US 1713616 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
My 21, 1929- J. oPPENHl-:IM 1,713,616
HAIR DRESSING ACCESSORY Filed Feb. 21, 1928 vPatented May 2l, 1929.
UNITED STATES JESSE OPPENHEIM, 0F NEW YORK, N.v Y.
Application led February 21, 1928. Serial No. 255,875.
rl`his invention relates to hair dressing accessories forwomen, and is directed to a hair piece adapted to be applied over short hair regions of a bobbed head to give the appearance ot' a desired long hair coi'ure.
One object of the invention is to provide improved hair pieces of the character described which shall be readily applied over desired regions of and easily conformed to the'wearers head, which shall be securely attached to comfortably fit in a setposition, and which may be incorporated with the natural hair so as to be indistinguishable from the latter.
Another object of the `invention is to provide ina hair piece of the character described, an improved attaching means including spaced helical'spring coils for engaging with the natural hair to retain the lair piece in position. 1
A further object of the invention is to provide an improved hair piece of the character described comprising a simplified structure, which shall be relatively inexpensive -to manufacture, convenient to apply or remove, adapted to be incorporated in various styles of coitfure,.and practical and eiiicient to a high degree in use.
Other objects of this invention will in part be obvious and in part hereinafter pointed out.
The invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combinations of elements, and arrangemet of parts which will be exemplified in the constructions hereinafter described, and of-which the scope of application will be indicated in the following claims.
In the accompanying drawing, in which are shown various possible illustrative embodiments ot this invention,
Fig. 1 is a rear view of a coiffure with an improved head dress piece embodying the invention in use;
Fig. 2 is a view ofthe rear side of the improved head dress piece showing in detail the spaced coil mounting attachments;
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary Vtop view of the head dress piece shown in Figs. 1 and 2;
Figs. ,4 and 5 are rear side views of modified construction o the improved head dress pieces; and y Figs. 6 and 7 are fragmentary top views of the head dress pieces shown in Figs. 4 and 5 respectively.
back piece 11. Said piece may compriseseparate tufts, strands, or switches of hair secured togetherand adapted to be arranged after attaching to the wearers head, or as shown maycomprise a continuous mass of hair 12 permanently dressed in pus, curls, ringlets, or clusters. Y
. The hair mass 12 is of the texture and color of the natural hair of thewearer, and may be fabricated in any Well understood manner, as for example constructed of a plurality of wefts 12a of curled hair strands 12".
A narrow, textile, relatively non-extensible, ribbon ymember 13 is secured lengthwise of said wefts 12a Von the rear vside of the piece 11. Said member 13 may have each end terminated by a small' ring fastener 14 and mounted inwardly of each of the ends there is a helical closely wound spring wirecoil '15.
iyelet ends 15u are provided on said coils, one eyelet end of each coil being anchored to said member 13 b stitches 17 inwardly of a ring fastener. .Tie other eyelet end of each coil has a looped strap 16 interconnecting it with lthe adjacent ring fastening as is clearly shown in Figs. 2 and The helical closely wound, spring coil lfor'rns quick attachment means for engaging with natural short hair of the wearer, said means facilitating mounting and removing the back piece, as will now be described.
To apply the improved head-dress piece 11 over a region of natural short hair at the back of the head adjacent the neck, a looped strap 16 is grasped in each hand and sufficient pulling force applied to stretch said coils, and'to place the intermediate portion of the ribbon member 13 in tension. The coils are then pressed against the scalp of the region to be covered by the hair piece 11. The natural short hair, ofv said region position themselves between the individual turns of` the coils, and on releasing the stretching force, the short hair are firmly gripped by the coils.
