US 1715429 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 4, 1929. H P, SAUGMAN I 1,715,429
DISPENS ING DEVICE Filed NOV. 13, 1926 va label indicating the contents of the con- Patented .lime 4, 1929..
iinn'rvie P. seueiirainor GLEivDAFLn, oni-iii"omini.`
' Vnisrniisi'ive. iiiivicn.`
/ Jippiicafioa ined ivyemberia, 192e. seriaiiro. maize.
This invention hastodo with a dispensing devi-cer, and it is an objectvof the invention to provide a simple, practical and improved device applicable to a container to dispense fluid therefrom.
Beverages and inore particularlyv Syrups or Vfruit juices, used innialring beverages are commonly distributed to dealers ,or lmerchants in ugs or bottles. A manufacturer or 'producer will ordinarily employ aA standard type and size of jug and will apply thereto,
tainer. Heretofora'it hasib'een customary for vdealers orv merchants, upon receiving bev-v erages or' beverage syrups, to empty. 'them from the containers into ordinary dispensing pumpsfand the lilrecoinmonly found atsoda fountains. This practice Y, is unsanitary, wasteful, inconvenient and it rendersthe labels applied to the containers by the niaiiufacturer or producer practically useless, as
they are never on display UO the buying public.
It is an object'of my .present inventionvto 'l provide a Ldispensing apparatus which veinploys or includesl a standard o'r'typical form.
of container for instance, a jug or bottlesuch as a manufacturer may use in distributing` his f f I ,illustrated` inthe. drawings, lis externally.
screw.'threaded,.and inpractice, the manuproduct. p Y Y y I lt is another object of this invention to Vprovidera simple, efl'ective device applicable to a eontainerto dispense fluid therefrom. Y
` A; further object of this invention is to providey an attachment for a standardforinof container which, Vtogether kwith' the container,
, forms a sightly attractive andl efectivedis-- device, displaying. the labelbearing portion'of the container and the'fcontents.
It is another object of this invention to pro'- pensing vide a bulb actuated dispensing device which v operates to keep the liuid'in the device efffectively agitated.
Y.linotherobj ect of my inventionv is topro-v Avide a dispensing device of the character' rneii-A tionedfroin which `Huid will not seep ordischargeV unless the device is deliberately op-A erated.
The 'various objects andfeatures of this,l
invention willbebesty and more fully understood from 'the l following detailed descrip'- `tionof atypical preferred Vforni of the in-` vention throughout whichdescription, refervraccompanying drawings, j l
' A' i' 5 drawings... I t'Willbe' obvious that theclosure Y' ence is had'to the in which;
Fig. l, aV vertical detailed sectional VView showing the construction provided this invention; f
F ig. 2,is an enlarged transverse sectional view, being a view talren'as indicated by@ Y line 2&2 on Fig. 1; andy Fig. 3, is" an enlarged detailed sectional view taken asindicated by line 3-3 on'Fig- 1.
My present invention is designed to .utilize a container such as a jug in whcih liquid canbe. sold, 'as a partofV aV dispenser, vfrom which it can be dispensed as required for use.
In describinginy invention, I will refer tofa simple, and" :typical form of` container. lO,l
rksuch as is commonly used in distributing beverages, syrups andfruitjuices for( the making of beverages. [In this connection, I haveillustrated the container 10 in the form of a glass jug havingl a straight cylindrical-l body 11, an inwardly curved topV part 12 terj ininating in a neclrgl3. Inemploying this form of container, ainanufacturer or proff ducer ordinarily applies a label .14: to the "body part 11, indicating lthev nature or trade l 4naine of the productin the container., Fur-V v. ther, this type of jugis .commonly provided at its top part' 12 with a handle 15,.by which Y it can be conveniently handled. The neclrlf facturer or producer seals fthejug by screw threading a cap ontoaneclr. In accordance with my present, invention the containerldl Y inv which theliquid'is voriginally lilled,gisj .Y
utilized in and asa part ofthe dispensr'igv apparatus, from which the liquidis used. ik In parts just mentioned,1 may provide', agbase 16 to receive the container 10 and forni-an effective support iand holder therefor. Y
. The closure 17 is infthis case inthe form of a cap and is made totightly close the neck .13 of the container. Y, To lit theneclrgshown in thev drawings, the cap has an internally.
