US 1712022 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 7, 1929. l. E. BERG UMBRELLA HOLDING DEVICE Filed March 20, 1928 l/ NvENToR 15 01127 .1} er Y BY 2 ATTORNEY Patented May 7, 1929.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
IRVING E. BERG, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, AS S IGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO HERMAN BERG, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK.
UMBRELLA -HOLDING DEVICE.
Applica ion filed March 20, 1928. Serial No. 263,149.
My present invention relates to umbrella hold ng devices and more particularly is directed to a wall cabinet adapted to house umbrellas and the like.
The modern apartment has very little floor space to spare for incidental devices such as an umbrella rack or cabinet. A wet umbrella in such a situation is apt to become an annoyance. it has, therefore, occurred to me that by utilizing the wall of a room the entire problem may be solved.
Thus by setting a cabinet into a recess in the wall of thefoyc-r of a modern apartment, or any desired room in any type of house, so that when the door of the cabinet is closed practically nothing but a finished door will be seen, which merges more or less into the wall, I find that the unsightly and vexatious wet umbrella has found its adequate place.
By means, to be hereinafter disclosed, I have so designed the interior of the cabinet or container that a wet umbrella may be fixedly retained within the cabinet, the drip pings therefrom collected therein, and the moisture-laden air within the cabinet constantly replaced by dry air.
It will, of course, be appreciated that once an umbrella cabinet of the type described is installed in a new house, it has become as permanent a fixture thereof as the wall itself.
Accordingly, one of the main objects of my invention is to provide an umbrella container or cabinet in the form of a casing having a closure therefor which may be readily and conveniently built into a room wall and which closure may be opened for the introduction into said container of wet umbrellas.
Another object of my invention is to provide means on the closure of an umbrella container whereby in addition to being easily opened for the introduction of a wetumbrella' therein, the closure means is automatically closable when released. i
Another object of my invention is to provide means within a container housing wet umbrellas whereby to positivelyhold the umbrella'in desired draining an dr ing position with the further provision 0 means in the lower part of the container whereby the drippings from the umbrella may be collected and absorbed.
Still another object of my invention is to provide ventilating means in a closed umbrellzr container whereby the interior of the container may be ventilated to accelerate the drying of wet umbrella placed therein.
And still another object of my invention is to provideresilient clip means within an umbrella cabinet adapted to positively retain an umbrella in upright position therein. which means is so mounted relative to the cabinet casing that individual clips, when broken, may be removed with ease and without disturbing the other clips and new clips mounted to replace such broken clips with equal-case and speed.
These being among the objects of the invention specifically described, the same con sists of certain features of construction and combinations of parts to he hereinafter described and then claimed with reference to the accompanying drawings illustrating a desirahle embodiment of the invention in which: i 3
Fig. his a front elevation of my device.
F1 g. IS .a sectional view, taken on the line 2-2, Fig. 1, looking in the direction of the arrow.
Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectional view taken on the line 3-43, Fig. 1, looking in the direction of the arrow.
' Fig. i is a detail section of a modified unibrella gripping means.
r Fig. 5 is a detail front view of the modification shown in Fig. 4.
1n the present construction, lie container or cabinet 1 is made of a casing provided with a flange 2 thereon as in FigI 2. While I propose in my hereinafter outlined structure to make the same preferably of sheet metal, it is obvious that other materials may be substituted. The cabinet is enclosed all around, except at the opening 3, which is provided in the front wall thereof.
The opening 3 is normally closed by a spring hinged cover 4, this cover being shown in Fig. 2 in the position by the dotted contour 5. The back wall 6 of the cabinet 1 is pro vided with a plurality of spring-fingered umbrella gripping clips 7, these being shown in detail in Fig. 3. These umbrella grips or clips are suitably affixed to the rear wall 6 and are resilient, thus enabling the user to firmly and easily slip an umbrella 8 Fig. 2, into operative supporting means within the umbrella cabinet, when the door 4 is opened.
The door 4, preferably made ofsheetmetal, is provided at its upper end with a suitable knob 9 for manipulation for opening and closing the cabinet. The door is hingedly mountcd to the lower front wall 10 of the container by means of a pair of adjustable and removable spring butts or hinges 11 which are affixed to the front wall 10 and the lower edge of the door 4, as shown. The tendency of these spring butts normally is to keep the door closed at all times.
In order to hold the door in closed position against accidental opening, the upper edge of the container 1 is provided at its flange 2 with a spring door snap clipping 12. Thus the door 4 may be snapped into and out of engagement with the cabinet casing without manipulation, other than operating the door by the knob 9.
To prevent the door 4 from being opened beyond reasonable limit for the entry of umbrellas 8, the door is provided with a detent chain 13 which is affixed at one end to the door, as shown in Fig. 2, and at its opposite end to the interior position on the side wall 14. of the casing 1, as shown in Fig.3. Of course, it is within the scope of my invention to dispense with the chain 13 and limit the opening movement of the door by a spring stop.
As a means for permitting the ingress and egress of air for ventilating purposes, and for the purpose of drying out the wetumbrellas placed therein, I have provided an upper and lower ventilating means 15 and 16. This ventilating means comprises a plurality of openings 15 and 16 located in the door and lower front panel 10 respectively. Thus, while the cabinet is in closed position, air may pass throu h these openings, carrying away evaporated moisture from the interior of the cabinet and functioning to replace moisture-laden air by dry air.
