US 1710623 A
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- H, B. JOHNSON APPARATUS FOR CHARGING BEVERAGES April 23, 1929.
Filed March 21, 1923 2 Sheets-Sheet April 23, 1929. H. B. JOHNSON ,710, 23
APPARATUS FOR CHARGING BEVERAGES Filed March 21, 1923 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 46 11mm nn attorney Patented Apr. 23, 1329.
UNITEQ STATES PATENT ()FFICE.
HOIVIER B. JGHNSGN, F S3.
EMMA K. JOHNSON.
ERIDAN, INDIAIFA; EMMA K. JOHNSON, ADMINISTRATRIX OF SAID HOMER B. JUHNSUN, DECEASELD,
ASSIGNOR BY CONSENT OF COURT TO APPARATUS FOR CHARGING BEVERAGES.
Application filed March 21, 1923.
This invention rohites to apparatus for use in the manufacture of beverages, such as orang'wa l0, rape-juice, and root beer, and tor rvrolorin; or rvtlavorin g the s-ianio. Those hcroragos aro not stahio compounds, but lose their rotor and iiaror quirlilyi vspvciaily Whvn oxposod to l ght. it i thou uocossary to inject (:oioring and flavoring tiuid into the bottled beverage, and tho primarx object of in) inwntion is to provide a r-t nipto. ('oinpact and otiiciouti nirrhanisia whorrhy tho several operations of docappirrgi. charging, and rm: ifij the bottle may he sucrossivm ly and rapidly porfornird With a minimum amount of hand iahor. Sorondary objects of the inrontion are to proviih-s simple moans to regulate the quantity of coiorirgg or tiaroring' liquid injrrtod into the drink. and to provide means for adjustii'i tho apparatus to tho height oi the hoti'li? and properly 00ntoring the hottlo or othor roroptarlo. ()thor inridrntal ohjoris of the invention will uppr-ar in the course of the following description.
The invention is illustrated in the moronipanying drawings, whirh- Fiouro 1 is a front rlovation of a nan-inns oaihodving shy prevent, i111]n'ox'ouirnts;
i igzuro E2 is a siniiiar View wiih mine of tho parts in a ditl'eront position;
3 lr-i a \rrtiral sortion ot' tho nia- :1 drtail showing: a ruppit Figuro mental hotth -suoiortiugr haso.
In rarry ogg' out my invention. :1 F ame which is a apted to ho (lumped to I (-iuploy Serial No. 626,539.
Extending hetweon the standards is tL holding bridge consisting of a bar 5) having shows at its ends which are slidahly titted upon the standards, the bar lacing); proridod ventrally with an opening 11 in \Ylll(ll the iitt'li of the hot? to or other rocoptaoh- I2 is ro i'oii'od. A bar 13 rir os tron: the hash :1djarent one standard 7 and is provided along its upper portion with notrhrs 1t u'hirh may ronvonioutly ho forniod by throadin; the rod. A latrh ldtl pi 'otally supportod holow tho iHitlfIQ 9 in position to engage tho notches 1i and a prosser bar 141 pirotr-d to the free end of tho latch and risos thorotroui through the hridgq a head 1 12 being provided on tho upper vnd ot the prrssr-r bar and a spring t-t-Zl being coih'd around the prosr sor har h0- twoen the bridge and the head. Springs l-tt are roiled around the standards hotwron the sockets (S and tho bridge and furnish yirldaide supports for tho hriilgjo, trnding (onstantly to hold it in an upper position. Tho hottlo to ho fiiiod or charged is plarod upon the haso l and the bridge is slid down into migagommti thorrwith, tho lat sh riding ovoithe uotrl'ios until the downward inoroinvnt of the hridglo is irrostod by its mount-snout; with tho not-k ot' the bottle whereupon tho latrh vi i outrage the not h H prosouto'i thoroto and prevent premature upward iuorrntont of the bridge. It will to readily soon that the mouth of tho hottlo will projo t above the hridgo and tho hridgj o will ho automatically adjusted to the height of tho hottlo TVhon the hottio has horn ('litifltth a slight pross-suro on tho hoad H2 wi l r aro ih-J latrh so that the bridge may he ranod unih-r tho influonro of the springs til-l :d tho ho th romovod.
