US 1708238 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 9, 1929- E. A. RUSSELL 1,708,238
COIN BANK F1186. Feb. 20, 1925 7722' jfa/ss Patented Apr. 9, 1929.
UNlTED STATES ELI A. RUSSELL, OF CHICx'sGO, ILLINOIS;
Application filed February 20, 1925. Serial No. 19,445..
My invention relates to coin banks.
The object of the invention is to provide a simple, practical and eilective construction of coin bank, and particularly to provide a simple, inexpensive and quickly operated locking device by which the banlc in Fig. l; I
Fig. 3 is a cross section taken on line 33 in Fig. 2;
Fig. -.l is a cross section taken on line 4& in Fig. 2; and
Fig. 5 is a view of a portion of the bank as shown in Fig. 1 in process of being unlocked.
In the drawings 1 show a bank consisting of a bottom or body portion 1 and a top or cover 2 fitting on the body portion 1. The bank is preferably a small flatdevice suitable to be carried in the pocket and consequently the body 1 is a low cylindrical structure and top 2 is a flat circular or disklike member fitting thereon. The body 1 has a coin chamber or receptacle '3, into which the coins are deposited, a coin slot 41 being shown for that purpose.
' The top or cover 2 is detachably mounted on the body 1, and means are provided by which said cover is locked to the body 1 so as to retain the coins within the bank, said locking means also permitting the cover to be detached, to allow the removal of the coins either for use or for deposit in a banking institution or other authorized purpose as desired.
To such end the body 1 is provided with an annular flange (3', and the top 2 with a disk-like member 7 having an edge portion 8 adapted to rest on flange 6, said member 7 also having radially projecting prongs or teeth 8 and the flange 6 having cutaway portions or recesses 9 adapted to receive prongs 8. The projections 8 and recesses 9 are arranged to register with one another when the top is put in position on the base, and when this is done the prongs 8 will pass underneath flange 6 and by turnin the top 2 slightly with reference to bottom 1, said top 2 will be held against outward movement tending to separate it from bottom 1, and consequently open the bank. A rotative movement of parts 1 and 2 however bring the prongs S and recesses 9 into i.'-' istcr with one another, and so permit separation of parts 1 and 2 and the opening of the bank.
T o prevent such rotative movement normally and retain the bank in closed position, I provide a locking device comprising a spring clip 10 secured as by rivets 11 to cover member 7, said clip 10 having a prong 12. The body 1 is provided with a co-opcrating locking member 13 which is preterably made integral with annular ile- 6. Said member or lug 13 is provided w .h a. recess 14 having a side orifice 15 through which prong 12 may pass, and also has as abutment 1G by which the side of said pron 12 may be engaged, as shown in Fig. l.
.lVhen prong 12 so located in recess 1-1 and engaged by abutment 1b the cover 2 will be held or locked against rotation relatively to body 1, and consequently the bank will be locked in a closed condition.
To unlock the bank and permit it to be opened a key 17 is provided and this key is adapted to enter a key hole 18 in body 1 and also to enter .a key hole 19 in depending flange or lug 13. Key 17 has a side projcction 20 adapted and arranged when the key is turned to contact with the upper edge of prong 12 and so depress said prong so to disengage it from abutment 16, as shown in Fig. 0. Said key projection 20 also shitts prong 12 slightly to one site, that to the left, referring to Figs. 1 and 5, so that when prong 12 is out of engagement with abutment 16 it is also out of position to return to locking position in re 1%, in tact resting on the point or end of abutment 16, as shown in Fig. 5. Thus the unlocking key 17 will not only cause prong 12 to be moved to unlocking position, but will also cause it to be held in such position, so that cover 2 may be turned with reference to bony 1, this turning being to an extent to cause prongs 8 to register with recesses 9 and so permit the separation of the body 1 and cover 2. Thus the key after it performs its unlocking operation need not necessarily be held in unlocking position, but may be moved further along to some other position, or even removed from the key hole entirely, so that no matter what is done with key 1'7 after it is turned to perform the unlocking operation, the spring prong 12 will be held in unlocked condition so as to permit relative rotative movement between parts 1 and 2 and the consequent unlocking and opening of the bank. To relock the bank in closed condition cover 2 and body 1 are put together and prongs 8 caused to register with recesses 9 and then said parts 1 and 2 turned andalso that tampering or meddling with the locking device'by unauthorized persons 18 very difiicult, 11": not actually impossible.
t will be understood that changes and modifications may be made without depart- I ing from the spirit of the invention.
What I claim is:
1. A coin bank having locking device comprising cooperating locking members, one of which is adapted to be moved to unlocking position by a key and also adapted when so actuated to be moved to a position for holding it in unlocking posit-ion, said member being adapted to be held in said position by said cooperating member.
2. A coin bank having a locking device comprising interengaging locking members, one of which is adapted to be actuated by a key so as to disengage it from the other, and means for holding the same out of engaging position, said means being provided by the other of said members.
3. 'A coin bank having locking means comprising a spring clip and a recess into which said clip may pass and an abutment at the mouth of said recess, said clip being adapted to be held in said recess to eilect a locking engagement, and also adapted to be lifted out of the same and to'be moved to one side by a key so as to rest on said abutment.
4. A coin'bank having locking means comprising a spring clip and a recess into which said clip may pass and an abutment at the mouth of said recess, said clip being adapted to be held in said recess to efiec't alocking engagement, and also adapted to be lifted out of the same and to be moved to one side by a key so as to rest on said abutment, said spring clip being mounted on one member of said bank anda recess being formed in a lug 011 the other. member of the bank, and said members being relatively rotatable and held against rotation by said locking means.
one side so that it will rest on said abutment and prongs ano recesses on said cover and body members adapted to permit relative rotation between said members, said locking device be? g adapted to hold said members against relative rotation, and thus cause them to be' locked-together. V
(3. A coin bank comprising relatively rotatable cover and body members, whereof the top member isprovided with aspr'ing locking clip and the body member is provided with a lug having a recess to receive the end-of said locking clip and also having an abutmei'it to prevent movement oi said end out of said recess, said clipend being adapted to be actuated by a key so as to lift it out of said recess and move it slightly toone side so that it will rest on said abutment, and prongs and recesses on said cover and body members adapted to permit relative ro ation between said members, said locking l ievice being adapted to hold said members against relative rotation and'thus cause them to be locked together, said body member being provided with an annular flange to support the top or cover and said lug being adapted to and'extending downwardly from the inner edge of said annular flange.
In witness whereof, I hereunto subscribe my name this 20th day of January, A. D.
ELI A. RUSSELL.