For collecting and absorbing excess moisture and dri pings from the umbrellas 8, I have providec in the lower end of the cabinet 1, a removable drip pan 16. This pan is rectangular inconstruction, fits the lower end of the casing and is slidably raised upon the bottom wall 17 of the container 1. The outer. side of the said draw is provided with a front flange or cover 18, to which are aifixed suitable draw pulls 19, to facilitate the removal of the drip pan at any time.
, In the present instance, I also provide an effective moisture absorbing means within the drip pan. This comprises a predetermined amount of dry sand 22 which is placed within the draw and left as a permanent part of the fitting. Thus when drippings from the umbrellas are caught in the drip pan 16,
the sand absorbs and retains the moisture due to capillary action. In the event of only. a
an excess of moisture being drained thereto, the draw may be removed and the excess moisture poured ofi'.
It will be observed that I have provided a means for compelling the drippings from the umbrellas to enter the pan 16 without a tendency to leak around the edges thereof. Especially is this true upon the instant of introducing a wet umbrella into the cabinet it self. Near the lower portion of the cabinet and between the rear and front walls 6 and 10 respectively, a drip guard 20 is disposed. This guard is made of metal and is substantially rectangular in outline to snugly lit and be in contact with the interior walls of the lower part of the cabinet in a moisture proof manner.
This drip guard is substantially in the form of a funnel, as will be noted by referring to Fig. 2, so that in introducing a dripping umbrella into the cabinet, all of the moisture is compelled to flow down. the interior surface of the funnel-like drip guard 20. The drippings then fall into the drip container 16 thereby preventing moisture from flowing down the wa ls of the cabinet and entering the crevices between the draw and the containe", and thereafter leaking away between the lower flanges 21 at the bottom of the cabinet.
In Figs. 4c and 5 I have shown a modification of a means for removably retaining the spring clips 7 against the cabinet rear wall 6. Instead of bolting the clips 7 directly to the wall 6, I bolt them to a bar 30. The bar 30 is riveted to the wall 6 by rivets 31 which pass through a flange 32 and wall 6. Thus, the bar is spaced from the rear wall. Slots 33 are provided in the bar 30 at intervals, and the clips 7 retained against the bar by bolts 34 inserted into the slots, as clearly shown in Fig. 4. Should a clip 7 break, all that is necessary is to unscrew the nut of the bolt 34, remove the clip 7 and bolt, by merely sliding both up through the slot 33. A new clip is replaced in a like manner. The advantage of this construction is great, when the cabinet is built into a wa1l'the slotted spaced bar allowing speedy and easy removal and re lacement of broken clips.
n Fig. 3, a seetionalview of a characteristic installation is disclosed. The wall of a room is indicated 'by A and in a frame type of building construction, the studs forming the wall partition by B and as shown receptively and operatively hold the cabinet in position in the recess between the studs B.
with the general finish of the room and the fixtures therein contained. Obviously, I am not limited to such use only. The cabinet may be set into the corner of a room, or near the entrance of a building. Again, the clips within the cabinet may retain canes and like articles. It is even possible to hang wet rubber articles, as rubber over-shoes, or rain overcoats within the interior of the cabinet. lVhen the Wet articles within the cabinet have. dried, the ventilating holes provide a sutiicient supply of air to the interior so that odors and rotting common to confined, wet articles are eliminated.
It. will thus be seen that I have developed and invented an umbrella cabinet structure which may be introduced into the partitions or walls of a building so that the main bulk of the cabinet is within the partition or wall and may be inbuilt therein and become a part of the wall structure thereof with only the front portion. of the container exposed for easy access thereto. This latter feature thereby creates economy in space and puts the wet and unsightly umbrellas out of sight, but thereby dries the umbrella. The advantage of keeping the umbrella separately mounted in a cabinet that cannot be knocked over accidentally is thus obtained by my constrnction.
It is quite obvious that the above and other to receive moisture from said umbrella I moisture guiding means associated with said casing and cooperating with said receiving means to direct moisture from said umbrellas into said moisture receiving means only, and means associated. with said casing adapted to continuously replace moisture-laden air within said casing by 1noisture-free air.
2. An umbrella cabinet comprising a casing; a door hinged to said casing. means to limit the opening ot said door relative to said casing, a plurality of spring clips associated with a wall of said casing adapted to positively retain wet umbrellas passed into said casing through said open door, a draw drip pan to receive drippingrs from said wet um brellas having sand therein, slidably asso' ciated with the bottom of said casing and ha ing means thereon whereby said draw may be removed from said casing to replace wet sand by dry sand, a funnel-like drip guard disposed within said casing and so an ranged relative to said umbrellas whereby each umbrella projects into said guard there by positively guiding. drippings from said umbrellas into said pan, means providing a plurality ot' ventilating holes in said door and in the side of the casing between the said guard and door whereby when said door is closed and said wet umbrellas are retained within said casing moisture-laden air is con-- stantly replaced by moisture-free air thereby acceleratin; the drying of said wet umbrellas Signed at New York in the county otti New York and State of New York this 16th day of March A. D. 1923.
IRVING E. BERG.