It short bottles are to ho lillwl or chznyr a suppiruioutal ham or soat 145 may ho (H1- ployed. This soat comprises a platr having: a marginal raised Lingo or rim H6 at its front odg'o portion and Cili'tiid bV a post M7 which is scroirod into the base i so that i may he oaisiiy inserted or IPINOYtd.
Tho hood or yoke 53 is oonstruo od with a rontrai vortiral tuhular nuunhor or uidr 1.7 in the upper oxtrvmity 0t whirl tittod t stop plug 16. A hollow pluny'rr I? is titted snuglv but slidablv in the lower iortion of the guide and extends through and below the lower end thereo't', an expanded hollow head or sealing cup 18 being carried by the lower end of the plunger. Upon the plunger is a collar 19 ronsisting of mating members seemed together and around the plunger. and a deeapper lever 20 is pivotally secured. upon one end otsaid collar. The deeapper extrnds below the head 18 and is provided with a tooth or book 21 at; its lower end whirh is adapted to engyjage under the edge of the rap 2? whit-h is to be removed trom the bottle. The under side oi the heel; or tooth is beveled, as shown. so that it may radily ride downwardly over the sid of the rap. and an expansion spring 2? is titted between the side of the plunger and the upper end of the (let-appetto yieldably hold the lower working end of the de'tapper in operative position. An operating lever or handle Bl is tnleruined on one of the standards T and. at its inner end, has a pin and slot eonneetion with the plunger, as shown at 25., the lever being preferably ft'JlliCtl so as to span the standard and the plunger and the 'eby obtain well balanred and even motion. It will r adily understood that when the outer free end ot the lever Q-l is raised. the inner end thereof, with the plunger and dwapper. will be lowered so that the derapper will engage under the cap and will lift the same from the bottle with the ensuing upward movement. ot the plungier and lever, Studs '48 may he provided on the base to prevent the bottle sliding sidewise when being deeapped.
he operating lever may be tnlerumed dirertly upon the standard, but to reentoree and strengthen the standard I provide an milargtnient it; to earr the to and v it'l'lllll 'i'rom the lower end oi this enlargement, a ltlt'liti arm u. extends downwardly and o nwardly to earry the pump 28 Wlllt'il may be of the u---ual 't'orm and is illustrated in a eonventional ni.=ni;er nly. The inlet 1) is rted wi h re eawoir or :ouree ot supply (not shown) and a hoae or tl xible pipe ill tron. the outlet ll ot' the pump to delive; the liquid to the bottle, as will be presently tally set forth. The plunger r of the pump plavs through the upper end ot the pump body add is in the verti al plane oi the operating l(*.tl' so that it may be eta-- gage l and depressed by the lever. a roller I I being; mounted on the under side oi the lever to ride upon the upper end of the plunger and thereby minimize the 'trirtional reistanee and wear. The plunger is normally held in its raised position by a spa:
. 34 g (roiled around the plunger between the upper end of the pump body and a flange Z the upper end of the plunger. From the said flange, a guide and stop rod 36 depends through a lug or eye 37 on the pump support. and a nut 38 is fitted on the lower end o't this rod to abut the under side of said lug or eye and ther by limit the upward nmvement ot" the plunger. The strolte ot the pump can thus be readily regulated so that the desired quantity of the liquid will be disrharged. This regulation of the strolie o t the pump important it insures the supi ily ot a fixed measureo amount of liquid n oath etrol-Ie of the pump with resulting uniform quality in the produrt. It is usual, in the manui'aeture ot the beverages, to eonibine the havering material or etyrart with the d "-d lillld and amount of coloring nateiizl, and a predetermined amount of this mixture, 0: retully measured, injected into the bottle whieh has already been tilled with th! proper amount of the simple syrup, carbonated water. fruit. juices. or other material whieh ronstitutes the main body o'l. the drink.