screw threadedfp'art to co-opferatefwith the screw threads onthe neck intheima'nner illus"- i trated in Fig. 1, of thedrawings. Toassurel a tightl connection between the cap and neclnl l may arrangev a washer 23Hbetweenthese parts in thev manner clearly Qsliownfin" the ies.1
is open to receive liquid .from the container. while the upper end of the pipe Communn maybe in Vthe Vform of a plug or Vcork if the container rused is suited for that form of clo sure. i Y Y 'The' feed pipe 18 is carried by the cap 17 and extends downwardly therefrom into the container 'to a point closetothe bottoni of the containeix* 'The lower end of` the pipe 18 lturnedy as shown in Fig. l, ofthe drawings.
In accordance withmy invention I provide a lip 26 inthe outer Vend portion of the spout to prevent liquid vleft in the spout after operation of the device from dripping from the end of the spout., 1
Y 1 rvThe bulb 2O is mounted on top of orl above the cap 17, and in practice I employ a bulb formed of rubber having its exterior 30 made to appear asia fruit for instance, if the device is Vto'be used in dispensing orangejuice, or a liquid from which an orange drink may be made, the exterior of the bulb is made to represent .or appear as an orange. In this case, it is advantageous to 'form the bulb of i' orange colored rubber, yand to make its outer surface irregular to correspond to that of an orange. In accordance with myinvention, I
make the bulb 2O so that itreturns to its normal'expanded position with 'considerable force, `after having been ycollapsed 'or depressed).V In practice, I do this byforming Vthe bulb ofthe proper grade Vof rubber, and I may provide reinforcing ribs 31 on the interior of tliebulb to niaterially'aid this ac- Htion. turnto its expanded position with force, will be apparent from the following description:
The advantagesof havingtlie bulb re- T-he bulb is mounted on the top of the cap 17 `andfhasV an opening 33 which communi- Cates with the interior of the container 10- i through Y an opening or port 34 `formed [throughthe vcap 17. `In the construction shown the drawings,l havemounted the Vbulb 2O by means of a small plate 40 ar-j franged at theixnterior `of the bulbrand screws 41 which extend'upwardl-y through the cap 17 f, through the opening in the bulb and into theplate to draw the plate toward the cap and thereby tightlyholdthebulb. The plate i "4,0 as'shown `covers the opening 33 in the bulb if f f land thereforeis provided with anopening makinglthe'interior of :the'bulb open with the container.
i Vpreferably made to fit over and cover the top part 12ofthecontainer10; Inethe preferred Y construction, vshown in the drawings, the hood The hood21 isicarried by thepcap 17 and' is 21 extends fromthe top of the capvdowncover the entire upper portion'of the 'container.V The hood is preferably formed of metal or other suitable material and in practice, maybe effectively finished or decorated. In` the preferred form. of construction, the
lconnection is made between the cap 17 and hood 21 by extending the hood over the cap or between the cap and bulb; In this case, the screws tlextend through suitable lopenings in the hood and pass upwardly to the' Vwardly and outwardly to extend over and plate V40 and the screws when tight, and operate to effectively hold the hood as well as the bulb.V A washer 21"L may be provided bei tween the cap and hood assuring a. tight oint.
In carrying out my invention I provide a small opening 4:5 near they upper end of the feed pipe 18'which opening allows passage ofair between the interior of the pipe 1 8 Aand sok the interior of 'the container` 10Vab`ove the liquid therein but 4does not Vallow'anyfsub stantial amount of liquid to escape when the device .is operated'.` VThis small hole 4,5 is a veryiniportant feature of thedevice, for if Iit were not for this opening or'hole, pressure developing-in the bulb and inthe container 'above' the liquid due to heat or any other cause wouldfcause theliquidfto rise in the tube 18 yand possibly discharge through the spout l19 when not desired.
, The` base 16 which can be used at thewill of the operator is preferably in the form of an ornamentalv plate having acentral depressiony I 50 to receive 'the bottom lof the container 10.
