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Publication numberUS1708138 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 9, 1929
Filing dateApr 19, 1927
Priority dateApr 19, 1927
Publication numberUS 1708138 A, US 1708138A, US-A-1708138, US1708138 A, US1708138A
InventorsHildahl Mark
Original AssigneeHildahl Mark
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Doorknob burglar alarm
US 1708138 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 9, 1929. M. HILDAHL DOORKNOB BURGLAR ALARM gwumtoz Filed April 19, 1927 Mark Hz'ZdahZ Patented Apr. 9, 1929.

UNITED STATES MARK IHIILDAHL, F sEArTLn'wAsHInGToN.

DOORKNOB BURGLAR ALARM.

Application filed April 19 My invention relates to an improvement in burglar alarms, and particularly to an alarm intended to be applied to the usual latch mechanism of a door, whereby, upon movement of the door knob to withdraw the, latch, the

' 7 holes 94 through which the shaft 92 protrudes are covered with escutcheon alarm will be given. r V 2 One object of my invention is to provide such a v device which will operate in whichever direction the door knob is turned, but most especially it is an object to provide such an alarm, electrically operated,and particue larly the control switch for such an alarm, v which can beincorporated into a door and associated with the lock and latch shaft with vthe minimum of difiiculty.

A further object is to the provision ofisuch a device, which is very simply formed, and which can thus be made cheaply and by quantity production methods, and which yet-will 20. operate eiiiciently, and which can. be installed? householder without special.

by the ordinary tools. 1 I j My invention comprises the novel parts,

i the novel combination and arrangement thereof, as shown in the accompanying drawings, described in the specification, and 'par-.

ticularly defined by the claims terminating the same. v e

In the accompanying drawings I have shown myinvention in a form which is now preferred by me, it being understood that this form may be departed from invarious respects and. within the scope of the claims. 7

' Figure 1 is a general cross section through.

latch, and illustrating diagrammatically the alarm circuit;

Figure 2 is a vertical axial section through :4 myidevice'andthe door,, on the line 22' of as they may be of any usual orordinaryconi V structi0n,.] have not deemed it'necessary to show,.110r will'I- describe these parts, in debe bent over and laid in the control switch and lock shaft, showing my, device associated with the usual doorand tween the members carried thereby-and the I lates with this shaft.

Itail. It is sufl'icient to note that the door 9 is 1927. seriaino. 184,952.

rabbeted to receive a lock mechanism 90 therein, this lock mechanism includinga latch91 and a shaft 92, which is usually squared, to operate the latch. The shaft 92 carries the door knobs 93 at its opposite ends, and the after. Preferably, both rings are of dielectric materiahsuch as vulcaniteor bakelite,

and thus may bemouldedwith the contacts.

bridges or, like elements embedded within them. For example, the inner ring 2 is pro vided with angularly spaced bridge elements 20in its outer,periphery, these being connectedby the conductors 21, embedded in the ring 2, and the bridge members 20 being preferably spaced alike about the ring.

The outer ,ringl isprovided with radial bores 11 openinginwardlyand receiving contact plunger-s or brushes 10, which are urged 'outwardlv by means of compression springs 12 behind the plungers 10 and bearing against the inner end ofthe bores, oragainst small plates 13 in the bottom of each bore. Lead Wllfifili extend through the ringl and may plates 13. These plates in turn make contact ,with the springs 11, and they in turn with the the electric members to connect the contact plungers ,10 in the alarm. circuit. These plun gcrs, it will befunderstood, are angularly spaced by an; amount corresponding to the angular spacing of the bridge members 20 in the ring2. v y

The ring 2 is so connected to the shaft 92, as by the expedient of a squared bore 22 received on the squared shaft 92, that it oscil In the normal position of'theshaft, one of the bridge members 20lies between the two cont-act plunges, andcontact with the the other two bridge members 20 lie outside I oi therespective plungers. Upon oscillation of, the knobs, thering 2 is turnedso that two of the thrceln'idge members 20 coincide with. v

and; contact with the two plungers 10, thus closing the circuit at this point, and it the circuit otherwise closed, energizing the alarm. It will be understood that suitable means are provided for maintaining the ring 1 against rotation, and to this end I have shown angular clips 15, suitably secured in or to the ring 1, and having one flange pro jecting radially from the outer periphery of the ring 1, and apertured tor the reception oii wood screws 16, by means of which the ring is secured to the wood of the door.

The alarm circuit may be of any suitable character. As shown, it comprises a source of energy, as the battery B, the alarm A, which may be a bell or other electricallyoperated signal, and the switch S, by means of which the device may be rendered inoper at-ive when its use is not required.

The device is applied to adoor by merely enlarging the bore 94: on the inner side of the door to provide a recess 96 of large enough diameter to receive the ring 1. The ring 1 is laid in this recess with one end face against the bottom thereof. The inner ring 2 is now slipped over the end of the shaft 92,.from which the knob 93 has previously been removed. Preferably, to prevent axial displacement of the two rings, and to prevent access of dust or other foreign material to the space containing the contact members, a flange 23 is provided on the inner ring, which overlaps and lies against the outer face of the ring 1. 'To close the space between the ring 2 and the adjacent escutcheon plate 95, washers 24 may be employed. Thus the securing of the escutcheon plate in place securely holds all parts in the proper position, and it has only been necessary to insert the two wood screws 16 to secure the device in place.