The hose or flexible pipe 250 terminates in a nozzle 39 whirh. when in use, is situated below the plunger 17 and direetly over the mouth ol' the. bottle so that the liquid issuing trom the nozzle will pass into the bottle. The nozzle must he moved out of the way ot the plunger when the plunger is deseending, ltd the matzine embodies means for that purpose which l will now de:-'eribe. The nozz e is carried by the lower 5nd of a rot-king arm alt) whieh is mounted on the baelc of: the frame in the same traneverse vertical plane art the plunger 17, a convenient support beiia brat-lat ll proleeting trom the it the l ead or yolte 8 and to which the rouking arm pivoted near its upper An expansion spring li! is seeured to ged between the upper end ot the e m and the rear side of the yoke or H and tends eon ly to hold the end oi the arm ti'ivvzotl the plunger non; I thew-tore. 'er lr. pivot. the melting with a; (2.111 or beveled otl'se t li t ll the limit at by a proie' ion the plungemay \erv ron'renit ill n; end (12' the pin eonnertiuf the ten ill to the plung- .\s the plun r is lowered. the proiew t i i tz n it ride on the upper ltutillt: ot the oh- -et -13 and throws the rot-lino): arin ou that the n n/Lie i rarried to the rear to the plunger. and the thet is. pre't'erably, iuw a trdle longer than the ptlt e ot the 'ilunger i that its engagement with the propetion ll holds the noxzle reiaeted until the plunger b ains to ascend. Upon the ascent of the plunger, the r -ring at! will be tree to no and the rotlting arm v 3 return i" normal po-ition, he nozzl loeating its over t month ot the bottle immediatel derappi g and just before the -:e or the pump plunger stars.
I, to recap dis result, the bott e too lltl
cap is placed in the sealing cup or head 18 against the end of the magnetized rod which is snugly but slida-bly fitted in the lower portion of the plunger 17. The plunger is then moved downward and forces the cap on the bottle, the nozzle. of course, being again retracted. To prevent the decapper from pulling off the just applied cap, the rod 45 is provided with a pin or projection 46 playing in a slot 47 in the plunger to ride upon a cam projection 48 on the decapper. The movement of the rod 45 within the plunger is limited by the pin 46 impinging against the ends of the slot 47, and a coiled spring 49, disposed within the plunger between the upper end of the rod 4;; and the plug which is mounted in the upper end of the plunger and rests on the spring 49, holds the rod yieldably in its lowered position. The cap is placed against the end of the rod 45 and the cap 18, partially entering the cap, whereupon the lever 24, is again swung upwardly that the plunger and the rod therein will be again lowered and the cap placed in proper position on the bottle. The resistance offered by the cap and the bottle causes the rod to move relatively upward while the plunger and cup complete the downward n'iovement, the edge of the cap 18 riding on the flange of the cap and compressing the same around the bottle. As the rod 45 moves relatively upward, the pin 46 thereon rides against the cam offset- 48 on the decapper lever 20 and rocks the lever against the tension of the spring 23, the movement ceasing while the pin is between the ends of the offset. Cori-- sequently, the decapper hook will be swung away from the newly applied cap, The spring 49 is balanced between the rod 4-5 and the plug 50 and the relative upward movement of the rod is therefore, imparted to the plug so that the upper position of the rod and the inoperative position of the derapper will be maintained during the cnsu ing up stroke of the plunger. The upward movement thus given the plug 5t) raises it above its normal position so tha the complction of the up stroke of the plunger will carry the plug" 50 against the fixed stop pllr; 16 whereby the plug 5t) will be returned to its normal position in the plunger. (our pressing the spring ,9 whirh will. in turn, thercu 'ion lower the rod 15 to its normal position. This relative downward movement of the rod 475, of cours carries the pin 46 of the cam 48 and permits the ill-rapper to return to active position. thus set ing the parts for a repetition of the operating cycle.
