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Publication numberUS171049 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 14, 1875
Filing dateNov 10, 1875
Publication numberUS 171049 A, US 171049A, US-A-171049, US171049 A, US171049A
InventorsJoseph Saundees
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Improvement in retorts for concentrating sulphuric acid
US 171049 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. SAUNDERS.

RETORTS FOR. CONCENTRATING SULPHURIC ACID. No 171,049, Patented Dec. 14, 1875.

a I! W In! A I" R,

Ml III i [1 H H {I 5 Hi Wz'fnemea; Q Iii/V01" UNITED STATES PATENT OFFroE.

JOSEPH SAUNDERS, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK.

IMPROVEMENT IN RETO RTS FOR CONCENTRATING SULPHURIC ACID.

specification forming part of Letters Patent N o. 171,049, dated December 14, 1875; application filed November 10,1875. 7' V To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, JOSEPH SAUNDERS, of Brooklyn, New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Retorts for Concentrating Sulphuric Acid and I do hereby declare the following to be afull and correct description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure l is a side elevation of a bench of three retorts, and Fig. 2 is a vertical section through one of them, as well as through its receiving-funnel and the adjustable tube connecting the retorts.

This invention relates to glass retorts and their connections, used in concentrating sulphuric acid by a continuous process; and consists in constructing them with an aperture on one side having a smooth finish and inwardly-turned edges, and with a short spout or nipple on the other of even, or nearly even, thickness of the side of the retort at the place of connection; and also in providing an adjustable tube to connect the spout of one retort with the funnel in the one next adjoin ing, as hereinafter described.

As is well known, a very extensive and expensive apparatus is required to manufacture sulphuric acid on a large scalefor commercial purposes. Important parts of the apparatus are the retorts for concentrating the acid. These were formerly made of platinum, as it was found that the acid, as it became strong, would attack and destroy any baser metal. As the platinum retorts were very expensive, Mr. I. D. Perrin and myself invented a glass retort for the purpose, and obtained aPatent,

v No. 78,760, dated June 9, 1868, for the same.

This was made by first being blown to its full size, and, when cooled sufficiently to keep its shape,by having a spout from fifteen to eighteen inches long, or long enough to connect it with the next retort, attached on one side, and a wolfs-neck aperture on the other. To produce a spout of this length about two pounds of hot glass are stuck on at the proper place and then blown and drawn out. In operating upon such a large mass of glass under these conditions the result is that the glass of the pipe is from five to ten times as thick as the glass of the retort. This difi'erence in thickness makes the expansion of the two different, and causes a cracking of the retort around the point of connection, when the pipe falls oii'. The wolfs-neck aperture was also attached by first sticking on a quantity of redhot glass, and then blowing and drawing it out. As uniform thickness could not be produced, a breaking or cracking of the retort would sometimes be caused by the unequal expansion of the parts about the connection of this wolfs-neck.

Another serious objection to the retorts thus constructed is the great care required in handling or packing them for transportation, as the long spout and wolfs-neck were liable to be broken off. To overcome these objections is the object of my improvements.

A retort, A, is first blown to the desired size and form, and then, after it has cooled sufficiently to retain its shape, the flame of a hydrogen blow-pipe is applied to the point where the spout is to be attached. This point or part of the retort is kept atla white heat while two or three ounces of melted glass are put on and drawn out into aspout or nipple, B, some four or five inches in length, as shown in both figures. In operating upon the glass under these conditions the spout is made of the same, or nearly the same, thickness as the side of the retort to which it is attached, as clearly shown in Fig. 2. On the side of the retort opposite to that to which the spout is attached an aperture, E, is made by first applying the flame of the hydrogen blow-pipe until the glass is of a white heat, and then perforating it with a wooden stick. In doing this the edges of the aperture are turned inwardly, as clearly shown in Fig. 2, and a smooth finish is given to the opening.

Aretort thus constructed may be safely handled and used, or packed and transported. When a series of these retorts are set up and employed in the process of concentrating the acid, as shown in Fig. 1, a glass funnel, D, is inserted through the apertureE of all of them, with its lower endextending nearly to the bottom of each, as shown. To connect them, glass tubes 0 are provided, shaped at one end so as to be adjustable on the nipple B, and slightly contracted and curved at the other for insertion into the funnels I), as shown in Fig.1. These loose adjustable tubes are found to be of great convenience in the manipulation of the retorts, and a necessary part of the apparatus. The process carried on by means of these retorts, with the funnels and aperture, E, with inwardly'turned edges and smooth finish, as and for the purpose set forth.

2. In combination with the retorts A and fun-- nels D, the adjustable tubes 0, for connecting a series of retorts in the process of concentrating sulphuric acid, as set forth.

The above specification of said invention signed and witnessed at Brooklyn this 8th day of November, A. D. 1875.

JOSEPH SAUNDERS.

Witnesses:

JESSE GOODNOUGH, 1?. WILSON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4726653 *May 22, 1986Feb 23, 1988View-Master Ideal Group, Inc.Stereoscopic viewer
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationC11B1/04