US 1715818 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 4, 1929. P. yw. CUSTERS 1,715,818
MACHINE FOR MOISTENING AND COOLING FABRICS Filed Dec. 16. 1927 ilu-Illll'l II llllll nur. "HHM Jn rentar: n, ma@ :um
Patented 4, 1929.
UNITE-D STATES .PATENT oFFlcE.
PETER WILHELM STE-BS, F HUNICH-GLADBACH, GERMANY.
MCHINE'FOR MOSTENING AND COOLING FABRICS.
`Application :Med December 16, 1927, Serial No. 246,528, and in Germany November 10, 1926.'
With the finishing of fabrics the serious inconvenience is encountered that the fabric after the drying in hot air or on heated drums or after the hot pressing has a hard, rough and dry unfinished touch as the fabric contains too'little moistness and natural heat.
By the machine for moistening and cooling fabrics according to the invention, owing to the combination of two sets each of three superposed cylinders, the fabric can be moistened on one side or on both -sides directly or indirectly or directly and indirectly in one operation the two sides of the fabric being moistened to the same degree or to different degrees. The guide rollers for the fabric are arranged in proximity to the point at which the lower cylinder touches the intermediate cylinder so that this intermediate 20 cylinder can grip the largest'possible portion of the dry and hot fabric.
' The machine according to the invention is shown in vertical section, partly in elevation in the only figure of the accompanying drawing.
In the frame A of the machine two sets, cach of three rotatable cylinders, are arranged theone above the other. The intermediate cylinders I), b1 of the two sets are mounted in stationar bearings, the lower cylinders a, a1 being Joux-nailed' in bearings z', 1.which, by means of counter-weighted levers e, e1 can be pressed more or less strong- 1y against the cylinders I), b1. The cylinders a and a1 b and b1 are preferabl covered with cloth. The cylinders a, a1 dip lnto water contained in vessels d, d1 and transfer moistness to the cylinders b, b1. The pressurecylinders c, c1 mounted above the intermediate cylinders b, b1 canbe pressed more or less strongly against the cylinders b, b1 by the action of adjustable counterweight levers f, f,-acting,upon the bearings vZ, Z1 of said cylinders c, o1. In proximity to the points of contact between the lower cylinders a and a1 and the intermediate cylinders b, b1 guide rollers 7c, 'k1 are arranged at the right and left over which the fabric G is guided. On the axle of the cylinder b a belt-pulley 'n and possesses un- L a sprocket wheel o transmit rotating move- -moistness and duration of the cooling. The
drawing shows the case when the fabric has to be moistened on both sides and indirectly and cooled as much as possible. The lfabric G, passing'over the guide-bars m and over the first guide-roller c, is conducted first (indicated 'in dash-lines), over theV cylinder b and then" over the opposite guide-roller le so that one side of the fabric is moistened and cooled, whereupon the fabric is conducted a overl cylinder b1 to` the second-guide-roller k1 to pass over the opposite guide roller :1 after this side of the fabric has been moistened to be further conveyed in the direction of the arrow. 4 n v During the travel of the fabric the pressure cylinders c, e1 have pressed the desired degree ofmoistness into the fabric. When only one side of the fabric hasl to be moistened, the fabric has to be conducted only over the lower dipping cylinder a, whereby the corresponding side of the fabric is moistened directly.
When the fabric has to be moistened directly on both sides, it is conducted over the lower dipping cylinder a and thence over the upper dipping cylinder a1. i
When the one side of the fabric has to be moistened directly and the other side. of the same has tor be moistened indirectly, the fabric has to be conducted over the lower dipping-cylinder a and then over the upper intermediate cylinder b.
I claim y 1. A machine for moistening and cooling fabrics, comprising in combination two sets each of three cylinders, the one set of cylinders being arranged above the other set, and means for guiding the fabric so that itis moistened in one operation as desired on one side or on two sides directly or indirectly or `directly and indirectly the degree of moistcylinder that the fabric is guided over the largest possible circumference of said intermediate cylinder the dry and hot fabric being thereby moistened and cooledv to the maximum degree on both sides.
In ytestimony whereof I aiix my signature.
PETER WILHELM CSTERS.