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Publication numberUS1716375 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 11, 1929
Filing dateNov 30, 1927
Priority dateNov 30, 1927
Publication numberUS 1716375 A, US 1716375A, US-A-1716375, US1716375 A, US1716375A
InventorsFowler Fred D
Original AssigneeHood Rubber Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Feed mechanism for sheet material
US 1716375 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 1l, 1929. F, D FQWLE 1,716,375

FEED MECHANISM FOR SHEET MATERIAL A Filed Nov. 30, 1927 Patented Junel 11, 1929.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

I FRED D. FOWLER, OF NEWTON, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOR TO HOOD RUBBER COM- PANY, OF WATERTOWN', MASSACHUSETTS, A CORPORATION OF MASSACHUSETTS.

FEED MECHANISM FOR SHEET .'MATERIAL.

Application led November 30, 1927. Seriall No. 236,734,

This invention relates to a mechanism for feedingjshect material and is particularly adapted for feeding uncured rubberized fabric, although it is to be understood that the invention can be utilized for feeding other kinds of sheetfabric than uncured rubberized fabric and that the claims are not limited to this particular use of the invention.

In feeding fabric from a roll of the same, especially rubberized fabric, there is considerable tension appliedto the fabric due to the tackiness of the stock when the fabric is drawn from the supply roll, and this tension tends to stretch and narrow the strip, thus distorting it, especially is this the case where the textile fabric is cut on a bias. In order to overcome this ditlieulty the fabric is fed between a pair of feed rolls, and between the feed rolls and the supply of sheet material, which is preferably positioned on a roll, there is interposed an auxiliary feed roll, the surface speed of whichv is greater than the surface speed of the pair of feed rolls between'which the sheet material is fed. This auxiliary feed roll is positioned with its bottom surface'below a plane tangential to the pair of feed rolls and when the feed rolls have taken up enough of the fabric to cause the same to engage the under surface of the auxiliary feed roll, this auxiliary feed roll, which is rotated with a surface speed greater than the surface speed of the. feed rolls, will pull a certain amount of the fabric from the supply roll, whereupon the fabric will drop below the auxiliary feed roll and the pair of feed rolls will then only need to pull the fabric with tension sufiicient to lift the material until it again comes into contact with the auxiliary feed roll.

With very tacky material there is a tendency for the rubberized fabric to follow around with the auxiliary roll at certain times, and this is overcome by means ofv a spring-actuated doctorcontacting with the periphery of the auxiliary feed roll.

The object of the invention, therefore, is

i to feed sheet material by means of a pair of feed rolls without the same being distorted'by said feed rolls, and'to these-ends the invention consists in the combination and ar' rangement of parts set forth 1n thc follow-` ing `specilication and particularly pointed out in the claims.

the rolls 6 being fastened to a driving shaft 7 which is driven by any suitable means, such as, gearing, not shown in the drawings. The roll 5 is an idler roll, but may be driven by gearing or any 'suitable means, if so desired. The sheet material 8 is rolled upon a supply roll 9, rotatably mounted upon the frame 10 and said material passes from the roll 9 to a guide roll 11, which is an idler roll rotatably mounted upon the frame 1.0. From the guide roll 11 the material 8 passes downwardly and beneath an auxiliary feed roll 12 which is fastened to a shaft 13 rotatably mounted in a bearing 14 on the frame 10.. The shaft 13 is driven by a pulley 15 whlch is driven by a cross belt 16 and pulley 17, the pulley 17 being fastened to the shaft 7. u lThe sheet material 8 passes from the aux-V iliary feed roll 12 over another idler guide roll 18 and thence the material passes between the feed rolls 5 and The pulleys 17 and 15 and the diameters of the rolls 6 and 12 are relatively of such proportions that the surface speed of the auxlliary guide roll 12 is greater than the surface speed ofthe feed rolls 5 and 6.

A doctor 19 contacts with the upper ortion of the periphery of the auxiliary eed roll 12 and is -held there-against by a spring pressure by means 'of a spring 20, the bearing surface ofthe doctor being formed upon a radius shorter than the radius of the auxiliary guide roll, so that the edges 21 ofthe doctor contact with the periphery of the auxiliary feed roll. f

The general operation of the feed mechanism hereinbefore specifcallydescribed is as follows z-The sheet material 8 passes from the supply roll 9 upwardly over the guide roll 11, then downwardly beneath the auxiliary feed roll 12, then u wardly and over the guide roll 18, and t ence between the and 6, the material will be pulled from the i supply roll 9 at a greater speed than the feed rolls 5 and 6 can accommodate, accordingly the material becomes slack between the two guide rolls y11 and 18 and temporarily drops downwardly out of contact with the auxiliary feed roll 12 until such time as the feed rolls 5 and 6 take up the slack in the material and cause it to again contact with the under side of the auxiliary feed roll 12. This operationv continues from time to time and'venables the material to be fed with a very light pull from the rolls 5 and 6, that is, the tension on the material, due to the feeding of the rolls 5 and 6, will vonly be sufficient to lift the slack material until it contacts with the auxiliary roll 12. Y

