprailsrespectively, and a flexible back supporting device secured tothe upright-posts between the base rails and the top rails.

3. An adjustable back supportcomprising two horizontal base railshavingyeach alat oral inclined back rail member fixedon the rearward end thereof, saidmembers being adjustably connected together, two posts vertically fixed on'the forward ends of the base rails respectively, two horizontaltop rails'fixed to the posts andhaving'eaoh' a lateral downwardly-extensible inclined iba ck' rail member fixed thereto,- the inclined members being adjust'ably connected together,"

and a flexible back-supporting device'see ured to theposts. 1 r 7 4. I11 an adjustableback support, the cone v bination of a plurality ofbase rails compris- 1 ing each a plurality of co-operating members having each a clamp screw threaded therein and a: sleeve on the members having a longi-f tudinal slotand notches in one side. of the slot receiving the screws two posts integral withone member of the base rails respectively, a pair of longitudinallyextensible top rails fixed to the posts, aplurality' off'back rails fixed to the base rails and the top "rails respectively, and afiexible back-supporting device secured totheposts; i

5, In an adjustable back-support, stlrecomrail fixed to the top rails,-each rail compris-i ing two co-operating members and a'sleeve adjustably connected thereto, the sleeve having a longitudinal slot and notches in one side of the slot, curved clamp plates arranged on the sleeve, and clamp screws in said plates and extending through said notched slots and being threaded into said members respectively. Y

6. In a back support, the combination of having each a lateral-lower back rail member fixed thereto, a coupling sleeve adjustably secured to the back rail members, two

posts fixed vertically on the base rails respectively', a back-supporting device secured to the posts, two top rails fixed to the tops of the posts respectively and having each a lateral upper back rail member fixed thereto, a coupling sleeve adjustably secured to the upper back rail members, and a back, plate vertically arranged behind said sleeves and 'detachably secured to one of the sleeves, the

back plate having a relatively angular foot plate on its lower end. I

In testimony whereof, we aflix our signatures on the 13th day of August, 1927. a skeleton frame comprising two base rails v IVA B. LINEBARGER. WILBERT F. BLUE; 7

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3578003 *Apr 1, 1969May 11, 1971Everett Lucille GPortable platform and shelter
US3895840 *Jun 28, 1973Jul 22, 1975Szurszewski DoloresChair seat adapter
US5524971 *Mar 24, 1994Jun 11, 1996Jay Medical Ltd.Seating and back systems for a wheelchair
US5592707 *Feb 12, 1996Jan 14, 1997Jay Medical Ltd.Seating system with pressure relieving pad
US5647637 *Apr 16, 1996Jul 15, 1997Jay Medical Ltd.Seating and back systems for a wheelchair
US5671977 *Apr 16, 1996Sep 30, 1997Jay Medical Ltd.Seating and back systems for a wheelchair
US6913318 *Apr 21, 2003Jul 5, 2005Pride Mobility Products CorporationAdjustable seat support for a wheelchair
US20040104614 *Apr 21, 2003Jun 3, 2004Higley Melvin ScottAdjustable seat support for a wheelchair
US20040124680 *Aug 5, 2003Jul 1, 2004Harris Robert D.Portable lumbar support and variable resistance exercise device
U.S. Classification297/230.14, 297/230.11, 297/383
International ClassificationB60N2/64, B60N2/66
Cooperative ClassificationB60N2/66
European ClassificationB60N2/66