To magnetize the rod 45 and the plunger. 1 provide a battery 150 which is supported on the head 8, and a coil 151 which is mount ed on and encircles the plunger 17 just below the end of the operating lever 24. One terminal of the coil is connected to the plunger, as at 152, and the other terminal of the coil is attached to the contact or switch member 153 which is mounted on the side of the plunger and insulated therefrom, it being noted that the contact 153 is in the form of an upwardly extending plate having its upper end turned outwardly as shown. ()ne terminal of the battery is grounded on the frame of the machine, as: at 154, while the other terminal is connected by a lead 155 with the upper end of a contact plate or switch member 156 which is secured to and depends from the under side of" the head 8 but is insulated therefrom. It will be noted that the contact plate 156 extends downwardly past but close to the contact, 153 and that it is formed with an offset or shoulder 157 projecting into the path of the outturned upper end of said contact 153. \Vhen the plunger moves downwardly, in the capping action, the end of the contact 153 carried against the shoulder 157 and the circuit is closed thereby magnetizing the plunger and the capper rod so that they will magnetically hold the cap and it will not be necessary for the operator to place the cap on the bottle and expose his fingers to injury.
To enlarge the sphere of usefulness of the machine, I have provided a nozzle 51 to deliver the body or base liquid (simple syrup, carbonated water, fruit juices, etc.,) to the bottle. The nozzle 51 carried by a measuring vessel which is mounted on an arm 53 having a hub 5i rotatably encircling the adjacent standard 7, a stud 55 on the standard engaging a circumferentially extending slot 56 in the arm to prevent dropping of the arm and arrest the movement of the same when. the nozzle is directly over the mouth of the bottle. The end of the nozzle 51 is arranged to impinge upon the nozzle 39 and push it out of the way. The nozzle 51 is fitted to the end of a hose 5? leading from a source of supply, and is equipped with a two-way cut-off valve 58 controlled by a hand lever 59 at one end. The nozzle is construrted with a branch 60 leading to and united with the-bottom of the vessel 52, and the valve is located at the junction of said branch with the main body of the nozzle. 'hen set in the position shown, the valve establishes communication between the hose and the vessel or tank 52 but if it be given a quarter turn. commuiiication be tween the tank and the outlet side of the nozzle will be established, tlow from the hose being cut off. W'ithin the branch 60 is a valve 61 which is adapted to seat against and close the port 62 in the bottom of the vessel and the stem 63 of which extends through the said port and through the top of the measuring vessel. W'ithin the tank measuring vessel is a float 64 having a central opening therethrough, and a tube 65 rises from the float through the top of the vessel.
T he valve stem 63 passes loosely through the float and the said tube, and a set screw 66 in the upper end of the tube bears against the stem to adjustably secure the float thereon, so that it may be set to admit any desired quantity of water to the tank. With the valve 58 in the position shown, discharge from the nozzle is cut off and water may enter the tank or measuring vessel until it lifts the tloat to such a height that the valve 61. is seated. 'hen a bottle is to be filled, the arm 53 is swung around to bring the nozzle 51 over the bottle after which the handle 59 is rocked through one-quarter of a turn so that the valve will block flow from the hose but permit flow from the tank. After the lontents of the tank have been discharged, the parts are returned to initial position and another measured quantity of liquid permitted to enter the tank while the processes of coloring or flavoring the liquid and capping the bottle are performed.
The body of soft drinks is usually of plain or carbonated water which, in my apparatus.
is supplied in measured quantities through the measuring vessel or tank 52. To this body is added an exact quantity of a combination of concentrated flavoring extract, coloring matter, and simple syrup, which combination is supplied through the plunger pump. The apparatus can be used in the original manufacture of the beverage or to recharge a beverage which has lost is color or flavor.