It will be understood that itmay even be unnecessary to provide the recess 96, it the escuteheon plate is suiliciently spaced from the face of the door, or it the rings 1 and 2 are sufficiently thin. The contact is made in a radial direction rather than between two end faces, which permits the device to be made quite thin and thus inconspicuous. The entire device may be readily moulded in bakelite, and, in fact, the securing clips 15 might, instead of being screwed to the ring 1, as shown, be moulded in place therein.

What I claim as my invention is:

1. A control switch for an alarm circuit ot.the type described, comprising a dielectric ring, and a second dielectric ring fitting within the aperture of said first ring of said rings, one carrying a pair of angularly spaced contact members included in the alarm circuit, and bearing upon the other ring, and the second ring carrying angularly-spaced bridge members normally out of contact with said contact members, but adapted to be contacted thereby upon movement of one ring relative to the other, and

means for fixing one of said rings to a support, and the other to a movable latch ment her.

2. A control switch for an alarm circuit of the type described, comprising two di electric rings. one within the other, the outer ring carrying a pair of angularly-spaced in- \\a1'dlydirected contact members in said alarm circuit bearing upon the periphery of the inner "lcl ricliy connected bridge members carried by said inner ring, and, in the normal positions of said rings, being disposed one intermediate the two contact memliiers, and one at the outer side of each contact member, and so angularlyspaced "from each other that the intermediate and one or the other of the outer bridge members will simultaneously contact with the two contact members upon relative oscillation ot the rings, and means tor securing the outer of said rings to the door and the inner to the door knob shaft.

8. A control switch for an alarm of the type described, comprising an outer ring having two angularly spaced and radially directed sockets opening inwardly, contact plungers received in said bores, springs in said bores electrically connected to an external circuit and urging said plungers from said sockets, an inner ring lying within the bore of said outer ring, three electrically connected bridge members carried by said inner ring, and angular-1y spaced to lie normally between and at each side, respectively, or the contact plungers, and to contact therewith when oscillated to either side of its normal position, and means for securing one of said rings to the door and the other to the door knob shaft.

4:. A control switch for an alarm of the type described, comprising an outer ring having two angularly spaced and radially directed sockets opening inwardly, contact plungers received in said bores, springs in said bores electrically connected to an external circuit and urging said plungers from said sockets, an inner ring lying within the bore of said outer ring, three electrically connected bridge'members carried by said innor ring, and an gularly spaced to lie normally between and at each side, respectively, oi the contact plungers, and to contact therewith when oscillated to either side of its normal position, securing clips proj ecting radially from the outer ring forming means for securing it to a support, and said inner ring having a squared axial aperture adapting it for securement upon the usual squared door knob shaft.

5. A control switch for an alarm of the type described, comprising an outer ring having two angularly spaced and radially directed sockets opening inwardly, contact plungers received in said bores, springs in said bores electrically connected to an external circuit and urging said plunger-s from said sockets, an inner ring lying within the bore of said outer ring, three electrically connected bridge members carried by said inner ring, and angular-1y spaced to lie normally between and at each side, respectively, of the contact plungers, and to contact therewith when oscillated to either sideof its normal )osition means for securin one ofsaid rin 's 7 D b to the door and the other to the doorknob shaft, and means interengageable between said rings to prevent relative axial displacement therebetween.

6. A control switch for an alarm of the type described, comprising an outer ring having two angularly spaced and radially directed sockets opening inwardly, contact plungers received in said bores, springs in said bores electrically connected to an cxternal circuit and urging said plungers from said sockets, an inner ring lying within the bore of said outer ring, a fiange'projecting from said inner ring and engaging the outer end face of said outer ring to prevent relative axial displacement therebetween, three electrically connected bridge members carried by said inner ring, and angularly spaced to lie normally between and at each side, respectively, oi the contact plungers, and to contact therewith when oscillated to either side of its normal position, and means for securing one of said rings to the door and the other to the door knob shaft.

Signed at Seattle, King County, VVashington, this 14th day of April, 1927.

MARK HILDAHL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3939315 *Jun 10, 1974Feb 17, 1976Schlage Lock CompanyElectric switch contained within lock frame and actuated by movement of locking bar
US4422312 *Dec 8, 1980Dec 27, 1983Israel ChermoniLock assembly
US8690205Feb 21, 2011Apr 8, 2014Yale Security Inc.Door lockset
DE8907452U1 *Jun 19, 1989Aug 31, 1989Bks Gmbh, 5620 Velbert, DeTitle not available
WO1997038190A1 *Apr 10, 1997Oct 16, 1997Houghton Ernest GilbertSpindle lock
WO2012115894A1 *Feb 20, 2012Aug 30, 2012Yale Security Inc.Door lockset
Classifications
U.S. Classification200/61.64
International ClassificationE05B45/06, E05B45/14
Cooperative ClassificationE05B45/06
European ClassificationE05B45/06