When the material is pulled from the supply roll 9. by the auxiliary feed roll 12 it willv be somewhat distorted and before it arrives at the feed rolls 5 and 6 it regains its normal shape, free of distortion, due to the fact that it hangs downwardly from the guide roll 18 in -a slack condition and is enabled before it arrives at the feed rolls 5 and 6 to regain its normal shape.

If the material sticks tothe auxiliary feed roll 12, it will tend to be carried along by said feed roll until it encounters one of the edges 21 of the doctorwhen it will be strippeg from the periphery of the auxiliaryfeed ro I claim: l e

1. A mechanism for feeding sheet material having, in combination, a pair of feed rolls, an auxiliary feed roll positioned in advance of saidpair of feed rolls, means to guide sheet material to said auxiliary feed roll, and means to rotate said auxiliary feed roll at a greater surface speed than that of said pair of feed rolls, l

y2. A mechanism for feeding sheet material having, in combination, a pair of feed rolls, an auxiliary feed roll positioned in ad- Vance of said pairof feed rolls, means to guide sheet material to said auxiliary feed roll and 'from said auxiliary feed roll to said pair of feed rolls, and means to rotate` said auxiliary feed roll at a greater surface speed than that of said pair of feed rolls.

3. A mechanism for feeding sheet material having, in combination, a pair of feed rolls,

an auxiliary feed roll positioned in advance of said pair of feed rolls, a horizontal plane gent to the lower roll of said pair of feed rolls, means to guide sheet material to said auxiliary feed roll, and means to rotate said auxiliary feed roll at a greater surface speed than that of said pair of feed rolls.

4. A mechanism for feeding sheet material having, in combination, a pair of -feed rolls, an auxiliary feed roll positioned in advance of said pair of feed; rolls, means to guide sheet materiall downwardly beneath said auxiliary feed roll and upwardly therefrom to said pair of feed rolls, andmeans to rotate said auxiliary feed roll at a greater surlface speed than that of said pair of feed rol s.

5. A mechanism for feeding sheet material having, in combination, a-pairof feed rolls, an auxiliary feed roll positioned in advance of said pair of feed rolls, a guide roll interposed between the auxiliary feed roll and th pair of feed rolls, andanother guide lroll positioned in advance of the auxiliary feed roll, said guide rolls being positioned above the auxiliary feed roll, and means to rotate said auxiliary feed rollA at a greater sulface speed than that of said pair of feed ro s.

6. A machine for feeding rubberized sheet material having, in combination, a pair of `feed rolls, an auxiliary feed roll in advance of said pair of feed rolls, a rubberized surface of said sheet material contacting with the auxiliary feed roll, a doctor contacting with the periphery of the auxiliary feed'v roll and adapted to detach the `sheet material therefrom, means to guide the rubberized sheet material to said auxiliary feed roll, and means to rotate said 'auxiliary feed roll at a greater surface speed than that of said pair of feed rolls.

7; A machine for feeding sheet material having, in combination, a pairof feed rolls, a sheet material supply roll, an auxiliary feed roll interposed between said supply roll and said pair of feed rolls, a plane t'angent to thebottom of the auxiliary roll being positioned below a plane tangent to the pair of feed rolls, a guide roll interposed between said pair of feed rolls and said auxiliary feed roll, another guide roll positioned in advance of said auxiliary feed roll, said guide'rolls being positionedabove the auxiliary feed roll, and means to rotate said auxiliary feed roll at a greater surface speed than that of said pair of feed rolls.

In testimony whereof I have' hereunto set my hand.

FRED D. FOWLER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3132786 *Oct 16, 1962May 12, 1964Curtis Marble Machine CoAdjustable web tensioning apparatus
US4545544 *Sep 10, 1982Oct 8, 1985Figge International, Inc.Fabric handling apparatus and method
US5022595 *Jul 26, 1990Jun 11, 1991Goekler R GTensioning device
EP0120910A1 *Sep 15, 1983Oct 10, 1984Fmc CorpDetermining toe of rear and front vehicle wheels.
WO1984000949A1 *Sep 7, 1983Mar 15, 1984Figgie Int IncFabric handling apparatus and method
Classifications
U.S. Classification226/108, 226/118.1
International ClassificationB65H23/04, B65H23/16
Cooperative ClassificationB65H23/16
European ClassificationB65H23/16