Having fully described my I claim as new and desire to ters-Patent, is:
1. In a bottle-charging machine, the combination of a base upon which a bottle may be stood. standards rising from the base, a locking bar rising from the base and having a series of notche in its side, a bridge slidably mounted on said standards to engage and hold the bottle placed on the base, and a latch carried by the bridge to engage any one of the notches in the locking bar and hold the bridge in a set position.
In a bottle-charging machine, the combination of a nozzle to deliver liquid to a bottle. a rapper movable toward and from the bottle, the nozzle being disposed between the cappcr and the bottle when in operative position. and means controlled by the cappcr for moving the nozzle laterally from over the bottle as the capper ap- 'iroaches and return it as the (rapper recedes.
In a bottle-charging machine, the combination of a frame, means for sustaining a bottle thereon. a plunger mounted on the frame above the bottle-sustaining means and movable toward and from the same, a bottle'capper carried by the plunger, a decapper carried by the plunger, and means invention what secure by Letwhereby the decapper will be rendered inoperative during operation of the capper.
l. In a bottle-charging machine, the combination of bottle-sustaining means, means for delivering liquid to a bottle held in said means including a nozzle normally positioned over the bottle, a rocking arm carrying the nozzle, a cam on said arm, yieldable means acting on said arm to hold the nozzle in normal position, a plunger movable toward or from the bottle, and a projection on the plunger arranged to engage the cam on the rocking arm whereby upon tesccnt of the plunger the nozzle will be moved aside.
5. In a bottle-charging machine, the combination of bottle-sustaining means, a plunger movable toward and from said means, a decapper lever mounted on and extending below the plunger, a cam projection on said lever presented toward the plunger, a rod slidable in the plunger, and means on the rod to engage the cam projection on the decapper lever and move said lever to inoperative position when the plunger is actuated to apply a cap.
6. In a bottlearharging machine, the combination of bottle sustaining means, means for delivering liquid into the bottle includ ing a nozzle located normally over the bot tle, a plunger movable toward and from the bottle, a sealing c p on the lower end of the plunger, a rod in the )lunger adapted to support a bottle cap in the lower end of the sealing cup, and means actuated by the plunger to move the nozzle aside as the plunger approaches the bottle.
7. In a bottle-charging machine, the combination of bottle-sustaining means, means for delivering liquid into the bottle including a nozzle located normally over the bottle, a plunger movable toward and from the bottle, a scaling cup on the lower end of the plunger, a magnetized rod in the plunger adapted to support a bottle -ap in the lower end of the sealing cup, and means carried by the plunger to more, the nozzle aside as the plunger approaches the bottle.
8. In. a bottle-charging machine, the combination of bottle-sustaining means, a hollow plunger mounted above said means to move to and from a unstained bottle. said plunger having a longitudinal slot in its side, a dcrappcr lever pivoted on the plunger and projecting below the same and having a cam projection on its side presented to the slot in the plunger, a plug closing the upper end of the plunger, a rod titted in the lower end of the plunger, a pin on said rod projecting through the slot in the plunger to engage the cam projection on the decapper lever, and an expansion spring within the plunger between and. bearing against: the plug and. the rod.
9. In a bottle-charging machine, the complane whereby the charging nozzle will be bination of a supporting frame, bottle-susmoved aside by the filling nozzle us the lnt- 10 Mining means thereon, a charging nozzle, a ter is brought into position over a bottle swinging support for said nozzle, :1 filling held in the sustaining means.
5 nozzle, and a swinging support for the fill- In testimony whereof, I have signed this ing nozzle, the nozzle supports being at op- SPPtflfittltlOI]. posite SltlOS of the bottle-sustaining means uml the nozzles being in the same hor zontal HOMER B. JOHNSON.