By employing two coils 15 spaced widely apart with a flexible interconnecting ribbon l member 13 inthe `attachment-mounting for the hair dress piece 11, relatively large as well as small hair structures for covering a region of the head may be readily, neatly and comfortably iitted and incorporated in a desired coifl'ure. An added advantage ofthe use of a plurality of such spaced coils is the rac tical elimination of possibility o f wob ling or shifting of the hair piece where a small single fastening member is employed.V
Hair pins or other separate'fastening means are not required since opposite eXtreme ends vof the hair piece 11 secure the latter in place.
This attachment construction also leaves the midportions of the hair piece 11 flexible so that the latter may be readily conformed to the contour of the wearers head. Using two coils 15 also permits making each coil of relatively short length so that they may easily be concealed. Anchoring but one end of each coil to the member 13 asdescribed above, also facilitates adjusting and positioning the hair piece since the free ends of said coils carrying the loop straps are permitting` limitedmovement. Thus the attachment construction embodying the invention supports the hair .piece 11 in position unaccompanied by any discomfort such as experienced in wearing a too rigid or loose coiffure.
In Figs. et and 6 a modified construction of the improved hair dress piece is shown comprising a bach piece 111 which is similar'in all respects tothe hair piece 11 described above with. .the exception that instead of. fabricating the hair mass 112 in wefts, the curled hair strands 112IJ are mounted on a ventilated lace the hair inass-212 may be mounted on a bendf able member 213 comprising a wire reinforced ribbon secured to extendalong the weft 212, the free ends 213 of said member being infolded and bendably adjustable within the puff structure. c
The coils 215 are secured to eXtend'beyond l the bent ends 213EL ofvsaid member and the loop Y the coils 215.
V Vsame purpose and functions in the same manstraps 216 are provided at the free ends of TheV member 213 serves the ner with respect to the coils asV do ribbon members 13 in the hair pieces 11 and 111.
The hair pieces 111 and 211 are applied V'and incorporated in the natural hair to form a desired coiure, and removed in a similar y manner as that described above for the hair piece-11. c
It will thus be seen that there is provided a device in which the several objects of this invention are achieved, and which is well adapted to meet the conditions ofpractical use.
' Y As various possible embodiments might be lmade of the above invention, and as various changes might be made in the embodiment scribed comprising a hair tuft, and an attachment means mounted thereon consisting of a member attached to said tuft and a pair of spaced helical spring coils secured to said member adjacent the ends thereof for engaging with the natural hair-of the wearer.
2. Ahair dress piece of the character described Comprising hair adapted to cover short,natural hair regions of a coiffure, an attachment means secured tosaid hair consist ing of a noneXtensible member, a Vpair of spaced helical spring coils for engaging with the natural hair of the wearer, each coil having an end secured to said member, and gripping means terminating the.` other ends of said coils. y
3. A hair dress piece of the character described comprising hair tufts Vmounted on an attachment means, said means including an elongated non-extensible wire reinforced ribbonon which said tufts are mounted, helical spring coils secured by one end of each to the opposite end portions of said ribbon for engaging the natural hair of the wearer, and finger gripping means depending from the other ends of said coils.
4. A hair dress piece of the character described comprising a hair structure and helical Vspring coils secured at spaced portions of said structure, the other ends of said coils havingiinger gripping means adapted to receive a pulling` force for stretching said coils as and for the purpose described and specied.
5. In a hair dress piece of the character described, attachment means including a pair of helical spring coils, a member secured to an end of each coil, the other ends of said coils having finger grippingmeans forapplying a pulling force to stretch the coils and tension for engaging said attachment means `with the natural hair of the wearer. K v
- 6. A hair piece of the character described llO comprising a hair tuft, and an Vattachment rmeans mounted thereon consisting of a flexable, non-extensible member and a -plurality of helical spring coils, each of said coils being secured at one end only to said nonextensible member whereby said coils may be simultaneously stretched for engaging with the natural hair of the wearer.
8. In a hair piece of the character described7 comprising4 a hair tuft and an attachment means mounted thereon consisting of a flexible, non-extensible member and a plurality of helical spring coils, each of said