By this arrangement a container is effectively y 'supported by .the base and the base hides the botto-1n or lowerportion of the container so that only the cylindrical body part ofthe container is visible,v the top portion12 of the container being covered by the hood' 21.
being received'is mounted in the base 1Q and is applied. toi-ts neck so that the feedpipe 18 extends into the container yto a point close to the bottom thereofwhile the hood'21 Icxtendsfover thejupperv part ofthe container for use.v In operating position the cylindrical body part ofthe container is the only portion of the container visible.
dispensing device. To dispenseliquidvfrom the container the operator appliesl pressure to the exteriorofthe bulb `to depress orvcollapse it, thus expelling the air from ,withinl the bulb, forcing it through the opening 34- in the cap andv into the container above the liquid therein. This results inta-n increased pressure on the liquidin the'container and causes the liquid to rise in the vfeed pipe 1 8 In operation a container 10 of liquid upon Llos after its original cap is removed, the Vcap 17 A concealingthe neck, handlejandupper part ,i 12. Then the cap `1.7`is tightly applied to .the neck ofthe container, the device is ready" rhs-nba i' '14 originally applied to the'bodypart is i visible'and operates asa label for vthe entirel Y and discharge from the wspo-ut 19. In practice, the bulb 20 is quickly collapsed so that the pressure in the feed pipe and that on the liquid in the container does not have time to equalize by a passage of air through thesmall opening 4:5. When theA bulb is released it immediately returns to its normal expanded position and because of the formation and construction of the bulb, it returns quickly and forcefully, thus forming a vacuuminthe container or 'quickly reducing the pressurev on the liquid in the container causing any liquid then in the spout and feed pipe to quickly return to the container, and draw air with it to discharge from the lower end of the feed pipe in a manner to effectively agitate the liquid in the container. Because of the manner in which liquid left in the feed pipe and spout and the air following, this liquid returns to the container to agitate the liquid therein, occasional operation of the device will keep the liquid in the container effectively agitated or mixed. The air discharged into U Vthe bottom of tlie container vbubbles up through the. liquid in the container and is very effective in agitatiiig the liquid. Vhen .the device is not in operation,.the small hole 45 in the feed pipe 18vkeeps the pressure in the feed pipe and that on the fluid in the container equalized so that the fluid will not creep up in theV vfeed pipe v,and discharge through the spout'when not desired.
In accordance with my invention, the feed pipe 18 is adjustable to extend various disf` tances from the plug to accommodate containers of different depths. In thecase L shown in the drawings the pipe is screw threaded tothe closure and is therefore adv justable by rotation. The particular forni of adjusting means used will depend somewhat upon the range ofl adjustment necessary.
provision of a device in the form of a unit applicable to a container `to form a complete eective and practical fluid display dispenser. Another important feature of my invention apparent from'the foregoing description is the varrangement .whereby a typical or anordinary container may be incorporated in a dispenser so that it is not 4ap-y A feature of'iny present invention theV parent to an ordinary observation. that an` kordinary container isused as a. partA of the dispenser.
`Having described onlya typical preferred form of inyinvention I do not wish to limit myself to the specificdetails set forth, but wish to reserve to myself any changes or `variationsthatmay appear to those skilled 6o,
in the Vart or fall withinfthe scope ofthe following claims.
Having thus described my invention, I claim: f 1. `An attachment for a container having a neck with an opening including aclosu're the closureand of substantial size to conceal the neck of the container, a bulb engaging the top of the hood and having communication with thecontainer through the hood and closure, a fluid conduit extending from Vthe interior of the container throughthe closure to the exteriorl of the container, anda screw extending` between and connecting the` closure hood and bulb. I y l 2. An attachment'for a container having a neck with an openingaincluding a hood yextending downwardly over the neck, a closure carried inthe hood'to close L,the opening, a fluid conduit extending from thek interior 'of the container through the closure to the exterior of the container, and a bulb ymounted directly von the hood havingrcom-l niunication with the interior of the conV tainer for applying pressure to the container.
3. An attachment for a vertical container having a body and a neck with a single-openf ing including a closure for .the opening, a
fluid Vconduit for conducting fluid from lthe i container and extending from the bottom of the container and through the closure, means for applying pressure to the fluid in thecontainer to discharge it through the conduit,
and a hood carried by the closure extending over and covering the-neck of the container,
the hood being of sufcientlength to extend 65 y for the opening, a hood engaging the top of l